Current Build

11.2 Resource MedicationAdministration - Content

Pharmacy Work GroupMaturity Level: 2 Trial Use Compartments: Device, Encounter, Patient, Practitioner, RelatedPerson

Describes the event of a patient consuming or otherwise being administered a medication. This may be as simple as swallowing a tablet or it may be a long running infusion. Related resources tie this event to the authorizing prescription, and the specific encounter between patient and health care practitioner.

This resource covers the administration of all medications and vaccines. Please refer to the Immunization Resource/Profile for the treatment of vaccines. It will principally be used within care settings (including inpatient) to record the capture of medication administrations, including self-administrations of oral medications, injections, intra-venous adjustments, etc. It can also be used in outpatient settings to record allergy shots and other non-immunization administrations. In some cases it might be used for home-health reporting, such as recording self-administered or even device-administered insulin.

MedicationAdministration is an event resource from a FHIR workflow perspective - see Workflow Event

The Medication domain includes a number of related resources

MedicationRequest An order for both supply of the medication and the instructions for administration of the medicine to a patient.
MedicationDispense Provision of a supply of a medication with the intention that it is subsequently consumed by a patient (usually in response to a prescription).
MedicationAdministration When a patient actually consumes a medicine, or it is otherwise administered to them
MedicationStatement This is a record of a medication being taken by a patient or that a medication has been given to a patient, where the record is the result of a report from the patient or another clinician. A medication statement is not a part of the prescribe->dispense->administer sequence, but is a report that such a sequence (or at least a part of it) did take place, resulting in a belief that the patient has received a particular medication.

MedicationAdministration is intended for tracking the administration of non-vaccine medications. Administration of vaccines is intended to be handled using the Immunization resource. Some systems treat immunizations in the same way as any other medication administration. Such systems SHOULD use an immunization resource to represent these. If systems need to use a MedicationAdministration resource to capture vaccinations for workflow or other reasons, they SHOULD also create and expose an equivalent Immunization instance.

This resource is referenced by AdverseEvent, ChargeItem, itself, MedicationStatement, Observation and Procedure

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. MedicationAdministration TUDomainResourceAdministration of medication to a patient
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier 0..*IdentifierExternal identifier
... instantiates Σ0..*uriInstantiates protocol or definition
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | Procedure)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1codein-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown
Medication admninistration status codes (Required)
... statusReason 0..*CodeableConceptReason administration not performed
SNOMED CT Reason Medication Not Given Codes (Example)
... category 0..1CodeableConceptType of medication usage
Medication admninistration category codes (Preferred)
... medication[x] Σ1..1What was administered
SNOMED CT Medication Codes (Example)
.... medicationCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
.... medicationReferenceReference(Medication)
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Who received medication
... context 0..1Reference(Encounter | EpisodeOfCare)Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of
... supportingInformation 0..*Reference(Any)Additional information to support administration
... effective[x] Σ1..1Start and end time of administration
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... performer Σ0..*BackboneElementWho performed the medication administration and what they did
.... function 0..1CodeableConceptType of performance
Medication admninistration performer function codes (Example)
.... actor Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Patient | RelatedPerson | Device)Who performed the medication administration
... reasonCode 0..*CodeableConceptReason administration performed
Reason Medication Given Codes (Example)
... reasonReference 0..*Reference(Condition | Observation | DiagnosticReport)Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered
... request 0..1Reference(MedicationRequest)Request administration performed against
... device 0..*Reference(Device)Device used to administer
... note 0..*AnnotationInformation about the administration
... dosage I0..1BackboneElementDetails of how medication was taken
+ Rule: SHALL have at least one of dosage.dose or dosage.rate[x]
.... text 0..1stringFree text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
.... site 0..1CodeableConceptBody site administered to
SNOMED CT Anatomical Structure for Administration Site Codes (Example)
.... route 0..1CodeableConceptPath of substance into body
SNOMED CT Route Codes (Example)
.... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow drug was administered
SNOMED CT Administration Method Codes (Example)
.... dose 0..1SimpleQuantityAmount of medication per dose
.... rate[x] 0..1Dose quantity per unit of time
..... rateRatioRatio
..... rateQuantitySimpleQuantity
... eventHistory 0..*Reference(Provenance)A list of events of interest in the lifecycle

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

MedicationAdministration (DomainResource)Identifiers associated with this Medication Administration that are defined by business processes and/or used to refer to it when a direct URL reference to the resource itself is not appropriate. They are business identifiers assigned to this resource by the performer or other systems and remain constant as the resource is updated and propagates from server to serveridentifier : Identifier [0..*]A protocol, guideline, orderset, or other definition that was adhered to in whole or in part by this eventinstantiates : uri [0..*]A larger event of which this particular event is a component or steppartOf : Reference [0..*] « MedicationAdministration|Procedure »Will generally be set to show that the administration has been completed. For some long running administrations such as infusions, it is possible for an administration to be started but not completed or it may be paused while some other process is under way (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « A set of codes indicating the current status of a MedicationAdministration. (Strength=Required)MedicationAdmninistration Sta...! »A code indicating why the administration was not performedstatusReason : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A set of codes indicating the reason why the MedicationAdministration is negated. (Strength=Example) SNOMEDCTReasonMedicationNotGi...?? »Indicates where the medication is expected to be consumed or administeredcategory : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing where the medication administered is expected to occur. (Strength=Preferred)MedicationAdmninistration Cat...? »Identifies the medication that was administered. This is either a link to a resource representing the details of the medication or a simple attribute carrying a code that identifies the medication from a known list of medicationsmedication[x] : Type [1..1] « CodeableConcept|Reference(Medication); Codes identifying substance or product that can be administered. (Strength=Example) SNOMEDCTMedicationCodes?? »The person or animal or group receiving the medicationsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The visit, admission, or other contact between patient and health care provider during which the medication administration was performedcontext : Reference [0..1] « Encounter|EpisodeOfCare »Additional information (for example, patient height and weight) that supports the administration of the medicationsupportingInformation : Reference [0..*] « Any »A specific date/time or interval of time during which the administration took place (or did not take place, when the 'notGiven' attribute is true). For many administrations, such as swallowing a tablet the use of dateTime is more appropriateeffective[x] : Type [1..1] « dateTime|Period »A code indicating why the medication was givenreasonCode : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A set of codes indicating the reason why the MedicationAdministration was made. (Strength=Example)ReasonMedicationGivenCodes?? »Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administeredreasonReference : Reference [0..*] « Condition|Observation| DiagnosticReport »The original request, instruction or authority to perform the administrationrequest : Reference [0..1] « MedicationRequest »The device used in administering the medication to the patient. For example, a particular infusion pumpdevice : Reference [0..*] « Device »Extra information about the medication administration that is not conveyed by the other attributesnote : Annotation [0..*]A summary of the events of interest that have occurred, such as when the administration was verifiedeventHistory : Reference [0..*] « Provenance »PerformerDistinguishes the type of involvement of the performer in the medication administrationfunction : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code describing the role an individual played in administering the medication. (Strength=Example)MedicationAdmninistration Per...?? »Indicates who or what performed the medication administrationactor : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient| RelatedPerson|Device »DosageFree text dosage can be used for cases where the dosage administered is too complex to code. When coded dosage is present, the free text dosage may still be present for display to humans. The dosage instructions should reflect the dosage of the medication that was administeredtext : string [0..1]A coded specification of the anatomic site where the medication first entered the body. For example, "left arm"site : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing the site location the medicine enters into or onto the body. (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTAnatomicalStructureFo...?? »A code specifying the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto the patient. For example, topical, intravenous, etcroute : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto the body of a subject. (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTRouteCodes?? »A coded value indicating the method by which the medication is intended to be or was introduced into or on the body. This attribute will most often NOT be populated. It is most commonly used for injections. For example, Slow Push, Deep IVmethod : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing the technique by which the medicine is administered. (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTAdministrationMethodC...?? »The amount of the medication given at one administration event. Use this value when the administration is essentially an instantaneous event such as a swallowing a tablet or giving an injectiondose : Quantity(SimpleQuantity) [0..1]Identifies the speed with which the medication was or will be introduced into the patient. Typically the rate for an infusion e.g. 100 ml per 1 hour or 100 ml/hr. May also be expressed as a rate per unit of time, e.g. 500 ml per 2 hours. Other examples: 200 mcg/min or 200 mcg/1 minute; 1 liter/8 hoursrate[x] : Type [0..1] « Ratio|Quantity(SimpleQuantity) »Indicates who or what performed the medication administration and how they were involvedperformer[0..*]Describes the medication dosage information details e.g. dose, rate, site, route, etcdosage[0..1]

XML Template

<MedicationAdministration xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier External identifier --></identifier>
 <instantiates value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..* Instantiates protocol or definition -->
 <partOf><!-- 0..* Reference(MedicationAdministration|Procedure) Part of referenced event --></partOf>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 in-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown -->
 <statusReason><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Reason administration not performed --></statusReason>
 <category><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of medication usage --></category>
 <medication[x]><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept|Reference(Medication) What was administered --></medication[x]>
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Patient|Group) Who received medication --></subject>
 <context><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of --></context>
 <supportingInformation><!-- 0..* Reference(Any) Additional information to support administration --></supportingInformation>
 <effective[x]><!-- 1..1 dateTime|Period Start and end time of administration --></effective[x]>
 <performer>  <!-- 0..* Who performed the medication administration and what they did -->
  <function><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of performance --></function>
  <actor><!-- 1..1 Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) Who performed the medication administration --></actor>
 </performer>
 <reasonCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Reason administration performed --></reasonCode>
 <reasonReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition|Observation|DiagnosticReport) Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered --></reasonReference>
 <request><!-- 0..1 Reference(MedicationRequest) Request administration performed against --></request>
 <device><!-- 0..* Reference(Device) Device used to administer --></device>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Information about the administration --></note>
 <dosage>  <!-- 0..1 Details of how medication was taken -->
  <text value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG -->
  <site><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Body site administered to --></site>
  <route><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Path of substance into body --></route>
  <method><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept How drug was administered --></method>
  <dose><!-- 0..1 Quantity(SimpleQuantity) Amount of medication per dose --></dose>
  <rate[x]><!-- 0..1 Ratio|Quantity(SimpleQuantity) Dose quantity per unit of time --></rate[x]>
 </dosage>
 <eventHistory><!-- 0..* Reference(Provenance) A list of events of interest in the lifecycle --></eventHistory>
</MedicationAdministration>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "MedicationAdministration",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // External identifier
  "instantiates" : ["<uri>"], // Instantiates protocol or definition
  "partOf" : [{ Reference(MedicationAdministration|Procedure) }], // Part of referenced event
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  in-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown
  "statusReason" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Reason administration not performed
  "category" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of medication usage
  // medication[x]: What was administered. One of these 2:
  "medicationCodeableConcept" : { CodeableConcept },
  "medicationReference" : { Reference(Medication) },
  "subject" : { Reference(Patient|Group) }, // R!  Who received medication
  "context" : { Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) }, // Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of
  "supportingInformation" : [{ Reference(Any) }], // Additional information to support administration
  // effective[x]: Start and end time of administration. One of these 2:
  "effectiveDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "effectivePeriod" : { Period },
  "performer" : [{ // Who performed the medication administration and what they did
    "function" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of performance
    "actor" : { Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) } // R!  Who performed the medication administration
  }],
  "reasonCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Reason administration performed
  "reasonReference" : [{ Reference(Condition|Observation|DiagnosticReport) }], // Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered
  "request" : { Reference(MedicationRequest) }, // Request administration performed against
  "device" : [{ Reference(Device) }], // Device used to administer
  "note" : [{ Annotation }], // Information about the administration
  "dosage" : { // Details of how medication was taken
    "text" : "<string>", // Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
    "site" : { CodeableConcept }, // Body site administered to
    "route" : { CodeableConcept }, // Path of substance into body
    "method" : { CodeableConcept }, // How drug was administered
    "dose" : { Quantity(SimpleQuantity) }, // Amount of medication per dose
    // rate[x]: Dose quantity per unit of time. One of these 2:
    "rateRatio" : { Ratio }
    "rateQuantity" : { Quantity(SimpleQuantity) }
  },
  "eventHistory" : [{ Reference(Provenance) }] // A list of events of interest in the lifecycle
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:MedicationAdministration;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* External identifier
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.instantiates [ uri ], ... ; # 0..* Instantiates protocol or definition
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.partOf [ Reference(MedicationAdministration|Procedure) ], ... ; # 0..* Part of referenced event
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.status [ code ]; # 1..1 in-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.statusReason [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Reason administration not performed
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.category [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of medication usage
  # MedicationAdministration.medication[x] : 1..1 What was administered. One of these 2
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.medicationCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ]
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.medicationReference [ Reference(Medication) ]
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.subject [ Reference(Patient|Group) ]; # 1..1 Who received medication
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.context [ Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) ]; # 0..1 Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.supportingInformation [ Reference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Additional information to support administration
  # MedicationAdministration.effective[x] : 1..1 Start and end time of administration. One of these 2
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.effectiveDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.effectivePeriod [ Period ]
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.performer [ # 0..* Who performed the medication administration and what they did
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.performer.function [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of performance
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.performer.actor [ Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient|RelatedPerson|Device) ]; # 1..1 Who performed the medication administration
  ], ...;
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.reasonCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Reason administration performed
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.reasonReference [ Reference(Condition|Observation|DiagnosticReport) ], ... ; # 0..* Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.request [ Reference(MedicationRequest) ]; # 0..1 Request administration performed against
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.device [ Reference(Device) ], ... ; # 0..* Device used to administer
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Information about the administration
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage [ # 0..1 Details of how medication was taken
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.text [ string ]; # 0..1 Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.site [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Body site administered to
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.route [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Path of substance into body
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.method [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 How drug was administered
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.dose [ Quantity(SimpleQuantity) ]; # 0..1 Amount of medication per dose
    # MedicationAdministration.dosage.rate[x] : 0..1 Dose quantity per unit of time. One of these 2
      fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.rateRatio [ Ratio ]
      fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.rateSimpleQuantity [ Quantity(SimpleQuantity) ]
  ];
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.eventHistory [ Reference(Provenance) ], ... ; # 0..* A list of events of interest in the lifecycle
]

Changes since R3

MedicationAdministration
MedicationAdministration.instantiates
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.statusReason
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.performer.function
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.performer.actor
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type PractitionerRole
MedicationAdministration.reasonReference
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type DiagnosticReport
MedicationAdministration.request
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.dosage.rate[x]
  • Add Type Quantity()
  • Remove Type Quantity()
MedicationAdministration.definition
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.performer.onBehalfOf
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.notGiven
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.reasonNotGiven
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.prescription
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 14 tests of which 1 fail to execute. 13 fail round-trip testing and 10 r3 resources are invalid (0 errors).)

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. MedicationAdministration TUDomainResourceAdministration of medication to a patient
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier 0..*IdentifierExternal identifier
... instantiates Σ0..*uriInstantiates protocol or definition
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | Procedure)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1codein-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown
Medication admninistration status codes (Required)
... statusReason 0..*CodeableConceptReason administration not performed
SNOMED CT Reason Medication Not Given Codes (Example)
... category 0..1CodeableConceptType of medication usage
Medication admninistration category codes (Preferred)
... medication[x] Σ1..1What was administered
SNOMED CT Medication Codes (Example)
.... medicationCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
.... medicationReferenceReference(Medication)
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Who received medication
... context 0..1Reference(Encounter | EpisodeOfCare)Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of
... supportingInformation 0..*Reference(Any)Additional information to support administration
... effective[x] Σ1..1Start and end time of administration
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... performer Σ0..*BackboneElementWho performed the medication administration and what they did
.... function 0..1CodeableConceptType of performance
Medication admninistration performer function codes (Example)
.... actor Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Patient | RelatedPerson | Device)Who performed the medication administration
... reasonCode 0..*CodeableConceptReason administration performed
Reason Medication Given Codes (Example)
... reasonReference 0..*Reference(Condition | Observation | DiagnosticReport)Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered
... request 0..1Reference(MedicationRequest)Request administration performed against
... device 0..*Reference(Device)Device used to administer
... note 0..*AnnotationInformation about the administration
... dosage I0..1BackboneElementDetails of how medication was taken
+ Rule: SHALL have at least one of dosage.dose or dosage.rate[x]
.... text 0..1stringFree text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
.... site 0..1CodeableConceptBody site administered to
SNOMED CT Anatomical Structure for Administration Site Codes (Example)
.... route 0..1CodeableConceptPath of substance into body
SNOMED CT Route Codes (Example)
.... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow drug was administered
SNOMED CT Administration Method Codes (Example)
.... dose 0..1SimpleQuantityAmount of medication per dose
.... rate[x] 0..1Dose quantity per unit of time
..... rateRatioRatio
..... rateQuantitySimpleQuantity
... eventHistory 0..*Reference(Provenance)A list of events of interest in the lifecycle

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

MedicationAdministration (DomainResource)Identifiers associated with this Medication Administration that are defined by business processes and/or used to refer to it when a direct URL reference to the resource itself is not appropriate. They are business identifiers assigned to this resource by the performer or other systems and remain constant as the resource is updated and propagates from server to serveridentifier : Identifier [0..*]A protocol, guideline, orderset, or other definition that was adhered to in whole or in part by this eventinstantiates : uri [0..*]A larger event of which this particular event is a component or steppartOf : Reference [0..*] « MedicationAdministration|Procedure »Will generally be set to show that the administration has been completed. For some long running administrations such as infusions, it is possible for an administration to be started but not completed or it may be paused while some other process is under way (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « A set of codes indicating the current status of a MedicationAdministration. (Strength=Required)MedicationAdmninistration Sta...! »A code indicating why the administration was not performedstatusReason : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A set of codes indicating the reason why the MedicationAdministration is negated. (Strength=Example) SNOMEDCTReasonMedicationNotGi...?? »Indicates where the medication is expected to be consumed or administeredcategory : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing where the medication administered is expected to occur. (Strength=Preferred)MedicationAdmninistration Cat...? »Identifies the medication that was administered. This is either a link to a resource representing the details of the medication or a simple attribute carrying a code that identifies the medication from a known list of medicationsmedication[x] : Type [1..1] « CodeableConcept|Reference(Medication); Codes identifying substance or product that can be administered. (Strength=Example) SNOMEDCTMedicationCodes?? »The person or animal or group receiving the medicationsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The visit, admission, or other contact between patient and health care provider during which the medication administration was performedcontext : Reference [0..1] « Encounter|EpisodeOfCare »Additional information (for example, patient height and weight) that supports the administration of the medicationsupportingInformation : Reference [0..*] « Any »A specific date/time or interval of time during which the administration took place (or did not take place, when the 'notGiven' attribute is true). For many administrations, such as swallowing a tablet the use of dateTime is more appropriateeffective[x] : Type [1..1] « dateTime|Period »A code indicating why the medication was givenreasonCode : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A set of codes indicating the reason why the MedicationAdministration was made. (Strength=Example)ReasonMedicationGivenCodes?? »Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administeredreasonReference : Reference [0..*] « Condition|Observation| DiagnosticReport »The original request, instruction or authority to perform the administrationrequest : Reference [0..1] « MedicationRequest »The device used in administering the medication to the patient. For example, a particular infusion pumpdevice : Reference [0..*] « Device »Extra information about the medication administration that is not conveyed by the other attributesnote : Annotation [0..*]A summary of the events of interest that have occurred, such as when the administration was verifiedeventHistory : Reference [0..*] « Provenance »PerformerDistinguishes the type of involvement of the performer in the medication administrationfunction : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code describing the role an individual played in administering the medication. (Strength=Example)MedicationAdmninistration Per...?? »Indicates who or what performed the medication administrationactor : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient| RelatedPerson|Device »DosageFree text dosage can be used for cases where the dosage administered is too complex to code. When coded dosage is present, the free text dosage may still be present for display to humans. The dosage instructions should reflect the dosage of the medication that was administeredtext : string [0..1]A coded specification of the anatomic site where the medication first entered the body. For example, "left arm"site : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing the site location the medicine enters into or onto the body. (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTAnatomicalStructureFo...?? »A code specifying the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto the patient. For example, topical, intravenous, etcroute : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto the body of a subject. (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTRouteCodes?? »A coded value indicating the method by which the medication is intended to be or was introduced into or on the body. This attribute will most often NOT be populated. It is most commonly used for injections. For example, Slow Push, Deep IVmethod : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A coded concept describing the technique by which the medicine is administered. (Strength=Example)SNOMEDCTAdministrationMethodC...?? »The amount of the medication given at one administration event. Use this value when the administration is essentially an instantaneous event such as a swallowing a tablet or giving an injectiondose : Quantity(SimpleQuantity) [0..1]Identifies the speed with which the medication was or will be introduced into the patient. Typically the rate for an infusion e.g. 100 ml per 1 hour or 100 ml/hr. May also be expressed as a rate per unit of time, e.g. 500 ml per 2 hours. Other examples: 200 mcg/min or 200 mcg/1 minute; 1 liter/8 hoursrate[x] : Type [0..1] « Ratio|Quantity(SimpleQuantity) »Indicates who or what performed the medication administration and how they were involvedperformer[0..*]Describes the medication dosage information details e.g. dose, rate, site, route, etcdosage[0..1]

XML Template

<MedicationAdministration xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier External identifier --></identifier>
 <instantiates value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..* Instantiates protocol or definition -->
 <partOf><!-- 0..* Reference(MedicationAdministration|Procedure) Part of referenced event --></partOf>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 in-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown -->
 <statusReason><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Reason administration not performed --></statusReason>
 <category><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of medication usage --></category>
 <medication[x]><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept|Reference(Medication) What was administered --></medication[x]>
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Patient|Group) Who received medication --></subject>
 <context><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of --></context>
 <supportingInformation><!-- 0..* Reference(Any) Additional information to support administration --></supportingInformation>
 <effective[x]><!-- 1..1 dateTime|Period Start and end time of administration --></effective[x]>
 <performer>  <!-- 0..* Who performed the medication administration and what they did -->
  <function><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Type of performance --></function>
  <actor><!-- 1..1 Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) Who performed the medication administration --></actor>
 </performer>
 <reasonCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Reason administration performed --></reasonCode>
 <reasonReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition|Observation|DiagnosticReport) Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered --></reasonReference>
 <request><!-- 0..1 Reference(MedicationRequest) Request administration performed against --></request>
 <device><!-- 0..* Reference(Device) Device used to administer --></device>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Information about the administration --></note>
 <dosage>  <!-- 0..1 Details of how medication was taken -->
  <text value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG -->
  <site><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Body site administered to --></site>
  <route><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Path of substance into body --></route>
  <method><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept How drug was administered --></method>
  <dose><!-- 0..1 Quantity(SimpleQuantity) Amount of medication per dose --></dose>
  <rate[x]><!-- 0..1 Ratio|Quantity(SimpleQuantity) Dose quantity per unit of time --></rate[x]>
 </dosage>
 <eventHistory><!-- 0..* Reference(Provenance) A list of events of interest in the lifecycle --></eventHistory>
</MedicationAdministration>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "MedicationAdministration",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // External identifier
  "instantiates" : ["<uri>"], // Instantiates protocol or definition
  "partOf" : [{ Reference(MedicationAdministration|Procedure) }], // Part of referenced event
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  in-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown
  "statusReason" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Reason administration not performed
  "category" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of medication usage
  // medication[x]: What was administered. One of these 2:
  "medicationCodeableConcept" : { CodeableConcept },
  "medicationReference" : { Reference(Medication) },
  "subject" : { Reference(Patient|Group) }, // R!  Who received medication
  "context" : { Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) }, // Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of
  "supportingInformation" : [{ Reference(Any) }], // Additional information to support administration
  // effective[x]: Start and end time of administration. One of these 2:
  "effectiveDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "effectivePeriod" : { Period },
  "performer" : [{ // Who performed the medication administration and what they did
    "function" : { CodeableConcept }, // Type of performance
    "actor" : { Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) } // R!  Who performed the medication administration
  }],
  "reasonCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Reason administration performed
  "reasonReference" : [{ Reference(Condition|Observation|DiagnosticReport) }], // Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered
  "request" : { Reference(MedicationRequest) }, // Request administration performed against
  "device" : [{ Reference(Device) }], // Device used to administer
  "note" : [{ Annotation }], // Information about the administration
  "dosage" : { // Details of how medication was taken
    "text" : "<string>", // Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
    "site" : { CodeableConcept }, // Body site administered to
    "route" : { CodeableConcept }, // Path of substance into body
    "method" : { CodeableConcept }, // How drug was administered
    "dose" : { Quantity(SimpleQuantity) }, // Amount of medication per dose
    // rate[x]: Dose quantity per unit of time. One of these 2:
    "rateRatio" : { Ratio }
    "rateQuantity" : { Quantity(SimpleQuantity) }
  },
  "eventHistory" : [{ Reference(Provenance) }] // A list of events of interest in the lifecycle
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:MedicationAdministration;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* External identifier
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.instantiates [ uri ], ... ; # 0..* Instantiates protocol or definition
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.partOf [ Reference(MedicationAdministration|Procedure) ], ... ; # 0..* Part of referenced event
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.status [ code ]; # 1..1 in-progress | not-done | on-hold | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | unknown
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.statusReason [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Reason administration not performed
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.category [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of medication usage
  # MedicationAdministration.medication[x] : 1..1 What was administered. One of these 2
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.medicationCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ]
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.medicationReference [ Reference(Medication) ]
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.subject [ Reference(Patient|Group) ]; # 1..1 Who received medication
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.context [ Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) ]; # 0..1 Encounter or Episode of Care administered as part of
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.supportingInformation [ Reference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Additional information to support administration
  # MedicationAdministration.effective[x] : 1..1 Start and end time of administration. One of these 2
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.effectiveDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.effectivePeriod [ Period ]
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.performer [ # 0..* Who performed the medication administration and what they did
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.performer.function [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Type of performance
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.performer.actor [ Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Patient|RelatedPerson|Device) ]; # 1..1 Who performed the medication administration
  ], ...;
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.reasonCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Reason administration performed
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.reasonReference [ Reference(Condition|Observation|DiagnosticReport) ], ... ; # 0..* Condition or observation that supports why the medication was administered
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.request [ Reference(MedicationRequest) ]; # 0..1 Request administration performed against
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.device [ Reference(Device) ], ... ; # 0..* Device used to administer
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Information about the administration
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage [ # 0..1 Details of how medication was taken
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.text [ string ]; # 0..1 Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.site [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Body site administered to
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.route [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Path of substance into body
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.method [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 How drug was administered
    fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.dose [ Quantity(SimpleQuantity) ]; # 0..1 Amount of medication per dose
    # MedicationAdministration.dosage.rate[x] : 0..1 Dose quantity per unit of time. One of these 2
      fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.rateRatio [ Ratio ]
      fhir:MedicationAdministration.dosage.rateSimpleQuantity [ Quantity(SimpleQuantity) ]
  ];
  fhir:MedicationAdministration.eventHistory [ Reference(Provenance) ], ... ; # 0..* A list of events of interest in the lifecycle
]

Changes since Release 3

MedicationAdministration
MedicationAdministration.instantiates
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.statusReason
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.performer.function
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.performer.actor
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type PractitionerRole
MedicationAdministration.reasonReference
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type DiagnosticReport
MedicationAdministration.request
  • Added Element
MedicationAdministration.dosage.rate[x]
  • Add Type Quantity()
  • Remove Type Quantity()
MedicationAdministration.definition
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.performer.onBehalfOf
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.notGiven
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.reasonNotGiven
  • deleted
MedicationAdministration.prescription
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 14 tests of which 1 fail to execute. 13 fail round-trip testing and 10 r3 resources are invalid (0 errors).)

 

See the Profiles & Extensions and the alternate definitions: Master Definition XML + JSON, XML Schema/Schematron + JSON Schema, ShEx (for Turtle) + see the extensions & the dependency analysis

PathDefinitionTypeReference
MedicationAdministration.status A set of codes indicating the current status of a MedicationAdministration.RequiredMedicationAdmninistration Status Codes
MedicationAdministration.statusReason A set of codes indicating the reason why the MedicationAdministration is negated.ExampleSNOMEDCTReasonMedicationNotGivenCodes
MedicationAdministration.category A coded concept describing where the medication administered is expected to occur.PreferredMedicationAdmninistration Category Codes
MedicationAdministration.medication[x] Codes identifying substance or product that can be administered.ExampleSNOMEDCTMedicationCodes
MedicationAdministration.performer.function A code describing the role an individual played in administering the medication.ExampleMedicationAdmninistration Performer Function Codes
MedicationAdministration.reasonCode A set of codes indicating the reason why the MedicationAdministration was made.ExampleReasonMedicationGivenCodes
MedicationAdministration.dosage.site A coded concept describing the site location the medicine enters into or onto the body.ExampleSNOMEDCTAnatomicalStructureForAdministrationSiteCodes
MedicationAdministration.dosage.route A coded concept describing the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto the body of a subject.ExampleSNOMEDCTRouteCodes
MedicationAdministration.dosage.method A coded concept describing the technique by which the medicine is administered.ExampleSNOMEDCTAdministrationMethodCodes

idLevelLocationDescriptionExpression
mad-1Rule MedicationAdministration.dosageSHALL have at least one of dosage.dose or dosage.rate[x]dose.exists() or rate.exists()
Issue Comments
Medication Resource A medication will typically be referred to by means of a code drawn from a suitable medication terminology. However, on occasion a product will be required for which the "recipe" must be specified. This implies a requirement to deal with a choice of either a code or a much more complete resource.
Currently that resource has not been created.
Contrast Media Is this resource adequate for administering contrast media to a patient?
Author (accountability) Authorship (and any other accountability) is assumed to be dealt with by the standard FHIR methods.

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

NameTypeDescriptionExpressionIn Common
codetokenReturn administrations of this medication code(MedicationAdministration.medication as CodeableConcept)13 Resources
contextreferenceReturn administrations that share this encounter or episode of careMedicationAdministration.context
(EpisodeOfCare, Encounter)
devicereferenceReturn administrations with this administration device identityMedicationAdministration.device
(Device)
effective-timedateDate administration happened (or did not happen)MedicationAdministration.effective
identifiertokenReturn administrations with this external identifierMedicationAdministration.identifier30 Resources
medicationreferenceReturn administrations of this medication resource(MedicationAdministration.medication as Reference)
(Medication)
3 Resources
patientreferenceThe identity of a patient to list administrations forMedicationAdministration.subject.where(resolve() is Patient)
(Patient)
performerreferenceThe identity of the individual who administered the medicationMedicationAdministration.performer.actor
(Practitioner, Device, Patient, PractitionerRole, RelatedPerson)
reason-giventokenReasons for administering the medicationMedicationAdministration.reasonCode
reason-not-giventokenReasons for not administering the medicationMedicationAdministration.statusReason
requestreferenceThe identity of a request to list administrations fromMedicationAdministration.request
(MedicationRequest)
statustokenMedicationAdministration event status (for example one of active/paused/completed/nullified)MedicationAdministration.status3 Resources
subjectreferenceThe identity of the individual or group to list administrations forMedicationAdministration.subject
(Group, Patient)