FHIR CI-Build

This is the Continuous Integration Build of FHIR (will be incorrect/inconsistent at times).
See the Directory of published versions

Example StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse (XML)

FHIR Infrastructure Work GroupMaturity Level: N/AStandards Status: InformativeCompartments: Device, Encounter, Patient, Practitioner, RelatedPerson

Raw XML (canonical form + also see XML Format Specification)

Jump past Narrative

StructureDefinition for questionnaireresponse

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
  <meta> 
    <lastUpdated value="2022-12-05T20:04:16.303+00:00"/> 
  </meta> 
  <text> 
    <status value="generated"/> 
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
      <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align:
       top;">
        <tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align:
         top">
          <th class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="http://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a> 
          </th> 
          <th class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="http://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a> 
          </th> 
          <th class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="http://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a> 
          </th> 
          <th class="hierarchy" style="width: 100px">
            <a href="http://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a> 
          </th> 
          <th class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="http://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a> 
            <span style="float: right">
              <a href="http://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Legend for this format">
                <img alt="doco" src="help16.png" style="background-color: inherit"/> 
              </a> 
            </span> 
          </th> 
        </tr> 
        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(data:image/png;bas
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse : A structured set of questions and their answers. The questions
             are ordered and grouped into coherent subsets, corresponding to the structure of
             the grouping of the questionnaire being responded to.">QuestionnaireResponse</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="versions.html#std-process" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; border: 1px grey solid; font-weight: bold;
             color: black; background-color: #fff5e6" title="Standards Status = Trial Use">TU</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px"/> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="domainresource.html">DomainResource</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">A structured set of questions and their answers
            <br/>  
            <br/>  Elements defined in Ancestors: 
            <a href="resource.html#Resource" title="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned,
             this value never changes.">id</a> , 
            <a href="resource.html#Resource" title="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure.
             Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the
             resource.">meta</a> , 
            <a href="resource.html#Resource" title="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed,
             and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference
             to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles
             etc.">implicitRules</a> , 
            <a href="resource.html#Resource" title="The base language in which the resource is written.">language</a> , 
            <a href="domainresource.html#DomainResource" title="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used
             to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode
             all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it
             &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions
             may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical
             safety.">text</a> , 
            <a href="domainresource.html#DomainResource" title="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that
             contains them - they cannot be identified independently, nor can they have their
             own independent transaction scope. This is allowed to be a Parameters resource
             if and only if it is referenced by a resource that provides context/meaning.">contained</a> , 
            <a href="domainresource.html#DomainResource" title="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
             of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a
             strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though
             any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL
             be met as part of the definition of the extension.">extension</a> , 
            <a href="domainresource.html#DomainResource" title="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
             of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains
             it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier
             elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe
             and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and
             use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there
             is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
             Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or
             DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).">modifierExtension</a> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         #F7F7F7">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image:
           url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAyAAAAACCAYAAACg/LjIAAAALUlEQVR4Xu3IoREAIAw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,R0lGODlhEAAQAPZ/APrkusOiYvvfqbiXWaV2G+jGhdq1b8GgYf3v1frw3vTUlsWkZNewbcS
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            AAAAAAQABAAAAemgH+CgxeFF4OIhBdKGwFChYl/hYwbdkoBPnaQkosbG3d3VEpSUlonUoY1Gzo6QkI8SrGxWBOFG4uySgY
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            oTLZoAKFRIhqGwqJAULFx0GYpBQeChRIR4TJm6KJMhQRUSBAAA7" style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type"/>  
            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier : A business identifier assigned to a particular
             completed (or partially completed) questionnaire.">identifier</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..*</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="datatypes.html#Identifier">Identifier</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Unique id for this set of answers
            <br/>  
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(data:image/png;bas
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          9263wAAAAvrgEAADClAVWFQIBRHMicAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC)">
            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAAARnQU1
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn : The order, proposal or plan that is fulfilled in
             whole or in part by this QuestionnaireResponse.  For example, a ServiceRequest
             seeking an intake assessment or a decision support recommendation to assess for
             post-partum depression.">basedOn</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..*</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="references.html#Reference">Reference</a> (
            <a href="careplan.html">CarePlan</a>  | 
            <a href="servicerequest.html">ServiceRequest</a> )
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Request fulfilled by this QuestionnaireResponse
            <br/>  
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         #F7F7F7">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image:
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAAARnQU1
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf : A procedure or observation that this questionnaire
             was performed as part of the execution of.  For example, the surgery a checklist
             was executed as part of.">partOf</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..*</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="references.html#Reference">Reference</a> (
            <a href="observation.html">Observation</a>  | 
            <a href="procedure.html">Procedure</a> )
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Part of this action
            <br/>  
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(data:image/png;bas
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          9263wAAAAvrgEAADClAVWFQIBRHMicAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC)">
            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAAARnQU1
            BAACxjwv8YQUAAAAJcEhZcwAADsMAAA7DAcdvqGQAAAAadEVYdFNvZnR3YXJlAFBhaW50Lk5FVCB2My41LjEwMPRyoQAAA
            FxJREFUOE/NjEEOACEIA/0o/38GGw+agoXYeNnDJDCUDnd/gkoFKhWozJiZI3gLwY6rAgxhsPKTPUzycTl8lAryMyMsVQG
            6TFi6cHULyz8KOjC7OIQKlQpU3uPjAwhX2CCcGsgOAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC" style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Resource"/>  
            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire : The Questionnaire that defines and organizes
             the questions for which answers are being provided.">questionnaire</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">1..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="datatypes.html#canonical">canonical</a> (
            <a href="questionnaire.html">Questionnaire</a> )
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Canonical URL of Questionnaire being answered
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         #F7F7F7">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image:
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
            YAAAARklEQVQ4y2P8//8/AyWAhYFCMAgMuHjx4n+KXaCv+I0szW8WpCG8kFO1lGFKW/SIjAUYgxz/MzAwMDC+nqhDUTQyj
            uYFBgCNmhP4OvTRgwAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==" style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type"/>  
            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.status : The position of the questionnaire response within
             its overall lifecycle.">status</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.status"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="conformance-rules.html#isModifier" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is a modifier element">?!</a> 
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">1..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="datatypes.html#code">code</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">in-progress | completed | amended | entered-in-error | stopped
            <br/>  
            <a href="valueset-questionnaire-answers-status.html">QuestionnaireResponseStatus</a>  (
            <a href="terminologies.html#required" title="To be conformant, the concept in this element SHALL be from the specified value
             set.">Required</a> )
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(data:image/png;bas
          e64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAyAAAAACCAYAAACg/LjIAAAALUlEQVR4Xu3IoREAIAwEwfT6/ddA0GBAxO3NrLlKUj
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            +2RsQ0AIAzDav7/2VzQwoCY4iWbZSmo1QGoUgNMghvWaIejPQW/CrrNCylIwcOCDYfLNRcNer4SAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC" style="background-color: inherit"/> 
            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAAARnQU1
            BAACxjwv8YQUAAAAJcEhZcwAADsMAAA7DAcdvqGQAAAAadEVYdFNvZnR3YXJlAFBhaW50Lk5FVCB2My41LjEwMPRyoQAAA
            FxJREFUOE/NjEEOACEIA/0o/38GGw+agoXYeNnDJDCUDnd/gkoFKhWozJiZI3gLwY6rAgxhsPKTPUzycTl8lAryMyMsVQG
            6TFi6cHULyz8KOjC7OIQKlQpU3uPjAwhX2CCcGsgOAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC" style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Resource"/>  
            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.subject : The subject of the questionnaire response.  This
             could be a patient, organization, practitioner, device, etc.  This is who/what
             the answers apply to, but is not necessarily the source of information.">subject</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.subject"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="references.html#Reference">Reference</a> (
            <a href="resourcelist.html">Any</a> )
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">The subject of the questions
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         #F7F7F7">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image:
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAAARnQU1
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter : The Encounter during which this questionnaire
             response was created or to which the creation of this record is tightly associated.">encounter</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="references.html#Reference">Reference</a> (
            <a href="encounter.html">Encounter</a> )
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Encounter created as part of
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(data:image/png;bas
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.authored : The date and/or time that this questionnaire response
             was last modified by the user - e.g. changing answers or revising status.">authored</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.authored"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="datatypes.html#dateTime">dateTime</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Date the answers were gathered
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image:
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAAARnQU1
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.author : The individual or device that received the answers
             to the questions in the QuestionnaireResponse and recorded them in the system.">author</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.author"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="references.html#Reference">Reference</a> (
            <a href="device.html">Device</a>  | 
            <a href="practitioner.html">Practitioner</a>  | 
            <a href="practitionerrole.html">PractitionerRole</a>  | 
            <a href="patient.html">Patient</a>  | 
            <a href="relatedperson.html">RelatedPerson</a>  | 
            <a href="organization.html">Organization</a> )
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">The individual or device that received and recorded the answers
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.source : The individual or device that answered the questions
             about the subject.">source</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.source"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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            <a href="elementdefinition-definitions.html#ElementDefinition.isSummary" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element is included in summaries">Σ</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="references.html#Reference">Reference</a> (
            <a href="device.html">Device</a>  | 
            <a href="organization.html">Organization</a>  | 
            <a href="patient.html">Patient</a>  | 
            <a href="practitioner.html">Practitioner</a>  | 
            <a href="practitionerrole.html">PractitionerRole</a>  | 
            <a href="relatedperson.html">RelatedPerson</a> )
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">The individual or device that answered the questions
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         #F7F7F7">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image:
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item : A group or question item from the original questionnaire
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            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="conformance-rules.html#constraints" style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; border: 1px maroon solid; font-weight: bold;
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          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..*</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="types.html#BackBoneElement">BackboneElement</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Groups and questions
            <br/>  
            <span style="font-style: italic" title="qrs-1">+ Rule: Item cannot contain both item and answer</span> 
            <br/>  
            <span style="font-style: italic" title="qrs-2">+ Rule: Repeated answers are combined in the answers array of a single item</span> 
            <br/>  
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(data:image/png;bas
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId : The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds
             to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.">linkId</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px"/> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">1..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="datatypes.html#string">string</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         #F7F7F7">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image:
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition : A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefiniti
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            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..1</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="datatypes.html#uri">uri</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">ElementDefinition - details for the item
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text : Text that is displayed above the contents of
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            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">
            <a href="datatypes.html#string">string</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Name for group or question text
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         #F7F7F7">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,R0lGODlhEAAQAPQfAOvGUf7ztuvPMf/78/fkl/Pbg+u8Rvjqteu2Pf3zxPz36Pz0z+vTmPz
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer : The respondent's answer(s) to the question.">answer</span> 
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          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
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            <a href="types.html#BackBoneElement">BackboneElement</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">The response(s) to the question
            <br/>  
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x] : The answer (or one of the answers)
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Single-valued answer to the question
            <br/>  
            <a href="valueset-questionnaire-answers.html">Questionnaire Answer Codes</a>  (
            <a href="terminologies.html#example" title="Instances are not expected or even encouraged to draw from the specified value
             set.  The value set merely provides examples of the types of concepts intended
             to be included.">Example</a> )
            <br/>  
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            <span title="Value of &quot;true&quot; or &quot;false&quot;">valueBoolean</span> 
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            <a href="datatypes.html#boolean">boolean</a> 
          </td> 
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            <span title="A rational number with implicit precision">valueDecimal</span> 
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
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            <a href="datatypes.html#decimal">decimal</a> 
          </td> 
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            <span title="A whole number">valueInteger</span> 
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            <a href="datatypes.html#integer">integer</a> 
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            <span title="A date or partial date (e.g. just year or year + month). There is no UTC offset.
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            Ha7SH9v4C8Nrl+GFh7LoAAAAASUVORK5CYII=" style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Element"/>  
            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item : Nested groups and/or questions found within
             this particular answer.">item</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px"/> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..*</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">see 
            <a href="#QuestionnaireResponse.item" title="QuestionnaireResponse.item">item</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px
           #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Child items of question
            <br/>  
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color:
         white">
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(data:image/png;bas
          e64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAyAAAAACCAYAAACg/LjIAAAAJUlEQVR4Xu3IIQEAAAgDsHd9/w4EQIOamFnaBgAA4M
          MKAACAKwNp30CqZFfFmwAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==)">
            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAEAAAAWCAYAAAABxvaqAAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
            YAAAAB3RJTUUH3wYeFzIs1vtcMQAAAB1pVFh0Q29tbWVudAAAAAAAQ3JlYXRlZCB3aXRoIEdJTVBkLmUHAAAAE0lEQVQI1
            2P4//8/AxMDAwNdCABMPwMo2ctnoQAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==" style="background-color: inherit"/> 
            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
            YAAAAB3RJTUUH3wYeFzIZgEiYEgAAAB1pVFh0Q29tbWVudAAAAAAAQ3JlYXRlZCB3aXRoIEdJTVBkLmUHAAAAIElEQVQ4y
            2P8//8/AyWAiYFCMGrAqAGjBowaMGoAAgAALL0DKYQ0DPIAAAAASUVORK5CYII=" style="background-color: inherit"/> 
            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAWCAYAAADJqhx8AAAACXBIWXMAAAsTAAALEwEAmpw
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            <img alt="." class="hierarchy" src="data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQCAYAAAAf8/9hAAAABGdBTUEAAK/INwWK6QAAABl
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            vb7GoSCc2JucnJS7FEqlb2FizRwNMLHFmPvXnQJN/U6+Px+3LvdApVKiebmZlitVuj1ejFWqc7AZNCJEq1WGxMFAVPFtUC
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            Ha7SH9v4C8Nrl+GFh7LoAAAAASUVORK5CYII=" style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Element"/>  
            <span title="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item : Sub-questions, sub-groups or display items nested
             beneath a group.">item</span> 
            <a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px"/> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">0..*</td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">see 
            <a href="#QuestionnaireResponse.item" title="QuestionnaireResponse.item">item</a> 
          </td> 
          <td class="hierarchy" style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0
           solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px">Child items of group item
            <br/>  
            <br/>  
          </td> 
        </tr> 

        <tr> 
          <td class="hierarchy" colspan="5">
            <br/>  
            <a href="http://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Legend for this format">
              <img alt="doco" src="help16.png" style="background-color: inherit"/>  Documentation for this format
            </a> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
      </table> 
    </div> 
  </text> 
  <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-standards-status">
    <valueCode value="trial-use"/> 
  </extension> 
  <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fmm">
    <valueInteger value="3"/> 
  </extension> 
  <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-security-category">
    <valueCode value="patient"/> 
  </extension> 
  <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-wg">
    <valueCode value="fhir"/> 
  </extension> 
  <url value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
  <version value="5.0.0-cibuild"/> 
  <name value="QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
  <status value="draft"/> 
  <experimental value="false"/> 
  <date value="2022-12-05T20:04:16+00:00"/> 
  <publisher value="Health Level Seven International (FHIR Infrastructure)"/> 
  <contact> 
    <telecom> 
      <system value="url"/> 
      <value value="http://hl7.org/fhir"/> 
    </telecom> 
  </contact> 
  <contact> 
    <telecom> 
      <system value="url"/> 
      <value value="http://www.hl7.org/Special/committees/fiwg/index.cfm"/> 
    </telecom> 
  </contact> 
  <description value="A structured set of questions and their answers. The questions are ordered and
   grouped into coherent subsets, corresponding to the structure of the grouping of
   the questionnaire being responded to."/> 
  <purpose value="To support structured, hierarchical reporting of data gathered using digital forms
   and other questionnaires."/> 
  <fhirVersion value="5.0.0-cibuild"/> 
  <mapping> 
    <identity value="workflow"/> 
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow"/> 
    <name value="Workflow Pattern"/> 
  </mapping> 
  <mapping> 
    <identity value="rim"/> 
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/> 
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/> 
  </mapping> 
  <mapping> 
    <identity value="w5"/> 
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/> 
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/> 
  </mapping> 
  <kind value="resource"/> 
  <abstract value="false"/> 
  <type value="QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
  <baseDefinition value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/> 
  <derivation value="specialization"/> 
  <snapshot> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      <short value="A structured set of questions and their answers"/> 
      <definition value="A structured set of questions and their answers. The questions are ordered and
       grouped into coherent subsets, corresponding to the structure of the grouping of
       the questionnaire being responded to."/> 
      <comment value="The QuestionnaireResponse contains enough information about the questions asked
       and their organization that it can be interpreted somewhat independently from the
       Questionnaire it is based on.  I.e. You don't need access to the Questionnaire
       in order to extract basic information from a QuestionnaireResponse."/> 
      <alias value="Form"/> 
      <alias value="QuestionnaireAnswers"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="dom-2"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/> 
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="dom-3"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from
         elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/> 
        <expression value="contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().ofTy
        pe(canonical) | %resource.descendants().ofType(uri) | %resource.descendants().ofType(url)))
         or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical)
         = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched
        ', id).empty()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="dom-4"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId
         or a meta.lastUpdated"/> 
        <expression value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="dom-5"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/> 
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/> 
        </extension> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can
           display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation
           in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of
           resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources
           to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence
           implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience
           shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/> 
        </extension> 
        <key value="dom-6"/> 
        <severity value="warning"/> 
        <human value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/> 
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="Observation[moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="infrastructure.information"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.id"/> 
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/> 
      <definition value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned,
       this value never changes."/> 
      <comment value="Within the context of the FHIR RESTful interactions, the resource has an id except
       for cases like the create and conditional update. Otherwise, the use of the resouce
       id depends on the given use case."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Resource.id"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <!--  Note: special primitive values have a FHIRPath system type. e.g. this is compiler
       magic (j)  -->
      <type> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/> 
        </extension> 
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.meta">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.meta"/> 
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/> 
      <definition value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure.
       Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the
       resource."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Resource.meta"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Meta"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.implicitRules">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.implicitRules"/> 
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/> 
      <definition value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed,
       and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference
       to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles
       etc."/> 
      <comment value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited
       set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the
       long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not
       yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense.
       Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using
       this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide
       that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles,
       value sets, etc."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="uri"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="true"/> 
      <isModifierReason value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional
       knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.language">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.language"/> 
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/> 
      <definition value="The base language in which the resource is written."/> 
      <comment value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services
       such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative
       applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify
       the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not
       all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not
       be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified,
       it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5
       for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Resource.language"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="code"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <binding> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/> 
        </extension> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/> 
        </extension> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/> 
        </extension> 
        <strength value="preferred"/> 
        <description value="IETF language tag"/> 
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/> 
      </binding> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.text">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.text"/> 
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/> 
      <definition value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used
       to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode
       all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it
       &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions
       may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical
       safety."/> 
      <comment value="Contained resources do not have a narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD
       have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no
       additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied). 
       This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured
       as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated
       and encoded information is added later."/> 
      <alias value="narrative"/> 
      <alias value="html"/> 
      <alias value="xhtml"/> 
      <alias value="display"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Narrative"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="Act.text?"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.contained">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.contained"/> 
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/> 
      <definition value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that
       contains them - they cannot be identified independently, nor can they have their
       own independent transaction scope. This is allowed to be a Parameters resource
       if and only if it is referenced by a resource that provides context/meaning."/> 
      <comment value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once
       identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore
       it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags in their meta elements,
       but SHALL NOT have security labels."/> 
      <alias value="inline resources"/> 
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/> 
      <alias value="contained resources"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Resource"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="N/A"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension"/> 
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/> 
      <definition value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
       of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a
       strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though
       any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL
       be met as part of the definition of the extension."/> 
      <comment value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application,
       project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses
       or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification
       to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/> 
      <alias value="extensions"/> 
      <alias value="user content"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Extension"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ext-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/> 
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/> 
        <xpath value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="N/A"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.modifierExtension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.modifierExtension"/> 
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/> 
      <definition value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
       of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains
       it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier
       elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe
       and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and
       use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there
       is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
       Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or
       DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/> 
      <comment value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application,
       project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses
       or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification
       to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/> 
      <requirements value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be
       clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely
       ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers
       to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition
       of modifier extensions](extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/> 
      <alias value="extensions"/> 
      <alias value="user content"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Extension"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ext-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/> 
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/> 
        <xpath value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="true"/> 
      <isModifierReason value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the
       resource that contains them"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="N/A"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier"/> 
      <short value="Unique id for this set of answers"/> 
      <definition value="A business identifier assigned to a particular completed (or partially completed)
       questionnaire."/> 
      <requirements value="Used for tracking, registration and other business purposes."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Identifier"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.identifier"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.identifier"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".id"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn"/> 
      <short value="Request fulfilled by this QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      <definition value="The order, proposal or plan that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this QuestionnaireRespon
      se.  For example, a ServiceRequest seeking an intake assessment or a decision support
       recommendation to assess for post-partum depression."/> 
      <requirements value="Supports traceability of responsibility for the action and allows linkage of an
       action to the recommendations acted upon."/> 
      <alias value="order"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CarePlan"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ServiceRequest"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.basedOn"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf"/> 
      <short value="Part of this action"/> 
      <definition value="A procedure or observation that this questionnaire was performed as part of the
       execution of.  For example, the surgery a checklist was executed as part of."/> 
      <comment value="Composition of questionnaire responses will be handled by the parent questionnaire
       having answers that reference the child questionnaire.  For relationships to referrals,
       and other types of requests, use basedOn."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Procedure"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.partOf"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire"/> 
      <short value="Canonical URL of Questionnaire being answered"/> 
      <definition value="The Questionnaire that defines and organizes the questions for which answers are
       being provided."/> 
      <comment value="If a QuestionnaireResponse references a Questionnaire that can be resolved, then
       the QuestionnaireResponse structure must be consistent with the Questionnaire (i.e.
       questions must be organized into the same groups, nested questions must still be
       nested, etc.).  It is possible to have a QuestionnaireResponse whose 'questionnaire'
       element does not resolve.  It is also possible for the questionnaire element to
       not have a value but only extensions (e.g. conveying the title or identifier for
       the questionnaire).  This may happen for legacy data.  If there is no formally
       defined Questionnaire, it is undefined what the 'correct' values for the linkId
       elements should be and it is possible that linkIds might be inconsistent for QuestionnaireRes
      ponses for the same form if captured by distinct systems."/> 
      <requirements value="Needed to allow editing of the questionnaire response in a manner that enforces
       the constraints of the original form."/> 
      <alias value="Form"/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire"/> 
        <min value="1"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="canonical"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Questionnaire"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.instantiates"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="./outboundRelationship[typeCode=INST]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.status">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.status"/> 
      <short value="in-progress | completed | amended | entered-in-error | stopped"/> 
      <definition value="The position of the questionnaire response within its overall lifecycle."/> 
      <comment value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark
       the resource as not currently valid."/> 
      <requirements value="The information on Questionnaire resources  may possibly be gathered during multiple
       sessions and altered after considered being finished."/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.status"/> 
        <min value="1"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="code"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="true"/> 
      <isModifierReason value="This element is labelled as a modifier because it is a status element that contains
       status entered-in-error which means that the resource should not be treated as
       valid"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <binding> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="QuestionnaireResponseStatus"/> 
        </extension> 
        <strength value="required"/> 
        <description value="Lifecycle status of the questionnaire response."/> 
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers-status|5.0.0-cibuild"/> 
      </binding> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.status"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.status"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".statusCode (also whether there's a revisionControlAct - and possibly mood to distinguish
         &quot;in-progress&quot; from &quot;published)"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.subject">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.subject"/> 
      <short value="The subject of the questions"/> 
      <definition value="The subject of the questionnaire response.  This could be a patient, organization,
       practitioner, device, etc.  This is who/what the answers apply to, but is not necessarily
       the source of information."/> 
      <comment value="If the Questionnaire declared a subjectType, the resource pointed to by this element
       must be an instance of one of the listed types."/> 
      <requirements value="Allows linking the answers to the individual the answers describe.  May also affect
       access control."/> 
      <alias value="Patient"/> 
      <alias value="Focus"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.subject"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.subject"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter"/> 
      <short value="Encounter created as part of"/> 
      <definition value="The Encounter during which this questionnaire response was created or to which
       the creation of this record is tightly associated."/> 
      <comment value="This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some activities
       may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but
       still be tied to the context of the encounter. A questionnaire that was initiated
       during an encounter but not fully completed during the encounter would still generally
       be associated with the encounter."/> 
      <requirements value="Provides context for the information that was captured.  May also affect access
       control."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Encounter"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.encounter"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".inboundRelationship(typeCode=COMP].source[classCode&lt;=PCPR, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.authored">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.authored"/> 
      <short value="Date the answers were gathered"/> 
      <definition value="The date and/or time that this questionnaire response was last modified by the
       user - e.g. changing answers or revising status."/> 
      <comment value="May be different from the lastUpdateTime of the resource itself, because that reflects
       when the data was known to the server, not when the data was captured.

This element is optional to allow for systems that might not know the value, however
       it SHOULD be populated if possible."/> 
      <requirements value="Clinicians need to be able to check the date that the information in the questionnaire
       was collected, to derive the context of the answers."/> 
      <alias value="Date Created"/> 
      <alias value="Date published"/> 
      <alias value="Date Issued"/> 
      <alias value="Date updated"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.authored"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="dateTime"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.occurrence[x]"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.recorded"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=AUT].time"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.author">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.author"/> 
      <short value="The individual or device that received and recorded the answers"/> 
      <definition value="The individual or device that received the answers to the questions in the QuestionnaireRespo
      nse and recorded them in the system."/> 
      <comment value="Mapping a subject's answers to multiple choice options and determining what to
       put in the textual answer is a matter of interpretation. Authoring by device would
       indicate that some portion of the questionnaire had been auto-populated. Device
       should only be used if it directly determined the answers, not if it was merely
       used as a capture tool to record answers provided by others. In the latter case,
       information about the physical device, software, etc. would be captured using Provenance."/> 
      <requirements value="Need to know who interpreted the subject's answers to the questions in the questionnaire,
       and selected the appropriate options for answers."/> 
      <alias value="Laboratory"/> 
      <alias value="Service"/> 
      <alias value="Practitioner"/> 
      <alias value="Department"/> 
      <alias value="Company"/> 
      <alias value="Performer"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.author"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.performer"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.author"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=AUT].role"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.source">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.source"/> 
      <short value="The individual or device that answered the questions"/> 
      <definition value="The individual or device that answered the questions about the subject."/> 
      <comment value="If not specified, no inference can be made about who provided the data. Device
       should only be used if it directly determined the answers, not if it was merely
       used as a capture tool to record answers provided by others. In the latter case,
       information about the physical device, software, etc. would be captured using Provenance."/> 
      <requirements value="When answering questions about a subject that is minor, incapable of answering
       or an animal, another human source may answer the questions."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.source"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.source"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=INF].role"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item"/> 
      <short value="Groups and questions"/> 
      <definition value="A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are
       provided."/> 
      <comment value="Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing
       with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may
       have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).\nWhen dealing with
       repeating items, each group repetition will be handled by a separate item.  However,
       repeating questions are handled with a single question item and potentially multiple
       answers."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="BackboneElement"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="qrs-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Item cannot contain both item and answer"/> 
        <expression value="(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="qrs-2"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Repeated answers are combined in the answers array of a single item"/> 
        <expression value="repeat(answer|item).select(item.where(answer.value.exists()).linkId.isDistinct()).allTrue()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.id"/> 
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/> 
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/> 
      <definition value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may
       be any string value that does not contain spaces."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Element.id"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <!--  Note: special primitive values have a FHIRPath system type. e.g. this is compiler
       magic (j)  -->
      <type> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/> 
        </extension> 
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/> 
      </type> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="n/a"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension"/> 
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/> 
      <definition value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
       of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict
       set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any
       implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL
       be met as part of the definition of the extension."/> 
      <comment value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application,
       project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses
       or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification
       to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/> 
      <alias value="extensions"/> 
      <alias value="user content"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Element.extension"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Extension"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ext-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/> 
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/> 
        <xpath value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="n/a"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension"/> 
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/> 
      <definition value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
       of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is
       contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually
       modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions
       safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition
       and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is
       a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
       Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or
       DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/> 
      <comment value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application,
       project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses
       or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification
       to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/> 
      <requirements value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be
       clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely
       ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers
       to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition
       of modifier extensions](extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/> 
      <alias value="extensions"/> 
      <alias value="user content"/> 
      <alias value="modifiers"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Extension"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ext-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/> 
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/> 
        <xpath value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <isModifier value="true"/> 
      <isModifierReason value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the
       element that contains them"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="N/A"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId"/> 
      <short value="Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire"/> 
      <definition value="The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse
       resource."/> 
      <requirements value="Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position might
       not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier."/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId"/> 
        <min value="1"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="string"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition"/> 
      <short value="ElementDefinition - details for the item"/> 
      <definition value="A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the
       details for the item."/> 
      <comment value="The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html#),
       and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by
       its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.val
      ue[x].

There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition
       listed."/> 
      <requirements value="A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different
       questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides
       traceability to the common definition."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="uri"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text"/> 
      <short value="Name for group or question text"/> 
      <definition value="Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question
       being answered."/> 
      <comment value="The text for an item SHOULD be identical to the text from the corresponding Questionnaire.ite
      m. This can't be strictly enforced because it's possible for the Questionnaire to
       be updated subsequent to the QuestionnaireResponse having been created, however
       the intention is that the text in the QuestionnaireResponse reflects what the user
       saw when completing the Questionnaire."/> 
      <requirements value="Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="string"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".text"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer"/> 
      <short value="The response(s) to the question"/> 
      <definition value="The respondent's answer(s) to the question."/> 
      <comment value="The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable
       type."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="BackboneElement"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".value[type=LIST_ANY]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id"/> 
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/> 
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/> 
      <definition value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may
       be any string value that does not contain spaces."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Element.id"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <!--  Note: special primitive values have a FHIRPath system type. e.g. this is compiler
       magic (j)  -->
      <type> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/> 
        </extension> 
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/> 
      </type> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="n/a"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension"/> 
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/> 
      <definition value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
       of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict
       set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any
       implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL
       be met as part of the definition of the extension."/> 
      <comment value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application,
       project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses
       or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification
       to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/> 
      <alias value="extensions"/> 
      <alias value="user content"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="Element.extension"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Extension"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ext-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/> 
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/> 
        <xpath value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="n/a"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension"/> 
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/> 
      <definition value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition
       of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is
       contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually
       modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions
       safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition
       and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is
       a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
       Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or
       DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/> 
      <comment value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application,
       project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses
       or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification
       to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/> 
      <requirements value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be
       clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely
       ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers
       to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition
       of modifier extensions](extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/> 
      <alias value="extensions"/> 
      <alias value="user content"/> 
      <alias value="modifiers"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Extension"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ext-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/> 
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/> 
        <xpath value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <isModifier value="true"/> 
      <isModifierReason value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the
       element that contains them"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="N/A"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]"/> 
      <short value="Single-valued answer to the question"/> 
      <definition value="The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question."/> 
      <comment value="More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited
       to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the
       components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex
       types can be introduced through extensions. Must match the datatype specified by
       Questionnaire.item.type in the corresponding Questionnaire.     Note that a question
       is answered using one of the possible choices defined with answerOption, answerValueSet
       or some other means and the answer has a complex data type, all elements within
       the answer in the QuestionnaireResponse **SHOULD** match the elements defined corresponding
       choice value in the Questionnaire.  However, it is possible that not all elements
       will be propagated.  Also, some systems might use language translations resulting
       in different displays.  Comparison of value to the values defined in the Questionnaire
       (whether by answerOption, answerValueSet or answerExpression) **SHALL NOT** pay
       attention to Coding.display, Reference.display, Quantity.unit unless those are
       the only elements present.  As well, systems are not required to check for a match
       on any extensions (e.g. ordinal values, translations, etc).  Systems **MAY** enforce
       that if extensions such as ordinal values are present in both Questionnaire and
       QuestionnaireResponse, they match."/> 
      <requirements value="Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question."/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]"/> 
        <min value="1"/> 
        <max value="1"/> 
      </base> 
      <type> 
        <code value="boolean"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="decimal"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="integer"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="date"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="dateTime"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="time"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="string"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="uri"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Attachment"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Coding"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Quantity"/> 
        <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <binding> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="QuestionnaireAnswer"/> 
        </extension> 
        <strength value="example"/> 
        <description value="Binding this is problematic because one value set can't apply to both codes and
         quantities."/> 
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"/> 
      </binding> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".item"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item"/> 
      <short value="Child items of question"/> 
      <definition value="Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer."/> 
      <comment value="Only used when nesting beneath a question - see item.item for nesting beneath groups"/> 
      <requirements value="It is useful to have &quot;sub-questions&quot;, questions which normally appear
       when certain answers are given and which collect additional details."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <contentReference value="#QuestionnaireResponse.item"/> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item"/> 
      <short value="Child items of group item"/> 
      <definition value="Sub-questions, sub-groups or display items nested beneath a group."/> 
      <comment value="Only used when nesting beneath a group - see item.answer.item for nesting beneath
       questions"/> 
      <requirements value="Reports can consist of complex nested groups."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <base> 
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item"/> 
        <min value="0"/> 
        <max value="*"/> 
      </base> 
      <contentReference value="#QuestionnaireResponse.item"/> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="ele-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/> 
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/> 
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
  </snapshot> 
  <differential> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      <short value="A structured set of questions and their answers"/> 
      <definition value="A structured set of questions and their answers. The questions are ordered and
       grouped into coherent subsets, corresponding to the structure of the grouping of
       the questionnaire being responded to."/> 
      <comment value="The QuestionnaireResponse contains enough information about the questions asked
       and their organization that it can be interpreted somewhat independently from the
       Questionnaire it is based on.  I.e. You don't need access to the Questionnaire
       in order to extract basic information from a QuestionnaireResponse."/> 
      <alias value="Form"/> 
      <alias value="QuestionnaireAnswers"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="Observation[moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="infrastructure.information"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier"/> 
      <short value="Unique id for this set of answers"/> 
      <definition value="A business identifier assigned to a particular completed (or partially completed)
       questionnaire."/> 
      <requirements value="Used for tracking, registration and other business purposes."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Identifier"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.identifier"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.identifier"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".id"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn"/> 
      <short value="Request fulfilled by this QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      <definition value="The order, proposal or plan that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this QuestionnaireRespon
      se.  For example, a ServiceRequest seeking an intake assessment or a decision support
       recommendation to assess for post-partum depression."/> 
      <requirements value="Supports traceability of responsibility for the action and allows linkage of an
       action to the recommendations acted upon."/> 
      <alias value="order"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CarePlan"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ServiceRequest"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.basedOn"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf"/> 
      <short value="Part of this action"/> 
      <definition value="A procedure or observation that this questionnaire was performed as part of the
       execution of.  For example, the surgery a checklist was executed as part of."/> 
      <comment value="Composition of questionnaire responses will be handled by the parent questionnaire
       having answers that reference the child questionnaire.  For relationships to referrals,
       and other types of requests, use basedOn."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Procedure"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.partOf"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire"/> 
      <short value="Canonical URL of Questionnaire being answered"/> 
      <definition value="The Questionnaire that defines and organizes the questions for which answers are
       being provided."/> 
      <comment value="If a QuestionnaireResponse references a Questionnaire that can be resolved, then
       the QuestionnaireResponse structure must be consistent with the Questionnaire (i.e.
       questions must be organized into the same groups, nested questions must still be
       nested, etc.).  It is possible to have a QuestionnaireResponse whose 'questionnaire'
       element does not resolve.  It is also possible for the questionnaire element to
       not have a value but only extensions (e.g. conveying the title or identifier for
       the questionnaire).  This may happen for legacy data.  If there is no formally
       defined Questionnaire, it is undefined what the 'correct' values for the linkId
       elements should be and it is possible that linkIds might be inconsistent for QuestionnaireRes
      ponses for the same form if captured by distinct systems."/> 
      <requirements value="Needed to allow editing of the questionnaire response in a manner that enforces
       the constraints of the original form."/> 
      <alias value="Form"/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="canonical"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Questionnaire"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.instantiates"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value="./outboundRelationship[typeCode=INST]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.status">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.status"/> 
      <short value="in-progress | completed | amended | entered-in-error | stopped"/> 
      <definition value="The position of the questionnaire response within its overall lifecycle."/> 
      <comment value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark
       the resource as not currently valid."/> 
      <requirements value="The information on Questionnaire resources  may possibly be gathered during multiple
       sessions and altered after considered being finished."/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="code"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="true"/> 
      <isModifierReason value="This element is labelled as a modifier because it is a status element that contains
       status entered-in-error which means that the resource should not be treated as
       valid"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <binding> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="QuestionnaireResponseStatus"/> 
        </extension> 
        <strength value="required"/> 
        <description value="Lifecycle status of the questionnaire response."/> 
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers-status|5.0.0-cibuild"/> 
      </binding> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.status"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.status"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".statusCode (also whether there's a revisionControlAct - and possibly mood to distinguish
         &quot;in-progress&quot; from &quot;published)"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.subject">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.subject"/> 
      <short value="The subject of the questions"/> 
      <definition value="The subject of the questionnaire response.  This could be a patient, organization,
       practitioner, device, etc.  This is who/what the answers apply to, but is not necessarily
       the source of information."/> 
      <comment value="If the Questionnaire declared a subjectType, the resource pointed to by this element
       must be an instance of one of the listed types."/> 
      <requirements value="Allows linking the answers to the individual the answers describe.  May also affect
       access control."/> 
      <alias value="Patient"/> 
      <alias value="Focus"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.subject"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter"/> 
      <short value="Encounter created as part of"/> 
      <definition value="The Encounter during which this questionnaire response was created or to which
       the creation of this record is tightly associated."/> 
      <comment value="This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some activities
       may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but
       still be tied to the context of the encounter. A questionnaire that was initiated
       during an encounter but not fully completed during the encounter would still generally
       be associated with the encounter."/> 
      <requirements value="Provides context for the information that was captured.  May also affect access
       control."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Encounter"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.encounter"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".inboundRelationship(typeCode=COMP].source[classCode&lt;=PCPR, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.authored">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.authored"/> 
      <short value="Date the answers were gathered"/> 
      <definition value="The date and/or time that this questionnaire response was last modified by the
       user - e.g. changing answers or revising status."/> 
      <comment value="May be different from the lastUpdateTime of the resource itself, because that reflects
       when the data was known to the server, not when the data was captured.

This element is optional to allow for systems that might not know the value, however
       it SHOULD be populated if possible."/> 
      <requirements value="Clinicians need to be able to check the date that the information in the questionnaire
       was collected, to derive the context of the answers."/> 
      <alias value="Date Created"/> 
      <alias value="Date published"/> 
      <alias value="Date Issued"/> 
      <alias value="Date updated"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="dateTime"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.occurrence[x]"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.recorded"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=AUT].time"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.author">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.author"/> 
      <short value="The individual or device that received and recorded the answers"/> 
      <definition value="The individual or device that received the answers to the questions in the QuestionnaireRespo
      nse and recorded them in the system."/> 
      <comment value="Mapping a subject's answers to multiple choice options and determining what to
       put in the textual answer is a matter of interpretation. Authoring by device would
       indicate that some portion of the questionnaire had been auto-populated. Device
       should only be used if it directly determined the answers, not if it was merely
       used as a capture tool to record answers provided by others. In the latter case,
       information about the physical device, software, etc. would be captured using Provenance."/> 
      <requirements value="Need to know who interpreted the subject's answers to the questions in the questionnaire,
       and selected the appropriate options for answers."/> 
      <alias value="Laboratory"/> 
      <alias value="Service"/> 
      <alias value="Practitioner"/> 
      <alias value="Department"/> 
      <alias value="Company"/> 
      <alias value="Performer"/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="workflow"/> 
        <map value="Event.performer"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.author"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=AUT].role"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.source">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.source"/> 
      <short value="The individual or device that answered the questions"/> 
      <definition value="The individual or device that answered the questions about the subject."/> 
      <comment value="If not specified, no inference can be made about who provided the data. Device
       should only be used if it directly determined the answers, not if it was merely
       used as a capture tool to record answers provided by others. In the latter case,
       information about the physical device, software, etc. would be captured using Provenance."/> 
      <requirements value="When answering questions about a subject that is minor, incapable of answering
       or an animal, another human source may answer the questions."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="true"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="w5"/> 
        <map value="FiveWs.source"/> 
      </mapping> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=INF].role"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item"/> 
      <short value="Groups and questions"/> 
      <definition value="A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are
       provided."/> 
      <comment value="Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing
       with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may
       have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).\nWhen dealing with
       repeating items, each group repetition will be handled by a separate item.  However,
       repeating questions are handled with a single question item and potentially multiple
       answers."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="BackboneElement"/> 
      </type> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="qrs-2"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Repeated answers are combined in the answers array of a single item"/> 
        <expression value="repeat(answer|item).select(item.where(answer.value.exists()).linkId.isDistinct()).allTrue()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <constraint> 
        <key value="qrs-1"/> 
        <severity value="error"/> 
        <human value="Item cannot contain both item and answer"/> 
        <expression value="(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()"/> 
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/> 
      </constraint> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId"/> 
      <short value="Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire"/> 
      <definition value="The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse
       resource."/> 
      <requirements value="Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position might
       not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier."/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="string"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition"/> 
      <short value="ElementDefinition - details for the item"/> 
      <definition value="A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the
       details for the item."/> 
      <comment value="The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html#),
       and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by
       its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.val
      ue[x].

There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition
       listed."/> 
      <requirements value="A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different
       questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides
       traceability to the common definition."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="uri"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text"/> 
      <short value="Name for group or question text"/> 
      <definition value="Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question
       being answered."/> 
      <comment value="The text for an item SHOULD be identical to the text from the corresponding Questionnaire.ite
      m. This can't be strictly enforced because it's possible for the Questionnaire to
       be updated subsequent to the QuestionnaireResponse having been created, however
       the intention is that the text in the QuestionnaireResponse reflects what the user
       saw when completing the Questionnaire."/> 
      <requirements value="Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="string"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".text"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer"/> 
      <short value="The response(s) to the question"/> 
      <definition value="The respondent's answer(s) to the question."/> 
      <comment value="The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable
       type."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="BackboneElement"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".value[type=LIST_ANY]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]"/> 
      <short value="Single-valued answer to the question"/> 
      <definition value="The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question."/> 
      <comment value="More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited
       to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the
       components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex
       types can be introduced through extensions. Must match the datatype specified by
       Questionnaire.item.type in the corresponding Questionnaire.     Note that a question
       is answered using one of the possible choices defined with answerOption, answerValueSet
       or some other means and the answer has a complex data type, all elements within
       the answer in the QuestionnaireResponse **SHOULD** match the elements defined corresponding
       choice value in the Questionnaire.  However, it is possible that not all elements
       will be propagated.  Also, some systems might use language translations resulting
       in different displays.  Comparison of value to the values defined in the Questionnaire
       (whether by answerOption, answerValueSet or answerExpression) **SHALL NOT** pay
       attention to Coding.display, Reference.display, Quantity.unit unless those are
       the only elements present.  As well, systems are not required to check for a match
       on any extensions (e.g. ordinal values, translations, etc).  Systems **MAY** enforce
       that if extensions such as ordinal values are present in both Questionnaire and
       QuestionnaireResponse, they match."/> 
      <requirements value="Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question."/> 
      <min value="1"/> 
      <max value="1"/> 
      <type> 
        <code value="boolean"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="decimal"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="integer"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="date"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="dateTime"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="time"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="string"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="uri"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Attachment"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Coding"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Quantity"/> 
        <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/> 
      </type> 
      <type> 
        <code value="Reference"/> 
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/> 
      </type> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <binding> 
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="QuestionnaireAnswer"/> 
        </extension> 
        <strength value="example"/> 
        <description value="Binding this is problematic because one value set can't apply to both codes and
         quantities."/> 
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"/> 
      </binding> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".item"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item"/> 
      <short value="Child items of question"/> 
      <definition value="Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer."/> 
      <comment value="Only used when nesting beneath a question - see item.item for nesting beneath groups"/> 
      <requirements value="It is useful to have &quot;sub-questions&quot;, questions which normally appear
       when certain answers are given and which collect additional details."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <contentReference value="#QuestionnaireResponse.item"/> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item"/> 
      <short value="Child items of group item"/> 
      <definition value="Sub-questions, sub-groups or display items nested beneath a group."/> 
      <comment value="Only used when nesting beneath a group - see item.answer.item for nesting beneath
       questions"/> 
      <requirements value="Reports can consist of complex nested groups."/> 
      <min value="0"/> 
      <max value="*"/> 
      <contentReference value="#QuestionnaireResponse.item"/> 
      <mustSupport value="false"/> 
      <isModifier value="false"/> 
      <isSummary value="false"/> 
      <mapping> 
        <identity value="rim"/> 
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/> 
      </mapping> 
    </element> 
  </differential> 
</StructureDefinition> 

Usage note: every effort has been made to ensure that the examples are correct and useful, but they are not a normative part of the specification.