Release 5 Draft Ballot

This is the Continuous Integration Build of FHIR (will be incorrect/inconsistent at times).
See the Directory of published versions

6.4 Resource AuditEvent - Content

Security Work GroupMaturity Level: 3 Trial UseSecurity Category: Not Classified Compartments: Device, Patient, Practitioner

A record of an event relevant for purposes such as operations, privacy, security, maintenance, and performance analysis.

The audit event is based on the IHE-ATNA Audit record definitions, originally from RFC 3881 , and now managed by DICOM (see DICOM Part 15 Annex A5 ).

  • ASTM E2147 – Setup the concept of security audit logs for healthcare including accounting of disclosures
  • IETF RFC 3881 – Defined the Information Model (IETF rule forced this to be informative)
  • DICOM Audit Log Message – Made the information model Normative, defined Vocabulary, Transport Binding, and Schema
  • IHE ATNA – Defines the grouping with secure transport and access controls; and defined specific audit log records for specific IHE transactions.
  • NIST SP800-92 – Shows how to do audit log management and reporting – consistent with our model
  • HL7 PASS – Defined an Audit Service with responsibilities and a query interface for reporting use
  • ISO 27789 – Defined the subset of audit events that an EHR would need
  • ISO/HL7 10781 EHR System Functional Model Release 2
  • ISO 21089 Trusted End-to-End Information Flows

This resource is managed collaboratively between HL7, DICOM, and IHE.

A record of an event relevant for purposes such as operations, privacy, security, maintenance, and performance analysis.

All actors - such as applications, processes, and services - involved in an auditable event should record an AuditEvent. This will likely result in multiple AuditEvent entries that show whether privacy and security safeguards, such as access control, are properly functioning across an enterprise's system-of-systems. Thus, it is typical to get an auditable event recorded by both the application in a workflow process and the servers that support them. For this reason, duplicate entries are expected, which is helpful because it may aid in the detection of security, privacy, or other operational problems. For example, fewer than expected actors being recorded in a multi-actor process or attributes related to those records being in conflict, which is an indication of a security problem. There may be non-participating actors, such as trusted intermediary, that also detect a security, privacy, or operational relevant event and thus would record an AuditEvent.

Security relevant events are not limited to communications or RESTful events. They include:

  • software start-up and shutdown;
  • user login and logout;
  • access control decisions;
  • configuration events;
  • software installation;
  • policy rules changes; and
  • manipulation of data that exposes the data to users.

See the Audit Event Category vocabulary for guidance on some security relevant event categories.

The AuditEvent resource holds the details of an event in terms of who, what, where, when, and why. Where the identification of the who participated is the agent. An agent can be a person, an organization, software, device, or other actors that may be ascribed responsibility. What objects were used/created/updated is recorded as the entity. An entity is an identifiable physical, digital, conceptual or other kind of thing; entities may be real or imaginary.

The content of an AuditEvent is intended for use by security system administrators, security and privacy information managers, and records management personnel. This content is not intended to be accessible or used directly by other healthcare users, such as providers or patients, although reports generated from the raw data would be useful. An example is a patient-centric accounting of disclosures or an access report. Servers that provide support for AuditEvent resources would not generally accept update or delete operations on the resources, as this would compromise the integrity of the audit record. Access to the AuditEvent would typically be limited to security, privacy, or other system administration purposes.

Relationship of AuditEvent and Provenance resources are often (though not exclusively) created by the application responding to the create/read/query/update/delete/execute etc. event. A Provenance resource contains overlapping information, but is a record-keeping assertion that gathers information about the context in which the information in a resource "came to be" in its current state, e.g., whether it was created de novo or obtained from another entity in whole, part, or by transformation. Provenance resources are prepared by the application that initiates the create/update of the resource and may be persisted with the AuditEvent target resource.

No resources refer to this resource directly.

This resource implements the Event pattern.

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. AuditEvent TUDomainResourceRecord of an event
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... category Σ0..*CodeableConceptType/identifier of event
Audit Event ID (Example)
... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptSpecific type of event
Audit Event Sub-Type (Example)
... action Σ0..1codeType of action performed during the event
AuditEventAction (Required)
... occurred[x] 0..1When the activity occurred
.... occurredPeriodPeriod
.... occurredDateTimedateTime
... recorded Σ1..1instantTime when the event was recorded
... outcome Σ0..1BackboneElementWhether the event succeeded or failed
.... code Σ1..1CodingWhether the event succeeded or failed
AuditEventOutcome (Preferred)
.... detail Σ0..*CodeableConceptAdditional outcome detail
AuditEventOutcomeDetail (Example)
... authorization Σ0..*CodeableConceptAuthorization related to the event
PurposeOfUse (Example)
... basedOn 0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest | Task)Workflow authorization within which this event occurred
... patient TU0..1Reference(Patient)The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity
... encounter 0..1Reference(Encounter)Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated
... agent Σ1..*BackboneElementActor involved in the event
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptHow agent participated
ParticipationRoleType (Preferred)
.... role 0..*CodeableConceptAgent role in the event
SecurityRoleType (Example)
.... who Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | Device | RelatedPerson)Identifier of who
.... requestor Σ0..1booleanWhether user is initiator
.... location 0..1Reference(Location)The agent location when the event occurred
.... policy 0..*uriPolicy that authorized the agent participation in the event
.... network[x] 0..1This agent network location for the activity
..... networkReferenceReference(Endpoint)
..... networkUriuri
..... networkStringstring
.... authorization 0..*CodeableConceptAllowable authorization for this agent
PurposeOfUse (Example)
... source Σ1..1BackboneElementAudit Event Reporter
.... site 0..1Reference(Location)Logical source location within the enterprise
.... observer Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | Device | RelatedPerson)The identity of source detecting the event
.... type 0..*CodeableConceptThe type of source where event originated
Audit Event Source Type (Preferred)
... entity Σ0..*BackboneElementData or objects used
.... what Σ0..1Reference(Any)Specific instance of resource
.... role 0..1CodeableConceptWhat role the entity played
AuditEventEntityRole (Extensible)
.... securityLabel 0..*CodeableConceptSecurity labels on the entity
Example set of Security Labels (Example)
.... query Σ0..1base64BinaryQuery parameters
.... detail 0..*BackboneElementAdditional Information about the entity
..... type 1..1CodeableConceptName of the property
Audit Event ID (Example)
..... value[x] 1..1Property value
...... valueQuantityQuantity
...... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
...... valueStringstring
...... valueBooleanboolean
...... valueIntegerinteger
...... valueRangeRange
...... valueRatioRatio
...... valueTimetime
...... valueDateTimedateTime
...... valuePeriodPeriod
...... valueBase64Binarybase64Binary
.... agent 0..*see agentEntity is attributed to this agent

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

AuditEvent (DomainResource)Classification of the type of eventcategory : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventID?? »Describes what happened. The most specific code for the eventcode : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventSub-Type?? »Indicator for type of action performed during the event that generated the auditaction : code [0..1] « null (Strength=Required)AuditEventAction! »Indicates and enables segmentation of various severity including debugging from criticalseverity : code [0..1] « null (Strength=Required)AuditEventSeverity! »The time or period during which the activity occurredoccurred[x] : DataType [0..1] « Period|dateTime »The time when the event was recordedrecorded : instant [1..1]The authorization (e.g., PurposeOfUse) that was used during the event being recordedauthorization : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)PurposeOfUse?? »Allows tracing of authorizatino for the events and tracking whether proposals/recommendations were acted uponbasedOn : Reference [0..*] « CarePlan|DeviceRequest| ImmunizationRecommendation|MedicationRequest|NutritionOrder| ServiceRequest|Task »The patient element is available to enable deterministic tracking of activities that involve the patient as the subject of the data used in an activitypatient : Reference [0..1] « Patient »This will typically be the encounter the event occurred, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but still be tied to the context of the encounter (e.g. pre-admission lab tests)encounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter »OutcomeIndicates whether the event succeeded or failedcode : Coding [1..1] « null (Strength=Preferred)AuditEventOutcome? »Additional details about the error. This may be a text description of the error or a system code that identifies the errordetail : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventOutcomeDetail?? »AgentThe Functional Role of the user when performing the eventtype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Preferred)ParticipationRoleType? »The structural roles of the agent indicating the agent's competency. The security role enabling the agent with respect to the activityrole : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)SecurityRoleType?? »Reference to who this agent is that was involved in the eventwho : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Organization| CareTeam|Patient|Device|RelatedPerson »Indicator that the user is or is not the requestor, or initiator, for the event being auditedrequestor : boolean [0..1]Where the agent location is known, the agent location when the event occurredlocation : Reference [0..1] « Location »Where the policy(ies) are known that authorized the agent participation in the event. Typically, a single activity may have multiple applicable policies, such as patient consent, guarantor funding, etc. The policy would also indicate the security token usedpolicy : uri [0..*]When the event utilizes a network there should be an agent describing the local system, and an agent describing remote system, with the network interface detailsnetwork[x] : DataType [0..1] « Reference(Endpoint)|uri|string »The authorization (e.g., PurposeOfUse) that was used during the event being recordedauthorization : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)PurposeOfUse?? »SourceLogical source location within the healthcare enterprise network. For example, a hospital or other provider location within a multi-entity provider groupsite : Reference [0..1] « Location »Identifier of the source where the event was detectedobserver : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole| Organization|CareTeam|Patient|Device|RelatedPerson »Code specifying the type of source where event originatedtype : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Preferred)AuditEventSourceType? »EntityIdentifies a specific instance of the entity. The reference should be version specificwhat : Reference [0..1] « Any »Code representing the role the entity played in the event being auditedrole : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)AuditEventEntityRole+ »Security labels for the identified entitysecurityLabel : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)SecurityLabelExamples?? »The query parameters for a query-type entitiesquery : base64Binary [0..1]DetailThe type of extra detail provided in the valuetype : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventID?? »The value of the extra detailvalue[x] : DataType [1..1] « Quantity|CodeableConcept|string|boolean| integer|Range|Ratio|time|dateTime|Period|base64Binary »Indicates whether the event succeeded or failed. A free text descripiton can be given in outcome.textoutcome[0..1]An actor taking an active role in the event or activity that is loggedagent[1..*]The actor that is reporting the eventsource[1..1]Tagged value pairs for conveying additional information about the entitydetail[0..*]The entity is attributed to an agent to express the agent's responsibility for that entity in the activity. This is most used to indicate when persistence media (the entity) are used by an agent. For example when importing data from a device, the device would be described in an entity, and the user importing data from that media would be indicated as the entity.agentagent[0..*]Specific instances of data or objects that have been accessedentity[0..*]

XML Template

<AuditEvent xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <category><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Type/identifier of event --></category>
 <code><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Specific type of event --></code>
 <action value="[code]"/><!-- 0..1 Type of action performed during the event -->
 <severity value="[code]"/><!-- 0..1 emergency | alert | critical | error | warning | notice | informational | debug -->
 <occurred[x]><!-- 0..1 Period|dateTime When the activity occurred --></occurred[x]>
 <recorded value="[instant]"/><!-- 1..1 Time when the event was recorded -->
 <outcome>  <!-- 0..1 Whether the event succeeded or failed -->
  <code><!-- 1..1 Coding Whether the event succeeded or failed --></code>
  <detail><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Additional outcome detail --></detail>
 </outcome>
 <authorization><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Authorization related to the event  --></authorization>
 <basedOn><!-- 0..* Reference(CarePlan|DeviceRequest|ImmunizationRecommendation|
   MedicationRequest|NutritionOrder|ServiceRequest|Task) Workflow authorization within which this event occurred --></basedOn>
 <patient><!-- 0..1 Reference(Patient) The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity --></patient>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated --></encounter>
 <agent>  <!-- 1..* Actor involved in the event -->
  <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept How agent participated --></type>
  <role><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Agent role in the event --></role>
  <who><!-- 1..1 Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) Identifier of who --></who>
  <requestor value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Whether user is initiator -->
  <location><!-- 0..1 Reference(Location) The agent location when the event occurred --></location>
  <policy value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..* Policy that authorized the agent participation in the event -->
  <network[x]><!-- 0..1 Reference(Endpoint)|uri|string This agent network location for the activity --></network[x]>
  <authorization><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Allowable authorization for this agent  --></authorization>
 </agent>
 <source>  <!-- 1..1 Audit Event Reporter -->
  <site><!-- 0..1 Reference(Location) Logical source location within the enterprise --></site>
  <observer><!-- 1..1 Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) The identity of source detecting the event --></observer>
  <type><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The type of source where event originated --></type>
 </source>
 <entity>  <!-- 0..* Data or objects used -->
  <what><!-- 0..1 Reference(Any) Specific instance of resource --></what>
  <role><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept What role the entity played --></role>
  <securityLabel><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Security labels on the entity --></securityLabel>
  <query value="[base64Binary]"/><!-- 0..1 Query parameters -->
  <detail>  <!-- 0..* Additional Information about the entity -->
   <type><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Name of the property --></type>
   <value[x]><!-- 1..1 Quantity|CodeableConcept|string|boolean|integer|Range|
     Ratio|time|dateTime|Period|base64Binary Property value --></value[x]>
  </detail>
  <agent><!-- 0..* Content as for AuditEvent.agent Entity is attributed to this agent --></agent>
 </entity>
</AuditEvent>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "AuditEvent",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "category" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Type/identifier of event
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Specific type of event
  "action" : "<code>", // Type of action performed during the event
  "severity" : "<code>", // emergency | alert | critical | error | warning | notice | informational | debug
  // occurred[x]: When the activity occurred. One of these 2:
  "occurredPeriod" : { Period },
  "occurredDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "recorded" : "<instant>", // R!  Time when the event was recorded
  "outcome" : { // Whether the event succeeded or failed
    "code" : { Coding }, // R!  Whether the event succeeded or failed
    "detail" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // Additional outcome detail
  },
  "authorization" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Authorization related to the event 
  "basedOn" : [{ Reference(CarePlan|DeviceRequest|ImmunizationRecommendation|
   MedicationRequest|NutritionOrder|ServiceRequest|Task) }], // Workflow authorization within which this event occurred
  "patient" : { Reference(Patient) }, // The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated
  "agent" : [{ // R!  Actor involved in the event
    "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // How agent participated
    "role" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Agent role in the event
    "who" : { Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) }, // R!  Identifier of who
    "requestor" : <boolean>, // Whether user is initiator
    "location" : { Reference(Location) }, // The agent location when the event occurred
    "policy" : ["<uri>"], // Policy that authorized the agent participation in the event
    // network[x]: This agent network location for the activity. One of these 3:
    "networkReference" : { Reference(Endpoint) },
    "networkUri" : "<uri>",
    "networkString" : "<string>",
    "authorization" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // Allowable authorization for this agent 
  }],
  "source" : { // R!  Audit Event Reporter
    "site" : { Reference(Location) }, // Logical source location within the enterprise
    "observer" : { Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) }, // R!  The identity of source detecting the event
    "type" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // The type of source where event originated
  },
  "entity" : [{ // Data or objects used
    "what" : { Reference(Any) }, // Specific instance of resource
    "role" : { CodeableConcept }, // What role the entity played
    "securityLabel" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Security labels on the entity
    "query" : "<base64Binary>", // Query parameters
    "detail" : [{ // Additional Information about the entity
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Name of the property
      // value[x]: Property value. One of these 11:
      "valueQuantity" : { Quantity }
      "valueCodeableConcept" : { CodeableConcept }
      "valueString" : "<string>"
      "valueBoolean" : <boolean>
      "valueInteger" : <integer>
      "valueRange" : { Range }
      "valueRatio" : { Ratio }
      "valueTime" : "<time>"
      "valueDateTime" : "<dateTime>"
      "valuePeriod" : { Period }
      "valueBase64Binary" : "<base64Binary>"
    }],
    "agent" : [{ Content as for AuditEvent.agent }] // Entity is attributed to this agent
  }]
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:AuditEvent;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:AuditEvent.category [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Type/identifier of event
  fhir:AuditEvent.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Specific type of event
  fhir:AuditEvent.action [ code ]; # 0..1 Type of action performed during the event
  fhir:AuditEvent.severity [ code ]; # 0..1 emergency | alert | critical | error | warning | notice | informational | debug
  # AuditEvent.occurred[x] : 0..1 When the activity occurred. One of these 2
    fhir:AuditEvent.occurredPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:AuditEvent.occurredDateTime [ dateTime ]
  fhir:AuditEvent.recorded [ instant ]; # 1..1 Time when the event was recorded
  fhir:AuditEvent.outcome [ # 0..1 Whether the event succeeded or failed
    fhir:AuditEvent.outcome.code [ Coding ]; # 1..1 Whether the event succeeded or failed
    fhir:AuditEvent.outcome.detail [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Additional outcome detail
  ];
  fhir:AuditEvent.authorization [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Authorization related to the event
  fhir:AuditEvent.basedOn [ Reference(CarePlan|DeviceRequest|ImmunizationRecommendation|MedicationRequest|
  NutritionOrder|ServiceRequest|Task) ], ... ; # 0..* Workflow authorization within which this event occurred
  fhir:AuditEvent.patient [ Reference(Patient) ]; # 0..1 The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity
  fhir:AuditEvent.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated
  fhir:AuditEvent.agent [ # 1..* Actor involved in the event
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 How agent participated
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.role [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Agent role in the event
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.who [ Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) ]; # 1..1 Identifier of who
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.requestor [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Whether user is initiator
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.location [ Reference(Location) ]; # 0..1 The agent location when the event occurred
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.policy [ uri ], ... ; # 0..* Policy that authorized the agent participation in the event
    # AuditEvent.agent.network[x] : 0..1 This agent network location for the activity. One of these 3
      fhir:AuditEvent.agent.networkReference [ Reference(Endpoint) ]
      fhir:AuditEvent.agent.networkUri [ uri ]
      fhir:AuditEvent.agent.networkString [ string ]
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.authorization [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Allowable authorization for this agent
  ], ...;
  fhir:AuditEvent.source [ # 1..1 Audit Event Reporter
    fhir:AuditEvent.source.site [ Reference(Location) ]; # 0..1 Logical source location within the enterprise
    fhir:AuditEvent.source.observer [ Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) ]; # 1..1 The identity of source detecting the event
    fhir:AuditEvent.source.type [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The type of source where event originated
  ];
  fhir:AuditEvent.entity [ # 0..* Data or objects used
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.what [ Reference(Any) ]; # 0..1 Specific instance of resource
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.role [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 What role the entity played
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Security labels on the entity
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.query [ base64Binary ]; # 0..1 Query parameters
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail [ # 0..* Additional Information about the entity
      fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Name of the property
      # AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x] : 1..1 Property value. One of these 11
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueQuantity [ Quantity ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueString [ string ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueBoolean [ boolean ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueInteger [ integer ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueRange [ Range ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueRatio [ Ratio ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueTime [ time ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueDateTime [ dateTime ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valuePeriod [ Period ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueBase64Binary [ base64Binary ]
    ], ...;
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.agent [ See AuditEvent.agent ], ... ; # 0..* Entity is attributed to this agent
  ], ...;
]

Changes since R3

AuditEvent
AuditEvent.category
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.code
  • Added Mandatory Element
AuditEvent.action
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-action|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-action|4.6.0
AuditEvent.severity
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.occurred[x]
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.outcome
  • Type changed from code to BackboneElement
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-outcome|4.0.0 (required)
AuditEvent.outcome.code
  • Added Mandatory Element
AuditEvent.outcome.detail
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.authorization
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.basedOn
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.patient
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.encounter
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.agent.type
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/participation-role-type (extensible)
AuditEvent.agent.who
  • Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type CareTeam
AuditEvent.agent.requestor
  • Min Cardinality changed from 1 to 0
AuditEvent.agent.network[x]
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.agent.authorization
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.source.site
  • Type changed from string to Reference(Location)
AuditEvent.source.observer
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type CareTeam
AuditEvent.source.type
  • Type changed from Coding to CodeableConcept
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-source-type (extensible)
AuditEvent.entity.role
  • Type changed from Coding to CodeableConcept
AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel
  • Type changed from Coding to CodeableConcept
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/security-labels (extensible)
AuditEvent.entity.detail.type
  • Type changed from string to CodeableConcept
AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x]
  • Add Types Quantity, CodeableConcept, boolean, integer, Range, Ratio, time, dateTime, Period
AuditEvent.entity.agent
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.type
  • deleted
AuditEvent.subtype
  • deleted
AuditEvent.period
  • deleted
AuditEvent.outcomeDesc
  • deleted
AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.altId
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.name
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.media
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.network
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.purposeOfUse
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.type
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.name
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.description
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 8 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.)

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. AuditEvent TUDomainResourceRecord of an event
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... category Σ0..*CodeableConceptType/identifier of event
Audit Event ID (Example)
... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptSpecific type of event
Audit Event Sub-Type (Example)
... action Σ0..1codeType of action performed during the event
AuditEventAction (Required)
... occurred[x] 0..1When the activity occurred
.... occurredPeriodPeriod
.... occurredDateTimedateTime
... recorded Σ1..1instantTime when the event was recorded
... outcome Σ0..1BackboneElementWhether the event succeeded or failed
.... code Σ1..1CodingWhether the event succeeded or failed
AuditEventOutcome (Preferred)
.... detail Σ0..*CodeableConceptAdditional outcome detail
AuditEventOutcomeDetail (Example)
... authorization Σ0..*CodeableConceptAuthorization related to the event
PurposeOfUse (Example)
... basedOn 0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest | Task)Workflow authorization within which this event occurred
... patient TU0..1Reference(Patient)The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity
... encounter 0..1Reference(Encounter)Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated
... agent Σ1..*BackboneElementActor involved in the event
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptHow agent participated
ParticipationRoleType (Preferred)
.... role 0..*CodeableConceptAgent role in the event
SecurityRoleType (Example)
.... who Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | Device | RelatedPerson)Identifier of who
.... requestor Σ0..1booleanWhether user is initiator
.... location 0..1Reference(Location)The agent location when the event occurred
.... policy 0..*uriPolicy that authorized the agent participation in the event
.... network[x] 0..1This agent network location for the activity
..... networkReferenceReference(Endpoint)
..... networkUriuri
..... networkStringstring
.... authorization 0..*CodeableConceptAllowable authorization for this agent
PurposeOfUse (Example)
... source Σ1..1BackboneElementAudit Event Reporter
.... site 0..1Reference(Location)Logical source location within the enterprise
.... observer Σ1..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | Device | RelatedPerson)The identity of source detecting the event
.... type 0..*CodeableConceptThe type of source where event originated
Audit Event Source Type (Preferred)
... entity Σ0..*BackboneElementData or objects used
.... what Σ0..1Reference(Any)Specific instance of resource
.... role 0..1CodeableConceptWhat role the entity played
AuditEventEntityRole (Extensible)
.... securityLabel 0..*CodeableConceptSecurity labels on the entity
Example set of Security Labels (Example)
.... query Σ0..1base64BinaryQuery parameters
.... detail 0..*BackboneElementAdditional Information about the entity
..... type 1..1CodeableConceptName of the property
Audit Event ID (Example)
..... value[x] 1..1Property value
...... valueQuantityQuantity
...... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
...... valueStringstring
...... valueBooleanboolean
...... valueIntegerinteger
...... valueRangeRange
...... valueRatioRatio
...... valueTimetime
...... valueDateTimedateTime
...... valuePeriodPeriod
...... valueBase64Binarybase64Binary
.... agent 0..*see agentEntity is attributed to this agent

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

AuditEvent (DomainResource)Classification of the type of eventcategory : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventID?? »Describes what happened. The most specific code for the eventcode : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventSub-Type?? »Indicator for type of action performed during the event that generated the auditaction : code [0..1] « null (Strength=Required)AuditEventAction! »Indicates and enables segmentation of various severity including debugging from criticalseverity : code [0..1] « null (Strength=Required)AuditEventSeverity! »The time or period during which the activity occurredoccurred[x] : DataType [0..1] « Period|dateTime »The time when the event was recordedrecorded : instant [1..1]The authorization (e.g., PurposeOfUse) that was used during the event being recordedauthorization : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)PurposeOfUse?? »Allows tracing of authorizatino for the events and tracking whether proposals/recommendations were acted uponbasedOn : Reference [0..*] « CarePlan|DeviceRequest| ImmunizationRecommendation|MedicationRequest|NutritionOrder| ServiceRequest|Task »The patient element is available to enable deterministic tracking of activities that involve the patient as the subject of the data used in an activitypatient : Reference [0..1] « Patient »This will typically be the encounter the event occurred, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but still be tied to the context of the encounter (e.g. pre-admission lab tests)encounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter »OutcomeIndicates whether the event succeeded or failedcode : Coding [1..1] « null (Strength=Preferred)AuditEventOutcome? »Additional details about the error. This may be a text description of the error or a system code that identifies the errordetail : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventOutcomeDetail?? »AgentThe Functional Role of the user when performing the eventtype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Preferred)ParticipationRoleType? »The structural roles of the agent indicating the agent's competency. The security role enabling the agent with respect to the activityrole : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)SecurityRoleType?? »Reference to who this agent is that was involved in the eventwho : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole|Organization| CareTeam|Patient|Device|RelatedPerson »Indicator that the user is or is not the requestor, or initiator, for the event being auditedrequestor : boolean [0..1]Where the agent location is known, the agent location when the event occurredlocation : Reference [0..1] « Location »Where the policy(ies) are known that authorized the agent participation in the event. Typically, a single activity may have multiple applicable policies, such as patient consent, guarantor funding, etc. The policy would also indicate the security token usedpolicy : uri [0..*]When the event utilizes a network there should be an agent describing the local system, and an agent describing remote system, with the network interface detailsnetwork[x] : DataType [0..1] « Reference(Endpoint)|uri|string »The authorization (e.g., PurposeOfUse) that was used during the event being recordedauthorization : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)PurposeOfUse?? »SourceLogical source location within the healthcare enterprise network. For example, a hospital or other provider location within a multi-entity provider groupsite : Reference [0..1] « Location »Identifier of the source where the event was detectedobserver : Reference [1..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole| Organization|CareTeam|Patient|Device|RelatedPerson »Code specifying the type of source where event originatedtype : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Preferred)AuditEventSourceType? »EntityIdentifies a specific instance of the entity. The reference should be version specificwhat : Reference [0..1] « Any »Code representing the role the entity played in the event being auditedrole : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)AuditEventEntityRole+ »Security labels for the identified entitysecurityLabel : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)SecurityLabelExamples?? »The query parameters for a query-type entitiesquery : base64Binary [0..1]DetailThe type of extra detail provided in the valuetype : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Example)AuditEventID?? »The value of the extra detailvalue[x] : DataType [1..1] « Quantity|CodeableConcept|string|boolean| integer|Range|Ratio|time|dateTime|Period|base64Binary »Indicates whether the event succeeded or failed. A free text descripiton can be given in outcome.textoutcome[0..1]An actor taking an active role in the event or activity that is loggedagent[1..*]The actor that is reporting the eventsource[1..1]Tagged value pairs for conveying additional information about the entitydetail[0..*]The entity is attributed to an agent to express the agent's responsibility for that entity in the activity. This is most used to indicate when persistence media (the entity) are used by an agent. For example when importing data from a device, the device would be described in an entity, and the user importing data from that media would be indicated as the entity.agentagent[0..*]Specific instances of data or objects that have been accessedentity[0..*]

XML Template

<AuditEvent xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <category><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Type/identifier of event --></category>
 <code><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Specific type of event --></code>
 <action value="[code]"/><!-- 0..1 Type of action performed during the event -->
 <severity value="[code]"/><!-- 0..1 emergency | alert | critical | error | warning | notice | informational | debug -->
 <occurred[x]><!-- 0..1 Period|dateTime When the activity occurred --></occurred[x]>
 <recorded value="[instant]"/><!-- 1..1 Time when the event was recorded -->
 <outcome>  <!-- 0..1 Whether the event succeeded or failed -->
  <code><!-- 1..1 Coding Whether the event succeeded or failed --></code>
  <detail><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Additional outcome detail --></detail>
 </outcome>
 <authorization><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Authorization related to the event  --></authorization>
 <basedOn><!-- 0..* Reference(CarePlan|DeviceRequest|ImmunizationRecommendation|
   MedicationRequest|NutritionOrder|ServiceRequest|Task) Workflow authorization within which this event occurred --></basedOn>
 <patient><!-- 0..1 Reference(Patient) The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity --></patient>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated --></encounter>
 <agent>  <!-- 1..* Actor involved in the event -->
  <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept How agent participated --></type>
  <role><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Agent role in the event --></role>
  <who><!-- 1..1 Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) Identifier of who --></who>
  <requestor value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Whether user is initiator -->
  <location><!-- 0..1 Reference(Location) The agent location when the event occurred --></location>
  <policy value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..* Policy that authorized the agent participation in the event -->
  <network[x]><!-- 0..1 Reference(Endpoint)|uri|string This agent network location for the activity --></network[x]>
  <authorization><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Allowable authorization for this agent  --></authorization>
 </agent>
 <source>  <!-- 1..1 Audit Event Reporter -->
  <site><!-- 0..1 Reference(Location) Logical source location within the enterprise --></site>
  <observer><!-- 1..1 Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) The identity of source detecting the event --></observer>
  <type><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The type of source where event originated --></type>
 </source>
 <entity>  <!-- 0..* Data or objects used -->
  <what><!-- 0..1 Reference(Any) Specific instance of resource --></what>
  <role><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept What role the entity played --></role>
  <securityLabel><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Security labels on the entity --></securityLabel>
  <query value="[base64Binary]"/><!-- 0..1 Query parameters -->
  <detail>  <!-- 0..* Additional Information about the entity -->
   <type><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Name of the property --></type>
   <value[x]><!-- 1..1 Quantity|CodeableConcept|string|boolean|integer|Range|
     Ratio|time|dateTime|Period|base64Binary Property value --></value[x]>
  </detail>
  <agent><!-- 0..* Content as for AuditEvent.agent Entity is attributed to this agent --></agent>
 </entity>
</AuditEvent>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "AuditEvent",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "category" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Type/identifier of event
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Specific type of event
  "action" : "<code>", // Type of action performed during the event
  "severity" : "<code>", // emergency | alert | critical | error | warning | notice | informational | debug
  // occurred[x]: When the activity occurred. One of these 2:
  "occurredPeriod" : { Period },
  "occurredDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "recorded" : "<instant>", // R!  Time when the event was recorded
  "outcome" : { // Whether the event succeeded or failed
    "code" : { Coding }, // R!  Whether the event succeeded or failed
    "detail" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // Additional outcome detail
  },
  "authorization" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Authorization related to the event 
  "basedOn" : [{ Reference(CarePlan|DeviceRequest|ImmunizationRecommendation|
   MedicationRequest|NutritionOrder|ServiceRequest|Task) }], // Workflow authorization within which this event occurred
  "patient" : { Reference(Patient) }, // The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated
  "agent" : [{ // R!  Actor involved in the event
    "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // How agent participated
    "role" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Agent role in the event
    "who" : { Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) }, // R!  Identifier of who
    "requestor" : <boolean>, // Whether user is initiator
    "location" : { Reference(Location) }, // The agent location when the event occurred
    "policy" : ["<uri>"], // Policy that authorized the agent participation in the event
    // network[x]: This agent network location for the activity. One of these 3:
    "networkReference" : { Reference(Endpoint) },
    "networkUri" : "<uri>",
    "networkString" : "<string>",
    "authorization" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // Allowable authorization for this agent 
  }],
  "source" : { // R!  Audit Event Reporter
    "site" : { Reference(Location) }, // Logical source location within the enterprise
    "observer" : { Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|
    PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) }, // R!  The identity of source detecting the event
    "type" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // The type of source where event originated
  },
  "entity" : [{ // Data or objects used
    "what" : { Reference(Any) }, // Specific instance of resource
    "role" : { CodeableConcept }, // What role the entity played
    "securityLabel" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Security labels on the entity
    "query" : "<base64Binary>", // Query parameters
    "detail" : [{ // Additional Information about the entity
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Name of the property
      // value[x]: Property value. One of these 11:
      "valueQuantity" : { Quantity }
      "valueCodeableConcept" : { CodeableConcept }
      "valueString" : "<string>"
      "valueBoolean" : <boolean>
      "valueInteger" : <integer>
      "valueRange" : { Range }
      "valueRatio" : { Ratio }
      "valueTime" : "<time>"
      "valueDateTime" : "<dateTime>"
      "valuePeriod" : { Period }
      "valueBase64Binary" : "<base64Binary>"
    }],
    "agent" : [{ Content as for AuditEvent.agent }] // Entity is attributed to this agent
  }]
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:AuditEvent;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:AuditEvent.category [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Type/identifier of event
  fhir:AuditEvent.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Specific type of event
  fhir:AuditEvent.action [ code ]; # 0..1 Type of action performed during the event
  fhir:AuditEvent.severity [ code ]; # 0..1 emergency | alert | critical | error | warning | notice | informational | debug
  # AuditEvent.occurred[x] : 0..1 When the activity occurred. One of these 2
    fhir:AuditEvent.occurredPeriod [ Period ]
    fhir:AuditEvent.occurredDateTime [ dateTime ]
  fhir:AuditEvent.recorded [ instant ]; # 1..1 Time when the event was recorded
  fhir:AuditEvent.outcome [ # 0..1 Whether the event succeeded or failed
    fhir:AuditEvent.outcome.code [ Coding ]; # 1..1 Whether the event succeeded or failed
    fhir:AuditEvent.outcome.detail [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Additional outcome detail
  ];
  fhir:AuditEvent.authorization [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Authorization related to the event
  fhir:AuditEvent.basedOn [ Reference(CarePlan|DeviceRequest|ImmunizationRecommendation|MedicationRequest|
  NutritionOrder|ServiceRequest|Task) ], ... ; # 0..* Workflow authorization within which this event occurred
  fhir:AuditEvent.patient [ Reference(Patient) ]; # 0..1 The patient is the subject of the data used/created/updated/deleted during the activity
  fhir:AuditEvent.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 Encounter within which this event occurred or which the event is tightly associated
  fhir:AuditEvent.agent [ # 1..* Actor involved in the event
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 How agent participated
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.role [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Agent role in the event
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.who [ Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) ]; # 1..1 Identifier of who
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.requestor [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Whether user is initiator
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.location [ Reference(Location) ]; # 0..1 The agent location when the event occurred
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.policy [ uri ], ... ; # 0..* Policy that authorized the agent participation in the event
    # AuditEvent.agent.network[x] : 0..1 This agent network location for the activity. One of these 3
      fhir:AuditEvent.agent.networkReference [ Reference(Endpoint) ]
      fhir:AuditEvent.agent.networkUri [ uri ]
      fhir:AuditEvent.agent.networkString [ string ]
    fhir:AuditEvent.agent.authorization [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Allowable authorization for this agent
  ], ...;
  fhir:AuditEvent.source [ # 1..1 Audit Event Reporter
    fhir:AuditEvent.source.site [ Reference(Location) ]; # 0..1 Logical source location within the enterprise
    fhir:AuditEvent.source.observer [ Reference(CareTeam|Device|Organization|Patient|Practitioner|PractitionerRole|RelatedPerson) ]; # 1..1 The identity of source detecting the event
    fhir:AuditEvent.source.type [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The type of source where event originated
  ];
  fhir:AuditEvent.entity [ # 0..* Data or objects used
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.what [ Reference(Any) ]; # 0..1 Specific instance of resource
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.role [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 What role the entity played
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Security labels on the entity
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.query [ base64Binary ]; # 0..1 Query parameters
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail [ # 0..* Additional Information about the entity
      fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Name of the property
      # AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x] : 1..1 Property value. One of these 11
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueQuantity [ Quantity ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueString [ string ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueBoolean [ boolean ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueInteger [ integer ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueRange [ Range ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueRatio [ Ratio ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueTime [ time ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueDateTime [ dateTime ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valuePeriod [ Period ]
        fhir:AuditEvent.entity.detail.valueBase64Binary [ base64Binary ]
    ], ...;
    fhir:AuditEvent.entity.agent [ See AuditEvent.agent ], ... ; # 0..* Entity is attributed to this agent
  ], ...;
]

Changes since Release 3

AuditEvent
AuditEvent.category
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.code
  • Added Mandatory Element
AuditEvent.action
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-action|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-action|4.6.0
AuditEvent.severity
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.occurred[x]
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.outcome
  • Type changed from code to BackboneElement
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-outcome|4.0.0 (required)
AuditEvent.outcome.code
  • Added Mandatory Element
AuditEvent.outcome.detail
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.authorization
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.basedOn
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.patient
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.encounter
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.agent.type
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/participation-role-type (extensible)
AuditEvent.agent.who
  • Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type CareTeam
AuditEvent.agent.requestor
  • Min Cardinality changed from 1 to 0
AuditEvent.agent.network[x]
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.agent.authorization
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.source.site
  • Type changed from string to Reference(Location)
AuditEvent.source.observer
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type CareTeam
AuditEvent.source.type
  • Type changed from Coding to CodeableConcept
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-source-type (extensible)
AuditEvent.entity.role
  • Type changed from Coding to CodeableConcept
AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel
  • Type changed from Coding to CodeableConcept
  • Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/security-labels (extensible)
AuditEvent.entity.detail.type
  • Type changed from string to CodeableConcept
AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x]
  • Add Types Quantity, CodeableConcept, boolean, integer, Range, Ratio, time, dateTime, Period
AuditEvent.entity.agent
  • Added Element
AuditEvent.type
  • deleted
AuditEvent.subtype
  • deleted
AuditEvent.period
  • deleted
AuditEvent.outcomeDesc
  • deleted
AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.altId
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.name
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.media
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.network
  • deleted
AuditEvent.agent.purposeOfUse
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.type
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.name
  • deleted
AuditEvent.entity.description
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 8 tests that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.)

 

See the Profiles & Extensions and the alternate definitions: Master Definition XML + JSON, XML Schema/Schematron + JSON Schema, ShEx (for Turtle) + see the extensions, the spreadsheet version & the dependency analysis a

PathDefinitionTypeReference
AuditEvent.category ExampleAuditEventID
AuditEvent.code ExampleAuditEventSub-Type
AuditEvent.action RequiredAuditEventAction
AuditEvent.severity RequiredAuditEventSeverity
AuditEvent.outcome.code PreferredAuditEventOutcome
AuditEvent.outcome.detail ExampleAuditEventOutcomeDetail
AuditEvent.authorization ExamplePurposeOfUse
AuditEvent.agent.type PreferredParticipationRoleType
AuditEvent.agent.role ExampleSecurityRoleType
AuditEvent.agent.authorization ExamplePurposeOfUse
AuditEvent.source.type PreferredAuditEventSourceType
AuditEvent.entity.role ExtensibleAuditEventEntityRole
AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel ExampleSecurityLabelExamples
AuditEvent.entity.detail.type ExampleAuditEventID

The AuditEvent resource and the ATNA Audit record are used in many contexts throughout healthcare. The coded values defined in the "extensible" bindings above are those widely used and/or defined by DICOM, IHE or ISO, who defined these codes to meet very specific use cases. These codes should be used when they are suitable. When needed, other codes can be defined.

Note: When using codes from a vocabulary, the display element for the code can be left off to keep the AuditEvent size small and minimize impact of a large audit log of similar entries.

The set of codes defined for this resource is expected to grow over time, and additional codes may be proposed / requested using the "Propose a change" link above below.

This table summarizes common event scenarios, and the codes that should be used for each case.

Scenario category code action Other
User Login (example) 110114 User Authentication 110122 User Authentication E Execute One agent which contains the details of the logged-in user.
User Logout (example) 110114 User Authentication 110123 User Logout E Execute One agent which contains the details of the logged-out user.
REST operation logged on server (example) rest RESTful Operation [code] defined for operation * (see below) Agent for logged in user, if available.
Search operation logged on server (example) rest RESTful Operation [code] defined for operation E Execute Agent for logged in user, if available, and one object with a query element. The Execute action is used as the server must execute the search parameters to get the results, whereas a Read action identifies a specific object.
Break-Glass started (example) 110113 Security Alert 110127 Emergency Override Started E Execute Agent is the user who is authorized to break-glass and has declared an emergency override. Note there is an Emergency Override Stopped code that can be used to indicate the closing of the break-glass event, when it is known.

Audit Event Actions for RESTful operations:

Operation Action
create C
read, vread, history-instance, history-type, history-system R
update U
delete D
transaction, operation, conformance, validate, search, search-type, search-system E

A search event is recorded as an Execute action as the server must execute the search parameters to get the results. The category is a rest operation. The code should be search. The Server is identified in an .agent as the role Destination Role ID, and the client is identified in an .agent as the role Source Role ID. Additional .agent elements may be used to identify user, application, organization, etc.

A Search Event records one .entity element that holds the search request, and should not record the contents of the search response so as to limit duplication of sensitive health information that is already present in the system, and discoverable by replaying the search request.

The AuditEvent.entity.query shall hold the whole WHOLE http header and body encoded as base64binary. This should preserve as much of the raw http header and body as possible to best capture any attempts by clients or intermediaries to misbehave. There should be no sanitization or normalization of this value.

The FHIR specification defines a harmonized search parameter string, which is returned in the searchset bundle as the .link.url on the .link for self. This string could be recorded in the AuditEvent.entry.description as it is well behaved and represents what was actually processed as search parameters. See: conformance

Where there are identifiable Patient subject(s) associated with the returned Resource(s), the AuditEvent.patient should be used to record the Patient as the subject of the data or activity. When multiple patient results are returned one AuditEvent is created for every Patient identified in the resulting search set. Note this is true when the search set bundle includes any number of resources that collectively reference multiple Patients. This includes one Resource with multiple subject values, or many Resources with single subject values that are different.

FHIR interactions can result in a rich description of the outcome using the OperationOutcome. The OperationOutcome Resource is a collection of error, warning or information messages that result from a system action. This describes in detail the outcome of some operation, such as when a RESTful operation fails.

When recording into an AuditEvent that some FHIR interaction has happened, the AuditEvent should include the OperationOutcome from that FHIR interaction. This is done by placing the OperationOutcome into an AuditEvent.entity. Likely as a contained resource, given that OperationOutcome resources often are not persisted.

entity.what is the OperationOutcome -- Likely contained

entity.type is code OperationOutcome

entity.description explains why this OperationOutcome was included.

See transaction failure example: When a client attempts to post (create) an Observation Resource, using a server Patient endpoint; this would result in an error with an OperationOutcome.

The AuditEvent provides the element purposeOfEvent to convey the purpose of the event and purposeOfUse to convey the reason that a particular actor (machine, person, software) was involved in the event.

purposeOfEvent is an element at the level of AuditEvent and can convey the purpose of the activity that resulted in the event. This will occur when the system that is reporting the event is aware of the purpose of the event. A specific example would be a radiology reporting system where a radiologist has created and is sending a finished report. This system likely knows the purpose, e.g., "treatment". It is multi-valued because the one event may be related to multiple purposes.

It is also commonplace that the reporting system does not have information about the purpose of the event. In these cases, the event report would not have a purposeOfEvent.

It is also likely that the same event will be reported from different perspectives, e.g., by both the sender and recipient of a communication. These two different perspectives can have different knowledge regarding the purposeOfEvent.

purposeOfUse is an element at the level of agent within AuditEvent. This describes the reason that this person, machine, or software is participating in the activity that resulted in the event. For example, an individual person participating in the event may assert a purpose of use from their perspective. It is also possible that they are participating for multiple reasons and report multiple purposeOfUse.

The reporting system might not have knowledge regarding why a particular machine or person was involved and would omit this element in those cases.

When the same event is reported from multiple perspectives, the reports can have different knowledge regarding the purpose.

It is a best practice to include a reference to the Patient affected by any auditable event, in order to enable Privacy Accounting of Disclosures and Access Logs, and to enable privacy office and security office audit log analysis. Reasonable efforts should be taken to assure the Patient is recorded, but it is recognized that there are times when this is not reasonable.

Where an activity impacts more than one Patient subject; multiple AuditEvent resources should be recorded, one for each Patient subject. This best enables segmentation of the AuditEvent details so as to limit the Privacy impact. The use of multiple AuditEvent is a best-practice and should be driven by a Policy. There will be cases where the use of multiple AuditEvent resources are not necessary, such as public health reporting.

To record a REST interaction or $operation, it is often necessary to complete the transaction in order to determine the Patient subject. Inspection of the potential returned results may be necessary. Some REST and $operations include parameters limiting the results to a specific Patient, in these cases this parameter informs the inclusion of the Patient reference.

Implementation Guides may make the AuditEvent requirements more clear given the workflow or security context mandated by the Implementation Guide.

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

NameTypeDescriptionExpressionIn Common
action NtokenType of action performed during the eventAuditEvent.action
agentreferenceIdentifier of whoAuditEvent.agent.who
(Practitioner, Organization, CareTeam, Device, Patient, PractitionerRole, RelatedPerson)
agent-roletokenAgent role in the eventAuditEvent.agent.role
based-onreferenceReference to the service request.AuditEvent.basedOn
(CarePlan, MedicationRequest, Task, NutritionOrder, DeviceRequest, ServiceRequest, ImmunizationRecommendation)
categorytokenCategory of eventAuditEvent.category
codetokenMore specific code for the eventAuditEvent.code
date NdateTime when the event was recordedAuditEvent.recorded
encounterreferenceEncounter related to the activity recorded in the AuditEventAuditEvent.encounter
(Encounter)
entityreferenceSpecific instance of resourceAuditEvent.entity.what
(Any)
entity-roletokenWhat role the entity playedAuditEvent.entity.role
outcometokenWhether the event succeeded or failedAuditEvent.outcome.code
patientreferenceWhere the activity involved patient dataAuditEvent.patient
(Patient)
policy NuriPolicy that authorized eventAuditEvent.agent.policy
purposetokenThe authorization (purposeOfUse) of the eventAuditEvent.authorization | AuditEvent.agent.authorization
sourcereferenceThe identity of source detecting the eventAuditEvent.source.observer
(Practitioner, Organization, CareTeam, Device, Patient, PractitionerRole, RelatedPerson)