Current Build

5.4 Resource OperationDefinition - Content

FHIR Infrastructure Work GroupMaturity Level: 4 Trial UseCompartments: Not linked to any defined compartments

A formal computable definition of an operation (on the RESTful interface) or a named query (using the search interaction).

The OperationDefinition resource provides a formal computable definition of an operation or a named query. The OperationDefinition serves two principal purposes:

  • To allow for automatic determination of system compatibility
  • To allow for dynamic generation of forms to drive the operations

See below for further information about these, and about how operations and named queries are executed.

OperationDefinitions are published to define operations that servers can implement in a common fashion. The FHIR specification itself describes some (see below), and other organizations (including IHE, national programs, jurisdictions and vendors) are able to publish additional OperationDefinitions.

OperationDefinition resources are referred to from two different places:

  • From a Capability Statement, to declare what operations a system does or should implement
  • From another OperationDefinition resource. This allows for a server to describe a limited implementation of a standard operation, or to allow traceability if the server has to rename the operation due to a name clash

This resource is referenced by CapabilityStatement and ServiceDefinition

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. OperationDefinition DomainResourceDefinition of an operation or a named query
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... url Σ0..1uriLogical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique)
... version Σ0..1stringBusiness version of the operation definition
... name Σ1..1stringName for this operation definition (computer friendly)
... status ?!Σ1..1codedraft | active | retired | unknown
PublicationStatus (Required)
... kind 1..1codeoperation | query
OperationKind (Required)
... experimental ?!Σ0..1booleanFor testing purposes, not real usage
... date Σ0..1dateTimeDate this was last changed
... publisher Σ0..1stringName of the publisher (organization or individual)
... contact Σ0..*ContactDetailContact details for the publisher
... description 0..1markdownNatural language description of the operation definition
... useContext Σ0..*UsageContextContext the content is intended to support
... jurisdiction Σ0..*CodeableConceptIntended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable)
Jurisdiction ValueSet (Extensible)
... purpose 0..1markdownWhy this operation definition is defined
... idempotent Σ0..1booleanWhether content is unchanged by the operation
... code Σ1..1codeName used to invoke the operation
... comment 0..1stringAdditional information about use
... base Σ0..1Reference(OperationDefinition)Marks this as a profile of the base
... resource Σ0..*codeTypes this operation applies to
ResourceType (Required)
... system Σ1..1booleanInvoke at the system level?
... type Σ1..1booleanInvole at the type level?
... instance Σ1..1booleanInvoke on an instance?
... parameter I0..*BackboneElementParameters for the operation/query
+ Either a type must be provided, or parts
+ A search type can only be specified for parameters of type string
.... name 1..1codeName in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL
.... use 1..1codein | out
OperationParameterUse (Required)
.... min 1..1integerMinimum Cardinality
.... max 1..1stringMaximum Cardinality (a number or *)
.... documentation 0..1stringDescription of meaning/use
.... type I0..1codeWhat type this parameter has
FHIRAllTypes (Required)
.... searchType I0..1codenumber | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri
SearchParamType (Required)
.... profile 0..1Reference(StructureDefinition)Profile on the type
.... binding 0..1BackboneElementValueSet details if this is coded
..... strength 1..1coderequired | extensible | preferred | example
BindingStrength (Required)
..... valueSet[x] 1..1Source of value set
...... valueSetUriuri
...... valueSetReferenceReference(ValueSet)
.... part I0..*see parameterParts of a nested Parameter
... overload 0..*BackboneElementDefine overloaded variants for when generating code
.... parameterName 0..*stringName of parameter to include in overload
.... comment 0..1stringComments to go on overload

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

OperationDefinition (DomainResource)An absolute URI that is used to identify this operation definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance. This SHALL be a URL, SHOULD be globally unique, and SHOULD be an address at which this operation definition is (or will be) published. The URL SHOULD include the major version of the operation definition. For more information see [Technical and Business Versions](resource.html#versions)url : uri [0..1]The identifier that is used to identify this version of the operation definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the operation definition author and is not expected to be globally unique. For example, it might be a timestamp (e.g. yyyymmdd) if a managed version is not available. There is also no expectation that versions can be placed in a lexicographical sequenceversion : string [0..1]A natural language name identifying the operation definition. This name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generationname : string [1..1]The status of this operation definition. Enables tracking the life-cycle of the content (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] The lifecycle status of a Value Set or Concept Map. (Strength=Required)PublicationStatus! Whether this is an operation or a named querykind : code [1..1] Whether an operation is a normal operation or a query. (Strength=Required)OperationKind! A boolean value to indicate that this operation definition is authored for testing purposes (or education/evaluation/marketing), and is not intended to be used for genuine usage (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)experimental : boolean [0..1]The date (and optionally time) when the operation definition was published. The date must change if and when the business version changes and it must change if the status code changes. In addition, it should change when the substantive content of the operation definition changesdate : dateTime [0..1]The name of the individual or organization that published the operation definitionpublisher : string [0..1]Contact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publishercontact : ContactDetail [0..*]A free text natural language description of the operation definition from a consumer's perspectivedescription : markdown [0..1]The content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These terms may be used to assist with indexing and searching for appropriate operation definition instancesuseContext : UsageContext [0..*]A legal or geographic region in which the operation definition is intended to be usedjurisdiction : CodeableConcept [0..*] Countries and regions within which this artifact is targeted for use (Strength=Extensible)Jurisdiction ValueSet+ Explaination of why this operation definition is needed and why it has been designed as it haspurpose : markdown [0..1]Operations that are idempotent (see [HTTP specification definition of idempotent](http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec9.html)) may be invoked by performing an HTTP GET operation instead of a POSTidempotent : boolean [0..1]The name used to invoke the operationcode : code [1..1]Additional information about how to use this operation or named querycomment : string [0..1]Indicates that this operation definition is a constraining profile on the basebase : Reference [0..1] OperationDefinition The types on which this operation can be executedresource : code [0..*] One of the resource types defined as part of FHIR. (Strength=Required)ResourceType! Indicates whether this operation or named query can be invoked at the system level (e.g. without needing to choose a resource type for the context)system : boolean [1..1]Indicates whether this operation or named query can be invoked at the resource type level for any given resource type level (e.g. without needing to choose a specific resource id for the context)type : boolean [1..1]Indicates whether this operation can be invoked on a particular instance of one of the given typesinstance : boolean [1..1]ParameterThe name of used to identify the parametername : code [1..1]Whether this is an input or an output parameteruse : code [1..1] Whether an operation parameter is an input or an output parameter. (Strength=Required)OperationParameterUse! The minimum number of times this parameter SHALL appear in the request or responsemin : integer [1..1]The maximum number of times this element is permitted to appear in the request or responsemax : string [1..1]Describes the meaning or use of this parameterdocumentation : string [0..1]The type for this parametertype : code [0..1] Either an abstract type, a resource or a data type. (Strength=Required)FHIRAllTypes! How the parameter is understood as a search parameter. This is only used if the parameter type is 'string'searchType : code [0..1] Data types allowed to be used for search parameters. (Strength=Required)SearchParamType! A profile the specifies the rules that this parameter must conform toprofile : Reference [0..1] StructureDefinition BindingIndicates the degree of conformance expectations associated with this binding - that is, the degree to which the provided value set must be adhered to in the instancesstrength : code [1..1] Indication of the degree of conformance expectations associated with a binding. (Strength=Required)BindingStrength! Points to the value set or external definition (e.g. implicit value set) that identifies the set of codes to be usedvalueSet[x] : Type [1..1] uri|Reference(ValueSet) OverloadName of parameter to include in overloadparameterName : string [0..*]Comments to go on overloadcomment : string [0..1]Binds to a value set if this parameter is coded (code, Coding, CodeableConcept)binding[0..1]The parts of a nested Parameterpart[0..*]The parameters for the operation/queryparameter[0..*]Defines an appropriate combination of parameters to use when invoking this operation, to help code generators when generating overloaded parameter sets for this operationoverload[0..*]

XML Template

<OperationDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <url value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..1 Logical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique) -->
 <version value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Business version of the operation definition -->
 <name value="[string]"/><!-- 1..1 Name for this operation definition (computer friendly) -->
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown -->
 <kind value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 operation | query -->
 <experimental value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage -->
 <date value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 Date this was last changed -->
 <publisher value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Name of the publisher (organization or individual) -->
 <contact><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Contact details for the publisher --></contact>
 <description value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Natural language description of the operation definition -->
 <useContext><!-- 0..* UsageContext Context the content is intended to support --></useContext>
 <jurisdiction><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Intended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable) --></jurisdiction>
 <purpose value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Why this operation definition is defined -->
 <idempotent value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Whether content is unchanged by the operation -->
 <code value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 Name used to invoke the operation -->
 <comment value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Additional information about use -->
 <base><!-- 0..1 Reference(OperationDefinition) Marks this as a profile of the base --></base>
 <resource value="[code]"/><!-- 0..* Types this operation applies to -->
 <system value="[boolean]"/><!-- 1..1 Invoke at the system level? -->
 <type value="[boolean]"/><!-- 1..1 Invole at the type level? -->
 <instance value="[boolean]"/><!-- 1..1 Invoke on an instance? -->
 <parameter>  <!-- 0..* Parameters for the operation/query -->
  <name value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 Name in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL -->
  <use value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 in | out -->
  <min value="[integer]"/><!-- 1..1 Minimum Cardinality -->
  <max value="[string]"/><!-- 1..1 Maximum Cardinality (a number or *) -->
  <documentation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Description of meaning/use -->
  <type value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 What type this parameter has -->
  <searchType value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 number | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri -->
  <profile><!-- 0..1 Reference(StructureDefinition) Profile on the type --></profile>
  <binding>  <!-- 0..1 ValueSet details if this is coded -->
   <strength value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 required | extensible | preferred | example -->
   <valueSet[x]><!-- 1..1 uri|Reference(ValueSet) Source of value set --></valueSet[x]>
  </binding>
  <part><!-- ?? 0..* Content as for OperationDefinition.parameter Parts of a nested Parameter --></part>
 </parameter>
 <overload>  <!-- 0..* Define overloaded variants for when  generating code -->
  <parameterName value="[string]"/><!-- 0..* Name of parameter to include in overload -->
  <comment value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Comments to go on overload -->
 </overload>
</OperationDefinition>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "OperationDefinition",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "url" : "<uri>", // Logical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique)
  "version" : "<string>", // Business version of the operation definition
  "name" : "<string>", // R!  Name for this operation definition (computer friendly)
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  draft | active | retired | unknown
  "kind" : "<code>", // R!  operation | query
  "experimental" : <boolean>, // For testing purposes, not real usage
  "date" : "<dateTime>", // Date this was last changed
  "publisher" : "<string>", // Name of the publisher (organization or individual)
  "contact" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Contact details for the publisher
  "description" : "<markdown>", // Natural language description of the operation definition
  "useContext" : [{ UsageContext }], // Context the content is intended to support
  "jurisdiction" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Intended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable)
  "purpose" : "<markdown>", // Why this operation definition is defined
  "idempotent" : <boolean>, // Whether content is unchanged by the operation
  "code" : "<code>", // R!  Name used to invoke the operation
  "comment" : "<string>", // Additional information about use
  "base" : { Reference(OperationDefinition) }, // Marks this as a profile of the base
  "resource" : ["<code>"], // Types this operation applies to
  "system" : <boolean>, // R!  Invoke at the system level?
  "type" : <boolean>, // R!  Invole at the type level?
  "instance" : <boolean>, // R!  Invoke on an instance?
  "parameter" : [{ // Parameters for the operation/query
    "name" : "<code>", // R!  Name in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL
    "use" : "<code>", // R!  in | out
    "min" : <integer>, // R!  Minimum Cardinality
    "max" : "<string>", // R!  Maximum Cardinality (a number or *)
    "documentation" : "<string>", // Description of meaning/use
    "type" : "<code>", // C? What type this parameter has
    "searchType" : "<code>", // C? number | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri
    "profile" : { Reference(StructureDefinition) }, // Profile on the type
    "binding" : { // ValueSet details if this is coded
      "strength" : "<code>", // R!  required | extensible | preferred | example
      // valueSet[x]: Source of value set. One of these 2:
      "valueSetUri" : "<uri>"
      "valueSetReference" : { Reference(ValueSet) }
    },
    "part" : [{ Content as for OperationDefinition.parameter }] // C? Parts of a nested Parameter
  }],
  "overload" : [{ // Define overloaded variants for when  generating code
    "parameterName" : ["<string>"], // Name of parameter to include in overload
    "comment" : "<string>" // Comments to go on overload
  }]
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:OperationDefinition;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:OperationDefinition.url [ uri ]; # 0..1 Logical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.version [ string ]; # 0..1 Business version of the operation definition
  fhir:OperationDefinition.name [ string ]; # 1..1 Name for this operation definition (computer friendly)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.status [ code ]; # 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown
  fhir:OperationDefinition.kind [ code ]; # 1..1 operation | query
  fhir:OperationDefinition.experimental [ boolean ]; # 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage
  fhir:OperationDefinition.date [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 Date this was last changed
  fhir:OperationDefinition.publisher [ string ]; # 0..1 Name of the publisher (organization or individual)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.contact [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Contact details for the publisher
  fhir:OperationDefinition.description [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Natural language description of the operation definition
  fhir:OperationDefinition.useContext [ UsageContext ], ... ; # 0..* Context the content is intended to support
  fhir:OperationDefinition.jurisdiction [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Intended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.purpose [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Why this operation definition is defined
  fhir:OperationDefinition.idempotent [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Whether content is unchanged by the operation
  fhir:OperationDefinition.code [ code ]; # 1..1 Name used to invoke the operation
  fhir:OperationDefinition.comment [ string ]; # 0..1 Additional information about use
  fhir:OperationDefinition.base [ Reference(OperationDefinition) ]; # 0..1 Marks this as a profile of the base
  fhir:OperationDefinition.resource [ code ], ... ; # 0..* Types this operation applies to
  fhir:OperationDefinition.system [ boolean ]; # 1..1 Invoke at the system level?
  fhir:OperationDefinition.type [ boolean ]; # 1..1 Invole at the type level?
  fhir:OperationDefinition.instance [ boolean ]; # 1..1 Invoke on an instance?
  fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter [ # 0..* Parameters for the operation/query
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.name [ code ]; # 1..1 Name in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.use [ code ]; # 1..1 in | out
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.min [ integer ]; # 1..1 Minimum Cardinality
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.max [ string ]; # 1..1 Maximum Cardinality (a number or *)
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.documentation [ string ]; # 0..1 Description of meaning/use
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.type [ code ]; # 0..1 What type this parameter has
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.searchType [ code ]; # 0..1 number | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.profile [ Reference(StructureDefinition) ]; # 0..1 Profile on the type
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding [ # 0..1 ValueSet details if this is coded
      fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.strength [ code ]; # 1..1 required | extensible | preferred | example
      # OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.valueSet[x] : 1..1 Source of value set. One of these 2
        fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.valueSetUri [ uri ]
        fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.valueSetReference [ Reference(ValueSet) ]
    ];
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.part [ See OperationDefinition.parameter ], ... ; # 0..* Parts of a nested Parameter
  ], ...;
  fhir:OperationDefinition.overload [ # 0..* Define overloaded variants for when  generating code
    fhir:OperationDefinition.overload.parameterName [ string ], ... ; # 0..* Name of parameter to include in overload
    fhir:OperationDefinition.overload.comment [ string ]; # 0..1 Comments to go on overload
  ], ...;
]

Changes since DSTU2

OperationDefinition
OperationDefinition.status Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/conformance-resource-status to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/publication-status
OperationDefinition.experimental Now marked as Modifier
OperationDefinition.contact Type changed from BackboneElement to ContactDetail
OperationDefinition.description Type changed from string to markdown
OperationDefinition.useContext added Element
OperationDefinition.jurisdiction added Element
OperationDefinition.purpose Renamed from requirements to purpose
Type changed from string to markdown
OperationDefinition.comment Renamed from notes to comment
OperationDefinition.resource Renamed from type to resource
OperationDefinition.type Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
Max Cardinality changed from * to 1
Type changed from code to boolean
Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types (required)
OperationDefinition.parameter.type Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/operation-parameter-type to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-types
OperationDefinition.parameter.searchType added Element
OperationDefinition.overload added Element
OperationDefinition.overload.parameterName added Element
OperationDefinition.overload.comment added Element
OperationDefinition.contact.name deleted
OperationDefinition.contact.telecom deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

See R2 <--> R3 Conversion Maps (status = 18 tests that all execute ok. 1 fail round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.).

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. OperationDefinition DomainResourceDefinition of an operation or a named query
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... url Σ0..1uriLogical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique)
... version Σ0..1stringBusiness version of the operation definition
... name Σ1..1stringName for this operation definition (computer friendly)
... status ?!Σ1..1codedraft | active | retired | unknown
PublicationStatus (Required)
... kind 1..1codeoperation | query
OperationKind (Required)
... experimental ?!Σ0..1booleanFor testing purposes, not real usage
... date Σ0..1dateTimeDate this was last changed
... publisher Σ0..1stringName of the publisher (organization or individual)
... contact Σ0..*ContactDetailContact details for the publisher
... description 0..1markdownNatural language description of the operation definition
... useContext Σ0..*UsageContextContext the content is intended to support
... jurisdiction Σ0..*CodeableConceptIntended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable)
Jurisdiction ValueSet (Extensible)
... purpose 0..1markdownWhy this operation definition is defined
... idempotent Σ0..1booleanWhether content is unchanged by the operation
... code Σ1..1codeName used to invoke the operation
... comment 0..1stringAdditional information about use
... base Σ0..1Reference(OperationDefinition)Marks this as a profile of the base
... resource Σ0..*codeTypes this operation applies to
ResourceType (Required)
... system Σ1..1booleanInvoke at the system level?
... type Σ1..1booleanInvole at the type level?
... instance Σ1..1booleanInvoke on an instance?
... parameter I0..*BackboneElementParameters for the operation/query
+ Either a type must be provided, or parts
+ A search type can only be specified for parameters of type string
.... name 1..1codeName in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL
.... use 1..1codein | out
OperationParameterUse (Required)
.... min 1..1integerMinimum Cardinality
.... max 1..1stringMaximum Cardinality (a number or *)
.... documentation 0..1stringDescription of meaning/use
.... type I0..1codeWhat type this parameter has
FHIRAllTypes (Required)
.... searchType I0..1codenumber | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri
SearchParamType (Required)
.... profile 0..1Reference(StructureDefinition)Profile on the type
.... binding 0..1BackboneElementValueSet details if this is coded
..... strength 1..1coderequired | extensible | preferred | example
BindingStrength (Required)
..... valueSet[x] 1..1Source of value set
...... valueSetUriuri
...... valueSetReferenceReference(ValueSet)
.... part I0..*see parameterParts of a nested Parameter
... overload 0..*BackboneElementDefine overloaded variants for when generating code
.... parameterName 0..*stringName of parameter to include in overload
.... comment 0..1stringComments to go on overload

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

OperationDefinition (DomainResource)An absolute URI that is used to identify this operation definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance. This SHALL be a URL, SHOULD be globally unique, and SHOULD be an address at which this operation definition is (or will be) published. The URL SHOULD include the major version of the operation definition. For more information see [Technical and Business Versions](resource.html#versions)url : uri [0..1]The identifier that is used to identify this version of the operation definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the operation definition author and is not expected to be globally unique. For example, it might be a timestamp (e.g. yyyymmdd) if a managed version is not available. There is also no expectation that versions can be placed in a lexicographical sequenceversion : string [0..1]A natural language name identifying the operation definition. This name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generationname : string [1..1]The status of this operation definition. Enables tracking the life-cycle of the content (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] The lifecycle status of a Value Set or Concept Map. (Strength=Required)PublicationStatus! Whether this is an operation or a named querykind : code [1..1] Whether an operation is a normal operation or a query. (Strength=Required)OperationKind! A boolean value to indicate that this operation definition is authored for testing purposes (or education/evaluation/marketing), and is not intended to be used for genuine usage (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)experimental : boolean [0..1]The date (and optionally time) when the operation definition was published. The date must change if and when the business version changes and it must change if the status code changes. In addition, it should change when the substantive content of the operation definition changesdate : dateTime [0..1]The name of the individual or organization that published the operation definitionpublisher : string [0..1]Contact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publishercontact : ContactDetail [0..*]A free text natural language description of the operation definition from a consumer's perspectivedescription : markdown [0..1]The content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These terms may be used to assist with indexing and searching for appropriate operation definition instancesuseContext : UsageContext [0..*]A legal or geographic region in which the operation definition is intended to be usedjurisdiction : CodeableConcept [0..*] Countries and regions within which this artifact is targeted for use (Strength=Extensible)Jurisdiction ValueSet+ Explaination of why this operation definition is needed and why it has been designed as it haspurpose : markdown [0..1]Operations that are idempotent (see [HTTP specification definition of idempotent](http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec9.html)) may be invoked by performing an HTTP GET operation instead of a POSTidempotent : boolean [0..1]The name used to invoke the operationcode : code [1..1]Additional information about how to use this operation or named querycomment : string [0..1]Indicates that this operation definition is a constraining profile on the basebase : Reference [0..1] OperationDefinition The types on which this operation can be executedresource : code [0..*] One of the resource types defined as part of FHIR. (Strength=Required)ResourceType! Indicates whether this operation or named query can be invoked at the system level (e.g. without needing to choose a resource type for the context)system : boolean [1..1]Indicates whether this operation or named query can be invoked at the resource type level for any given resource type level (e.g. without needing to choose a specific resource id for the context)type : boolean [1..1]Indicates whether this operation can be invoked on a particular instance of one of the given typesinstance : boolean [1..1]ParameterThe name of used to identify the parametername : code [1..1]Whether this is an input or an output parameteruse : code [1..1] Whether an operation parameter is an input or an output parameter. (Strength=Required)OperationParameterUse! The minimum number of times this parameter SHALL appear in the request or responsemin : integer [1..1]The maximum number of times this element is permitted to appear in the request or responsemax : string [1..1]Describes the meaning or use of this parameterdocumentation : string [0..1]The type for this parametertype : code [0..1] Either an abstract type, a resource or a data type. (Strength=Required)FHIRAllTypes! How the parameter is understood as a search parameter. This is only used if the parameter type is 'string'searchType : code [0..1] Data types allowed to be used for search parameters. (Strength=Required)SearchParamType! A profile the specifies the rules that this parameter must conform toprofile : Reference [0..1] StructureDefinition BindingIndicates the degree of conformance expectations associated with this binding - that is, the degree to which the provided value set must be adhered to in the instancesstrength : code [1..1] Indication of the degree of conformance expectations associated with a binding. (Strength=Required)BindingStrength! Points to the value set or external definition (e.g. implicit value set) that identifies the set of codes to be usedvalueSet[x] : Type [1..1] uri|Reference(ValueSet) OverloadName of parameter to include in overloadparameterName : string [0..*]Comments to go on overloadcomment : string [0..1]Binds to a value set if this parameter is coded (code, Coding, CodeableConcept)binding[0..1]The parts of a nested Parameterpart[0..*]The parameters for the operation/queryparameter[0..*]Defines an appropriate combination of parameters to use when invoking this operation, to help code generators when generating overloaded parameter sets for this operationoverload[0..*]

XML Template

<OperationDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <url value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..1 Logical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique) -->
 <version value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Business version of the operation definition -->
 <name value="[string]"/><!-- 1..1 Name for this operation definition (computer friendly) -->
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown -->
 <kind value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 operation | query -->
 <experimental value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage -->
 <date value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 Date this was last changed -->
 <publisher value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Name of the publisher (organization or individual) -->
 <contact><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Contact details for the publisher --></contact>
 <description value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Natural language description of the operation definition -->
 <useContext><!-- 0..* UsageContext Context the content is intended to support --></useContext>
 <jurisdiction><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Intended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable) --></jurisdiction>
 <purpose value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Why this operation definition is defined -->
 <idempotent value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Whether content is unchanged by the operation -->
 <code value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 Name used to invoke the operation -->
 <comment value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Additional information about use -->
 <base><!-- 0..1 Reference(OperationDefinition) Marks this as a profile of the base --></base>
 <resource value="[code]"/><!-- 0..* Types this operation applies to -->
 <system value="[boolean]"/><!-- 1..1 Invoke at the system level? -->
 <type value="[boolean]"/><!-- 1..1 Invole at the type level? -->
 <instance value="[boolean]"/><!-- 1..1 Invoke on an instance? -->
 <parameter>  <!-- 0..* Parameters for the operation/query -->
  <name value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 Name in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL -->
  <use value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 in | out -->
  <min value="[integer]"/><!-- 1..1 Minimum Cardinality -->
  <max value="[string]"/><!-- 1..1 Maximum Cardinality (a number or *) -->
  <documentation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Description of meaning/use -->
  <type value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 What type this parameter has -->
  <searchType value="[code]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 number | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri -->
  <profile><!-- 0..1 Reference(StructureDefinition) Profile on the type --></profile>
  <binding>  <!-- 0..1 ValueSet details if this is coded -->
   <strength value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 required | extensible | preferred | example -->
   <valueSet[x]><!-- 1..1 uri|Reference(ValueSet) Source of value set --></valueSet[x]>
  </binding>
  <part><!-- ?? 0..* Content as for OperationDefinition.parameter Parts of a nested Parameter --></part>
 </parameter>
 <overload>  <!-- 0..* Define overloaded variants for when  generating code -->
  <parameterName value="[string]"/><!-- 0..* Name of parameter to include in overload -->
  <comment value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Comments to go on overload -->
 </overload>
</OperationDefinition>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "OperationDefinition",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "url" : "<uri>", // Logical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique)
  "version" : "<string>", // Business version of the operation definition
  "name" : "<string>", // R!  Name for this operation definition (computer friendly)
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  draft | active | retired | unknown
  "kind" : "<code>", // R!  operation | query
  "experimental" : <boolean>, // For testing purposes, not real usage
  "date" : "<dateTime>", // Date this was last changed
  "publisher" : "<string>", // Name of the publisher (organization or individual)
  "contact" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Contact details for the publisher
  "description" : "<markdown>", // Natural language description of the operation definition
  "useContext" : [{ UsageContext }], // Context the content is intended to support
  "jurisdiction" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Intended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable)
  "purpose" : "<markdown>", // Why this operation definition is defined
  "idempotent" : <boolean>, // Whether content is unchanged by the operation
  "code" : "<code>", // R!  Name used to invoke the operation
  "comment" : "<string>", // Additional information about use
  "base" : { Reference(OperationDefinition) }, // Marks this as a profile of the base
  "resource" : ["<code>"], // Types this operation applies to
  "system" : <boolean>, // R!  Invoke at the system level?
  "type" : <boolean>, // R!  Invole at the type level?
  "instance" : <boolean>, // R!  Invoke on an instance?
  "parameter" : [{ // Parameters for the operation/query
    "name" : "<code>", // R!  Name in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL
    "use" : "<code>", // R!  in | out
    "min" : <integer>, // R!  Minimum Cardinality
    "max" : "<string>", // R!  Maximum Cardinality (a number or *)
    "documentation" : "<string>", // Description of meaning/use
    "type" : "<code>", // C? What type this parameter has
    "searchType" : "<code>", // C? number | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri
    "profile" : { Reference(StructureDefinition) }, // Profile on the type
    "binding" : { // ValueSet details if this is coded
      "strength" : "<code>", // R!  required | extensible | preferred | example
      // valueSet[x]: Source of value set. One of these 2:
      "valueSetUri" : "<uri>"
      "valueSetReference" : { Reference(ValueSet) }
    },
    "part" : [{ Content as for OperationDefinition.parameter }] // C? Parts of a nested Parameter
  }],
  "overload" : [{ // Define overloaded variants for when  generating code
    "parameterName" : ["<string>"], // Name of parameter to include in overload
    "comment" : "<string>" // Comments to go on overload
  }]
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:OperationDefinition;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:OperationDefinition.url [ uri ]; # 0..1 Logical URI to reference this operation definition (globally unique)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.version [ string ]; # 0..1 Business version of the operation definition
  fhir:OperationDefinition.name [ string ]; # 1..1 Name for this operation definition (computer friendly)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.status [ code ]; # 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown
  fhir:OperationDefinition.kind [ code ]; # 1..1 operation | query
  fhir:OperationDefinition.experimental [ boolean ]; # 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage
  fhir:OperationDefinition.date [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 Date this was last changed
  fhir:OperationDefinition.publisher [ string ]; # 0..1 Name of the publisher (organization or individual)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.contact [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Contact details for the publisher
  fhir:OperationDefinition.description [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Natural language description of the operation definition
  fhir:OperationDefinition.useContext [ UsageContext ], ... ; # 0..* Context the content is intended to support
  fhir:OperationDefinition.jurisdiction [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Intended jurisdiction for operation definition (if applicable)
  fhir:OperationDefinition.purpose [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Why this operation definition is defined
  fhir:OperationDefinition.idempotent [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Whether content is unchanged by the operation
  fhir:OperationDefinition.code [ code ]; # 1..1 Name used to invoke the operation
  fhir:OperationDefinition.comment [ string ]; # 0..1 Additional information about use
  fhir:OperationDefinition.base [ Reference(OperationDefinition) ]; # 0..1 Marks this as a profile of the base
  fhir:OperationDefinition.resource [ code ], ... ; # 0..* Types this operation applies to
  fhir:OperationDefinition.system [ boolean ]; # 1..1 Invoke at the system level?
  fhir:OperationDefinition.type [ boolean ]; # 1..1 Invole at the type level?
  fhir:OperationDefinition.instance [ boolean ]; # 1..1 Invoke on an instance?
  fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter [ # 0..* Parameters for the operation/query
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.name [ code ]; # 1..1 Name in Parameters.parameter.name or in URL
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.use [ code ]; # 1..1 in | out
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.min [ integer ]; # 1..1 Minimum Cardinality
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.max [ string ]; # 1..1 Maximum Cardinality (a number or *)
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.documentation [ string ]; # 0..1 Description of meaning/use
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.type [ code ]; # 0..1 What type this parameter has
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.searchType [ code ]; # 0..1 number | date | string | token | reference | composite | quantity | uri
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.profile [ Reference(StructureDefinition) ]; # 0..1 Profile on the type
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding [ # 0..1 ValueSet details if this is coded
      fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.strength [ code ]; # 1..1 required | extensible | preferred | example
      # OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.valueSet[x] : 1..1 Source of value set. One of these 2
        fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.valueSetUri [ uri ]
        fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.valueSetReference [ Reference(ValueSet) ]
    ];
    fhir:OperationDefinition.parameter.part [ See OperationDefinition.parameter ], ... ; # 0..* Parts of a nested Parameter
  ], ...;
  fhir:OperationDefinition.overload [ # 0..* Define overloaded variants for when  generating code
    fhir:OperationDefinition.overload.parameterName [ string ], ... ; # 0..* Name of parameter to include in overload
    fhir:OperationDefinition.overload.comment [ string ]; # 0..1 Comments to go on overload
  ], ...;
]

Changes since DSTU2

OperationDefinition
OperationDefinition.status Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/conformance-resource-status to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/publication-status
OperationDefinition.experimental Now marked as Modifier
OperationDefinition.contact Type changed from BackboneElement to ContactDetail
OperationDefinition.description Type changed from string to markdown
OperationDefinition.useContext added Element
OperationDefinition.jurisdiction added Element
OperationDefinition.purpose Renamed from requirements to purpose
Type changed from string to markdown
OperationDefinition.comment Renamed from notes to comment
OperationDefinition.resource Renamed from type to resource
OperationDefinition.type Min Cardinality changed from 0 to 1
Max Cardinality changed from * to 1
Type changed from code to boolean
Remove Binding http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types (required)
OperationDefinition.parameter.type Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/operation-parameter-type to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-types
OperationDefinition.parameter.searchType added Element
OperationDefinition.overload added Element
OperationDefinition.overload.parameterName added Element
OperationDefinition.overload.comment added Element
OperationDefinition.contact.name deleted
OperationDefinition.contact.telecom deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

See R2 <--> R3 Conversion Maps (status = 18 tests that all execute ok. 1 fail round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.).

 

Alternate definitions: Master Definition (XML, JSON), XML Schema/Schematron (for ) + JSON Schema, ShEx (for Turtle)

PathDefinitionTypeReference
OperationDefinition.status The lifecycle status of a Value Set or Concept Map.RequiredPublicationStatus
OperationDefinition.kind Whether an operation is a normal operation or a query.RequiredOperationKind
OperationDefinition.jurisdiction Countries and regions within which this artifact is targeted for useExtensibleJurisdiction ValueSet
OperationDefinition.resource One of the resource types defined as part of FHIR.RequiredResource Types
OperationDefinition.parameter.use Whether an operation parameter is an input or an output parameter.RequiredOperationParameterUse
OperationDefinition.parameter.type Either an abstract type, a resource or a data type.RequiredAll Types
OperationDefinition.parameter.searchType Data types allowed to be used for search parameters.RequiredSearchParamType
OperationDefinition.parameter.binding.strength Indication of the degree of conformance expectations associated with a binding.RequiredBindingStrength

  • opd-1: On OperationDefinition.parameter: Either a type must be provided, or parts (expression on OperationDefinition.parameter: type.exists() or part.exists())
  • opd-2: On OperationDefinition.parameter: A search type can only be specified for parameters of type string (expression on OperationDefinition.parameter: searchType implies type = 'string')
Base Operations (All resource types)
Validate a resource[base]/[Resource]/$validate | [base]/[Resource]/[id]/$validate
Access a list of profiles, tags, and security labels[base]/$meta | [base]/[Resource]/$meta | [base]/[Resource]/[id]/$meta
Add profiles, tags, and security labels to a resource[base]/[Resource]/[id]/$meta-add
Delete profiles, tags, and security labels for a resource[base]/[Resource]/[id]/$meta-delete
Operations Defined by Resource Types
Apply[base]/ActivityDefinition/[id]/$apply
Data Requirements[base]/ActivityDefinition/[id]/$data-requirements
Fetch a subset of the CapabilityStatement resource[base]/CapabilityStatement/$subset | [base]/CapabilityStatement/[id]/$subset
Test if a server implements a client's required operations[base]/CapabilityStatement/$implements | [base]/CapabilityStatement/[id]/$implements
Test if a server implements a client's required operations[base]/CapabilityStatement/$conforms
Concept Look Up & Decomposition[base]/CodeSystem/$lookup
Subsumption Testing[base]/CodeSystem/$subsumes | [base]/CodeSystem/[id]/$subsumes
Code Composition based on supplied properties[base]/CodeSystem/$compose | [base]/CodeSystem/[id]/$compose
Generate a Document[base]/Composition/$document | [base]/Composition/[id]/$document
Concept Translation[base]/ConceptMap/$translate | [base]/ConceptMap/[id]/$translate
Closure Table Maintenance[base]/$closure
Fetch Encounter Record[base]/Encounter/[id]/$everything
Data Requirements[base]/$data-requirements | [base]/Library/[id]/$data-requirements
Find a functional list[base]/List/$find
Evaluate Measure[base]/Measure/$evaluate-measure | [base]/Measure/[id]/$evaluate-measure
Data Requirements[base]/Measure/[id]/$data-requirements
Process Message[base]/$process-message
Observation Statistics[base]/Observation/$stats
Last N Observations Query[base]/Observation/$lastn
Find patient matches using MPI based logic[base]/Patient/$match
Fetch Patient Record[base]/Patient/$everything | [base]/Patient/[id]/$everything
Apply[base]/PlanDefinition/[id]/$apply
Data Requirements[base]/PlanDefinition/[id]/$data-requirements
Populate Questionnaire[base]/Questionnaire/$populate | [base]/Questionnaire/[id]/$populate
Generate HTML for Questionnaire[base]/Questionnaire/$populatehtml | [base]/Questionnaire/[id]/$populatehtml
Generate a link to a Questionnaire completion webpage[base]/Questionnaire/$populatelink | [base]/Questionnaire/[id]/$populatelink
Evaluate[base]/ServiceDefinition/[id]/$evaluate
Data Requirements[base]/ServiceDefinition/[id]/$data-requirements
Build Questionnaire[base]/StructureDefinition/$questionnaire | [base]/StructureDefinition/[id]/$questionnaire
Model Instance Transformation[base]/StructureMap/$transform | [base]/StructureMap/[id]/$transform
Value Set Expansion[base]/ValueSet/$expand | [base]/ValueSet/[id]/$expand
Value Set based Validation[base]/ValueSet/$validate-code | [base]/ValueSet/[id]/$validate-code

Operations are executed by POSTing to a URL that is defined by the operation definition. Named queries are executed by performing a search with the value of the search parameter "_query" set to the name provided in the definition.

If the named query is to be performed over the RESTful API, all the parameters must be simple search parameters, so that they can be represented directly in the URL without tricky encoding issues. Named queries always return a bundle containing a set of resources, so all the out parameters must be resources, not data types.

There are two ways to pass resources to an operation: directly or by reference. The definition of an operation distinguishes between these two, since they have very different behaviors and consequences.

As an example, take the Questionnaire.$populate operation. This operation takes a questionnaire as a direct parameter. The type of the parameter is defined as 'Questionnaire'. In a Parameters resource, it would be represented like this:

  <parameter>
    <name value="questionnaire"/>
    <resource>
      <Questionnaire>
        <!-- Questionnaire contents -->
      </Questionnaire>
    </resource>
  </parameter> 

or, in JSON:

 "parameter": [
    {
      "name": "questionnaire",
      "resource": {
        "resourceType": "Questionnaire",
        // Questionnaire contents 
      }
    }
  ]

Other parameters are passed by reference. For example, $populate takes a set of references to other resources that should be used to pre-populate the questionnaire. These are passed by reference, and the type of the parameter is Reference(Any) - a reference to any kind of resource. In a parameters resource, it would be represented like this:

  <parameter>
    <name value="content"/>
    <valueReference>
      <reference value="Patient/123">
      </Questionnaire>
    </valueReference>
  </parameter> 

or, in JSON:

 "parameter": [
    {
      "name": "questionnaire",
      "valueReference" : {
        "reference" : "Patient/123"
      }
    }
  ]

Some operations can take either form; in that case, two distinct parameters must be defined, one for a resource as a direct parameter, and one for a reference.

It is possible for two different organizations to create different operation definitions with the same name or, perhaps more likely, to define equivalent operations that have the same name but incompatible approaches in their parameter lists.

It is also possible, though unlikely, that a server will be required to support both of these operations. If this is the case, the server is able to do this by giving one of them a new name and referring to it by definition in the capability statement. To illustrate this, assume that two different organizations, "orgA" and "orgB", both define an operation called "dothis", and the definitions are incompatible. OrgA publishes its operation definition at http://orga.com/fhir/dothis.xml, and OrgB publishes its operation at http://fhir.orgb.com/meta/OperationDefinition/dothis. The server is able to implement both. Its capability statement will say:

<CapabilityStatement xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <!-- snip -->
  <rest>
    <!-- snip -->
    <operation>
      <name value="dothis"/>
      <definition>
        <reference value="http://orga.com/fhir/dothis.xml"/>
      </definition>
    </operation>
    <operation>
      <name value="dothis2"/>
      <definition>
        <reference value="http://fhir.orgb.com/meta/OperationDefinition/dothis"/>
      </definition>
    </operation>
    <!-- snip -->
  </rest>
  <!-- snip -->
</CapabilityStatement>

If a general purpose cross server client is looking for the implementation of the http://fhir.orgb.com/meta/OperationDefinition/dothis operation and wants to be robust against this name clash problem, instead of simply executing the $dothis operation, it can look at the server's CapabilityStatement for the underlying definition URI and then execute the name given in the capability statement.

A client can determine the compatibility of the server by processing its capability statement and ensuring that the server implements the specific operation definitions and parameters required by the client. The client can then report a useful error to the user rather than allowing mystifying operational errors to occur.

However, there are fundamental limitations to this approach because there are many aspects of these operations that are not (or cannot be) defined in a formal fashion using OperationDefinition, for example, co-occurrence constraints among parameters.

In the same sense, a 3rd party tool can examine a server's CapabilityStatement and a client's definition of an acceptable server to determine whether those two system are interoperable or not.

Finally, it is possible to generate user interface forms automatically from the OperationDefinition. The documentation in the OperationDefinition.description and OperationDefinition.parameter.documentation should be sufficient to allow moderately technical users to guess at the correct content of the form. For this reason, highly technical documentation should go in OperationDefinition.comment.

It is anticipated that this would be used to automate development processes, rather than to generate end-user forms: such users will usually need more support than can be offered in a generated form.

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

NameTypeDescriptionExpressionIn Common
basereferenceMarks this as a profile of the baseOperationDefinition.base
(OperationDefinition)
codetokenName used to invoke the operationOperationDefinition.code
datedateThe operation definition publication dateOperationDefinition.date
descriptionstringThe description of the operation definitionOperationDefinition.description
instancetokenInvoke on an instance?OperationDefinition.instance
jurisdictiontokenIntended jurisdiction for the operation definitionOperationDefinition.jurisdiction
kindtokenoperation | queryOperationDefinition.kind
namestringComputationally friendly name of the operation definitionOperationDefinition.name
param-profilereferenceProfile on the typeOperationDefinition.parameter.profile
(StructureDefinition)
publisherstringName of the publisher of the operation definitionOperationDefinition.publisher
statustokenThe current status of the operation definitionOperationDefinition.status
systemtokenInvoke at the system level?OperationDefinition.system
typetokenInvole at the type level?OperationDefinition.type
urluriThe uri that identifies the operation definitionOperationDefinition.url
versiontokenThe business version of the operation definitionOperationDefinition.version