Release 5 Draft Ballot

This is the Continuous Integration Build of FHIR (will be incorrect/inconsistent at times).
See the Directory of published versions

14.11 Resource Citation - Content

Clinical Decision Support Work GroupMaturity Level: 0 Trial UseSecurity Category: Business Compartments: Not linked to any defined compartments

The Citation Resource enables reference to any knowledge artifact for purposes of identification and attribution. The Citation Resource supports existing reference structures and developing publication practices such as versioning, expressing complex contributorship roles, and referencing computable resources.

FMG is presently considering whether this resource is appopriate to include in the FHIR specification. The resource covers domain content that is not considered specific to healthcare, and FMG is still discussing whether alternative standards organizations exist that should standardise this content, and whether HL7 does or can have the correct community representation to support standardizing this content. Feedback is welcome view ballot, or to FMG directly at fmgcontact@hl7.org

Trial-Use Note: The FHIR Management Group has provisionally approved the Citation Resource with the qualification that we will continue to evaluate its appropriateness as it develops in the community.

The scope of the Citation Resource is to describe any aspect of identification, location, authorship, and contributorship to a journal article, report, document, resource, or other knowledge artifact. Citations are used extensively in scholarly communication and important for documenting the evidence or source behind statements of fact, opinion, and interpretation. Citations are also used for acknowledgement of the contributions of individuals and groups to the creation and advancement of knowledge.

Across the academic and scientific community citations are used extensively to reference the knowledge artifacts contributing to current work. For any community searching for reports of research or scholarly publications (such as searching MEDLINE) the citations contain the metadata used for such searches. Standardization of citations supports interoperability across citation managers and adaptation to current needs, such as reports being available on preprint servers before 'final' peer-reviewed published form, need to cite datasets or other alternative forms of expression, or the ability to support citation of FHIR Resources where the FHIR Resource represents research or scholarly publication.

The Resource can accommodate both human and machine readers. The summary element provides human-readable information.

The Citation Resource has multiple elements containing metadata that describe the citation resource itself, and a citedArtifact element containing metadata that describe the article or artifact being cited.

Attribution of scholarly contributions is expressed in the citedArtifact.contributorship element, which has grown more complex as the nature of authorship and the concerns for credit and acknowledgement are increasingly complex. If an individualized attribution structure is not required, the citedArtifact.contributorship.summary element will do.

"Publication" must now cover books, books series, article series, database registries, database updates, and the like. The element, citedArtifact.publicationForm, enables this description. Within citedArtifact.publicationForm, the publishedIn element identifies the largest container (journal, book, database, or newspaper), the periodicRelease element identifies the periodic issue, and the remaining elements (covering dates, language, and pagination) are specific to the artifact being cited.

Any resource may have common metadata including publisher, authors, reviewers, editors, endorsers, identifiers and location concepts for the resource. The Citation Resource is expected to be used primarily for citing things that are not FHIR Resources. There is NOT an expectation to provide Citations for most FHIR Resources. However, FHIR Resources can be the subject of Citation Resources when there is additional needs beyond common metadata to use the FHIR Resource as the cited source in other contexts or to support scholarly and scientific contribution attribution to the FHIR Resource content.

The Provenance Resource is used to track the contributions to a resource as it occurs, especially for purposes of confirming authenticity and trust. Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship is used to report the attribution of contributions to the cited artifact, especially for purposes of recognition and acknowledgement, but is not directly reporting the data to support authenticity of the contributions.

The DocumentReference Resource is described as a reference to a document of any kind for any purpose. As the DocumentReference Resource was developed for healthcare data exchange it is modeled to support individualized provenance, security, and artifact relationships as often needed in this context. The Citation Resource was developed for the reference to knowledge artifacts commonly used in scientific and scholarly communication so is modeled to support identification, attribution, classification, status tracking, and representation (summary) of the citation.

This resource is referenced by itself, Evidence, EvidenceReport, ResearchStudy and SubstanceDefinition.

This resource does not implement any patterns.

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Citation TUMetadataResourceA description of identification, location, or contributorship of a publication (article or artifact)
+ Warning: Name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension, url, identifier, version, name, title, status, experimental, date, publisher, contact, description, useContext, jurisdiction, purpose, copyright, approvalDate, lastReviewDate, effectivePeriod, topic, author, editor, reviewer, endorser, relatedArtifact
... url Σ0..1uriCanonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierIdentifier for the Citation resource itself
... version Σ0..1stringBusiness version of the citation
... name ΣI0..1stringName for this citation (computer friendly)
... title Σ0..1stringName for this citation (human friendly)
... status ?!Σ1..1codedraft | active | retired | unknown
PublicationStatus (Required)
... experimental Σ0..1booleanFor testing purposes, not real usage
... date Σ0..1dateTimeDate last changed
... publisher Σ0..1stringThe publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
... contact Σ0..*ContactDetailContact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource
... description 0..1markdownNatural language description of the citation
... useContext Σ0..*UsageContextThe context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support
... jurisdiction Σ0..*CodeableConceptIntended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable)
Jurisdiction (Extensible)
... purpose 0..1markdownWhy this citation is defined
... copyright 0..1markdownUse and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact
... approvalDate 0..1dateWhen the citation was approved by publisher
... lastReviewDate 0..1dateWhen the citation was last reviewed
... effectivePeriod Σ0..1PeriodWhen the citation is expected to be used
... author 0..*ContactDetailWho authored the Citation
... editor 0..*ContactDetailWho edited the Citation
... reviewer 0..*ContactDetailWho reviewed the Citation
... endorser 0..*ContactDetailWho endorsed the Citation
... summary 0..*BackboneElementA human-readable display of the citation
.... style 0..1CodeableConceptFormat for display of the citation
CitationSummaryStyle (Extensible)
.... text Σ1..1markdownThe human-readable display of the citation
... classification 0..*BackboneElementThe assignment to an organizing scheme
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
CitationClassificationType (Extensible)
.... classifier 0..*CodeableConceptThe specific classification value
CitationArtifactClassifier (Example)
... note 0..*AnnotationUsed for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere
... currentState 0..*CodeableConceptThe status of the citation
CitationStatusType (Example)
... statusDate 0..*BackboneElementAn effective date or period for a status of the citation
.... activity 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of the status
CitationStatusType (Example)
.... actual 0..1booleanEither occurred or expected
.... period 1..1PeriodWhen the status started and/or ended
... relatesTo 0..*RelatedArtifactArtifact related to the Citation Resource
... citedArtifact 0..1BackboneElementThe article or artifact being described
.... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierMay include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc.
.... relatedIdentifier Σ0..*IdentifierMay include trial registry identifiers
.... dateAccessed Σ0..1dateTimeWhen the cited artifact was accessed
.... version 0..1BackboneElementThe defined version of the cited artifact
..... value 1..1stringThe version number or other version identifier
..... baseCitation 0..1Reference(Citation)Citation for the main version of the cited artifact
.... currentState 0..*CodeableConceptThe status of the cited artifact
CitedArtifactStatusType (Extensible)
.... statusDate 0..*BackboneElementAn effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact
..... activity 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of the status
CitedArtifactStatusType (Extensible)
..... actual 0..1booleanEither occurred or expected
..... period 1..1PeriodWhen the status started and/or ended
.... title 0..*BackboneElementThe title details of the article or artifact
..... type 0..*CodeableConceptThe kind of title
TitleType (Extensible)
..... language 0..1CodeableConceptUsed to express the specific language
Common Languages (Preferred)
..... text 1..1markdownThe title of the article or artifact
.... abstract 0..*BackboneElementSummary of the article or artifact
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of abstract
CitedArtifactAbstractType (Extensible)
..... language 0..1CodeableConceptUsed to express the specific language
Common Languages (Preferred)
..... text 1..1markdownAbstract content
..... copyright 0..1markdownCopyright notice for the abstract
.... part 0..1BackboneElementThe component of the article or artifact
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of component
CitedArtifactPartType (Extensible)
..... value 0..1stringThe specification of the component
..... baseCitation 0..1Reference(Citation)The citation for the full article or artifact
.... relatesTo 0..*RelatedArtifactThe artifact related to the cited artifact
.... publicationForm 0..*BackboneElementIf multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations
..... publishedIn 0..1BackboneElementThe collection the cited article or artifact is published in
...... type 0..1CodeableConceptKind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)
PublishedInType (Extensible)
...... identifier 0..*IdentifierJournal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN
...... title 0..1stringName of the database or title of the book or journal
...... publisher 0..1Reference(Organization)Name of the publisher
...... publisherLocation 0..1stringGeographic location of the publisher
..... periodicRelease 0..1BackboneElementThe specific issue in which the cited article resides
...... citedMedium 0..1CodeableConceptInternet or Print
CitedMedium (Extensible)
...... volume 0..1stringVolume number of journal in which the article is published
...... issue 0..1stringIssue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published
...... dateOfPublication 0..1BackboneElementDefining the date on which the issue of the journal was published
....... date 0..1dateDate on which the issue of the journal was published
....... year 0..1stringYear on which the issue of the journal was published
....... month 0..1stringMonth on which the issue of the journal was published
....... day 0..1stringDay on which the issue of the journal was published
....... season 0..1stringSeason on which the issue of the journal was published
....... text 0..1stringText representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published
..... articleDate 0..1dateTimeThe date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released
..... lastRevisionDate 0..1dateTimeThe date the article was last revised or updated in the database
..... language 0..*CodeableConceptLanguage in which this form of the article is published
Common Languages (Preferred)
..... accessionNumber 0..1stringEntry number or identifier for inclusion in a database
..... pageString 0..1stringUsed for full display of pagination
..... firstPage 0..1stringUsed for isolated representation of first page
..... lastPage 0..1stringUsed for isolated representation of last page
..... pageCount 0..1stringNumber of pages or screens
..... copyright 0..1markdownCopyright notice for the full article or artifact
.... webLocation 0..*BackboneElementUsed for any URL for the article or artifact cited
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptCode the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text
ArticleUrlType (Extensible)
..... url 0..1uriThe specific URL
.... classification 0..*BackboneElementThe assignment to an organizing scheme
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
CitedArtifactClassificationType (Extensible)
..... classifier 0..*CodeableConceptThe specific classification value
CitationArtifactClassifier (Example)
..... whoClassified 0..1BackboneElementProvenance and copyright of classification
...... person 0..1Reference(Person | Practitioner)Person who created the classification
...... organization 0..1Reference(Organization)Organization who created the classification
...... publisher 0..1Reference(Organization)The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
...... classifierCopyright 0..1stringRights management statement for the classification
...... freeToShare 0..1booleanAcceptable to re-use the classification
.... contributorship 0..1BackboneElementAttribution of authors and other contributors
..... complete 0..1booleanIndicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors
..... entry 0..*BackboneElementAn individual entity named in the list
...... name 0..1HumanNameA name associated with the person
...... initials 0..1stringInitials for forename
...... collectiveName 0..1stringUsed for collective or corporate name as an author
...... identifier 0..*IdentifierAuthor identifier, eg ORCID
...... affiliationInfo 0..*BackboneElementOrganizational affiliation
....... affiliation 0..1stringDisplay for the organization
....... role 0..1stringRole within the organization, such as professional title
....... identifier 0..*IdentifierIdentifier for the organization
...... address 0..*AddressPhysical mailing address
...... telecom 0..*ContactPointEmail or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor
...... contributionType 0..*CodeableConceptThe specific contribution
ArtifactContributionType (Extensible)
...... role 0..1CodeableConceptThe role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)
ContributorRole (Extensible)
...... contributionInstance 0..*BackboneElementContributions with accounting for time or number
....... type 1..1CodeableConceptThe specific contribution
ArtifactContributionInstanceType (Extensible)
....... time 0..1dateTimeThe time that the contribution was made
...... correspondingContact 0..1booleanIndication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role
...... rankingOrder 0..1positiveIntRanked order of contribution
..... summary 0..*BackboneElementUsed to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member
...... type 0..1CodeableConceptEither authorList or contributorshipStatement
ContributorSummaryType (Extensible)
...... style 0..1CodeableConceptThe format for the display string
ContributorSummaryStyle (Extensible)
...... source 0..1CodeableConceptUsed to code the producer or rule for creating the display string
ContributorSummarySource (Extensible)
...... value 1..1markdownThe display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement
.... note 0..*AnnotationAny additional information or content for the article or artifact

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

Citation (MetadataResource)An absolute URI that is used to identify this citation when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance; also called its canonical identifier. This SHOULD be globally unique and SHOULD be a literal address at which at which an authoritative instance of this summary is (or will be) published. This URL can be the target of a canonical reference. It SHALL remain the same when the summary is stored on different serversurl : uri [0..1]A formal identifier that is used to identify this citation when it is represented in other formats, or referenced in a specification, model, design or an instanceidentifier : Identifier [0..*]The identifier that is used to identify this version of the citation when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the citation author and is not expected to be globally unique. For example, it might be a timestamp (e.g. yyyymmdd) if a managed version is not available. There is also no expectation that versions can be placed in a lexicographical sequenceversion : string [0..1]A natural language name identifying the citation. This name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generationname : string [0..1]A short, descriptive, user-friendly title for the citationtitle : string [0..1]The status of this summary. Enables tracking the life-cycle of the content (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « null (Strength=Required)PublicationStatus! »A Boolean value to indicate that this citation is authored for testing purposes (or education/evaluation/marketing) and is not intended to be used for genuine usageexperimental : boolean [0..1]The date (and optionally time) when the citation was published. The date must change when the business version changes and it must change if the status code changes. In addition, it should change when the substantive content of the citation changesdate : dateTime [0..1]The name of the organization or individual that published the citationpublisher : string [0..1]Contact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publishercontact : ContactDetail [0..*]A free text natural language description of the citation from a consumer's perspectivedescription : markdown [0..1]The content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These contexts may be general categories (gender, age, ...) or may be references to specific programs (insurance plans, studies, ...) and may be used to assist with indexing and searching for appropriate citation instancesuseContext : UsageContext [0..*]A legal or geographic region in which the citation is intended to be usedjurisdiction : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)Jurisdiction ValueSet+ »Explanation of why this citation is needed and why it has been designed as it haspurpose : markdown [0..1]Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifactcopyright : markdown [0..1]The date on which the resource content was approved by the publisher. Approval happens once when the content is officially approved for usageapprovalDate : date [0..1]The date on which the resource content was last reviewed. Review happens periodically after approval but does not change the original approval datelastReviewDate : date [0..1]The period during which the citation content was or is planned to be in active useeffectivePeriod : Period [0..1]Who authored the Citationauthor : ContactDetail [0..*]Who edited the Citationeditor : ContactDetail [0..*]Who reviewed the Citationreviewer : ContactDetail [0..*]Who endorsed the Citationendorser : ContactDetail [0..*]Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewherenote : Annotation [0..*]The status of the citationcurrentState : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)CitationStatusType?? »Artifact related to the Citation ResourcerelatesTo : RelatedArtifact [0..*]SummaryFormat for display of the citationstyle : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitationSummaryStyle+ »The human-readable display of the citationtext : markdown [1..1]ClassificationThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)type : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitationClassificationType+ »The specific classification valueclassifier : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)CitationArtifactClassifier?? »StatusDateClassification of the statusactivity : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Example)CitationStatusType?? »Either occurred or expectedactual : boolean [0..1]When the status started and/or endedperiod : Period [1..1]CitedArtifactA formal identifier that is used to identify this citation when it is represented in other formats, or referenced in a specification, model, design or an instanceidentifier : Identifier [0..*]A formal identifier that is used to identify things closely related to this citationrelatedIdentifier : Identifier [0..*]When the cited artifact was accesseddateAccessed : dateTime [0..1]The status of the cited artifactcurrentState : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactStatusType+ »The artifact related to the cited artifactrelatesTo : RelatedArtifact [0..*]Any additional information or content for the article or artifactnote : Annotation [0..*]VersionThe version number or other version identifiervalue : string [1..1]Citation for the main version of the cited artifactbaseCitation : Reference [0..1] « Citation »StatusDateClassification of the statusactivity : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactStatusType+ »Either occurred or expectedactual : boolean [0..1]When the status started and/or endedperiod : Period [1..1]TitleUsed to express the reason or specific aspect for the titletype : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)TitleType+ »Used to express the specific languagelanguage : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A human language. (Strength=Preferred)CommonLanguages? »The title of the article or artifacttext : markdown [1..1]AbstractUsed to express the reason or specific aspect for the abstracttype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactAbstractType+ »Used to express the specific languagelanguage : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A human language. (Strength=Preferred)CommonLanguages? »Abstract contenttext : markdown [1..1]Copyright notice for the abstractcopyright : markdown [0..1]PartThe kind of componenttype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactPartType+ »The specification of the componentvalue : string [0..1]The citation for the full article or artifactbaseCitation : Reference [0..1] « Citation »PublicationFormThe date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released (which may differ from the journal issue publication date)articleDate : dateTime [0..1]The date the article was last revised or updated in the databaselastRevisionDate : dateTime [0..1]Language in which this form of the article is publishedlanguage : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A human language. (Strength=Preferred)CommonLanguages? »Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a databaseaccessionNumber : string [0..1]Used for full display of paginationpageString : string [0..1]Used for isolated representation of first pagefirstPage : string [0..1]Used for isolated representation of last pagelastPage : string [0..1]Actual or approximate number of pages or screenspageCount : string [0..1]Copyright notice for the full article or artifactcopyright : markdown [0..1]PublishedInKind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)type : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)PublishedInType+ »Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBNidentifier : Identifier [0..*]Name of the database or title of the book or journaltitle : string [0..1]Name of the publisherpublisher : Reference [0..1] « Organization »Geographic location of the publisherpublisherLocation : string [0..1]PeriodicReleaseDescribes the form of the medium cited. Common codes are "Internet" or "Print"citedMedium : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedMedium+ »Volume number of journal in which the article is publishedvolume : string [0..1]Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is publishedissue : string [0..1]DateOfPublicationDate on which the issue of the journal was publisheddate : date [0..1]Year on which the issue of the journal was publishedyear : string [0..1]Month on which the issue of the journal was publishedmonth : string [0..1]Day on which the issue of the journal was publishedday : string [0..1]Spring, Summer, Fall/Autumn, Winterseason : string [0..1]Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was publishedtext : string [0..1]WebLocationCode the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-texttype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ArticleUrlType+ »The specific URLurl : uri [0..1]ClassificationThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)type : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactClassificationTy...+ »The specific classification valueclassifier : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)CitationArtifactClassifier?? »WhoClassifiedPerson who created the classificationperson : Reference [0..1] « Person|Practitioner »Organization who created the classificationorganization : Reference [0..1] « Organization »The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being citedpublisher : Reference [0..1] « Organization »Rights management statement for the classificationclassifierCopyright : string [0..1]Acceptable to re-use the classificationfreeToShare : boolean [0..1]ContributorshipIndicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributorscomplete : boolean [0..1]EntryA name associated with the individualname : HumanName [0..1]Initials for forenameinitials : string [0..1]Used for collective or corporate name as an authorcollectiveName : string [0..1]Unique person identifieridentifier : Identifier [0..*]Physical mailing address for the author or contributoraddress : Address [0..*]Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributortelecom : ContactPoint [0..*]This element identifies the specific nature of an individual’s contribution with respect to the cited workcontributionType : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)ArtifactContributionType+ »The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)role : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorRole+ »Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the rolecorrespondingContact : boolean [0..1]Provides a numerical ranking to represent the degree of contributorship relative to other contributors, such as 1 for first author and 2 for second authorrankingOrder : positiveInt [0..1]AffiliationInfoDisplay for the organizationaffiliation : string [0..1]Role within the organization, such as professional titlerole : string [0..1]Identifier for the organizationidentifier : Identifier [0..*]ContributionInstanceThe specific contributiontype : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ArtifactContributionInstanceT...+ »The time that the contribution was madetime : dateTime [0..1]SummaryUsed most commonly to express an author list or a contributorship statementtype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorSummaryType+ »The format for the display stringstyle : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorSummaryStyle+ »Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display stringsource : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorSummarySource+ »The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statementvalue : markdown [1..1]A human-readable display of the citationsummary[0..*]The assignment to an organizing schemeclassification[0..*]An effective date or period for a status of the citationstatusDate[0..*]The defined version of the cited artifactversion[0..1]An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifactstatusDate[0..*]The title details of the article or artifacttitle[0..*]Summary of the article or artifactabstract[0..*]The component of the article or artifactpart[0..1]The collection the cited article or artifact is published inpublishedIn[0..1]Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was publisheddateOfPublication[0..1]The specific issue in which the cited article residesperiodicRelease[0..1]If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citationspublicationForm[0..*]Used for any URL for the article or artifact citedwebLocation[0..*]Provenance and copyright of classificationwhoClassified[0..1]The assignment to an organizing schemeclassification[0..*]Organization affiliated with the entityaffiliationInfo[0..*]Contributions with accounting for time or numbercontributionInstance[0..*]An individual entity named in the author list or contributor listentry[0..*]Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list membersummary[0..*]This element is used to list authors and other contributors, their contact information, specific contributions, and summary statementscontributorship[0..1]The article or artifact being describedcitedArtifact[0..1]

XML Template

<Citation xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <url value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..1 Canonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Identifier for the Citation resource itself --></identifier>
 <version value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Business version of the citation -->
 <name value="[string]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Name for this citation (computer friendly) -->
 <title value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Name for this citation (human friendly) -->
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown -->
 <experimental value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage -->
 <date value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 Date last changed -->
 <publisher value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 The publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited -->
 <contact><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Contact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource --></contact>
 <description value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Natural language description of the citation -->
 <useContext><!-- 0..* UsageContext The context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support --></useContext>
 <jurisdiction><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Intended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable) --></jurisdiction>
 <purpose value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Why this citation is defined -->
 <copyright value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact -->
 <approvalDate value="[date]"/><!-- 0..1 When the citation was approved by publisher -->
 <lastReviewDate value="[date]"/><!-- 0..1 When the citation was last reviewed -->
 <effectivePeriod><!-- 0..1 Period When the citation is expected to be used --></effectivePeriod>
 <author><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who authored the Citation --></author>
 <editor><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who edited the Citation --></editor>
 <reviewer><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who reviewed the Citation --></reviewer>
 <endorser><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who endorsed the Citation --></endorser>
 <summary>  <!-- 0..* A human-readable display of the citation -->
  <style><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Format for display of the citation --></style>
  <text value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 The human-readable display of the citation -->
 </summary>
 <classification>  <!-- 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme -->
  <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword) --></type>
  <classifier><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The specific classification value --></classifier>
 </classification>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere --></note>
 <currentState><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The status of the citation --></currentState>
 <statusDate>  <!-- 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the citation -->
  <activity><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Classification of the status --></activity>
  <actual value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Either occurred or expected -->
  <period><!-- 1..1 Period When the status started and/or ended --></period>
 </statusDate>
 <relatesTo><!-- 0..* RelatedArtifact Artifact related to the Citation Resource --></relatesTo>
 <citedArtifact>  <!-- 0..1 The article or artifact being described -->
  <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier May include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc. --></identifier>
  <relatedIdentifier><!-- 0..* Identifier May include trial registry identifiers --></relatedIdentifier>
  <dateAccessed value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 When the cited artifact was accessed -->
  <version>  <!-- 0..1 The defined version of the cited artifact -->
   <value value="[string]"/><!-- 1..1 The version number or other version identifier -->
   <baseCitation><!-- 0..1 Reference(Citation) Citation for the main version of the cited artifact --></baseCitation>
  </version>
  <currentState><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The status of the cited artifact --></currentState>
  <statusDate>  <!-- 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact -->
   <activity><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Classification of the status --></activity>
   <actual value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Either occurred or expected -->
   <period><!-- 1..1 Period When the status started and/or ended --></period>
  </statusDate>
  <title>  <!-- 0..* The title details of the article or artifact -->
   <type><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The kind of title --></type>
   <language><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Used to express the specific language --></language>
   <text value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 The title of the article or artifact -->
  </title>
  <abstract>  <!-- 0..* Summary of the article or artifact -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of abstract --></type>
   <language><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Used to express the specific language --></language>
   <text value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 Abstract content -->
   <copyright value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Copyright notice for the abstract -->
  </abstract>
  <part>  <!-- 0..1 The component of the article or artifact -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of component --></type>
   <value value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 The specification of the component -->
   <baseCitation><!-- 0..1 Reference(Citation) The citation for the full article or artifact --></baseCitation>
  </part>
  <relatesTo><!-- 0..* RelatedArtifact The artifact related to the cited artifact --></relatesTo>
  <publicationForm>  <!-- 0..* If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations -->
   <publishedIn>  <!-- 0..1 The collection the cited article or artifact is published in -->
    <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book) --></type>
    <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN --></identifier>
    <title value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Name of the database or title of the book or journal -->
    <publisher><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) Name of the publisher --></publisher>
    <publisherLocation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Geographic location of the publisher -->
   </publishedIn>
   <periodicRelease>  <!-- 0..1 The specific issue in which the cited article resides -->
    <citedMedium><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Internet or Print --></citedMedium>
    <volume value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Volume number of journal in which the article is published -->
    <issue value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published -->
    <dateOfPublication>  <!-- 0..1 Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <date value="[date]"/><!-- 0..1 Date on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <year value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Year on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <month value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Month on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <day value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Day on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <season value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Season on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <text value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published -->
    </dateOfPublication>
   </periodicRelease>
   <articleDate value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 The date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released -->
   <lastRevisionDate value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 The date the article was last revised or updated in the database -->
   <language><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Language in which this form of the article is published --></language>
   <accessionNumber value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a database -->
   <pageString value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for full display of pagination -->
   <firstPage value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for isolated representation of first page -->
   <lastPage value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for isolated representation of last page -->
   <pageCount value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Number of pages or screens -->
   <copyright value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Copyright notice for the full article or artifact -->
  </publicationForm>
  <webLocation>  <!-- 0..* Used for any URL for the article or artifact cited -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Code the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text --></type>
   <url value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..1 The specific URL -->
  </webLocation>
  <classification>  <!-- 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword) --></type>
   <classifier><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The specific classification value --></classifier>
   <whoClassified>  <!-- 0..1 Provenance and copyright of classification -->
    <person><!-- 0..1 Reference(Person|Practitioner) Person who created the classification --></person>
    <organization><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) Organization who created the classification --></organization>
    <publisher><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited --></publisher>
    <classifierCopyright value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Rights management statement for the classification -->
    <freeToShare value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Acceptable to re-use the classification -->
   </whoClassified>
  </classification>
  <contributorship>  <!-- 0..1 Attribution of authors and other contributors -->
   <complete value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Indicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors -->
   <entry>  <!-- 0..* An individual entity named in the list -->
    <name><!-- 0..1 HumanName A name associated with the person --></name>
    <initials value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Initials for forename -->
    <collectiveName value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for collective or corporate name as an author -->
    <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Author identifier, eg ORCID --></identifier>
    <affiliationInfo>  <!-- 0..* Organizational affiliation -->
     <affiliation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Display for the organization -->
     <role value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Role within the organization, such as professional title -->
     <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Identifier for the organization --></identifier>
    </affiliationInfo>
    <address><!-- 0..* Address Physical mailing address --></address>
    <telecom><!-- 0..* ContactPoint Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor --></telecom>
    <contributionType><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The specific contribution --></contributionType>
    <role><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer) --></role>
    <contributionInstance>  <!-- 0..* Contributions with accounting for time or number -->
     <type><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept The specific contribution --></type>
     <time value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 The time that the contribution was made -->
    </contributionInstance>
    <correspondingContact value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role -->
    <rankingOrder value="[positiveInt]"/><!-- 0..1 Ranked order of contribution -->
   </entry>
   <summary>  <!-- 0..* Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member -->
    <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Either authorList or contributorshipStatement --></type>
    <style><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The format for the display string --></style>
    <source><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display string --></source>
    <value value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement -->
   </summary>
  </contributorship>
  <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Any additional information or content for the article or artifact --></note>
 </citedArtifact>
</Citation>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "Citation",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  "url" : "<uri>", // Canonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Identifier for the Citation resource itself
  "version" : "<string>", // Business version of the citation
  "name" : "<string>", // C? Name for this citation (computer friendly)
  "title" : "<string>", // Name for this citation (human friendly)
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  draft | active | retired | unknown
  "experimental" : <boolean>, // For testing purposes, not real usage
  "date" : "<dateTime>", // Date last changed
  "publisher" : "<string>", // The publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
  "contact" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Contact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource
  "description" : "<markdown>", // Natural language description of the citation
  "useContext" : [{ UsageContext }], // The context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support
  "jurisdiction" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Intended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable)
  "purpose" : "<markdown>", // Why this citation is defined
  "copyright" : "<markdown>", // Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact
  "approvalDate" : "<date>", // When the citation was approved by publisher
  "lastReviewDate" : "<date>", // When the citation was last reviewed
  "effectivePeriod" : { Period }, // When the citation is expected to be used
  "author" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who authored the Citation
  "editor" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who edited the Citation
  "reviewer" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who reviewed the Citation
  "endorser" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who endorsed the Citation
  "summary" : [{ // A human-readable display of the citation
    "style" : { CodeableConcept }, // Format for display of the citation
    "text" : "<markdown>" // R!  The human-readable display of the citation
  }],
  "classification" : [{ // The assignment to an organizing scheme
    "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
    "classifier" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // The specific classification value
  }],
  "note" : [{ Annotation }], // Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere
  "currentState" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The status of the citation
  "statusDate" : [{ // An effective date or period for a status of the citation
    "activity" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Classification of the status
    "actual" : <boolean>, // Either occurred or expected
    "period" : { Period } // R!  When the status started and/or ended
  }],
  "relatesTo" : [{ RelatedArtifact }], // Artifact related to the Citation Resource
  "citedArtifact" : { // The article or artifact being described
    "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // May include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc.
    "relatedIdentifier" : [{ Identifier }], // May include trial registry identifiers
    "dateAccessed" : "<dateTime>", // When the cited artifact was accessed
    "version" : { // The defined version of the cited artifact
      "value" : "<string>", // R!  The version number or other version identifier
      "baseCitation" : { Reference(Citation) } // Citation for the main version of the cited artifact
    },
    "currentState" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The status of the cited artifact
    "statusDate" : [{ // An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact
      "activity" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Classification of the status
      "actual" : <boolean>, // Either occurred or expected
      "period" : { Period } // R!  When the status started and/or ended
    }],
    "title" : [{ // The title details of the article or artifact
      "type" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The kind of title
      "language" : { CodeableConcept }, // Used to express the specific language
      "text" : "<markdown>" // R!  The title of the article or artifact
    }],
    "abstract" : [{ // Summary of the article or artifact
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of abstract
      "language" : { CodeableConcept }, // Used to express the specific language
      "text" : "<markdown>", // R!  Abstract content
      "copyright" : "<markdown>" // Copyright notice for the abstract
    }],
    "part" : { // The component of the article or artifact
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of component
      "value" : "<string>", // The specification of the component
      "baseCitation" : { Reference(Citation) } // The citation for the full article or artifact
    },
    "relatesTo" : [{ RelatedArtifact }], // The artifact related to the cited artifact
    "publicationForm" : [{ // If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations
      "publishedIn" : { // The collection the cited article or artifact is published in
        "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // Kind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)
        "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN
        "title" : "<string>", // Name of the database or title of the book or journal
        "publisher" : { Reference(Organization) }, // Name of the publisher
        "publisherLocation" : "<string>" // Geographic location of the publisher
      },
      "periodicRelease" : { // The specific issue in which the cited article resides
        "citedMedium" : { CodeableConcept }, // Internet or Print
        "volume" : "<string>", // Volume number of journal in which the article is published
        "issue" : "<string>", // Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published
        "dateOfPublication" : { // Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was published
          "date" : "<date>", // Date on which the issue of the journal was published
          "year" : "<string>", // Year on which the issue of the journal was published
          "month" : "<string>", // Month on which the issue of the journal was published
          "day" : "<string>", // Day on which the issue of the journal was published
          "season" : "<string>", // Season on which the issue of the journal was published
          "text" : "<string>" // Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published
        }
      },
      "articleDate" : "<dateTime>", // The date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released
      "lastRevisionDate" : "<dateTime>", // The date the article was last revised or updated in the database
      "language" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Language in which this form of the article is published
      "accessionNumber" : "<string>", // Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a database
      "pageString" : "<string>", // Used for full display of pagination
      "firstPage" : "<string>", // Used for isolated representation of first page
      "lastPage" : "<string>", // Used for isolated representation of last page
      "pageCount" : "<string>", // Number of pages or screens
      "copyright" : "<markdown>" // Copyright notice for the full article or artifact
    }],
    "webLocation" : [{ // Used for any URL for the article or artifact cited
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // Code the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text
      "url" : "<uri>" // The specific URL
    }],
    "classification" : [{ // The assignment to an organizing scheme
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
      "classifier" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The specific classification value
      "whoClassified" : { // Provenance and copyright of classification
        "person" : { Reference(Person|Practitioner) }, // Person who created the classification
        "organization" : { Reference(Organization) }, // Organization who created the classification
        "publisher" : { Reference(Organization) }, // The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
        "classifierCopyright" : "<string>", // Rights management statement for the classification
        "freeToShare" : <boolean> // Acceptable to re-use the classification
      }
    }],
    "contributorship" : { // Attribution of authors and other contributors
      "complete" : <boolean>, // Indicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors
      "entry" : [{ // An individual entity named in the list
        "name" : { HumanName }, // A name associated with the person
        "initials" : "<string>", // Initials for forename
        "collectiveName" : "<string>", // Used for collective or corporate name as an author
        "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Author identifier, eg ORCID
        "affiliationInfo" : [{ // Organizational affiliation
          "affiliation" : "<string>", // Display for the organization
          "role" : "<string>", // Role within the organization, such as professional title
          "identifier" : [{ Identifier }] // Identifier for the organization
        }],
        "address" : [{ Address }], // Physical mailing address
        "telecom" : [{ ContactPoint }], // Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor
        "contributionType" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The specific contribution
        "role" : { CodeableConcept }, // The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)
        "contributionInstance" : [{ // Contributions with accounting for time or number
          "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  The specific contribution
          "time" : "<dateTime>" // The time that the contribution was made
        }],
        "correspondingContact" : <boolean>, // Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role
        "rankingOrder" : "<positiveInt>" // Ranked order of contribution
      }],
      "summary" : [{ // Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member
        "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // Either authorList or contributorshipStatement
        "style" : { CodeableConcept }, // The format for the display string
        "source" : { CodeableConcept }, // Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display string
        "value" : "<markdown>" // R!  The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement
      }]
    },
    "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Any additional information or content for the article or artifact
  }
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:Citation;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  fhir:Citation.url [ uri ]; # 0..1 Canonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI
  fhir:Citation.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Identifier for the Citation resource itself
  fhir:Citation.version [ string ]; # 0..1 Business version of the citation
  fhir:Citation.name [ string ]; # 0..1 Name for this citation (computer friendly)
  fhir:Citation.title [ string ]; # 0..1 Name for this citation (human friendly)
  fhir:Citation.status [ code ]; # 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown
  fhir:Citation.experimental [ boolean ]; # 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage
  fhir:Citation.date [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 Date last changed
  fhir:Citation.publisher [ string ]; # 0..1 The publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
  fhir:Citation.contact [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Contact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource
  fhir:Citation.description [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Natural language description of the citation
  fhir:Citation.useContext [ UsageContext ], ... ; # 0..* The context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support
  fhir:Citation.jurisdiction [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Intended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable)
  fhir:Citation.purpose [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Why this citation is defined
  fhir:Citation.copyright [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact
  fhir:Citation.approvalDate [ date ]; # 0..1 When the citation was approved by publisher
  fhir:Citation.lastReviewDate [ date ]; # 0..1 When the citation was last reviewed
  fhir:Citation.effectivePeriod [ Period ]; # 0..1 When the citation is expected to be used
  fhir:Citation.author [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who authored the Citation
  fhir:Citation.editor [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who edited the Citation
  fhir:Citation.reviewer [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who reviewed the Citation
  fhir:Citation.endorser [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who endorsed the Citation
  fhir:Citation.summary [ # 0..* A human-readable display of the citation
    fhir:Citation.summary.style [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Format for display of the citation
    fhir:Citation.summary.text [ markdown ]; # 1..1 The human-readable display of the citation
  ], ...;
  fhir:Citation.classification [ # 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme
    fhir:Citation.classification.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
    fhir:Citation.classification.classifier [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The specific classification value
  ], ...;
  fhir:Citation.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere
  fhir:Citation.currentState [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The status of the citation
  fhir:Citation.statusDate [ # 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the citation
    fhir:Citation.statusDate.activity [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Classification of the status
    fhir:Citation.statusDate.actual [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Either occurred or expected
    fhir:Citation.statusDate.period [ Period ]; # 1..1 When the status started and/or ended
  ], ...;
  fhir:Citation.relatesTo [ RelatedArtifact ], ... ; # 0..* Artifact related to the Citation Resource
  fhir:Citation.citedArtifact [ # 0..1 The article or artifact being described
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* May include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc.
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.relatedIdentifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* May include trial registry identifiers
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.dateAccessed [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 When the cited artifact was accessed
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.version [ # 0..1 The defined version of the cited artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.version.value [ string ]; # 1..1 The version number or other version identifier
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.version.baseCitation [ Reference(Citation) ]; # 0..1 Citation for the main version of the cited artifact
    ];
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.currentState [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The status of the cited artifact
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate [ # 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate.activity [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Classification of the status
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate.actual [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Either occurred or expected
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate.period [ Period ]; # 1..1 When the status started and/or ended
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title [ # 0..* The title details of the article or artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title.type [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The kind of title
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title.language [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Used to express the specific language
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title.text [ markdown ]; # 1..1 The title of the article or artifact
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract [ # 0..* Summary of the article or artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of abstract
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.language [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Used to express the specific language
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.text [ markdown ]; # 1..1 Abstract content
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.copyright [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Copyright notice for the abstract
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part [ # 0..1 The component of the article or artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of component
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part.value [ string ]; # 0..1 The specification of the component
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part.baseCitation [ Reference(Citation) ]; # 0..1 The citation for the full article or artifact
    ];
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.relatesTo [ RelatedArtifact ], ... ; # 0..* The artifact related to the cited artifact
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm [ # 0..* If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn [ # 0..1 The collection the cited article or artifact is published in
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.title [ string ]; # 0..1 Name of the database or title of the book or journal
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.publisher [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 Name of the publisher
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.publisherLocation [ string ]; # 0..1 Geographic location of the publisher
      ];
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease [ # 0..1 The specific issue in which the cited article resides
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.citedMedium [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Internet or Print
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.volume [ string ]; # 0..1 Volume number of journal in which the article is published
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.issue [ string ]; # 0..1 Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication [ # 0..1 Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.date [ date ]; # 0..1 Date on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.year [ string ]; # 0..1 Year on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.month [ string ]; # 0..1 Month on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.day [ string ]; # 0..1 Day on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.season [ string ]; # 0..1 Season on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.text [ string ]; # 0..1 Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published
        ];
      ];
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.articleDate [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 The date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.lastRevisionDate [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 The date the article was last revised or updated in the database
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.language [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Language in which this form of the article is published
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.accessionNumber [ string ]; # 0..1 Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a database
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.pageString [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for full display of pagination
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.firstPage [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for isolated representation of first page
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.lastPage [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for isolated representation of last page
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.pageCount [ string ]; # 0..1 Number of pages or screens
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.copyright [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Copyright notice for the full article or artifact
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.webLocation [ # 0..* Used for any URL for the article or artifact cited
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.webLocation.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Code the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.webLocation.url [ uri ]; # 0..1 The specific URL
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification [ # 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.classifier [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The specific classification value
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified [ # 0..1 Provenance and copyright of classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.person [ Reference(Person|Practitioner) ]; # 0..1 Person who created the classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.organization [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 Organization who created the classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.publisher [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.classifierCopyright [ string ]; # 0..1 Rights management statement for the classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.freeToShare [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Acceptable to re-use the classification
      ];
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship [ # 0..1 Attribution of authors and other contributors
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.complete [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Indicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry [ # 0..* An individual entity named in the list
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.name [ HumanName ]; # 0..1 A name associated with the person
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.initials [ string ]; # 0..1 Initials for forename
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.collectiveName [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for collective or corporate name as an author
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Author identifier, eg ORCID
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo [ # 0..* Organizational affiliation
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo.affiliation [ string ]; # 0..1 Display for the organization
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo.role [ string ]; # 0..1 Role within the organization, such as professional title
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Identifier for the organization
        ], ...;
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.address [ Address ], ... ; # 0..* Physical mailing address
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.telecom [ ContactPoint ], ... ; # 0..* Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionType [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The specific contribution
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.role [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionInstance [ # 0..* Contributions with accounting for time or number
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionInstance.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 The specific contribution
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionInstance.time [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 The time that the contribution was made
        ], ...;
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.correspondingContact [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.rankingOrder [ positiveInt ]; # 0..1 Ranked order of contribution
      ], ...;
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary [ # 0..* Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Either authorList or contributorshipStatement
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.style [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The format for the display string
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.source [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display string
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.value [ markdown ]; # 1..1 The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement
      ], ...;
    ];
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Any additional information or content for the article or artifact
  ];
]

Changes since R3

This resource did not exist in Release 2

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Citation TUMetadataResourceA description of identification, location, or contributorship of a publication (article or artifact)
+ Warning: Name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension, url, identifier, version, name, title, status, experimental, date, publisher, contact, description, useContext, jurisdiction, purpose, copyright, approvalDate, lastReviewDate, effectivePeriod, topic, author, editor, reviewer, endorser, relatedArtifact
... url Σ0..1uriCanonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierIdentifier for the Citation resource itself
... version Σ0..1stringBusiness version of the citation
... name ΣI0..1stringName for this citation (computer friendly)
... title Σ0..1stringName for this citation (human friendly)
... status ?!Σ1..1codedraft | active | retired | unknown
PublicationStatus (Required)
... experimental Σ0..1booleanFor testing purposes, not real usage
... date Σ0..1dateTimeDate last changed
... publisher Σ0..1stringThe publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
... contact Σ0..*ContactDetailContact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource
... description 0..1markdownNatural language description of the citation
... useContext Σ0..*UsageContextThe context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support
... jurisdiction Σ0..*CodeableConceptIntended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable)
Jurisdiction (Extensible)
... purpose 0..1markdownWhy this citation is defined
... copyright 0..1markdownUse and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact
... approvalDate 0..1dateWhen the citation was approved by publisher
... lastReviewDate 0..1dateWhen the citation was last reviewed
... effectivePeriod Σ0..1PeriodWhen the citation is expected to be used
... author 0..*ContactDetailWho authored the Citation
... editor 0..*ContactDetailWho edited the Citation
... reviewer 0..*ContactDetailWho reviewed the Citation
... endorser 0..*ContactDetailWho endorsed the Citation
... summary 0..*BackboneElementA human-readable display of the citation
.... style 0..1CodeableConceptFormat for display of the citation
CitationSummaryStyle (Extensible)
.... text Σ1..1markdownThe human-readable display of the citation
... classification 0..*BackboneElementThe assignment to an organizing scheme
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
CitationClassificationType (Extensible)
.... classifier 0..*CodeableConceptThe specific classification value
CitationArtifactClassifier (Example)
... note 0..*AnnotationUsed for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere
... currentState 0..*CodeableConceptThe status of the citation
CitationStatusType (Example)
... statusDate 0..*BackboneElementAn effective date or period for a status of the citation
.... activity 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of the status
CitationStatusType (Example)
.... actual 0..1booleanEither occurred or expected
.... period 1..1PeriodWhen the status started and/or ended
... relatesTo 0..*RelatedArtifactArtifact related to the Citation Resource
... citedArtifact 0..1BackboneElementThe article or artifact being described
.... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierMay include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc.
.... relatedIdentifier Σ0..*IdentifierMay include trial registry identifiers
.... dateAccessed Σ0..1dateTimeWhen the cited artifact was accessed
.... version 0..1BackboneElementThe defined version of the cited artifact
..... value 1..1stringThe version number or other version identifier
..... baseCitation 0..1Reference(Citation)Citation for the main version of the cited artifact
.... currentState 0..*CodeableConceptThe status of the cited artifact
CitedArtifactStatusType (Extensible)
.... statusDate 0..*BackboneElementAn effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact
..... activity 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of the status
CitedArtifactStatusType (Extensible)
..... actual 0..1booleanEither occurred or expected
..... period 1..1PeriodWhen the status started and/or ended
.... title 0..*BackboneElementThe title details of the article or artifact
..... type 0..*CodeableConceptThe kind of title
TitleType (Extensible)
..... language 0..1CodeableConceptUsed to express the specific language
Common Languages (Preferred)
..... text 1..1markdownThe title of the article or artifact
.... abstract 0..*BackboneElementSummary of the article or artifact
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of abstract
CitedArtifactAbstractType (Extensible)
..... language 0..1CodeableConceptUsed to express the specific language
Common Languages (Preferred)
..... text 1..1markdownAbstract content
..... copyright 0..1markdownCopyright notice for the abstract
.... part 0..1BackboneElementThe component of the article or artifact
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of component
CitedArtifactPartType (Extensible)
..... value 0..1stringThe specification of the component
..... baseCitation 0..1Reference(Citation)The citation for the full article or artifact
.... relatesTo 0..*RelatedArtifactThe artifact related to the cited artifact
.... publicationForm 0..*BackboneElementIf multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations
..... publishedIn 0..1BackboneElementThe collection the cited article or artifact is published in
...... type 0..1CodeableConceptKind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)
PublishedInType (Extensible)
...... identifier 0..*IdentifierJournal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN
...... title 0..1stringName of the database or title of the book or journal
...... publisher 0..1Reference(Organization)Name of the publisher
...... publisherLocation 0..1stringGeographic location of the publisher
..... periodicRelease 0..1BackboneElementThe specific issue in which the cited article resides
...... citedMedium 0..1CodeableConceptInternet or Print
CitedMedium (Extensible)
...... volume 0..1stringVolume number of journal in which the article is published
...... issue 0..1stringIssue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published
...... dateOfPublication 0..1BackboneElementDefining the date on which the issue of the journal was published
....... date 0..1dateDate on which the issue of the journal was published
....... year 0..1stringYear on which the issue of the journal was published
....... month 0..1stringMonth on which the issue of the journal was published
....... day 0..1stringDay on which the issue of the journal was published
....... season 0..1stringSeason on which the issue of the journal was published
....... text 0..1stringText representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published
..... articleDate 0..1dateTimeThe date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released
..... lastRevisionDate 0..1dateTimeThe date the article was last revised or updated in the database
..... language 0..*CodeableConceptLanguage in which this form of the article is published
Common Languages (Preferred)
..... accessionNumber 0..1stringEntry number or identifier for inclusion in a database
..... pageString 0..1stringUsed for full display of pagination
..... firstPage 0..1stringUsed for isolated representation of first page
..... lastPage 0..1stringUsed for isolated representation of last page
..... pageCount 0..1stringNumber of pages or screens
..... copyright 0..1markdownCopyright notice for the full article or artifact
.... webLocation 0..*BackboneElementUsed for any URL for the article or artifact cited
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptCode the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text
ArticleUrlType (Extensible)
..... url 0..1uriThe specific URL
.... classification 0..*BackboneElementThe assignment to an organizing scheme
..... type 0..1CodeableConceptThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
CitedArtifactClassificationType (Extensible)
..... classifier 0..*CodeableConceptThe specific classification value
CitationArtifactClassifier (Example)
..... whoClassified 0..1BackboneElementProvenance and copyright of classification
...... person 0..1Reference(Person | Practitioner)Person who created the classification
...... organization 0..1Reference(Organization)Organization who created the classification
...... publisher 0..1Reference(Organization)The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
...... classifierCopyright 0..1stringRights management statement for the classification
...... freeToShare 0..1booleanAcceptable to re-use the classification
.... contributorship 0..1BackboneElementAttribution of authors and other contributors
..... complete 0..1booleanIndicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors
..... entry 0..*BackboneElementAn individual entity named in the list
...... name 0..1HumanNameA name associated with the person
...... initials 0..1stringInitials for forename
...... collectiveName 0..1stringUsed for collective or corporate name as an author
...... identifier 0..*IdentifierAuthor identifier, eg ORCID
...... affiliationInfo 0..*BackboneElementOrganizational affiliation
....... affiliation 0..1stringDisplay for the organization
....... role 0..1stringRole within the organization, such as professional title
....... identifier 0..*IdentifierIdentifier for the organization
...... address 0..*AddressPhysical mailing address
...... telecom 0..*ContactPointEmail or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor
...... contributionType 0..*CodeableConceptThe specific contribution
ArtifactContributionType (Extensible)
...... role 0..1CodeableConceptThe role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)
ContributorRole (Extensible)
...... contributionInstance 0..*BackboneElementContributions with accounting for time or number
....... type 1..1CodeableConceptThe specific contribution
ArtifactContributionInstanceType (Extensible)
....... time 0..1dateTimeThe time that the contribution was made
...... correspondingContact 0..1booleanIndication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role
...... rankingOrder 0..1positiveIntRanked order of contribution
..... summary 0..*BackboneElementUsed to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member
...... type 0..1CodeableConceptEither authorList or contributorshipStatement
ContributorSummaryType (Extensible)
...... style 0..1CodeableConceptThe format for the display string
ContributorSummaryStyle (Extensible)
...... source 0..1CodeableConceptUsed to code the producer or rule for creating the display string
ContributorSummarySource (Extensible)
...... value 1..1markdownThe display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement
.... note 0..*AnnotationAny additional information or content for the article or artifact

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

Citation (MetadataResource)An absolute URI that is used to identify this citation when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance; also called its canonical identifier. This SHOULD be globally unique and SHOULD be a literal address at which at which an authoritative instance of this summary is (or will be) published. This URL can be the target of a canonical reference. It SHALL remain the same when the summary is stored on different serversurl : uri [0..1]A formal identifier that is used to identify this citation when it is represented in other formats, or referenced in a specification, model, design or an instanceidentifier : Identifier [0..*]The identifier that is used to identify this version of the citation when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the citation author and is not expected to be globally unique. For example, it might be a timestamp (e.g. yyyymmdd) if a managed version is not available. There is also no expectation that versions can be placed in a lexicographical sequenceversion : string [0..1]A natural language name identifying the citation. This name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generationname : string [0..1]A short, descriptive, user-friendly title for the citationtitle : string [0..1]The status of this summary. Enables tracking the life-cycle of the content (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « null (Strength=Required)PublicationStatus! »A Boolean value to indicate that this citation is authored for testing purposes (or education/evaluation/marketing) and is not intended to be used for genuine usageexperimental : boolean [0..1]The date (and optionally time) when the citation was published. The date must change when the business version changes and it must change if the status code changes. In addition, it should change when the substantive content of the citation changesdate : dateTime [0..1]The name of the organization or individual that published the citationpublisher : string [0..1]Contact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publishercontact : ContactDetail [0..*]A free text natural language description of the citation from a consumer's perspectivedescription : markdown [0..1]The content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These contexts may be general categories (gender, age, ...) or may be references to specific programs (insurance plans, studies, ...) and may be used to assist with indexing and searching for appropriate citation instancesuseContext : UsageContext [0..*]A legal or geographic region in which the citation is intended to be usedjurisdiction : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)Jurisdiction ValueSet+ »Explanation of why this citation is needed and why it has been designed as it haspurpose : markdown [0..1]Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifactcopyright : markdown [0..1]The date on which the resource content was approved by the publisher. Approval happens once when the content is officially approved for usageapprovalDate : date [0..1]The date on which the resource content was last reviewed. Review happens periodically after approval but does not change the original approval datelastReviewDate : date [0..1]The period during which the citation content was or is planned to be in active useeffectivePeriod : Period [0..1]Who authored the Citationauthor : ContactDetail [0..*]Who edited the Citationeditor : ContactDetail [0..*]Who reviewed the Citationreviewer : ContactDetail [0..*]Who endorsed the Citationendorser : ContactDetail [0..*]Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewherenote : Annotation [0..*]The status of the citationcurrentState : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)CitationStatusType?? »Artifact related to the Citation ResourcerelatesTo : RelatedArtifact [0..*]SummaryFormat for display of the citationstyle : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitationSummaryStyle+ »The human-readable display of the citationtext : markdown [1..1]ClassificationThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)type : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitationClassificationType+ »The specific classification valueclassifier : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)CitationArtifactClassifier?? »StatusDateClassification of the statusactivity : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Example)CitationStatusType?? »Either occurred or expectedactual : boolean [0..1]When the status started and/or endedperiod : Period [1..1]CitedArtifactA formal identifier that is used to identify this citation when it is represented in other formats, or referenced in a specification, model, design or an instanceidentifier : Identifier [0..*]A formal identifier that is used to identify things closely related to this citationrelatedIdentifier : Identifier [0..*]When the cited artifact was accesseddateAccessed : dateTime [0..1]The status of the cited artifactcurrentState : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactStatusType+ »The artifact related to the cited artifactrelatesTo : RelatedArtifact [0..*]Any additional information or content for the article or artifactnote : Annotation [0..*]VersionThe version number or other version identifiervalue : string [1..1]Citation for the main version of the cited artifactbaseCitation : Reference [0..1] « Citation »StatusDateClassification of the statusactivity : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactStatusType+ »Either occurred or expectedactual : boolean [0..1]When the status started and/or endedperiod : Period [1..1]TitleUsed to express the reason or specific aspect for the titletype : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)TitleType+ »Used to express the specific languagelanguage : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A human language. (Strength=Preferred)CommonLanguages? »The title of the article or artifacttext : markdown [1..1]AbstractUsed to express the reason or specific aspect for the abstracttype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactAbstractType+ »Used to express the specific languagelanguage : CodeableConcept [0..1] « A human language. (Strength=Preferred)CommonLanguages? »Abstract contenttext : markdown [1..1]Copyright notice for the abstractcopyright : markdown [0..1]PartThe kind of componenttype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactPartType+ »The specification of the componentvalue : string [0..1]The citation for the full article or artifactbaseCitation : Reference [0..1] « Citation »PublicationFormThe date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released (which may differ from the journal issue publication date)articleDate : dateTime [0..1]The date the article was last revised or updated in the databaselastRevisionDate : dateTime [0..1]Language in which this form of the article is publishedlanguage : CodeableConcept [0..*] « A human language. (Strength=Preferred)CommonLanguages? »Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a databaseaccessionNumber : string [0..1]Used for full display of paginationpageString : string [0..1]Used for isolated representation of first pagefirstPage : string [0..1]Used for isolated representation of last pagelastPage : string [0..1]Actual or approximate number of pages or screenspageCount : string [0..1]Copyright notice for the full article or artifactcopyright : markdown [0..1]PublishedInKind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)type : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)PublishedInType+ »Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBNidentifier : Identifier [0..*]Name of the database or title of the book or journaltitle : string [0..1]Name of the publisherpublisher : Reference [0..1] « Organization »Geographic location of the publisherpublisherLocation : string [0..1]PeriodicReleaseDescribes the form of the medium cited. Common codes are "Internet" or "Print"citedMedium : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedMedium+ »Volume number of journal in which the article is publishedvolume : string [0..1]Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is publishedissue : string [0..1]DateOfPublicationDate on which the issue of the journal was publisheddate : date [0..1]Year on which the issue of the journal was publishedyear : string [0..1]Month on which the issue of the journal was publishedmonth : string [0..1]Day on which the issue of the journal was publishedday : string [0..1]Spring, Summer, Fall/Autumn, Winterseason : string [0..1]Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was publishedtext : string [0..1]WebLocationCode the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-texttype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ArticleUrlType+ »The specific URLurl : uri [0..1]ClassificationThe kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)type : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)CitedArtifactClassificationTy...+ »The specific classification valueclassifier : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Example)CitationArtifactClassifier?? »WhoClassifiedPerson who created the classificationperson : Reference [0..1] « Person|Practitioner »Organization who created the classificationorganization : Reference [0..1] « Organization »The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being citedpublisher : Reference [0..1] « Organization »Rights management statement for the classificationclassifierCopyright : string [0..1]Acceptable to re-use the classificationfreeToShare : boolean [0..1]ContributorshipIndicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributorscomplete : boolean [0..1]EntryA name associated with the individualname : HumanName [0..1]Initials for forenameinitials : string [0..1]Used for collective or corporate name as an authorcollectiveName : string [0..1]Unique person identifieridentifier : Identifier [0..*]Physical mailing address for the author or contributoraddress : Address [0..*]Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributortelecom : ContactPoint [0..*]This element identifies the specific nature of an individual’s contribution with respect to the cited workcontributionType : CodeableConcept [0..*] « null (Strength=Extensible)ArtifactContributionType+ »The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)role : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorRole+ »Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the rolecorrespondingContact : boolean [0..1]Provides a numerical ranking to represent the degree of contributorship relative to other contributors, such as 1 for first author and 2 for second authorrankingOrder : positiveInt [0..1]AffiliationInfoDisplay for the organizationaffiliation : string [0..1]Role within the organization, such as professional titlerole : string [0..1]Identifier for the organizationidentifier : Identifier [0..*]ContributionInstanceThe specific contributiontype : CodeableConcept [1..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ArtifactContributionInstanceT...+ »The time that the contribution was madetime : dateTime [0..1]SummaryUsed most commonly to express an author list or a contributorship statementtype : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorSummaryType+ »The format for the display stringstyle : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorSummaryStyle+ »Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display stringsource : CodeableConcept [0..1] « null (Strength=Extensible)ContributorSummarySource+ »The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statementvalue : markdown [1..1]A human-readable display of the citationsummary[0..*]The assignment to an organizing schemeclassification[0..*]An effective date or period for a status of the citationstatusDate[0..*]The defined version of the cited artifactversion[0..1]An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifactstatusDate[0..*]The title details of the article or artifacttitle[0..*]Summary of the article or artifactabstract[0..*]The component of the article or artifactpart[0..1]The collection the cited article or artifact is published inpublishedIn[0..1]Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was publisheddateOfPublication[0..1]The specific issue in which the cited article residesperiodicRelease[0..1]If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citationspublicationForm[0..*]Used for any URL for the article or artifact citedwebLocation[0..*]Provenance and copyright of classificationwhoClassified[0..1]The assignment to an organizing schemeclassification[0..*]Organization affiliated with the entityaffiliationInfo[0..*]Contributions with accounting for time or numbercontributionInstance[0..*]An individual entity named in the author list or contributor listentry[0..*]Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list membersummary[0..*]This element is used to list authors and other contributors, their contact information, specific contributions, and summary statementscontributorship[0..1]The article or artifact being describedcitedArtifact[0..1]

XML Template

<Citation xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <url value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..1 Canonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Identifier for the Citation resource itself --></identifier>
 <version value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Business version of the citation -->
 <name value="[string]"/><!-- ?? 0..1 Name for this citation (computer friendly) -->
 <title value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Name for this citation (human friendly) -->
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown -->
 <experimental value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage -->
 <date value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 Date last changed -->
 <publisher value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 The publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited -->
 <contact><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Contact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource --></contact>
 <description value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Natural language description of the citation -->
 <useContext><!-- 0..* UsageContext The context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support --></useContext>
 <jurisdiction><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Intended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable) --></jurisdiction>
 <purpose value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Why this citation is defined -->
 <copyright value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact -->
 <approvalDate value="[date]"/><!-- 0..1 When the citation was approved by publisher -->
 <lastReviewDate value="[date]"/><!-- 0..1 When the citation was last reviewed -->
 <effectivePeriod><!-- 0..1 Period When the citation is expected to be used --></effectivePeriod>
 <author><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who authored the Citation --></author>
 <editor><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who edited the Citation --></editor>
 <reviewer><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who reviewed the Citation --></reviewer>
 <endorser><!-- 0..* ContactDetail Who endorsed the Citation --></endorser>
 <summary>  <!-- 0..* A human-readable display of the citation -->
  <style><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Format for display of the citation --></style>
  <text value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 The human-readable display of the citation -->
 </summary>
 <classification>  <!-- 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme -->
  <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword) --></type>
  <classifier><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The specific classification value --></classifier>
 </classification>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere --></note>
 <currentState><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The status of the citation --></currentState>
 <statusDate>  <!-- 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the citation -->
  <activity><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Classification of the status --></activity>
  <actual value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Either occurred or expected -->
  <period><!-- 1..1 Period When the status started and/or ended --></period>
 </statusDate>
 <relatesTo><!-- 0..* RelatedArtifact Artifact related to the Citation Resource --></relatesTo>
 <citedArtifact>  <!-- 0..1 The article or artifact being described -->
  <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier May include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc. --></identifier>
  <relatedIdentifier><!-- 0..* Identifier May include trial registry identifiers --></relatedIdentifier>
  <dateAccessed value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 When the cited artifact was accessed -->
  <version>  <!-- 0..1 The defined version of the cited artifact -->
   <value value="[string]"/><!-- 1..1 The version number or other version identifier -->
   <baseCitation><!-- 0..1 Reference(Citation) Citation for the main version of the cited artifact --></baseCitation>
  </version>
  <currentState><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The status of the cited artifact --></currentState>
  <statusDate>  <!-- 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact -->
   <activity><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept Classification of the status --></activity>
   <actual value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Either occurred or expected -->
   <period><!-- 1..1 Period When the status started and/or ended --></period>
  </statusDate>
  <title>  <!-- 0..* The title details of the article or artifact -->
   <type><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The kind of title --></type>
   <language><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Used to express the specific language --></language>
   <text value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 The title of the article or artifact -->
  </title>
  <abstract>  <!-- 0..* Summary of the article or artifact -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of abstract --></type>
   <language><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Used to express the specific language --></language>
   <text value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 Abstract content -->
   <copyright value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Copyright notice for the abstract -->
  </abstract>
  <part>  <!-- 0..1 The component of the article or artifact -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of component --></type>
   <value value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 The specification of the component -->
   <baseCitation><!-- 0..1 Reference(Citation) The citation for the full article or artifact --></baseCitation>
  </part>
  <relatesTo><!-- 0..* RelatedArtifact The artifact related to the cited artifact --></relatesTo>
  <publicationForm>  <!-- 0..* If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations -->
   <publishedIn>  <!-- 0..1 The collection the cited article or artifact is published in -->
    <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book) --></type>
    <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN --></identifier>
    <title value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Name of the database or title of the book or journal -->
    <publisher><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) Name of the publisher --></publisher>
    <publisherLocation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Geographic location of the publisher -->
   </publishedIn>
   <periodicRelease>  <!-- 0..1 The specific issue in which the cited article resides -->
    <citedMedium><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Internet or Print --></citedMedium>
    <volume value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Volume number of journal in which the article is published -->
    <issue value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published -->
    <dateOfPublication>  <!-- 0..1 Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <date value="[date]"/><!-- 0..1 Date on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <year value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Year on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <month value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Month on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <day value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Day on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <season value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Season on which the issue of the journal was published -->
     <text value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published -->
    </dateOfPublication>
   </periodicRelease>
   <articleDate value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 The date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released -->
   <lastRevisionDate value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 The date the article was last revised or updated in the database -->
   <language><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Language in which this form of the article is published --></language>
   <accessionNumber value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a database -->
   <pageString value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for full display of pagination -->
   <firstPage value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for isolated representation of first page -->
   <lastPage value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for isolated representation of last page -->
   <pageCount value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Number of pages or screens -->
   <copyright value="[markdown]"/><!-- 0..1 Copyright notice for the full article or artifact -->
  </publicationForm>
  <webLocation>  <!-- 0..* Used for any URL for the article or artifact cited -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Code the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text --></type>
   <url value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..1 The specific URL -->
  </webLocation>
  <classification>  <!-- 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme -->
   <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword) --></type>
   <classifier><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The specific classification value --></classifier>
   <whoClassified>  <!-- 0..1 Provenance and copyright of classification -->
    <person><!-- 0..1 Reference(Person|Practitioner) Person who created the classification --></person>
    <organization><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) Organization who created the classification --></organization>
    <publisher><!-- 0..1 Reference(Organization) The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited --></publisher>
    <classifierCopyright value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Rights management statement for the classification -->
    <freeToShare value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Acceptable to re-use the classification -->
   </whoClassified>
  </classification>
  <contributorship>  <!-- 0..1 Attribution of authors and other contributors -->
   <complete value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Indicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors -->
   <entry>  <!-- 0..* An individual entity named in the list -->
    <name><!-- 0..1 HumanName A name associated with the person --></name>
    <initials value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Initials for forename -->
    <collectiveName value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Used for collective or corporate name as an author -->
    <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Author identifier, eg ORCID --></identifier>
    <affiliationInfo>  <!-- 0..* Organizational affiliation -->
     <affiliation value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Display for the organization -->
     <role value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Role within the organization, such as professional title -->
     <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Identifier for the organization --></identifier>
    </affiliationInfo>
    <address><!-- 0..* Address Physical mailing address --></address>
    <telecom><!-- 0..* ContactPoint Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor --></telecom>
    <contributionType><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept The specific contribution --></contributionType>
    <role><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer) --></role>
    <contributionInstance>  <!-- 0..* Contributions with accounting for time or number -->
     <type><!-- 1..1 CodeableConcept The specific contribution --></type>
     <time value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 The time that the contribution was made -->
    </contributionInstance>
    <correspondingContact value="[boolean]"/><!-- 0..1 Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role -->
    <rankingOrder value="[positiveInt]"/><!-- 0..1 Ranked order of contribution -->
   </entry>
   <summary>  <!-- 0..* Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member -->
    <type><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Either authorList or contributorshipStatement --></type>
    <style><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept The format for the display string --></style>
    <source><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display string --></source>
    <value value="[markdown]"/><!-- 1..1 The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement -->
   </summary>
  </contributorship>
  <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Any additional information or content for the article or artifact --></note>
 </citedArtifact>
</Citation>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "Citation",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  "url" : "<uri>", // Canonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Identifier for the Citation resource itself
  "version" : "<string>", // Business version of the citation
  "name" : "<string>", // C? Name for this citation (computer friendly)
  "title" : "<string>", // Name for this citation (human friendly)
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  draft | active | retired | unknown
  "experimental" : <boolean>, // For testing purposes, not real usage
  "date" : "<dateTime>", // Date last changed
  "publisher" : "<string>", // The publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
  "contact" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Contact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource
  "description" : "<markdown>", // Natural language description of the citation
  "useContext" : [{ UsageContext }], // The context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support
  "jurisdiction" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Intended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable)
  "purpose" : "<markdown>", // Why this citation is defined
  "copyright" : "<markdown>", // Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact
  "approvalDate" : "<date>", // When the citation was approved by publisher
  "lastReviewDate" : "<date>", // When the citation was last reviewed
  "effectivePeriod" : { Period }, // When the citation is expected to be used
  "author" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who authored the Citation
  "editor" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who edited the Citation
  "reviewer" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who reviewed the Citation
  "endorser" : [{ ContactDetail }], // Who endorsed the Citation
  "summary" : [{ // A human-readable display of the citation
    "style" : { CodeableConcept }, // Format for display of the citation
    "text" : "<markdown>" // R!  The human-readable display of the citation
  }],
  "classification" : [{ // The assignment to an organizing scheme
    "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
    "classifier" : [{ CodeableConcept }] // The specific classification value
  }],
  "note" : [{ Annotation }], // Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere
  "currentState" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The status of the citation
  "statusDate" : [{ // An effective date or period for a status of the citation
    "activity" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Classification of the status
    "actual" : <boolean>, // Either occurred or expected
    "period" : { Period } // R!  When the status started and/or ended
  }],
  "relatesTo" : [{ RelatedArtifact }], // Artifact related to the Citation Resource
  "citedArtifact" : { // The article or artifact being described
    "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // May include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc.
    "relatedIdentifier" : [{ Identifier }], // May include trial registry identifiers
    "dateAccessed" : "<dateTime>", // When the cited artifact was accessed
    "version" : { // The defined version of the cited artifact
      "value" : "<string>", // R!  The version number or other version identifier
      "baseCitation" : { Reference(Citation) } // Citation for the main version of the cited artifact
    },
    "currentState" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The status of the cited artifact
    "statusDate" : [{ // An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact
      "activity" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  Classification of the status
      "actual" : <boolean>, // Either occurred or expected
      "period" : { Period } // R!  When the status started and/or ended
    }],
    "title" : [{ // The title details of the article or artifact
      "type" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The kind of title
      "language" : { CodeableConcept }, // Used to express the specific language
      "text" : "<markdown>" // R!  The title of the article or artifact
    }],
    "abstract" : [{ // Summary of the article or artifact
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of abstract
      "language" : { CodeableConcept }, // Used to express the specific language
      "text" : "<markdown>", // R!  Abstract content
      "copyright" : "<markdown>" // Copyright notice for the abstract
    }],
    "part" : { // The component of the article or artifact
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of component
      "value" : "<string>", // The specification of the component
      "baseCitation" : { Reference(Citation) } // The citation for the full article or artifact
    },
    "relatesTo" : [{ RelatedArtifact }], // The artifact related to the cited artifact
    "publicationForm" : [{ // If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations
      "publishedIn" : { // The collection the cited article or artifact is published in
        "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // Kind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)
        "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN
        "title" : "<string>", // Name of the database or title of the book or journal
        "publisher" : { Reference(Organization) }, // Name of the publisher
        "publisherLocation" : "<string>" // Geographic location of the publisher
      },
      "periodicRelease" : { // The specific issue in which the cited article resides
        "citedMedium" : { CodeableConcept }, // Internet or Print
        "volume" : "<string>", // Volume number of journal in which the article is published
        "issue" : "<string>", // Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published
        "dateOfPublication" : { // Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was published
          "date" : "<date>", // Date on which the issue of the journal was published
          "year" : "<string>", // Year on which the issue of the journal was published
          "month" : "<string>", // Month on which the issue of the journal was published
          "day" : "<string>", // Day on which the issue of the journal was published
          "season" : "<string>", // Season on which the issue of the journal was published
          "text" : "<string>" // Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published
        }
      },
      "articleDate" : "<dateTime>", // The date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released
      "lastRevisionDate" : "<dateTime>", // The date the article was last revised or updated in the database
      "language" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Language in which this form of the article is published
      "accessionNumber" : "<string>", // Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a database
      "pageString" : "<string>", // Used for full display of pagination
      "firstPage" : "<string>", // Used for isolated representation of first page
      "lastPage" : "<string>", // Used for isolated representation of last page
      "pageCount" : "<string>", // Number of pages or screens
      "copyright" : "<markdown>" // Copyright notice for the full article or artifact
    }],
    "webLocation" : [{ // Used for any URL for the article or artifact cited
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // Code the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text
      "url" : "<uri>" // The specific URL
    }],
    "classification" : [{ // The assignment to an organizing scheme
      "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
      "classifier" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The specific classification value
      "whoClassified" : { // Provenance and copyright of classification
        "person" : { Reference(Person|Practitioner) }, // Person who created the classification
        "organization" : { Reference(Organization) }, // Organization who created the classification
        "publisher" : { Reference(Organization) }, // The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
        "classifierCopyright" : "<string>", // Rights management statement for the classification
        "freeToShare" : <boolean> // Acceptable to re-use the classification
      }
    }],
    "contributorship" : { // Attribution of authors and other contributors
      "complete" : <boolean>, // Indicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors
      "entry" : [{ // An individual entity named in the list
        "name" : { HumanName }, // A name associated with the person
        "initials" : "<string>", // Initials for forename
        "collectiveName" : "<string>", // Used for collective or corporate name as an author
        "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Author identifier, eg ORCID
        "affiliationInfo" : [{ // Organizational affiliation
          "affiliation" : "<string>", // Display for the organization
          "role" : "<string>", // Role within the organization, such as professional title
          "identifier" : [{ Identifier }] // Identifier for the organization
        }],
        "address" : [{ Address }], // Physical mailing address
        "telecom" : [{ ContactPoint }], // Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor
        "contributionType" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // The specific contribution
        "role" : { CodeableConcept }, // The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)
        "contributionInstance" : [{ // Contributions with accounting for time or number
          "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // R!  The specific contribution
          "time" : "<dateTime>" // The time that the contribution was made
        }],
        "correspondingContact" : <boolean>, // Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role
        "rankingOrder" : "<positiveInt>" // Ranked order of contribution
      }],
      "summary" : [{ // Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member
        "type" : { CodeableConcept }, // Either authorList or contributorshipStatement
        "style" : { CodeableConcept }, // The format for the display string
        "source" : { CodeableConcept }, // Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display string
        "value" : "<markdown>" // R!  The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement
      }]
    },
    "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Any additional information or content for the article or artifact
  }
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:Citation;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  fhir:Citation.url [ uri ]; # 0..1 Canonical identifier for this citation, represented as a globally unique URI
  fhir:Citation.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Identifier for the Citation resource itself
  fhir:Citation.version [ string ]; # 0..1 Business version of the citation
  fhir:Citation.name [ string ]; # 0..1 Name for this citation (computer friendly)
  fhir:Citation.title [ string ]; # 0..1 Name for this citation (human friendly)
  fhir:Citation.status [ code ]; # 1..1 draft | active | retired | unknown
  fhir:Citation.experimental [ boolean ]; # 0..1 For testing purposes, not real usage
  fhir:Citation.date [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 Date last changed
  fhir:Citation.publisher [ string ]; # 0..1 The publisher of the Citation, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
  fhir:Citation.contact [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Contact details for the publisher of the Citation Resource
  fhir:Citation.description [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Natural language description of the citation
  fhir:Citation.useContext [ UsageContext ], ... ; # 0..* The context that the Citation Resource content is intended to support
  fhir:Citation.jurisdiction [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Intended jurisdiction for citation (if applicable)
  fhir:Citation.purpose [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Why this citation is defined
  fhir:Citation.copyright [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Use and/or publishing restrictions for the Citation, not for the cited artifact
  fhir:Citation.approvalDate [ date ]; # 0..1 When the citation was approved by publisher
  fhir:Citation.lastReviewDate [ date ]; # 0..1 When the citation was last reviewed
  fhir:Citation.effectivePeriod [ Period ]; # 0..1 When the citation is expected to be used
  fhir:Citation.author [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who authored the Citation
  fhir:Citation.editor [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who edited the Citation
  fhir:Citation.reviewer [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who reviewed the Citation
  fhir:Citation.endorser [ ContactDetail ], ... ; # 0..* Who endorsed the Citation
  fhir:Citation.summary [ # 0..* A human-readable display of the citation
    fhir:Citation.summary.style [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Format for display of the citation
    fhir:Citation.summary.text [ markdown ]; # 1..1 The human-readable display of the citation
  ], ...;
  fhir:Citation.classification [ # 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme
    fhir:Citation.classification.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
    fhir:Citation.classification.classifier [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The specific classification value
  ], ...;
  fhir:Citation.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Used for general notes and annotations not coded elsewhere
  fhir:Citation.currentState [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The status of the citation
  fhir:Citation.statusDate [ # 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the citation
    fhir:Citation.statusDate.activity [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Classification of the status
    fhir:Citation.statusDate.actual [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Either occurred or expected
    fhir:Citation.statusDate.period [ Period ]; # 1..1 When the status started and/or ended
  ], ...;
  fhir:Citation.relatesTo [ RelatedArtifact ], ... ; # 0..* Artifact related to the Citation Resource
  fhir:Citation.citedArtifact [ # 0..1 The article or artifact being described
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* May include DOI, PMID, PMCID, etc.
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.relatedIdentifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* May include trial registry identifiers
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.dateAccessed [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 When the cited artifact was accessed
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.version [ # 0..1 The defined version of the cited artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.version.value [ string ]; # 1..1 The version number or other version identifier
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.version.baseCitation [ Reference(Citation) ]; # 0..1 Citation for the main version of the cited artifact
    ];
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.currentState [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The status of the cited artifact
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate [ # 0..* An effective date or period for a status of the cited artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate.activity [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 Classification of the status
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate.actual [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Either occurred or expected
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate.period [ Period ]; # 1..1 When the status started and/or ended
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title [ # 0..* The title details of the article or artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title.type [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The kind of title
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title.language [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Used to express the specific language
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.title.text [ markdown ]; # 1..1 The title of the article or artifact
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract [ # 0..* Summary of the article or artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of abstract
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.language [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Used to express the specific language
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.text [ markdown ]; # 1..1 Abstract content
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.copyright [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Copyright notice for the abstract
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part [ # 0..1 The component of the article or artifact
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of component
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part.value [ string ]; # 0..1 The specification of the component
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.part.baseCitation [ Reference(Citation) ]; # 0..1 The citation for the full article or artifact
    ];
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.relatesTo [ RelatedArtifact ], ... ; # 0..* The artifact related to the cited artifact
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm [ # 0..* If multiple, used to represent alternative forms of the article that are not separate citations
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn [ # 0..1 The collection the cited article or artifact is published in
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of container (e.g. Periodical, database, or book)
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Journal identifiers include ISSN, ISO Abbreviation and NLMuniqueID; Book identifiers include ISBN
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.title [ string ]; # 0..1 Name of the database or title of the book or journal
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.publisher [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 Name of the publisher
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.publisherLocation [ string ]; # 0..1 Geographic location of the publisher
      ];
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease [ # 0..1 The specific issue in which the cited article resides
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.citedMedium [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Internet or Print
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.volume [ string ]; # 0..1 Volume number of journal in which the article is published
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.issue [ string ]; # 0..1 Issue, part or supplement of journal in which the article is published
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication [ # 0..1 Defining the date on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.date [ date ]; # 0..1 Date on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.year [ string ]; # 0..1 Year on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.month [ string ]; # 0..1 Month on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.day [ string ]; # 0..1 Day on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.season [ string ]; # 0..1 Season on which the issue of the journal was published
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.dateOfPublication.text [ string ]; # 0..1 Text representation of the date of which the issue of the journal was published
        ];
      ];
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.articleDate [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 The date the article was added to the database, or the date the article was released
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.lastRevisionDate [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 The date the article was last revised or updated in the database
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.language [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Language in which this form of the article is published
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.accessionNumber [ string ]; # 0..1 Entry number or identifier for inclusion in a database
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.pageString [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for full display of pagination
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.firstPage [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for isolated representation of first page
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.lastPage [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for isolated representation of last page
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.pageCount [ string ]; # 0..1 Number of pages or screens
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.copyright [ markdown ]; # 0..1 Copyright notice for the full article or artifact
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.webLocation [ # 0..* Used for any URL for the article or artifact cited
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.webLocation.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Code the reason for different URLs, e.g. abstract and full-text
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.webLocation.url [ uri ]; # 0..1 The specific URL
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification [ # 0..* The assignment to an organizing scheme
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The kind of classifier (e.g. publication type, keyword)
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.classifier [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The specific classification value
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified [ # 0..1 Provenance and copyright of classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.person [ Reference(Person|Practitioner) ]; # 0..1 Person who created the classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.organization [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 Organization who created the classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.publisher [ Reference(Organization) ]; # 0..1 The publisher of the classification, not the publisher of the article or artifact being cited
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.classifierCopyright [ string ]; # 0..1 Rights management statement for the classification
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.classification.whoClassified.freeToShare [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Acceptable to re-use the classification
      ];
    ], ...;
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship [ # 0..1 Attribution of authors and other contributors
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.complete [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Indicates if the list includes all authors and/or contributors
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry [ # 0..* An individual entity named in the list
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.name [ HumanName ]; # 0..1 A name associated with the person
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.initials [ string ]; # 0..1 Initials for forename
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.collectiveName [ string ]; # 0..1 Used for collective or corporate name as an author
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Author identifier, eg ORCID
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo [ # 0..* Organizational affiliation
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo.affiliation [ string ]; # 0..1 Display for the organization
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo.role [ string ]; # 0..1 Role within the organization, such as professional title
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.affiliationInfo.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Identifier for the organization
        ], ...;
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.address [ Address ], ... ; # 0..* Physical mailing address
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.telecom [ ContactPoint ], ... ; # 0..* Email or telephone contact methods for the author or contributor
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionType [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* The specific contribution
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.role [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The role of the contributor (e.g. author, editor, reviewer)
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionInstance [ # 0..* Contributions with accounting for time or number
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionInstance.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 1..1 The specific contribution
          fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionInstance.time [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 The time that the contribution was made
        ], ...;
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.correspondingContact [ boolean ]; # 0..1 Indication of which contributor is the corresponding contributor for the role
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.rankingOrder [ positiveInt ]; # 0..1 Ranked order of contribution
      ], ...;
      fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary [ # 0..* Used to record a display of the author/contributor list without separate coding for each list member
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.type [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Either authorList or contributorshipStatement
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.style [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 The format for the display string
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.source [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Used to code the producer or rule for creating the display string
        fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.value [ markdown ]; # 1..1 The display string for the author list, contributor list, or contributorship statement
      ], ...;
    ];
    fhir:Citation.citedArtifact.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Any additional information or content for the article or artifact
  ];
]

Changes since Release 3

This resource did not exist in Release 2

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

 

See the Profiles & Extensions and the alternate definitions: Master Definition XML + JSON, XML Schema/Schematron + JSON Schema, ShEx (for Turtle) , the spreadsheet version & the dependency analysis a

PathDefinitionTypeReference
Citation.status RequiredPublicationStatus
Citation.jurisdiction ExtensibleJurisdiction ValueSet
Citation.summary.style ExtensibleCitationSummaryStyle
Citation.classification.type ExtensibleCitationClassificationType
Citation.classification.classifier ExampleCitationArtifactClassifier
Citation.currentState ExampleCitationStatusType
Citation.statusDate.activity ExampleCitationStatusType
Citation.citedArtifact.currentState ExtensibleCitedArtifactStatusType
Citation.citedArtifact.statusDate.activity ExtensibleCitedArtifactStatusType
Citation.citedArtifact.title.type ExtensibleTitleType
Citation.citedArtifact.title.language A human language.PreferredCommonLanguages
Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.type ExtensibleCitedArtifactAbstractType
Citation.citedArtifact.abstract.language A human language.PreferredCommonLanguages
Citation.citedArtifact.part.type ExtensibleCitedArtifactPartType
Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.publishedIn.type ExtensiblePublishedInType
Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.periodicRelease.citedMedium ExtensibleCitedMedium
Citation.citedArtifact.publicationForm.language A human language.PreferredCommonLanguages
Citation.citedArtifact.webLocation.type ExtensibleArticleUrlType
Citation.citedArtifact.classification.type ExtensibleCitedArtifactClassificationType
Citation.citedArtifact.classification.classifier ExampleCitationArtifactClassifier
Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionType ExtensibleArtifactContributionType
Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.role ExtensibleContributorRole
Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.entry.contributionInstance.type ExtensibleArtifactContributionInstanceType
Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.type ExtensibleContributorSummaryType
Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.style ExtensibleContributorSummaryStyle
Citation.citedArtifact.contributorship.summary.source ExtensibleContributorSummarySource

idLevelLocationDescriptionExpression
cnl-0Warning (base)Name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generationname.matches('[A-Z]([A-Za-z0-9_]){0,254}')

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

NameTypeDescriptionExpressionIn Common
contexttokenA use context assigned to the citation(Citation.useContext.value as CodeableConcept)
context-quantityquantityA quantity- or range-valued use context assigned to the citation(Citation.useContext.value as Quantity) | (Citation.useContext.value as Range)
context-typetokenA type of use context assigned to the citationCitation.useContext.code
context-type-quantitycompositeA use context type and quantity- or range-based value assigned to the citationOn Citation.useContext:
  context-type: code
  context-quantity: value.as(Quantity) | value.as(Range)
context-type-valuecompositeA use context type and value assigned to the citationOn Citation.useContext:
  context-type: code
  context: value.as(CodeableConcept)
date NdateThe citation publication dateCitation.date
description NstringThe description of the citationCitation.description
effectivedateThe time during which the citation is intended to be in useCitation.effectivePeriod
identifiertokenExternal identifier for the citationCitation.identifier
jurisdictiontokenIntended jurisdiction for the citationCitation.jurisdiction
name NstringComputationally friendly name of the citationCitation.name
publisher NstringName of the publisher of the citationCitation.publisher
status NtokenThe current status of the citationCitation.status
title NstringThe human-friendly name of the citationCitation.title
url NuriThe uri that identifies the citationCitation.url
version NtokenThe business version of the citationCitation.version