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9.3 Resource Procedure - Content

Patient Care Work GroupMaturity Level: 3 Trial UseCompartments: Encounter, Patient, Practitioner, RelatedPerson

An action that is or was performed on a patient. This can be a physical intervention like an operation, or less invasive like counseling or hypnotherapy.

Procedure is one of the event resources in the FHIR workflow specification.

This resource is used to record the details of procedures performed on a patient. A procedure is an activity that is performed with or on a patient as part of the provision of care. Examples include surgical procedures, diagnostic procedures, endoscopic procedures, biopsies, counseling, physiotherapy, exercise, etc. Procedures may be performed by a healthcare professional, a friend or relative or in some cases by the patient themselves.

This resource provides summary information about the occurrence of the procedure and is not intended to provide real-time snapshots of a procedure as it unfolds, though for long-running procedures such as psychotherapy, it could represent summary level information about overall progress. The creation of a resource to support detailed real-time procedure information awaits the identification of a specific implementation use-case to share such information.

The Procedure resource should not be used to capture an event if a more specific resource already exists - i.e. immunizations, drug administrations and communications. The boundary between determining whether an action is a Procedure (training or counseling) as opposed to a Communication is based on whether there's a specific intent to change the mind-set of the patient. Mere disclosure of information would be considered a Communication. A process that involves verification of the patient's comprehension or to change the patient's mental state would be a Procedure.

Note that many diagnostic processes are procedures that generate Observations and DiagnosticReports. In many cases, such an observation does not require an explicit representation of the procedure used to create the observation, but where there are details of interest about how the diagnostic procedure was performed, the procedure resource is used to describe the activity.

Some diagnostic procedures may not have a Procedure record. The Procedure record is only necessary when there is a need to capture information about the physical intervention that was performed to capture the diagnostic information (e.g. anesthetic, incision, scope size, etc.)

This resource is referenced by AdverseEvent, Appointment, CatalogEntry, ChargeItem, Claim, ClinicalImpression, Encounter, ExplanationOfBenefit, Flag, ImagingStudy, MedicationAdministration, MedicationDispense, MedicationStatement and QuestionnaireResponse

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Procedure IDomainResourceAn action that is being or was performed on a patient
+ Reason not done is only permitted if notDone indicator is true
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierExternal Identifiers for this procedure
... definition Σ0..*Reference(PlanDefinition | ActivityDefinition | HealthcareService)Instantiates protocol or definition
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | ProcedureRequest)A request for this procedure
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(Procedure | Observation | MedicationAdministration)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1codepreparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown
EventStatus (Required)
... notDone ?!Σ0..1booleanTrue if procedure was not performed as scheduled
... notDoneReason ΣI0..1CodeableConceptReason procedure was not performed
Procedure Not Performed Reason (SNOMED-CT) (Example)
... category Σ0..1CodeableConceptClassification of the procedure
Procedure Category Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... code Σ0..1CodeableConceptIdentification of the procedure
Procedure Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Who the procedure was performed on
... context Σ0..1Reference(Encounter | EpisodeOfCare)Encounter or episode associated with the procedure
... performed[x] Σ0..1When the procedure was performed
.... performedDateTimedateTime
.... performedPeriodPeriod
.... performedStringstring
.... performedAgeAge
.... performedRangeRange
... performer Σ0..*BackboneElementThe people who performed the procedure
.... role Σ0..1CodeableConceptThe role the actor was in
Procedure Performer Role Codes (Example)
.... actor Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | Organization | Patient | RelatedPerson | Device)The reference to the practitioner
.... onBehalfOf 0..1Reference(Organization)Organization the device or practitioner was acting for
... location Σ0..1Reference(Location)Where the procedure happened
... reasonCode Σ0..*CodeableConceptCoded reason procedure performed
Procedure Reason Codes (Example)
... reasonReference Σ0..*Reference(Condition | Observation)Condition that is the reason the procedure performed
... bodySite Σ0..*CodeableConceptTarget body sites
SNOMED CT Body Structures (Example)
... outcome Σ0..1CodeableConceptThe result of procedure
Procedure Outcome Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... report 0..*Reference(DiagnosticReport)Any report resulting from the procedure
... complication 0..*CodeableConceptComplication following the procedure
Condition/Problem/Diagnosis Codes (Example)
... complicationDetail 0..*Reference(Condition)A condition that is a result of the procedure
... followUp 0..*CodeableConceptInstructions for follow up
Procedure Follow up Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... note 0..*AnnotationAdditional information about the procedure
... focalDevice 0..*BackboneElementDevice changed in procedure
.... action 0..1CodeableConceptKind of change to device
Procedure Device Action Codes (Preferred)
.... manipulated 1..1Reference(Device)Device that was changed
... usedReference 0..*Reference(Device | Medication | Substance)Items used during procedure
... usedCode 0..*CodeableConceptCoded items used during the procedure
FHIR Device Types (Example)

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

Procedure (DomainResource)This records identifiers associated with this procedure that are defined by business processes and/or used to refer to it when a direct URL reference to the resource itself is not appropriate (e.g. in CDA documents, or in written / printed documentation)identifier : Identifier [0..*]A protocol, guideline, orderset or other definition that was adhered to in whole or in part by this proceduredefinition : Reference [0..*] « PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition| HealthcareService »A reference to a resource that contains details of the request for this procedurebasedOn : Reference [0..*] « CarePlan|ProcedureRequest »A larger event of which this particular procedure is a component or steppartOf : Reference [0..*] « Procedure|Observation| MedicationAdministration »A code specifying the state of the procedure. Generally this will be in-progress or completed state (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « A code specifying the state of the procedure. (Strength=Required)EventStatus! »Set this to true if the record is saying that the procedure was NOT performed (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)notDone : boolean [0..1]A code indicating why the procedure was not performednotDoneReason : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code that identifies the reason a procedure was not performed. (Strength=Example)Procedure Not Performed Reaso...?? »A code that classifies the procedure for searching, sorting and display purposes (e.g. "Surgical Procedure")category : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code that classifies a procedure for searching, sorting and display purposes. (Strength=Example)Procedure Category Codes (SNO...?? »The specific procedure that is performed. Use text if the exact nature of the procedure cannot be coded (e.g. "Laparoscopic Appendectomy")code : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code to identify a specific procedure . (Strength=Example)Procedure Codes (SNOMED CT)?? »The person, animal or group on which the procedure was performedsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The encounter during which the procedure was performedcontext : Reference [0..1] « Encounter|EpisodeOfCare »Estimated or actual date, date-time, period, or age when the procedure was performed. Allows a period to support complex procedures that span more than one date, and also allows for the length of the procedure to be capturedperformed[x] : Type [0..1] « dateTime|Period|string|Age|Range »The location where the procedure actually happened. E.g. a newborn at home, a tracheostomy at a restaurantlocation : Reference [0..1] « Location »The coded reason why the procedure was performed. This may be coded entity of some type, or may simply be present as textreasonCode : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A code that identifies the reason a procedure is required. (Strength=Example)Procedure Reason ?? »The condition that is the reason why the procedure was performedreasonReference : Reference [0..*] « Condition|Observation »Detailed and structured anatomical location information. Multiple locations are allowed - e.g. multiple punch biopsies of a lesionbodySite : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality. (Strength=Example)SNOMED CT Body Structures?? »The outcome of the procedure - did it resolve reasons for the procedure being performed?outcome : CodeableConcept [0..1] « An outcome of a procedure - whether it was resolved or otherwise. (Strength=Example)Procedure Outcome Codes (SNOM...?? »This could be a histology result, pathology report, surgical report, etc.report : Reference [0..*] « DiagnosticReport »Any complications that occurred during the procedure, or in the immediate post-performance period. These are generally tracked separately from the notes, which will typically describe the procedure itself rather than any 'post procedure' issuescomplication : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Codes describing complications that resulted from a procedure. (Strength=Example)Condition/Problem/Diagnosis ?? »Any complications that occurred during the procedure, or in the immediate post-performance periodcomplicationDetail : Reference [0..*] « Condition »If the procedure required specific follow up - e.g. removal of sutures. The followup may be represented as a simple note, or could potentially be more complex in which case the CarePlan resource can be usedfollowUp : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Specific follow up required for a procedure e.g. removal of sutures. (Strength=Example)Procedure Follow up Codes (SN...?? »Any other notes about the procedure. E.g. the operative notesnote : Annotation [0..*]Identifies medications, devices and any other substance used as part of the procedureusedReference : Reference [0..*] « Device|Medication|Substance »Identifies coded items that were used as part of the procedureusedCode : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Codes describing items used during a procedure (Strength=Example)FHIR Device Types?? »PerformerFor example: surgeon, anaethetist, endoscopistrole : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code that identifies the role of a performer of the procedure. (Strength=Example)Procedure Performer Role ?? »The practitioner who was involved in the procedureactor : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|Organization|Patient| RelatedPerson|Device »The organization the device or practitioner was acting on behalf ofonBehalfOf : Reference [0..1] « Organization »FocalDeviceThe kind of change that happened to the device during the procedureaction : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A kind of change that happened to the device during the procedure. (Strength=Preferred)Procedure Device Action ? »The device that was manipulated (changed) during the proceduremanipulated : Reference [1..1] « Device »Limited to 'real' people rather than equipmentperformer[0..*]A device that is implanted, removed or otherwise manipulated (calibration, battery replacement, fitting a prosthesis, attaching a wound-vac, etc.) as a focal portion of the ProcedurefocalDevice[0..*]

XML Template

<Procedure xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier External Identifiers for this procedure --></identifier>
 <definition><!-- 0..* Reference(PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition|
   HealthcareService) Instantiates protocol or definition --></definition>
 <basedOn><!-- 0..* Reference(CarePlan|ProcedureRequest) A request for this procedure --></basedOn>
 <partOf><!-- 0..* Reference(Procedure|Observation|MedicationAdministration) Part of referenced event --></partOf>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 preparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown -->
 <notDone value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 True if procedure was not performed as scheduled -->
 <notDoneReason><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Reason procedure was not performed --></notDoneReason>
 <category><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Classification of the procedure --></category>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Identification of the procedure --></code>
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Patient|Group) Who the procedure was performed on --></subject>
 <context><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) Encounter or episode associated with the procedure --></context>
 <performed[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Period|string|Age|Range When the procedure was performed --></performed[x]>
 <performer>  <!-- 0..* The people who performed the procedure -->
  <role><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The role the actor was in --></role>
  <actor><!-- 1..1 Reference(Practitioner|Organization|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) The reference to the practitioner --></actor>
  <onBehalfOf><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) Organization the device or practitioner was acting for --></onBehalfOf>
 </performer>
 <location><!-- 0..1 Reference(Location) Where the procedure happened --></location>
 <reasonCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Coded reason procedure performed --></reasonCode>
 <reasonReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition|Observation) Condition that is the reason the procedure performed --></reasonReference>
 <bodySite><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Target body sites --></bodySite>
 <outcome><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The result of procedure --></outcome>
 <report><!-- 0..* Reference(DiagnosticReport) Any report resulting from the procedure --></report>
 <complication><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Complication following the procedure --></complication>
 <complicationDetail><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition) A condition that is a result of the procedure --></complicationDetail>
 <followUp><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Instructions for follow up --></followUp>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Additional information about the procedure --></note>
 <focalDevice>  <!-- 0..* Device changed in procedure -->
  <action><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of change to device --></action>
  <manipulated><!-- 1..1 Reference(Device) Device that was changed --></manipulated>
 </focalDevice>
 <usedReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Device|Medication|Substance) Items used during procedure --></usedReference>
 <usedCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Coded items used during the procedure --></usedCode>
</Procedure>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "Procedure",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // External Identifiers for this procedure
  "definition" : [{ Reference(PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition|
   HealthcareService) }], // Instantiates protocol or definition
  "basedOn" : [{ Reference(CarePlan|ProcedureRequest) }], // A request for this procedure
  "partOf" : [{ Reference(Procedure|Observation|MedicationAdministration) }], // Part of referenced event
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  preparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown
  "notDone" : <boolean>, // True if procedure was not performed as scheduled
  "notDoneReason" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? Reason procedure was not performed
  "category" : { CodeableConcept }, // Classification of the procedure
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Identification of the procedure
  "subject" : { Reference(Patient|Group) }, // R!  Who the procedure was performed on
  "context" : { Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) }, // Encounter or episode associated with the procedure
  // performed[x]: When the procedure was performed. One of these 5:
  "performedDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "performedPeriod" : { Period },
  "performedString" : "<string>",
  "performedAge" : { Age },
  "performedRange" : { Range },
  "performer" : [{ // The people who performed the procedure
    "role" : { CodeableConcept }, // The role the actor was in
    "actor" : { Reference(Practitioner|Organization|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) }, // R!  The reference to the practitioner
    "onBehalfOf" : { Reference(Organization) } // Organization the device or practitioner was acting for
  }],
  "location" : { Reference(Location) }, // Where the procedure happened
  "reasonCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Coded reason procedure performed
  "reasonReference" : [{ Reference(Condition|Observation) }], // Condition that is the reason the procedure performed
  "bodySite" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Target body sites
  "outcome" : { CodeableConcept }, // The result of procedure
  "report" : [{ Reference(DiagnosticReport) }], // Any report resulting from the procedure
  "complication" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Complication following the procedure
  "complicationDetail" : [{ Reference(Condition) }], // A condition that is a result of the procedure
  "followUp" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Instructions for follow up
  "note" : [{ Annotation }], // Additional information about the procedure
  "focalDevice" : [{ // Device changed in procedure
    "action" : { CodeableConcept }, // Kind of change to device
    "manipulated" : { Reference(Device) } // R!  Device that was changed
  }],
  "usedReference" : [{ Reference(Device|Medication|Substance) }], // Items used during procedure
  "usedCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // Coded items used during the procedure
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:Procedure;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:Procedure.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* External Identifiers for this procedure
  fhir:Procedure.definition [ Reference(PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition|HealthcareService) ], ... ; # 0..* Instantiates protocol or definition
  fhir:Procedure.basedOn [ Reference(CarePlan|ProcedureRequest) ], ... ; # 0..* A request for this procedure
  fhir:Procedure.partOf [ Reference(Procedure|Observation|MedicationAdministration) ], ... ; # 0..* Part of referenced event
  fhir:Procedure.status [ code ]; # 1..1 preparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown
  fhir:Procedure.notDone [ boolean ]; # 0..1 True if procedure was not performed as scheduled
  fhir:Procedure.notDoneReason [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Reason procedure was not performed
  fhir:Procedure.category [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Classification of the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Identification of the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.subject [ Reference(Patient|Group) ]; # 1..1 Who the procedure was performed on
  fhir:Procedure.context [ Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) ]; # 0..1 Encounter or episode associated with the procedure
  # Procedure.performed[x] : 0..1 When the procedure was performed. One of these 5
    fhir:Procedure.performedDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedString [ string ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedAge [ Age ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedRange [ Range ]
  fhir:Procedure.performer [ # 0..* The people who performed the procedure
    fhir:Procedure.performer.role [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The role the actor was in
    fhir:Procedure.performer.actor [ Reference(Practitioner|Organization|Patient|RelatedPerson|Device) ]; # 1..1 The reference to the practitioner
    fhir:Procedure.performer.onBehalfOf [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 Organization the device or practitioner was acting for
  ], ...;
  fhir:Procedure.location [ Reference(Location) ]; # 0..1 Where the procedure happened
  fhir:Procedure.reasonCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Coded reason procedure performed
  fhir:Procedure.reasonReference [ Reference(Condition|Observation) ], ... ; # 0..* Condition that is the reason the procedure performed
  fhir:Procedure.bodySite [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Target body sites
  fhir:Procedure.outcome [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The result of procedure
  fhir:Procedure.report [ Reference(DiagnosticReport) ], ... ; # 0..* Any report resulting from the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.complication [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Complication following the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.complicationDetail [ Reference(Condition) ], ... ; # 0..* A condition that is a result of the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.followUp [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Instructions for follow up
  fhir:Procedure.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Additional information about the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.focalDevice [ # 0..* Device changed in procedure
    fhir:Procedure.focalDevice.action [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of change to device
    fhir:Procedure.focalDevice.manipulated [ Reference(Device) ]; # 1..1 Device that was changed
  ], ...;
  fhir:Procedure.usedReference [ Reference(Device|Medication|Substance) ], ... ; # 0..* Items used during procedure
  fhir:Procedure.usedCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Coded items used during the procedure
]

Changes since DSTU2

Procedure
Procedure.definition
  • Added Element
Procedure.basedOn
  • Renamed from request to basedOn
  • Max Cardinality changed from 1 to *
  • Remove Reference(DiagnosticOrder), Remove Reference(ReferralRequest)
Procedure.partOf
  • Added Element
Procedure.status
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/procedure-status to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/event-status
Procedure.notDone
  • Renamed from notPerformed to notDone
Procedure.notDoneReason
  • Renamed from reasonNotPerformed to notDoneReason
  • Max Cardinality changed from * to 1
Procedure.code
  • Min Cardinality changed from 1 to 0
Procedure.context
  • Renamed from encounter to context
  • Add Reference(EpisodeOfCare)
Procedure.performed[x]
  • Add string, Add Age, Add Range
Procedure.performer.actor
  • Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
  • Add Reference(Device)
Procedure.performer.onBehalfOf
  • Added Element
Procedure.reasonCode
  • Added Element
Procedure.reasonReference
  • Added Element
Procedure.complicationDetail
  • Added Element
Procedure.note
  • Renamed from notes to note
Procedure.focalDevice.action
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/device-action (required)
Procedure.usedReference
  • Renamed from used to usedReference
Procedure.usedCode
  • Added Element
Procedure.reason[x]
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R2 <--> R3 Conversion Maps (status = 9 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.).

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Procedure IDomainResourceAn action that is being or was performed on a patient
+ Reason not done is only permitted if notDone indicator is true
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierExternal Identifiers for this procedure
... definition Σ0..*Reference(PlanDefinition | ActivityDefinition | HealthcareService)Instantiates protocol or definition
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | ProcedureRequest)A request for this procedure
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(Procedure | Observation | MedicationAdministration)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1codepreparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown
EventStatus (Required)
... notDone ?!Σ0..1booleanTrue if procedure was not performed as scheduled
... notDoneReason ΣI0..1CodeableConceptReason procedure was not performed
Procedure Not Performed Reason (SNOMED-CT) (Example)
... category Σ0..1CodeableConceptClassification of the procedure
Procedure Category Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... code Σ0..1CodeableConceptIdentification of the procedure
Procedure Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Who the procedure was performed on
... context Σ0..1Reference(Encounter | EpisodeOfCare)Encounter or episode associated with the procedure
... performed[x] Σ0..1When the procedure was performed
.... performedDateTimedateTime
.... performedPeriodPeriod
.... performedStringstring
.... performedAgeAge
.... performedRangeRange
... performer Σ0..*BackboneElementThe people who performed the procedure
.... role Σ0..1CodeableConceptThe role the actor was in
Procedure Performer Role Codes (Example)
.... actor Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | Organization | Patient | RelatedPerson | Device)The reference to the practitioner
.... onBehalfOf 0..1Reference(Organization)Organization the device or practitioner was acting for
... location Σ0..1Reference(Location)Where the procedure happened
... reasonCode Σ0..*CodeableConceptCoded reason procedure performed
Procedure Reason Codes (Example)
... reasonReference Σ0..*Reference(Condition | Observation)Condition that is the reason the procedure performed
... bodySite Σ0..*CodeableConceptTarget body sites
SNOMED CT Body Structures (Example)
... outcome Σ0..1CodeableConceptThe result of procedure
Procedure Outcome Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... report 0..*Reference(DiagnosticReport)Any report resulting from the procedure
... complication 0..*CodeableConceptComplication following the procedure
Condition/Problem/Diagnosis Codes (Example)
... complicationDetail 0..*Reference(Condition)A condition that is a result of the procedure
... followUp 0..*CodeableConceptInstructions for follow up
Procedure Follow up Codes (SNOMED CT) (Example)
... note 0..*AnnotationAdditional information about the procedure
... focalDevice 0..*BackboneElementDevice changed in procedure
.... action 0..1CodeableConceptKind of change to device
Procedure Device Action Codes (Preferred)
.... manipulated 1..1Reference(Device)Device that was changed
... usedReference 0..*Reference(Device | Medication | Substance)Items used during procedure
... usedCode 0..*CodeableConceptCoded items used during the procedure
FHIR Device Types (Example)

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

Procedure (DomainResource)This records identifiers associated with this procedure that are defined by business processes and/or used to refer to it when a direct URL reference to the resource itself is not appropriate (e.g. in CDA documents, or in written / printed documentation)identifier : Identifier [0..*]A protocol, guideline, orderset or other definition that was adhered to in whole or in part by this proceduredefinition : Reference [0..*] « PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition| HealthcareService »A reference to a resource that contains details of the request for this procedurebasedOn : Reference [0..*] « CarePlan|ProcedureRequest »A larger event of which this particular procedure is a component or steppartOf : Reference [0..*] « Procedure|Observation| MedicationAdministration »A code specifying the state of the procedure. Generally this will be in-progress or completed state (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « A code specifying the state of the procedure. (Strength=Required)EventStatus! »Set this to true if the record is saying that the procedure was NOT performed (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)notDone : boolean [0..1]A code indicating why the procedure was not performednotDoneReason : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code that identifies the reason a procedure was not performed. (Strength=Example)Procedure Not Performed Reaso...?? »A code that classifies the procedure for searching, sorting and display purposes (e.g. "Surgical Procedure")category : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code that classifies a procedure for searching, sorting and display purposes. (Strength=Example)Procedure Category Codes (SNO...?? »The specific procedure that is performed. Use text if the exact nature of the procedure cannot be coded (e.g. "Laparoscopic Appendectomy")code : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code to identify a specific procedure . (Strength=Example)Procedure Codes (SNOMED CT)?? »The person, animal or group on which the procedure was performedsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The encounter during which the procedure was performedcontext : Reference [0..1] « Encounter|EpisodeOfCare »Estimated or actual date, date-time, period, or age when the procedure was performed. Allows a period to support complex procedures that span more than one date, and also allows for the length of the procedure to be capturedperformed[x] : Type [0..1] « dateTime|Period|string|Age|Range »The location where the procedure actually happened. E.g. a newborn at home, a tracheostomy at a restaurantlocation : Reference [0..1] « Location »The coded reason why the procedure was performed. This may be coded entity of some type, or may simply be present as textreasonCode : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A code that identifies the reason a procedure is required. (Strength=Example)Procedure Reason ?? »The condition that is the reason why the procedure was performedreasonReference : Reference [0..*] « Condition|Observation »Detailed and structured anatomical location information. Multiple locations are allowed - e.g. multiple punch biopsies of a lesionbodySite : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality. (Strength=Example)SNOMED CT Body Structures?? »The outcome of the procedure - did it resolve reasons for the procedure being performed?outcome : CodeableConcept [0..1] « An outcome of a procedure - whether it was resolved or otherwise. (Strength=Example)Procedure Outcome Codes (SNOM...?? »This could be a histology result, pathology report, surgical report, etc.report : Reference [0..*] « DiagnosticReport »Any complications that occurred during the procedure, or in the immediate post-performance period. These are generally tracked separately from the notes, which will typically describe the procedure itself rather than any 'post procedure' issuescomplication : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Codes describing complications that resulted from a procedure. (Strength=Example)Condition/Problem/Diagnosis ?? »Any complications that occurred during the procedure, or in the immediate post-performance periodcomplicationDetail : Reference [0..*] « Condition »If the procedure required specific follow up - e.g. removal of sutures. The followup may be represented as a simple note, or could potentially be more complex in which case the CarePlan resource can be usedfollowUp : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Specific follow up required for a procedure e.g. removal of sutures. (Strength=Example)Procedure Follow up Codes (SN...?? »Any other notes about the procedure. E.g. the operative notesnote : Annotation [0..*]Identifies medications, devices and any other substance used as part of the procedureusedReference : Reference [0..*] « Device|Medication|Substance »Identifies coded items that were used as part of the procedureusedCode : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Codes describing items used during a procedure (Strength=Example)FHIR Device Types?? »PerformerFor example: surgeon, anaethetist, endoscopistrole : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A code that identifies the role of a performer of the procedure. (Strength=Example)Procedure Performer Role ?? »The practitioner who was involved in the procedureactor : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|Organization|Patient| RelatedPerson|Device »The organization the device or practitioner was acting on behalf ofonBehalfOf : Reference [0..1] « Organization »FocalDeviceThe kind of change that happened to the device during the procedureaction : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A kind of change that happened to the device during the procedure. (Strength=Preferred)Procedure Device Action ? »The device that was manipulated (changed) during the proceduremanipulated : Reference [1..1] « Device »Limited to 'real' people rather than equipmentperformer[0..*]A device that is implanted, removed or otherwise manipulated (calibration, battery replacement, fitting a prosthesis, attaching a wound-vac, etc.) as a focal portion of the ProcedurefocalDevice[0..*]

XML Template

<Procedure xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier External Identifiers for this procedure --></identifier>
 <definition><!-- 0..* Reference(PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition|
   HealthcareService) Instantiates protocol or definition --></definition>
 <basedOn><!-- 0..* Reference(CarePlan|ProcedureRequest) A request for this procedure --></basedOn>
 <partOf><!-- 0..* Reference(Procedure|Observation|MedicationAdministration) Part of referenced event --></partOf>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 preparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown -->
 <notDone value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 True if procedure was not performed as scheduled -->
 <notDoneReason><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Reason procedure was not performed --></notDoneReason>
 <category><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Classification of the procedure --></category>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Identification of the procedure --></code>
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Patient|Group) Who the procedure was performed on --></subject>
 <context><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) Encounter or episode associated with the procedure --></context>
 <performed[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Period|string|Age|Range When the procedure was performed --></performed[x]>
 <performer>  <!-- 0..* The people who performed the procedure -->
  <role><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The role the actor was in --></role>
  <actor><!-- 1..1 Reference(Practitioner|Organization|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) The reference to the practitioner --></actor>
  <onBehalfOf><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) Organization the device or practitioner was acting for --></onBehalfOf>
 </performer>
 <location><!-- 0..1 Reference(Location) Where the procedure happened --></location>
 <reasonCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Coded reason procedure performed --></reasonCode>
 <reasonReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition|Observation) Condition that is the reason the procedure performed --></reasonReference>
 <bodySite><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Target body sites --></bodySite>
 <outcome><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The result of procedure --></outcome>
 <report><!-- 0..* Reference(DiagnosticReport) Any report resulting from the procedure --></report>
 <complication><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Complication following the procedure --></complication>
 <complicationDetail><!-- 0..* Reference(Condition) A condition that is a result of the procedure --></complicationDetail>
 <followUp><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Instructions for follow up --></followUp>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Additional information about the procedure --></note>
 <focalDevice>  <!-- 0..* Device changed in procedure -->
  <action><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of change to device --></action>
  <manipulated><!-- 1..1 Reference(Device) Device that was changed --></manipulated>
 </focalDevice>
 <usedReference><!-- 0..* Reference(Device|Medication|Substance) Items used during procedure --></usedReference>
 <usedCode><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Coded items used during the procedure --></usedCode>
</Procedure>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "Procedure",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // External Identifiers for this procedure
  "definition" : [{ Reference(PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition|
   HealthcareService) }], // Instantiates protocol or definition
  "basedOn" : [{ Reference(CarePlan|ProcedureRequest) }], // A request for this procedure
  "partOf" : [{ Reference(Procedure|Observation|MedicationAdministration) }], // Part of referenced event
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  preparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown
  "notDone" : <boolean>, // True if procedure was not performed as scheduled
  "notDoneReason" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? Reason procedure was not performed
  "category" : { CodeableConcept }, // Classification of the procedure
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Identification of the procedure
  "subject" : { Reference(Patient|Group) }, // R!  Who the procedure was performed on
  "context" : { Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) }, // Encounter or episode associated with the procedure
  // performed[x]: When the procedure was performed. One of these 5:
  "performedDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "performedPeriod" : { Period },
  "performedString" : "<string>",
  "performedAge" : { Age },
  "performedRange" : { Range },
  "performer" : [{ // The people who performed the procedure
    "role" : { CodeableConcept }, // The role the actor was in
    "actor" : { Reference(Practitioner|Organization|Patient|RelatedPerson|
    Device) }, // R!  The reference to the practitioner
    "onBehalfOf" : { Reference(Organization) } // Organization the device or practitioner was acting for
  }],
  "location" : { Reference(Location) }, // Where the procedure happened
  "reasonCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Coded reason procedure performed
  "reasonReference" : [{ Reference(Condition|Observation) }], // Condition that is the reason the procedure performed
  "bodySite" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Target body sites
  "outcome" : { CodeableConcept }, // The result of procedure
  "report" : [{ Reference(DiagnosticReport) }], // Any report resulting from the procedure
  "complication" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Complication following the procedure
  "complicationDetail" : [{ Reference(Condition) }], // A condition that is a result of the procedure
  "followUp" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Instructions for follow up
  "note" : [{ Annotation }], // Additional information about the procedure
  "focalDevice" : [{ // Device changed in procedure
    "action" : { CodeableConcept }, // Kind of change to device
    "manipulated" : { Reference(Device) } // R!  Device that was changed
  }],
  "usedReference" : [{ Reference(Device|Medication|Substance) }], // Items used during procedure
  "usedCode" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // Coded items used during the procedure
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:Procedure;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:Procedure.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* External Identifiers for this procedure
  fhir:Procedure.definition [ Reference(PlanDefinition|ActivityDefinition|HealthcareService) ], ... ; # 0..* Instantiates protocol or definition
  fhir:Procedure.basedOn [ Reference(CarePlan|ProcedureRequest) ], ... ; # 0..* A request for this procedure
  fhir:Procedure.partOf [ Reference(Procedure|Observation|MedicationAdministration) ], ... ; # 0..* Part of referenced event
  fhir:Procedure.status [ code ]; # 1..1 preparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknown
  fhir:Procedure.notDone [ boolean ]; # 0..1 True if procedure was not performed as scheduled
  fhir:Procedure.notDoneReason [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Reason procedure was not performed
  fhir:Procedure.category [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Classification of the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Identification of the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.subject [ Reference(Patient|Group) ]; # 1..1 Who the procedure was performed on
  fhir:Procedure.context [ Reference(Encounter|EpisodeOfCare) ]; # 0..1 Encounter or episode associated with the procedure
  # Procedure.performed[x] : 0..1 When the procedure was performed. One of these 5
    fhir:Procedure.performedDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedString [ string ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedAge [ Age ]
    fhir:Procedure.performedRange [ Range ]
  fhir:Procedure.performer [ # 0..* The people who performed the procedure
    fhir:Procedure.performer.role [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The role the actor was in
    fhir:Procedure.performer.actor [ Reference(Practitioner|Organization|Patient|RelatedPerson|Device) ]; # 1..1 The reference to the practitioner
    fhir:Procedure.performer.onBehalfOf [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 Organization the device or practitioner was acting for
  ], ...;
  fhir:Procedure.location [ Reference(Location) ]; # 0..1 Where the procedure happened
  fhir:Procedure.reasonCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Coded reason procedure performed
  fhir:Procedure.reasonReference [ Reference(Condition|Observation) ], ... ; # 0..* Condition that is the reason the procedure performed
  fhir:Procedure.bodySite [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Target body sites
  fhir:Procedure.outcome [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The result of procedure
  fhir:Procedure.report [ Reference(DiagnosticReport) ], ... ; # 0..* Any report resulting from the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.complication [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Complication following the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.complicationDetail [ Reference(Condition) ], ... ; # 0..* A condition that is a result of the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.followUp [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Instructions for follow up
  fhir:Procedure.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Additional information about the procedure
  fhir:Procedure.focalDevice [ # 0..* Device changed in procedure
    fhir:Procedure.focalDevice.action [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of change to device
    fhir:Procedure.focalDevice.manipulated [ Reference(Device) ]; # 1..1 Device that was changed
  ], ...;
  fhir:Procedure.usedReference [ Reference(Device|Medication|Substance) ], ... ; # 0..* Items used during procedure
  fhir:Procedure.usedCode [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Coded items used during the procedure
]

Changes since DSTU2

Procedure
Procedure.definition
  • Added Element
Procedure.basedOn
  • Renamed from request to basedOn
  • Max Cardinality changed from 1 to *
  • Remove Reference(DiagnosticOrder), Remove Reference(ReferralRequest)
Procedure.partOf
  • Added Element
Procedure.status
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/procedure-status to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/event-status
Procedure.notDone
  • Renamed from notPerformed to notDone
Procedure.notDoneReason
  • Renamed from reasonNotPerformed to notDoneReason
  • Max Cardinality changed from * to 1
Procedure.code
  • Min Cardinality changed from 1 to 0
Procedure.context
  • Renamed from encounter to context
  • Add Reference(EpisodeOfCare)
Procedure.performed[x]
  • Add string, Add Age, Add Range
Procedure.performer.actor
  • Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
  • Add Reference(Device)
Procedure.performer.onBehalfOf
  • Added Element
Procedure.reasonCode
  • Added Element
Procedure.reasonReference
  • Added Element
Procedure.complicationDetail
  • Added Element
Procedure.note
  • Renamed from notes to note
Procedure.focalDevice.action
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/device-action (required)
Procedure.usedReference
  • Renamed from used to usedReference
Procedure.usedCode
  • Added Element
Procedure.reason[x]
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R2 <--> R3 Conversion Maps (status = 9 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.).

 

Alternate definitions: Master Definition (XML, JSON), XML Schema/Schematron + JSON Schema, ShEx (for Turtle)

PathDefinitionTypeReference
Procedure.status A code specifying the state of the procedure.RequiredEventStatus
Procedure.notDoneReason A code that identifies the reason a procedure was not performed.ExampleProcedure Not Performed Reason (SNOMED-CT)
Procedure.category A code that classifies a procedure for searching, sorting and display purposes.ExampleProcedure Category Codes (SNOMED CT)
Procedure.code A code to identify a specific procedure .ExampleProcedure Codes (SNOMED CT)
Procedure.performer.role A code that identifies the role of a performer of the procedure.ExampleProcedure Performer Role Codes
Procedure.reasonCode A code that identifies the reason a procedure is required.ExampleProcedure Reason Codes
Procedure.bodySite Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.ExampleSNOMED CT Body Structures
Procedure.outcome An outcome of a procedure - whether it was resolved or otherwise.ExampleProcedure Outcome Codes (SNOMED CT)
Procedure.complication Codes describing complications that resulted from a procedure.ExampleCondition/Problem/Diagnosis Codes
Procedure.followUp Specific follow up required for a procedure e.g. removal of sutures.ExampleProcedure Follow up Codes (SNOMED CT)
Procedure.focalDevice.action A kind of change that happened to the device during the procedure.PreferredProcedure Device Action Codes
Procedure.usedCode Codes describing items used during a procedureExampleFHIR Device Types

  • pro-1: Reason not done is only permitted if notDone indicator is true (expression : notDoneReason.empty() or notDone = true)

Many of the elements of Procedure have inherent relationships and may be conveyed by the Procedure.code or in the text element of the Procedure.code property. I.e. You may be able to infer category, bodySite and even indication. Whether these other properties will be populated may vary by implementation.

Care should be taken to avoid nonsensical combinations/statements; e.g. "name=amputation, bodySite=heart"

For devices, these are devices that are incidental to / or used to perform the procedure - scalpels, gauze, endoscopes, etc. Devices that are the focus of the procedure should appear in Procedure.device instead.

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

NameTypeDescriptionExpressionIn Common
based-onreferenceA request for this procedureProcedure.basedOn
(CarePlan, ProcedureRequest)
categorytokenClassification of the procedureProcedure.category
codetokenA code to identify a procedureProcedure.code8 Resources
contextreferenceEncounter or episode associated with the procedureProcedure.context
(EpisodeOfCare, Encounter)
datedateWhen the procedure was performedProcedure.performed17 Resources
definitionreferenceInstantiates protocol or definitionProcedure.definition
(PlanDefinition, HealthcareService, ActivityDefinition)
encounterreferenceSearch by encounterProcedure.context
(Encounter)
12 Resources
identifiertokenA unique identifier for a procedureProcedure.identifier26 Resources
locationreferenceWhere the procedure happenedProcedure.location
(Location)
part-ofreferencePart of referenced eventProcedure.partOf
(Observation, Procedure, MedicationAdministration)
patientreferenceSearch by subject - a patientProcedure.subject
(Patient)
30 Resources
performerreferenceThe reference to the practitionerProcedure.performer.actor
(Practitioner, Organization, Device, Patient, RelatedPerson)
statustokenpreparation | in-progress | suspended | aborted | completed | entered-in-error | unknownProcedure.status
subjectreferenceSearch by subjectProcedure.subject
(Group, Patient)