Release 5 Draft Ballot

This is the Continuous Integration Build of FHIR (will be incorrect/inconsistent at times).
See the Directory of published versions

Orders and Observations Work Group Maturity Level: 0Trial Use Use Context: Not yet ready for Production use

The official URL for this profile is:

http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ldlcholesterol

LDL Cholesterol Result

This profile was published on Sat, Feb 21, 2015 00:00+0000 as a draft by Health Level Seven, Inc. - FHIR WG.

Description of Profiles, Differentials, Snapshots, and how the XML and JSON presentations work.

This structure is derived from Observation.

Summary

Mandatory: 3 elements
Must-Support: 5 elements
Fixed Value: 1 element
Prohibited: 6 elements

This structure is derived from Observation.

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation 1..1ObservationLDL Cholesterol Result
... code S1..1CodeableConceptLDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code
Binding: LDLCodes (required): LDL Cholesterol codes - measured or calculated.

... valueQuantity S0..1QuantityLDL Cholesterol value
... interpretation S0..1CodeableConcept+ | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---
... referenceRange S1..1BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
.... low 0..0
.... high 1..1SimpleQuantityA fixed quantity (no comparator)
Fixed Value: As shown
..... value1..1decimalNumerical value (with implicit precision)
Fixed Value: 3.0
.... type 0..0
.... appliesTo 0..0
.... age 0..0
... hasMember 0..0
... derivedFrom 0..0

doco Documentation for this format
NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation I1..1ObservationLDL Cholesterol Result
... id Σ0..1idLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: Common Languages (preferred)
Max Binding: All Languages: IETF language tag

... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... instantiates[x] Σ0..1canonical(ObservationDefinition), Reference(ObservationDefinition)Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationUsage | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

... category 0..*CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: Observation Category Codes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


... code SΣ1..1CodeableConceptLDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code
Binding: LDLCodes (required): LDL Cholesterol codes - measured or calculated.

... subject Σ0..1Reference(Patient | Group | Device | Location | Organization | Procedure | Practitioner | Medication | Substance | BiologicallyDerivedProduct | NutritionProduct)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus Σ0..*Reference(Resource)What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] Σ0..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
.... effectiveTimingTiming
.... effectiveInstantinstant
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... Slices for value[x] ΣI0..1QuantityActual result
Slice: Unordered, Closed by type:$this
.... value[x]:valueQuantity SΣI0..1QuantityLDL Cholesterol value
... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation S0..1CodeableConcept+ | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---
Binding: Observation Interpretation Codes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note S0..*AnnotationComments about result
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMED CT Body Structures (example): SNOMED CT Body site concepts

... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: Observation Methods (example): Methods for simple observations.

... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)(Measurement) Device
... referenceRange SI1..1BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
.... id 0..1idUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... high I1..1SimpleQuantityA fixed quantity (no comparator)
Fixed Value: As shown
..... id0..0stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
..... extension0..0ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
..... value1..1decimalNumerical value (with implicit precision)
Fixed Value: 3.0
..... comparator0..0code< | <= | >= | > | ad - how to understand the value
..... unit0..0stringUnit representation
..... system0..0uriSystem that defines coded unit form
..... code0..0codeCoded form of the unit
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... component Σ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1idUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINC Codes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
..... valueAttachmentAttachment
.... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: Observation Interpretation Codes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format
<!-- Example Lipid Profile -->doco

<Observation xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"
>
  <!-- from Element: extension -->
 <id value="[id]"/><!-- 0..1 Logical id of this artifact -->
 <meta><!-- ?? 0..1 Meta Metadata about the resource --></meta>
 <implicitRules value="[uri]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 A set of rules under which this content was created -->
 <language value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Language of the resource content   -->
 <text><!-- ?? 0..1 Narrative 
     Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation --></text>
 <contained><!-- 0..* Resource Contained, inline Resources --></contained>
 <modifierExtension><!-- ?? 0..* Extension  Extensions that cannot be ignored  --></modifierExtension>
 <identifier><!-- ?? 0..* Identifier 
     Business Identifier for observation --></identifier>
 <instantiates[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 canonical|Reference(ObservationDefinition) 
     Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition --></instantiates[x]>
 <basedOn><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(CarePlan) Fulfills plan, proposal or order --></basedOn>
 <partOf><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(MedicationAdministration) Part of referenced event --></partOf>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 1..1 registered | preliminary | final | amended +   -->
 <category><!-- ?? 0..* CodeableConcept Classification of  type of observation   --></category>
 <code><!-- ?? 1..1 CodeableConcept LDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code   --></code>
 <subject><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Patient) 
     Who and/or what the observation is about --></subject>
 <focus><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(Resource) 
     What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record --></focus>
 <encounter><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Encounter) 
     Healthcare event during which this observation is made --></encounter>
 <effective[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 dateTime|Period|Timing|instant 
     Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation --></effective[x]>
 <issued value="[instant]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Date/Time this version was made available -->
 <performer><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(Practitioner) 
     Who is responsible for the observation --></performer>
 <-- valueQuantity sliced by type:$this  in the specified orderClosed-->
 <valueQuantity><!-- ?? 0..1 Quantity LDL Cholesterol value --></valueQuantity>
 <dataAbsentReason><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Why the result is missing   --></dataAbsentReason>
 <interpretation><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept + | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---   --></interpretation>
 <note><!-- ?? 0..* Annotation Comments about result --></note>
 <bodySite><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Observed body part   --></bodySite>
 <method><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept How it was done   --></method>
 <specimen><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Specimen) Specimen used for this observation --></specimen>
 <device><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Device) (Measurement) Device --></device>
 <referenceRange> ?? 1..1 BackboneElement  <!-- ?? 1..1 Provides guide for interpretation -->
  <modifierExtension><!-- ?? 0..* Extension  Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized  --></modifierExtension>
  <low><!-- ?? 0..0 Quantity 
      Low Range, if relevant --></low>
  <high><!-- ?? 1..1 Quantity 
      A fixed quantity (no comparator) --></high>
  <type><!-- ?? 0..0 CodeableConcept Reference range qualifier   --></type>
  <appliesTo><!-- ?? 0..0 CodeableConcept Reference range population   --></appliesTo>
  <age><!-- ?? 0..0 Range 
      Applicable age range, if relevant --></age>
  <text value="[string]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Text based reference range in an observation -->
 </referenceRange>
 <hasMember><!-- ?? 0..0 Reference(Observation) 
     Related resource that belongs to the Observation group --></hasMember>
 <derivedFrom><!-- ?? 0..0 Reference(DocumentReference) 
     Related measurements the observation is made from --></derivedFrom>
 <component> ?? 0..* BackboneElement  <!-- ?? 0..* Component results -->
  <modifierExtension><!-- ?? 0..* Extension  Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized  --></modifierExtension>
  <code><!-- ?? 1..1 CodeableConcept Type of component observation (code / type)   --></code>
  <value[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 Quantity|CodeableConcept|string|
    boolean|integer|Range|Ratio|SampledData|time|dateTime|Period|Attachment 
      Actual component result --></value[x]>
  <dataAbsentReason><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Why the component result is missing   --></dataAbsentReason>
  <interpretation><!-- ?? 0..* CodeableConcept High, low, normal, etc.   --></interpretation>
  <referenceRange><!-- See http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.referenceRange  Provides guide for interpretation of component result --></referenceRange>
 </component>
</Observation>
{ // Example Lipid Profile
  // from Element: extension
    "meta" : { Meta }, // C?Metadata about the resource
    "implicitRules" : "<uri>", // C?A set of rules under which this content was created
    "language" : "<code>", // C?Language of the resource content
    "text" : { Narrative }, // C?Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation
    "contained" : [{ Resource }], //Contained, inline Resources
    "modifierExtension" : [{ Extension }], // C?Extensions that cannot be ignored
    "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // C?Business Identifier for observation
// value[x]: Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition. One of these 2:
    "instantiatesCanonical" : "<canonical>", // C?Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition
    "instantiatesReference" : { Reference(ObservationDefinition) }, // C?Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition
    "basedOn" : [{ Reference(CarePlan) }], // C?Fulfills plan, proposal or order
    "partOf" : [{ Reference(MedicationAdministration) }], // C?Part of referenced event
    "status" : "<code>", // C? R! registered | preliminary | final | amended +
    "category" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // C?Classification of  type of observation
    "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? R! LDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code
    "subject" : { Reference(Patient) }, // C?Who and/or what the observation is about
    "focus" : [{ Reference(Resource) }], // C?What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
    "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // C?Healthcare event during which this observation is made
// value[x]: Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation. One of these 4:
    "effectiveDateTime" : "<dateTime>", // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "effectivePeriod" : { Period }, // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "effectiveTiming" : { Timing }, // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "effectiveInstant" : "<instant>", // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "issued" : "<instant>", // C?Date/Time this version was made available
    "performer" : [{ Reference(Practitioner) }], // C?Who is responsible for the observation
    "valueQuantity" : [ //  sliced by type:$this  in the specified order, Closed 
      { // LDL Cholesterol value // C?
        // from Element: extension
      }
    ],
    "dataAbsentReason" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?Why the result is missing
    "interpretation" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?+ | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---
    "note" : [{ Annotation }], // C?Comments about result
    "bodySite" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?Observed body part
    "method" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?How it was done
    "specimen" : { Reference(Specimen) }, // C?Specimen used for this observation
    "device" : { Reference(Device) }, // C?(Measurement) Device
    "referenceRange" : { BackboneElement } // C? R! Provides guide for interpretation
    "component" : [{ BackboneElement }], // C?Component results
  }

This structure is derived from Observation.

Summary

Mandatory: 3 elements
Must-Support: 5 elements
Fixed Value: 1 element
Prohibited: 6 elements

Differential View

This structure is derived from Observation.

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation 1..1ObservationLDL Cholesterol Result
... code S1..1CodeableConceptLDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code
Binding: LDLCodes (required): LDL Cholesterol codes - measured or calculated.

... valueQuantity S0..1QuantityLDL Cholesterol value
... interpretation S0..1CodeableConcept+ | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---
... referenceRange S1..1BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
.... low 0..0
.... high 1..1SimpleQuantityA fixed quantity (no comparator)
Fixed Value: As shown
..... value1..1decimalNumerical value (with implicit precision)
Fixed Value: 3.0
.... type 0..0
.... appliesTo 0..0
.... age 0..0
... hasMember 0..0
... derivedFrom 0..0

doco Documentation for this format

Snapshot View

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation I1..1ObservationLDL Cholesterol Result
... id Σ0..1idLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: Common Languages (preferred)
Max Binding: All Languages: IETF language tag

... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... instantiates[x] Σ0..1canonical(ObservationDefinition), Reference(ObservationDefinition)Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationUsage | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

... category 0..*CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: Observation Category Codes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


... code SΣ1..1CodeableConceptLDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code
Binding: LDLCodes (required): LDL Cholesterol codes - measured or calculated.

... subject Σ0..1Reference(Patient | Group | Device | Location | Organization | Procedure | Practitioner | Medication | Substance | BiologicallyDerivedProduct | NutritionProduct)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus Σ0..*Reference(Resource)What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] Σ0..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
.... effectiveTimingTiming
.... effectiveInstantinstant
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... Slices for value[x] ΣI0..1QuantityActual result
Slice: Unordered, Closed by type:$this
.... value[x]:valueQuantity SΣI0..1QuantityLDL Cholesterol value
... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation S0..1CodeableConcept+ | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---
Binding: Observation Interpretation Codes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note S0..*AnnotationComments about result
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMED CT Body Structures (example): SNOMED CT Body site concepts

... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: Observation Methods (example): Methods for simple observations.

... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)(Measurement) Device
... referenceRange SI1..1BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
.... id 0..1idUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... high I1..1SimpleQuantityA fixed quantity (no comparator)
Fixed Value: As shown
..... id0..0stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
..... extension0..0ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
..... value1..1decimalNumerical value (with implicit precision)
Fixed Value: 3.0
..... comparator0..0code< | <= | >= | > | ad - how to understand the value
..... unit0..0stringUnit representation
..... system0..0uriSystem that defines coded unit form
..... code0..0codeCoded form of the unit
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... component Σ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1idUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINC Codes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
..... valueAttachmentAttachment
.... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: Observation Interpretation Codes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

XML Template

<!-- Example Lipid Profile -->doco

<Observation xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"
>
  <!-- from Element: extension -->
 <id value="[id]"/><!-- 0..1 Logical id of this artifact -->
 <meta><!-- ?? 0..1 Meta Metadata about the resource --></meta>
 <implicitRules value="[uri]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 A set of rules under which this content was created -->
 <language value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Language of the resource content   -->
 <text><!-- ?? 0..1 Narrative 
     Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation --></text>
 <contained><!-- 0..* Resource Contained, inline Resources --></contained>
 <modifierExtension><!-- ?? 0..* Extension  Extensions that cannot be ignored  --></modifierExtension>
 <identifier><!-- ?? 0..* Identifier 
     Business Identifier for observation --></identifier>
 <instantiates[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 canonical|Reference(ObservationDefinition) 
     Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition --></instantiates[x]>
 <basedOn><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(CarePlan) Fulfills plan, proposal or order --></basedOn>
 <partOf><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(MedicationAdministration) Part of referenced event --></partOf>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 1..1 registered | preliminary | final | amended +   -->
 <category><!-- ?? 0..* CodeableConcept Classification of  type of observation   --></category>
 <code><!-- ?? 1..1 CodeableConcept LDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code   --></code>
 <subject><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Patient) 
     Who and/or what the observation is about --></subject>
 <focus><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(Resource) 
     What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record --></focus>
 <encounter><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Encounter) 
     Healthcare event during which this observation is made --></encounter>
 <effective[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 dateTime|Period|Timing|instant 
     Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation --></effective[x]>
 <issued value="[instant]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Date/Time this version was made available -->
 <performer><!-- ?? 0..* Reference(Practitioner) 
     Who is responsible for the observation --></performer>
 <-- valueQuantity sliced by type:$this  in the specified orderClosed-->
 <valueQuantity><!-- ?? 0..1 Quantity LDL Cholesterol value --></valueQuantity>
 <dataAbsentReason><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Why the result is missing   --></dataAbsentReason>
 <interpretation><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept + | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---   --></interpretation>
 <note><!-- ?? 0..* Annotation Comments about result --></note>
 <bodySite><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Observed body part   --></bodySite>
 <method><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept How it was done   --></method>
 <specimen><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Specimen) Specimen used for this observation --></specimen>
 <device><!-- ?? 0..1 Reference(Device) (Measurement) Device --></device>
 <referenceRange> ?? 1..1 BackboneElement  <!-- ?? 1..1 Provides guide for interpretation -->
  <modifierExtension><!-- ?? 0..* Extension  Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized  --></modifierExtension>
  <low><!-- ?? 0..0 Quantity 
      Low Range, if relevant --></low>
  <high><!-- ?? 1..1 Quantity 
      A fixed quantity (no comparator) --></high>
  <type><!-- ?? 0..0 CodeableConcept Reference range qualifier   --></type>
  <appliesTo><!-- ?? 0..0 CodeableConcept Reference range population   --></appliesTo>
  <age><!-- ?? 0..0 Range 
      Applicable age range, if relevant --></age>
  <text value="[string]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Text based reference range in an observation -->
 </referenceRange>
 <hasMember><!-- ?? 0..0 Reference(Observation) 
     Related resource that belongs to the Observation group --></hasMember>
 <derivedFrom><!-- ?? 0..0 Reference(DocumentReference) 
     Related measurements the observation is made from --></derivedFrom>
 <component> ?? 0..* BackboneElement  <!-- ?? 0..* Component results -->
  <modifierExtension><!-- ?? 0..* Extension  Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized  --></modifierExtension>
  <code><!-- ?? 1..1 CodeableConcept Type of component observation (code / type)   --></code>
  <value[x]><!-- ?? 0..1 Quantity|CodeableConcept|string|
    boolean|integer|Range|Ratio|SampledData|time|dateTime|Period|Attachment 
      Actual component result --></value[x]>
  <dataAbsentReason><!-- ?? 0..1 CodeableConcept Why the component result is missing   --></dataAbsentReason>
  <interpretation><!-- ?? 0..* CodeableConcept High, low, normal, etc.   --></interpretation>
  <referenceRange><!-- See http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.referenceRange  Provides guide for interpretation of component result --></referenceRange>
 </component>
</Observation>

JSON Template

{ // Example Lipid Profile
  // from Element: extension
    "meta" : { Meta }, // C?Metadata about the resource
    "implicitRules" : "<uri>", // C?A set of rules under which this content was created
    "language" : "<code>", // C?Language of the resource content
    "text" : { Narrative }, // C?Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation
    "contained" : [{ Resource }], //Contained, inline Resources
    "modifierExtension" : [{ Extension }], // C?Extensions that cannot be ignored
    "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // C?Business Identifier for observation
// value[x]: Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition. One of these 2:
    "instantiatesCanonical" : "<canonical>", // C?Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition
    "instantiatesReference" : { Reference(ObservationDefinition) }, // C?Instantiates FHIR ObservationDefinition
    "basedOn" : [{ Reference(CarePlan) }], // C?Fulfills plan, proposal or order
    "partOf" : [{ Reference(MedicationAdministration) }], // C?Part of referenced event
    "status" : "<code>", // C? R! registered | preliminary | final | amended +
    "category" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // C?Classification of  type of observation
    "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // C? R! LDL Cholesterol -measured or calculated per code
    "subject" : { Reference(Patient) }, // C?Who and/or what the observation is about
    "focus" : [{ Reference(Resource) }], // C?What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
    "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // C?Healthcare event during which this observation is made
// value[x]: Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation. One of these 4:
    "effectiveDateTime" : "<dateTime>", // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "effectivePeriod" : { Period }, // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "effectiveTiming" : { Timing }, // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "effectiveInstant" : "<instant>", // C?Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
    "issued" : "<instant>", // C?Date/Time this version was made available
    "performer" : [{ Reference(Practitioner) }], // C?Who is responsible for the observation
    "valueQuantity" : [ //  sliced by type:$this  in the specified order, Closed 
      { // LDL Cholesterol value // C?
        // from Element: extension
      }
    ],
    "dataAbsentReason" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?Why the result is missing
    "interpretation" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?+ | ++ | +++ | - | -- | ---
    "note" : [{ Annotation }], // C?Comments about result
    "bodySite" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?Observed body part
    "method" : { CodeableConcept }, // C?How it was done
    "specimen" : { Reference(Specimen) }, // C?Specimen used for this observation
    "device" : { Reference(Device) }, // C?(Measurement) Device
    "referenceRange" : { BackboneElement } // C? R! Provides guide for interpretation
    "component" : [{ BackboneElement }], // C?Component results
  }

 

Alternate definitions: Master Definition (XML, JSON), Schematron

PathNameConformanceValueSet
Observation.languageCommon LanguagespreferredCommon Languages
Observation.statusObservationStatusrequiredObservationStatus
Observation.categoryObservation Category CodespreferredObservation Category Codes
Observation.codeLDLCodesrequiredLDLCodes
Observation.dataAbsentReasonDataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.interpretationObservation Interpretation CodesextensibleObservation Interpretation Codes
Observation.bodySiteSNOMED CT Body StructuresexampleSNOMED CT Body Structures
Observation.methodObservation MethodsexampleObservation Methods
Observation.component.codeLOINC CodesexampleLOINC Codes
Observation.component.dataAbsentReasonDataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.component.interpretationObservation Interpretation CodesextensibleObservation Interpretation Codes
.