Release 5 Draft Ballot

This is the Continuous Integration Build of FHIR (will be incorrect/inconsistent at times).
See the Directory of published versions

9.2 Resource Condition - Content

Patient Care Work GroupMaturity Level: 3 Trial UseSecurity Category: Patient Compartments: Encounter, Patient, Practitioner, RelatedPerson

A clinical condition, problem, diagnosis, or other event, situation, issue, or clinical concept that has risen to a level of concern.

This resource is used to record detailed information about a condition, problem, diagnosis, or other event, situation, issue, or clinical concept that has risen to a level of concern. The condition could be a point in time diagnosis in context of an encounter, it could be an item on the practitioner’s Problem List, or it could be a concern that doesn’t exist on the practitioner’s Problem List. Often times, a condition is about a clinician's assessment and assertion of a particular aspect of a patient's state of health. It can be used to record information about a disease/illness identified from application of clinical reasoning over the pathologic and pathophysiologic findings (diagnosis), or identification of health issues/situations that a practitioner considers harmful, potentially harmful and may be investigated and managed (problem), or other health issue/situation that may require ongoing monitoring and/or management (health issue/concern).

The condition resource may be used to record a certain health state of a patient which does not normally present a negative outcome, e.g. pregnancy. The condition resource may be used to record a condition following a procedure, such as the condition of Amputee-BKA following an amputation procedure.

While conditions are frequently a result of a clinician's assessment and assertion of a particular aspect of a patient's state of health, conditions can also be expressed by the patient, related person, or any care team member. A clinician may have a concern about a patient condition (e.g. anorexia) that the patient is not concerned about. Likewise, the patient may have a condition (e.g. hair loss) that does not rise to the level of importance such that it belongs on a practitioner’s Problem List.

For example, each of the following conditions could rise to the level of importance such that it belongs on a problem or concern list due to its direct or indirect impact on the patient’s health. These examples may also be represented using other resources, such as FamilyMemberHistory, Observation, RiskAssessment, or Procedure.

  • Unemployed
  • Without transportation (or other barriers)
  • Susceptibility to falls
  • Exposure to communicable disease
  • Family History of cardiovascular disease
  • Fear of cancer
  • Cardiac pacemaker
  • Amputee-BKA
  • Risk of Zika virus following travel to a country
  • Former smoker
  • Travel to a country planned (that warrants immunizations)
  • Motor Vehicle Accident
  • Patient has had coronary bypass graft

The condition resource may be referenced by other resources as "reasons" for an action (e.g. MedicationRequest, Procedure, ServiceRequest, etc.)

This resource is not typically used to record information about subjective and objective information that might lead to the recording of a Condition resource. Such signs and symptoms are typically captured using the Observation resource; although in some cases a persistent symptom, e.g. fever, headache may be captured as a condition before a definitive diagnosis can be discerned by a clinician. In an inpatient scenario, a nursing problem list may document symptoms (such as respiratory alteration) as conditions if they are the focus of care provision. It became a problem because the nurse (clinician) wants to manage it. By contrast, headache may be captured as an Observation when it contributes to the establishment of a meningitis Condition.

Use the Observation resource when a symptom is resolved without long term management, tracking, or when a symptom contributes to the establishment of a condition.

Use Condition when a symptom requires long term management, tracking, or is used as a proxy for a diagnosis or problem that is not yet determined.

Note that a Condition represents an instance of a condition, not the categorical patient state. This can be a subtle distinction for systemic conditions, but it is easier to see with conditions that can happen more than once, e.g. refuting one record of a wound does not mean that the patient does not have any other wounds, and resolving one case of otitis media does not rule out recurrence. An observation that the patient doesn't have any wounds means the patient doesn't have any wounds at that point in time.

When the diagnosis is related to an allergy or intolerance, the Condition and AllergyIntolerance resources can both be used. However, to be actionable for decision support, using Condition alone is not sufficient as the allergy or intolerance condition needs to be represented as an AllergyIntolerance.

This resource is referenced by AdverseEvent, Appointment, CarePlan, CareTeam, Claim, ClinicalImpression, Contract, CoverageEligibilityRequest, DeviceRequest, DeviceUsage, Encounter, EpisodeOfCare, ExplanationOfBenefit, FamilyMemberHistory, Goal, GuidanceResponse, ImagingStudy, Immunization, MedicationAdministration, MedicationRequest, MedicationUsage, NutritionIntake, Procedure, RequestGroup, RiskAssessment, ServiceRequest and SupplyRequest.

This resource does not implement any patterns.

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Condition TUDomainResourceDetailed information about conditions, problems or diagnoses
+ Warning: If category is problems list item, the clinicalStatus should not be unknown
+ Rule: If condition is abated, then clinicalStatus must be either inactive, resolved, or remission.
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierExternal Ids for this condition
... clinicalStatus ?!ΣI1..1CodeableConceptactive | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved
Condition Clinical Status Codes (Required)
... verificationStatus ?!Σ0..1CodeableConceptunconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error
ConditionVerificationStatus (Required)
... severity 0..1CodeableConceptSubjective severity of condition
Condition/Diagnosis Severity (Preferred)
... code Σ0..1CodeableConceptIdentification of the condition, problem or diagnosis
Condition/Problem/Diagnosis Codes (Example)
... bodySite Σ0..*CodeableConceptAnatomical location, if relevant
SNOMED CT Body Structures (Example)
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Who has the condition?
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)The Encounter during which this Condition was created
... onset[x] Σ0..1Estimated or actual date, date-time, or age
.... onsetDateTimedateTime
.... onsetAgeAge
.... onsetPeriodPeriod
.... onsetRangeRange
.... onsetStringstring
... abatement[x] I0..1When in resolution/remission
.... abatementDateTimedateTime
.... abatementAgeAge
.... abatementPeriodPeriod
.... abatementRangeRange
.... abatementStringstring
... recordedDate Σ0..1dateTimeDate condition was first recorded
... participant Σ0..*BackboneElementWho or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved
.... function Σ0..1CodeableConceptType of involvement
ParticipationRoleType (Extensible)
.... actor Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Patient | RelatedPerson | Device | Organization | CareTeam)Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition
... stage ITU0..*BackboneElementStage/grade, usually assessed formally
+ Rule: Stage SHALL have summary or assessment
.... summary I0..1CodeableConceptSimple summary (disease specific)
Condition Stage (Example)
.... assessment I0..*Reference(ClinicalImpression | DiagnosticReport | Observation)Formal record of assessment
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptKind of staging
Condition Stage Type (Example)
... evidence ΣTU0..*CodeableReference(Any)Supporting evidence for the verification status
SNOMED CT Clinical Findings (Example)
... note 0..*AnnotationAdditional information about the Condition

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

Condition (DomainResource)Business identifiers assigned to this condition by the performer or other systems which remain constant as the resource is updated and propagates from server to serveridentifier : Identifier [0..*]The clinical status of the condition (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)clinicalStatus : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Required) ConditionClinicalStatusCodes! »The verification status to support the clinical status of the condition. The verification status pertains to the condition, itself, not to any specific condition attribute (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)verificationStatus : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Required) ConditionVerificationStatus! »A category assigned to the conditioncategory : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Preferred)ConditionCategoryCodes? »A subjective assessment of the severity of the condition as evaluated by the clinicianseverity : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Preferred)Condition/DiagnosisSeverity? »Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosiscode : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Example)Condition/Problem/DiagnosisCo...?? »The anatomical location where this condition manifests itselfbodySite : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTBodyStructures?? »Indicates the patient or group who the condition record is associated withsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The Encounter during which this Condition was created or to which the creation of this record is tightly associatedencounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter »Estimated or actual date or date-time the condition began, in the opinion of the clinicianonset[x] : DataType [0..1] « dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string »The date or estimated date that the condition resolved or went into remission. This is called "abatement" because of the many overloaded connotations associated with "remission" or "resolution" - Some conditions, such as chronic conditions, are never really resolved, but they can abateabatement[x] : DataType [0..1] « dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string »The recordedDate represents when this particular Condition record was created in the system, which is often a system-generated daterecordedDate : dateTime [0..1]Supporting evidence / manifestations that are the basis of the Condition's verification status, such as evidence that confirmed or refuted the conditionevidence : DataType [0..*] « Any; null (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTClinicalFindings?? »Additional information about the Condition. This is a general notes/comments entry for description of the Condition, its diagnosis and prognosisnote : Annotation [0..*]ParticipantDistinguishes the type of involvement of the actor in the activities related to the conditionfunction : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ParticipationRoleType+ »Indicates who or what participated in the activities related to the conditionactor : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient| RelatedPerson|Device|Organization|CareTeam »StageA simple summary of the stage such as "Stage 3" or "Early Onset". The determination of the stage is disease-specific, such as cancer, retinopathy of prematurity, kidney diseases, Alzheimer's, or Parkinson diseasesummary : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Example)ConditionStage?? »Reference to a formal record of the evidence on which the staging assessment is basedassessment : Reference [0..*] « ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport| Observation »The kind of staging, such as pathological or clinical stagingtype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Example)ConditionStageType?? »Indicates who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involvedparticipant[0..*]A simple summary of the stage such as "Stage 3" or "Early Onset". The determination of the stage is disease-specific, such as cancer, retinopathy of prematurity, kidney diseases, Alzheimer's, or Parkinson diseasestage[0..*]

XML Template

<Condition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier External Ids for this condition --></identifier>
 <clinicalStatus><!-- ?? 1..1 CodeableConcept active | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved --></clinicalStatus>
 <verificationStatus><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept unconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error --></verificationStatus>
 <category><!-- ?? 0..* CodeableConcept problem-list-item | encounter-diagnosis --></category>
 <severity><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Subjective severity of condition --></severity>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosis --></code>
 <bodySite><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Anatomical location, if relevant --></bodySite>
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Group|Patient) Who has the condition? --></subject>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) The Encounter during which this Condition was created --></encounter>
 <onset[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string Estimated or actual date,  date-time, or age --></onset[x]>
 <abatement[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string When in resolution/remission --></abatement[x]>
 <recordedDate value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 Date condition was first recorded -->
 <participant>  <!-- 0..* Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved -->
  <function><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of involvement --></function>
  <actor><!-- 1..1 Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition --></actor>
 </participant>
 <stage>  <!-- 0..* Stage/grade, usually assessed formally -->
  <summary><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Simple summary (disease specific) --></summary>
  <assessment><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport|Observation) Formal record of assessment --></assessment>
  <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of staging --></type>
 </stage>
 <evidence><!-- 0..* CodeableReference(Any) Supporting evidence for the verification status --></evidence>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Additional information about the Condition --></note>
</Condition>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "Condition",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // External Ids for this condition
  "clinicalStatus" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? R!  active | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved
  "verificationStatus" : { CodeableConcept }, // unconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error
  "category" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // C? problem-list-item | encounter-diagnosis
  "severity" : { CodeableConcept }, // Subjective severity of condition
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosis
  "bodySite" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Anatomical location, if relevant
  "subject" : { Reference(Group|Patient) }, // R!  Who has the condition?
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // The Encounter during which this Condition was created
  // onset[x]: Estimated or actual date,  date-time, or age. One of these 5:
  "onsetDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "onsetAge" : { Age },
  "onsetPeriod" : { Period },
  "onsetRange" : { Range },
  "onsetString" : "<string>",
  // abatement[x]: When in resolution/remission. One of these 5:
  "abatementDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "abatementAge" : { Age },
  "abatementPeriod" : { Period },
  "abatementRange" : { Range },
  "abatementString" : "<string>",
  "recordedDate" : "<dateTime>", // Date condition was first recorded
  "participant" : [{ // Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved
    "function" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of involvement
    "actor" : { Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) } // R!  Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition
  }],
  "stage" : [{ // Stage/grade, usually assessed formally
    "summary" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? Simple summary (disease specific)
    "assessment" : [{ Reference(ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport|Observation) }], // C? Formal record of assessment
    "type" : { CodeableConcept } // Kind of staging
  }],
  "evidence" : [{ CodeableReference(Any) }], // Supporting evidence for the verification status
  "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Additional information about the Condition
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:Condition;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:Condition.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* External Ids for this condition
  fhir:Condition.clinicalStatus [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 active | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved
  fhir:Condition.verificationStatus [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 unconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error
  fhir:Condition.category [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* problem-list-item | encounter-diagnosis
  fhir:Condition.severity [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Subjective severity of condition
  fhir:Condition.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosis
  fhir:Condition.bodySite [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Anatomical location, if relevant
  fhir:Condition.subject [ Reference(Group|Patient) ]; # 1..1 Who has the condition?
  fhir:Condition.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 The Encounter during which this Condition was created
  # Condition.onset[x] : 0..1 Estimated or actual date,  date-time, or age. One of these 5
    fhir:Condition.onsetDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetAge [ Age ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetRange [ Range ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetString [ string ]
  # Condition.abatement[x] : 0..1 When in resolution/remission. One of these 5
    fhir:Condition.abatementDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementAge [ Age ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementRange [ Range ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementString [ string ]
  fhir:Condition.recordedDate [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 Date condition was first recorded
  fhir:Condition.participant [ # 0..* Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved
    fhir:Condition.participant.function [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of involvement
    fhir:Condition.participant.actor [ Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) ]; # 1..1 Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition
  ], ...;
  fhir:Condition.stage [ # 0..* Stage/grade, usually assessed formally
    fhir:Condition.stage.summary [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Simple summary (disease specific)
    fhir:Condition.stage.assessment [ Reference(ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport|Observation) ], ... ; # 0..* Formal record of assessment
    fhir:Condition.stage.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of staging
  ], ...;
  fhir:Condition.evidence [ CodeableReference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Supporting evidence for the verification status
  fhir:Condition.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Additional information about the Condition
]

Changes since R3

Condition
Condition.clinicalStatus
  • Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-clinical|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-clinical|4.6.0
Condition.verificationStatus
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-ver-status|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-ver-status|4.6.0
Condition.category
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-category (extensible)
Condition.participant
  • Added Element
Condition.participant.function
  • Added Element
Condition.participant.actor
  • Added Mandatory Element
Condition.evidence
  • Type changed from BackboneElement to CodeableReference
Condition.recorder
  • deleted
Condition.asserter
  • deleted
Condition.evidence.code
  • deleted
Condition.evidence.detail
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 12 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and 1 r3 resources are invalid (0 errors).)

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Condition TUDomainResourceDetailed information about conditions, problems or diagnoses
+ Warning: If category is problems list item, the clinicalStatus should not be unknown
+ Rule: If condition is abated, then clinicalStatus must be either inactive, resolved, or remission.
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierExternal Ids for this condition
... clinicalStatus ?!ΣI1..1CodeableConceptactive | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved
Condition Clinical Status Codes (Required)
... verificationStatus ?!Σ0..1CodeableConceptunconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error
ConditionVerificationStatus (Required)
... severity 0..1CodeableConceptSubjective severity of condition
Condition/Diagnosis Severity (Preferred)
... code Σ0..1CodeableConceptIdentification of the condition, problem or diagnosis
Condition/Problem/Diagnosis Codes (Example)
... bodySite Σ0..*CodeableConceptAnatomical location, if relevant
SNOMED CT Body Structures (Example)
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Who has the condition?
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)The Encounter during which this Condition was created
... onset[x] Σ0..1Estimated or actual date, date-time, or age
.... onsetDateTimedateTime
.... onsetAgeAge
.... onsetPeriodPeriod
.... onsetRangeRange
.... onsetStringstring
... abatement[x] I0..1When in resolution/remission
.... abatementDateTimedateTime
.... abatementAgeAge
.... abatementPeriodPeriod
.... abatementRangeRange
.... abatementStringstring
... recordedDate Σ0..1dateTimeDate condition was first recorded
... participant Σ0..*BackboneElementWho or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved
.... function Σ0..1CodeableConceptType of involvement
ParticipationRoleType (Extensible)
.... actor Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Patient | RelatedPerson | Device | Organization | CareTeam)Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition
... stage ITU0..*BackboneElementStage/grade, usually assessed formally
+ Rule: Stage SHALL have summary or assessment
.... summary I0..1CodeableConceptSimple summary (disease specific)
Condition Stage (Example)
.... assessment I0..*Reference(ClinicalImpression | DiagnosticReport | Observation)Formal record of assessment
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptKind of staging
Condition Stage Type (Example)
... evidence ΣTU0..*CodeableReference(Any)Supporting evidence for the verification status
SNOMED CT Clinical Findings (Example)
... note 0..*AnnotationAdditional information about the Condition

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

Condition (DomainResource)Business identifiers assigned to this condition by the performer or other systems which remain constant as the resource is updated and propagates from server to serveridentifier : Identifier [0..*]The clinical status of the condition (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)clinicalStatus : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Required) ConditionClinicalStatusCodes! »The verification status to support the clinical status of the condition. The verification status pertains to the condition, itself, not to any specific condition attribute (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)verificationStatus : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Required) ConditionVerificationStatus! »A category assigned to the conditioncategory : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Preferred)ConditionCategoryCodes? »A subjective assessment of the severity of the condition as evaluated by the clinicianseverity : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Preferred)Condition/DiagnosisSeverity? »Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosiscode : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Example)Condition/Problem/DiagnosisCo...?? »The anatomical location where this condition manifests itselfbodySite : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTBodyStructures?? »Indicates the patient or group who the condition record is associated withsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The Encounter during which this Condition was created or to which the creation of this record is tightly associatedencounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter »Estimated or actual date or date-time the condition began, in the opinion of the clinicianonset[x] : DataType [0..1] « dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string »The date or estimated date that the condition resolved or went into remission. This is called "abatement" because of the many overloaded connotations associated with "remission" or "resolution" - Some conditions, such as chronic conditions, are never really resolved, but they can abateabatement[x] : DataType [0..1] « dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string »The recordedDate represents when this particular Condition record was created in the system, which is often a system-generated daterecordedDate : dateTime [0..1]Supporting evidence / manifestations that are the basis of the Condition's verification status, such as evidence that confirmed or refuted the conditionevidence : DataType [0..*] « Any; null (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTClinicalFindings?? »Additional information about the Condition. This is a general notes/comments entry for description of the Condition, its diagnosis and prognosisnote : Annotation [0..*]ParticipantDistinguishes the type of involvement of the actor in the activities related to the conditionfunction : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ParticipationRoleType+ »Indicates who or what participated in the activities related to the conditionactor : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient| RelatedPerson|Device|Organization|CareTeam »StageA simple summary of the stage such as "Stage 3" or "Early Onset". The determination of the stage is disease-specific, such as cancer, retinopathy of prematurity, kidney diseases, Alzheimer's, or Parkinson diseasesummary : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Example)ConditionStage?? »Reference to a formal record of the evidence on which the staging assessment is basedassessment : Reference [0..*] « ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport| Observation »The kind of staging, such as pathological or clinical stagingtype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Example)ConditionStageType?? »Indicates who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involvedparticipant[0..*]A simple summary of the stage such as "Stage 3" or "Early Onset". The determination of the stage is disease-specific, such as cancer, retinopathy of prematurity, kidney diseases, Alzheimer's, or Parkinson diseasestage[0..*]

XML Template

<Condition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier External Ids for this condition --></identifier>
 <clinicalStatus><!-- ?? 1..1 CodeableConcept active | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved --></clinicalStatus>
 <verificationStatus><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept unconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error --></verificationStatus>
 <category><!-- ?? 0..* CodeableConcept problem-list-item | encounter-diagnosis --></category>
 <severity><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Subjective severity of condition --></severity>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosis --></code>
 <bodySite><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Anatomical location, if relevant --></bodySite>
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Group|Patient) Who has the condition? --></subject>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) The Encounter during which this Condition was created --></encounter>
 <onset[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string Estimated or actual date,  date-time, or age --></onset[x]>
 <abatement[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 dateTime|Age|Period|Range|string When in resolution/remission --></abatement[x]>
 <recordedDate value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 Date condition was first recorded -->
 <participant>  <!-- 0..* Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved -->
  <function><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of involvement --></function>
  <actor><!-- 1..1 Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition --></actor>
 </participant>
 <stage>  <!-- 0..* Stage/grade, usually assessed formally -->
  <summary><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Simple summary (disease specific) --></summary>
  <assessment><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport|Observation) Formal record of assessment --></assessment>
  <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of staging --></type>
 </stage>
 <evidence><!-- 0..* CodeableReference(Any) Supporting evidence for the verification status --></evidence>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Additional information about the Condition --></note>
</Condition>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "Condition",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // External Ids for this condition
  "clinicalStatus" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? R!  active | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved
  "verificationStatus" : { CodeableConcept }, // unconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error
  "category" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // C? problem-list-item | encounter-diagnosis
  "severity" : { CodeableConcept }, // Subjective severity of condition
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosis
  "bodySite" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Anatomical location, if relevant
  "subject" : { Reference(Group|Patient) }, // R!  Who has the condition?
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // The Encounter during which this Condition was created
  // onset[x]: Estimated or actual date,  date-time, or age. One of these 5:
  "onsetDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "onsetAge" : { Age },
  "onsetPeriod" : { Period },
  "onsetRange" : { Range },
  "onsetString" : "<string>",
  // abatement[x]: When in resolution/remission. One of these 5:
  "abatementDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "abatementAge" : { Age },
  "abatementPeriod" : { Period },
  "abatementRange" : { Range },
  "abatementString" : "<string>",
  "recordedDate" : "<dateTime>", // Date condition was first recorded
  "participant" : [{ // Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved
    "function" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of involvement
    "actor" : { Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) } // R!  Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition
  }],
  "stage" : [{ // Stage/grade, usually assessed formally
    "summary" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? Simple summary (disease specific)
    "assessment" : [{ Reference(ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport|Observation) }], // C? Formal record of assessment
    "type" : { CodeableConcept } // Kind of staging
  }],
  "evidence" : [{ CodeableReference(Any) }], // Supporting evidence for the verification status
  "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Additional information about the Condition
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:Condition;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:Condition.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* External Ids for this condition
  fhir:Condition.clinicalStatus [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 active | recurrence | relapse | inactive | remission | resolved
  fhir:Condition.verificationStatus [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 unconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-error
  fhir:Condition.category [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* problem-list-item | encounter-diagnosis
  fhir:Condition.severity [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Subjective severity of condition
  fhir:Condition.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Identification of the condition, problem or diagnosis
  fhir:Condition.bodySite [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Anatomical location, if relevant
  fhir:Condition.subject [ Reference(Group|Patient) ]; # 1..1 Who has the condition?
  fhir:Condition.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 The Encounter during which this Condition was created
  # Condition.onset[x] : 0..1 Estimated or actual date,  date-time, or age. One of these 5
    fhir:Condition.onsetDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetAge [ Age ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetRange [ Range ]
    fhir:Condition.onsetString [ string ]
  # Condition.abatement[x] : 0..1 When in resolution/remission. One of these 5
    fhir:Condition.abatementDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementAge [ Age ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementRange [ Range ]
    fhir:Condition.abatementString [ string ]
  fhir:Condition.recordedDate [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 Date condition was first recorded
  fhir:Condition.participant [ # 0..* Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition and how they were involved
    fhir:Condition.participant.function [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of involvement
    fhir:Condition.participant.actor [ Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) ]; # 1..1 Who or what participated in the activities related to the condition
  ], ...;
  fhir:Condition.stage [ # 0..* Stage/grade, usually assessed formally
    fhir:Condition.stage.summary [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Simple summary (disease specific)
    fhir:Condition.stage.assessment [ Reference(ClinicalImpression|DiagnosticReport|Observation) ], ... ; # 0..* Formal record of assessment
    fhir:Condition.stage.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of staging
  ], ...;
  fhir:Condition.evidence [ CodeableReference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Supporting evidence for the verification status
  fhir:Condition.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Additional information about the Condition
]

Changes since Release 3

Condition
Condition.clinicalStatus
  • Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-clinical|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-clinical|4.6.0
Condition.verificationStatus
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-ver-status|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-ver-status|4.6.0
Condition.category
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-category (extensible)
Condition.participant
  • Added Element
Condition.participant.function
  • Added Element
Condition.participant.actor
  • Added Mandatory Element
Condition.evidence
  • Type changed from BackboneElement to CodeableReference
Condition.recorder
  • deleted
Condition.asserter
  • deleted
Condition.evidence.code
  • deleted
Condition.evidence.detail
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 12 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and 1 r3 resources are invalid (0 errors).)

 

See the Profiles & Extensions and the alternate definitions: Master Definition XML + JSON, XML Schema/Schematron + JSON Schema, ShEx (for Turtle) + see the extensions, the spreadsheet version & the dependency analysis a

PathDefinitionTypeReference
Condition.clinicalStatus RequiredConditionClinicalStatusCodes
Condition.verificationStatus RequiredConditionVerificationStatus
Condition.category PreferredConditionCategoryCodes
Condition.severity PreferredCondition/DiagnosisSeverity
Condition.code ExampleCondition/Problem/DiagnosisCodes
Condition.bodySite ExampleSNOMEDCTBodyStructures
Condition.participant.function ExtensibleParticipationRoleType
Condition.stage.summary ExampleConditionStage
Condition.stage.type ExampleConditionStageType
Condition.evidence ExampleSNOMEDCTClinicalFindings

idLevelLocationDescriptionExpression
con-1Rule Condition.stageStage SHALL have summary or assessmentsummary.exists() or assessment.exists()
con-2Warning (base)If category is problems list item, the clinicalStatus should not be unknowncategory.coding.where(system='http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/condition-category' and code='problem-list-item').exists() implies clinicalStatus.coding.where(system='http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/condition-clinical' and code='unknown').exists().not()
con-3Rule (base)If condition is abated, then clinicalStatus must be either inactive, resolved, or remission.abatement.exists() implies (clinicalStatus.coding.where(system='http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/condition-clinical' and (code='inactive' or code='resolved' or code='remission')).exists())

Many of the code systems used for coding conditions will provide codes that define not only the condition itself, but may also specify a particular stage, location, or causality as part of the code. This is particularly true if SNOMED CT is used for the condition, and especially if expressions are allowed.

The Condition.code may also include such concepts as "history of X" and "good health", where it is useful or appropriate to make such assertions. It can also be used to capture "risk of" and "fear of", in addition to physical conditions, as well as "no known problems" or "negated" conditions (e.g., "no X" or "no history of X" - see the following section for "No Known Problems" and Negated Conditions).

When the Condition.code specifies additional properties of the condition, the other properties are not given a value - instead, the value must be understood from the Condition.code.

Conditions/Problems Not Reviewed, Not Asked

When a sending system does not have any information about conditions/problems being reviewed or the statement is about conditions/problems not yet being asked, then the List resource should be used to indicate the List.emptyReason.code="notasked".

Conditions/Problems Reviewed, None Identified

Systems may use the List.emptyReason when a statement is about the full scope of the list (i.e. the patient has no conditions/problems of any type). However, it may be preferred to use a code for "no known problems" (e.g., SNOMED CT: 160245001 |No current problems or disability (situation)|), so that all condition/problem data will be available and queryable from Condition resource instances.

Also note that care should be used when adding new Condition resources to a list to ensure that any negation statements that are voided by the addition of a new record are removed from the list. E.g. If the list contains a "no known problems" record and you add a "diabetes" condition record, then be sure that you remove the "no known problems" record.

Trial-Use Note: There are two primary ways of reporting "no known problems" in the current specification: using the CodeableConcept, as described above, or using the List resource with emptyReason. During the STU period, feedback is sought regarding the preferred approach.

Provide feedback here .

Patient Denies Condition

When the patient denies a condition, that can be annotated in the Condition.note element.

Generally, electronic records do not contain assertions of conditions that a patient does not have. There are however two exceptions:

  • It is appropriate to capture a "refuted" Condition record if the Condition was considered present and subsequent evidence refuted it. Specifically, Condition.verificationStatus can convey refuted. The corresponding evidence of that refutation can be conveyed in Condition.evidence. When the condition is refuted, other elements may be retained for legal reasons, but those other elements are no longer clinically relevant.
  • It is common as part of checklists prior to admission, surgery, enrollment in trials, etc. to ask questions such as "are you pregnant", "do you have a history of hypertension", etc. This information should NOT be captured using the Condition resource but should instead be captured using QuestionnaireResponse or Observation. In this case, the combination of the question and answer would convey that a particular condition was not present.

The Condition.evidence provides the basis for whatever is present in Condition.code.

A range is used to communicate age period of subject at time of abatement.

If the data enterer is different from the asserter and needs to be known, this could be captured using a Provenance instance pointing to the Condition. For example, it is possible that a nurse records the condition on behalf of a physician. The physician is taking responsibility, despite the nurse entering it into the medical record.

The Condition.stage and Condition.clinicalStatus may have interdependencies. For example, some "stages" of cancer, etc. will be different for a remission than for the initial occurrence.

To represent the role of the diagnosis within an encounter, such as admission diagnosis or discharge diagnosis, use Encounter.diagnosis.role.

To represent the numeric ranking of the diagnosis within an encounter, such as primary, secondary, or tertiary, use Encounter.diagnosis.rank.

A known issue exists with circular references between Condition and ClinicalImpression, which is due to the low maturity level of ClinicalImpression. The Patient Care work group intends to address this issue when ClinicalImpression is considered substantially complete and ready for implementation.

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

NameTypeDescriptionExpressionIn Common
abatement-agequantityAbatement as age or age rangeCondition.abatement.as(Age) | Condition.abatement.as(Range)
abatement-datedateDate-related abatements (dateTime and period)Condition.abatement.as(dateTime) | Condition.abatement.as(Period)
abatement-stringstringAbatement as a stringCondition.abatement.as(string)
body-sitetokenAnatomical location, if relevantCondition.bodySite
categorytokenThe category of the conditionCondition.category
clinical-statustokenThe clinical status of the conditionCondition.clinicalStatus
codetokenCode for the conditionCondition.code
encounterreferenceThe Encounter during which this Condition was createdCondition.encounter
(Encounter)
evidencetokenManifestation/symptomCondition.evidence.concept
evidence-detailreferenceSupporting information found elsewhereCondition.evidence.reference
identifiertokenA unique identifier of the condition recordCondition.identifier
onset-agequantityOnsets as age or age rangeCondition.onset.as(Age) | Condition.onset.as(Range)
onset-datedateDate related onsets (dateTime and Period)Condition.onset.as(dateTime) | Condition.onset.as(Period)
onset-infostringOnsets as a stringCondition.onset.as(string)
participant-actorreferenceWho or what participated in the activities related to the conditionCondition.participant.actor
(Practitioner, Organization, CareTeam, Device, Patient, PractitionerRole, RelatedPerson)
participant-functiontokenType of involvement of the actor in the activities related to the conditionCondition.participant.function
patientreferenceWho has the condition?Condition.subject.where(resolve() is Patient)
(Group, Patient)
recorded-date NdateDate record was first recordedCondition.recordedDate
severitytokenThe severity of the conditionCondition.severity
stagetokenSimple summary (disease specific)Condition.stage.summary
subjectreferenceWho has the condition?Condition.subject
(Group, Patient)
verification-statustokenunconfirmed | provisional | differential | confirmed | refuted | entered-in-errorCondition.verificationStatus