minimal Common Oncology Data Elements (mCODE) Implementation Guide
2.1.0 - Pre-STU 3 Development United States of America flag

minimal Common Oncology Data Elements (mCODE) Implementation Guide, published by HL7 International Clinical Interoperability Council. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 2.1.0). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/fhir-mCODE-ig/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: TNM Primary Tumor Category Profile

Official URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/us/mcode/StructureDefinition/mcode-tnm-primary-tumor-category Version: 2.1.0
Active as of 2023-01-13 Computable Name: TNMPrimaryTumorCategory

Category of the primary tumor, based on its size and extent, based on evidence such as physical examination, imaging, and/or biopsy.

Conformance

Observation resources associated with an in-scope patient with Observation.code LOINC 21905-5, 21899-0, or 21911-3 MUST conform to this profile. Beyond this requirement, a producer of resources SHOULD ensure that any resource instance associated with an in-scope patient that would reasonably be expected to conform to this profile SHOULD be published in this form.

Usage:

Formal Views of Profile Content

Description of Profiles, Differentials, Snapshots and how the different presentations work.

This structure is derived from CancerStageGroup

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*CancerStageGroupMeasurements and simple assertions
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... status ?!SΣ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

.... category:requiredCategory 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.



Required Pattern: At least the following
..... coding1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Fixed Value: (complex)
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... version1..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct/900000000000207008
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 385356007
... code SΣ1..1CodeableConceptThe type of stage information reported.
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Staging Type Value Set (required)
... subject SΣ0..1Reference(Cancer Patient Profile)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus SΣ0..*Reference(Primary Cancer Condition Profile)The cancer condition associated with staging assessment.
... effective[x] SΣ0..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
.... effectiveTimingTiming
.... effectiveInstantinstant
... value[x] SΣC0..1CodeableConceptActual result
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Category Value Set (preferred)
Additional BindingsPurpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value SetMax Binding
... method S1..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: TNM Staging Method Value Set (extensible)
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Not used in this profile

doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.statusrequiredObservationStatus
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.category:requiredCategorypreferredPattern: SNOMED CT code 385356007
Observation.coderequiredTNMPrimaryTumorStagingTypeVS
Observation.value[x]preferredTNMPrimaryTumorCategoryVS
Additional Bindings Purpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value Set Max Binding
Observation.methodextensibleTNMStagingMethodVS
NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*CancerStageGroupMeasurements and simple assertions
... id Σ0..1idLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: CommonLanguages (preferred): A human language.

Additional BindingsPurpose
AllLanguagesMax Binding
... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationStatement | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!SΣ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

... Slices for category S1..*CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Slice: Unordered, Open by pattern:$this
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


.... category:requiredCategory 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.



Required Pattern: At least the following
..... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
..... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
..... coding1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Fixed Value: (complex)
...... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
...... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... version1..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct/900000000000207008
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 385356007
...... display0..1stringRepresentation defined by the system
...... userSelected0..1booleanIf this coding was chosen directly by the user
..... text0..1stringPlain text representation of the concept
... code SΣ1..1CodeableConceptThe type of stage information reported.
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Staging Type Value Set (required)
... subject SΣ0..1Reference(Cancer Patient Profile)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus SΣ0..*Reference(Primary Cancer Condition Profile)The cancer condition associated with staging assessment.
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] SΣ0..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
.... effectiveTimingTiming
.... effectiveInstantinstant
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] SΣC0..1CodeableConceptActual result
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Category Value Set (preferred)
Additional BindingsPurpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value SetMax Binding
... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note 0..*AnnotationComments about the observation
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMEDCTBodyStructures (example): Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.

... method S1..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: TNM Staging Method Value Set (extensible)
... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)Not used in this profile
... referenceRange C0..*BackboneElementNot used in this profile
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... low C0..1SimpleQuantityLow Range, if relevant
.... high C0..1SimpleQuantityHigh Range, if relevant
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptReference range qualifier
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes (preferred): Code for the meaning of a reference range.

.... appliesTo 0..*CodeableConceptReference range population
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes (example): Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to.


.... age 0..1RangeApplicable age range, if relevant
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Not used in this profile
... derivedFrom Σ0..*Reference(DocumentReference | ImagingStudy | Media | QuestionnaireResponse | Observation | MolecularSequence)Related measurements the observation is made from
... component Σ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
.... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.languagepreferredCommonLanguages
Additional Bindings Purpose
AllLanguages Max Binding
Observation.statusrequiredObservationStatus
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.category:requiredCategorypreferredPattern: SNOMED CT code 385356007
Observation.coderequiredTNMPrimaryTumorStagingTypeVS
Observation.value[x]preferredTNMPrimaryTumorCategoryVS
Additional Bindings Purpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value Set Max Binding
Observation.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes
Observation.bodySiteexampleSNOMEDCTBodyStructures
Observation.methodextensibleTNMStagingMethodVS
Observation.referenceRange.typepreferredObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes
Observation.referenceRange.appliesToexampleObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes
Observation.component.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.component.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.component.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes

This structure is derived from CancerStageGroup

Summary

Mandatory: 1 element

Differential View

This structure is derived from CancerStageGroup

Key Elements View

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*CancerStageGroupMeasurements and simple assertions
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... status ?!SΣ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

.... category:requiredCategory 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.



Required Pattern: At least the following
..... coding1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Fixed Value: (complex)
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... version1..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct/900000000000207008
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 385356007
... code SΣ1..1CodeableConceptThe type of stage information reported.
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Staging Type Value Set (required)
... subject SΣ0..1Reference(Cancer Patient Profile)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus SΣ0..*Reference(Primary Cancer Condition Profile)The cancer condition associated with staging assessment.
... effective[x] SΣ0..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
.... effectiveTimingTiming
.... effectiveInstantinstant
... value[x] SΣC0..1CodeableConceptActual result
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Category Value Set (preferred)
Additional BindingsPurpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value SetMax Binding
... method S1..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: TNM Staging Method Value Set (extensible)
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Not used in this profile

doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.statusrequiredObservationStatus
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.category:requiredCategorypreferredPattern: SNOMED CT code 385356007
Observation.coderequiredTNMPrimaryTumorStagingTypeVS
Observation.value[x]preferredTNMPrimaryTumorCategoryVS
Additional Bindings Purpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value Set Max Binding
Observation.methodextensibleTNMStagingMethodVS

Snapshot View

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*CancerStageGroupMeasurements and simple assertions
... id Σ0..1idLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: CommonLanguages (preferred): A human language.

Additional BindingsPurpose
AllLanguagesMax Binding
... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationStatement | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!SΣ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

... Slices for category S1..*CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Slice: Unordered, Open by pattern:$this
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


.... category:requiredCategory 1..1CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.



Required Pattern: At least the following
..... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
..... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
..... coding1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Fixed Value: (complex)
...... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
...... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... version1..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct/900000000000207008
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 385356007
...... display0..1stringRepresentation defined by the system
...... userSelected0..1booleanIf this coding was chosen directly by the user
..... text0..1stringPlain text representation of the concept
... code SΣ1..1CodeableConceptThe type of stage information reported.
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Staging Type Value Set (required)
... subject SΣ0..1Reference(Cancer Patient Profile)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus SΣ0..*Reference(Primary Cancer Condition Profile)The cancer condition associated with staging assessment.
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] SΣ0..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
.... effectiveTimingTiming
.... effectiveInstantinstant
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | Patient | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] SΣC0..1CodeableConceptActual result
Binding: TNM Primary Tumor Category Value Set (preferred)
Additional BindingsPurpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value SetMax Binding
... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note 0..*AnnotationComments about the observation
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMEDCTBodyStructures (example): Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.

... method S1..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: TNM Staging Method Value Set (extensible)
... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)Not used in this profile
... referenceRange C0..*BackboneElementNot used in this profile
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... low C0..1SimpleQuantityLow Range, if relevant
.... high C0..1SimpleQuantityHigh Range, if relevant
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptReference range qualifier
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes (preferred): Code for the meaning of a reference range.

.... appliesTo 0..*CodeableConceptReference range population
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes (example): Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to.


.... age 0..1RangeApplicable age range, if relevant
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Not used in this profile
... derivedFrom Σ0..*Reference(DocumentReference | ImagingStudy | Media | QuestionnaireResponse | Observation | MolecularSequence)Related measurements the observation is made from
... component Σ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
.... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.languagepreferredCommonLanguages
Additional Bindings Purpose
AllLanguages Max Binding
Observation.statusrequiredObservationStatus
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.category:requiredCategorypreferredPattern: SNOMED CT code 385356007
Observation.coderequiredTNMPrimaryTumorStagingTypeVS
Observation.value[x]preferredTNMPrimaryTumorCategoryVS
Additional Bindings Purpose
TNM Primary Tumor Maximum Value Set Max Binding
Observation.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes
Observation.bodySiteexampleSNOMEDCTBodyStructures
Observation.methodextensibleTNMStagingMethodVS
Observation.referenceRange.typepreferredObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes
Observation.referenceRange.appliesToexampleObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes
Observation.component.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.component.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.component.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes

This structure is derived from CancerStageGroup

Summary

Mandatory: 1 element

 

Other representations of profile: CSV, Excel, Schematron