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9.8 Resource ClinicalImpression - Content

Patient Care Work GroupMaturity Level: 0 Trial UseSecurity Category: Patient Compartments: Encounter, Patient, Practitioner

A record of a clinical assessment performed to determine what problem(s) may affect the patient and before planning the treatments or management strategies that are best to manage a patient's condition. Assessments are often 1:1 with a clinical consultation / encounter, but this varies greatly depending on the clinical workflow. This resource is called "ClinicalImpression" rather than "ClinicalAssessment" to avoid confusion with the recording of assessment tools such as Apgar score.

Performing a clinical assessment is a fundamental part of a clinician's workflow, performed repeatedly throughout the day. In spite of this - or perhaps, because of it - there is wide variance in how clinical impressions are recorded. Some clinical assessments simply result in an impression recorded as a single text note in the patient 'record' (e.g. "Progress satisfactory, continue with treatment"), while others are associated with careful, detailed record keeping of the evidence gathered and the reasoning leading to a differential diagnosis, and there is a continuum between these. This resource is intended to be used to cover all these use cases.

The assessment is intimately linked to the process of care. It may occur in the context of a care plan, and it very often results in a new (or revised) care plan. Normally, clinical assessments are part of an ongoing process of care, and the patient will be re-assessed repeatedly. For this reason, the clinical impression can explicitly reference both care plans (preceding and resulting) and reference a previous impression that this impression follows.

An impression is a clinical summation of information and/or an opinion formed, which is the outcome of the clinical assessment process. The ClinicalImpression may lead to a statement of a Condition about a patient.

In FHIR, an assessment is typically an instrument or tool used to collect information about a patient.

Trial-Use Note: Unlike many other resources, there is little prior art with regard to exchanging records of clinical assessments. For this reason, this resource should be regarded as particularly prone to ongoing revision. In terms of scope and usage, the Patient Care workgroup wishes to draw the attention of reviewers and implementers to the following issues:

  • When is an existing clinical impression revised, rather than a new one created (that references the existing one)? How does that affect the status? what's the interplay between the status of the diagnosis and the status of the impression? (e.g. for a 'provisional' impression, which bit is provisional?)
  • This structure doesn't differentiate between a working and a final diagnosis. Given an answer to the previous question, should it?
  • Further clarify around the relationship between care plan and impression is needed. Both answers to the previous questions and ongoing discussions around revisions to the care plan will influence the design of clinical impression
  • Should prognosis be represented, and if so, how much structure should it have?
  • Should an impression reference other impressions that are related? (how related?)
  • Investigations - the specification needs a good value set for the code for the group, and will be considering the name "investigations" further

Feedback is welcome here .

ClinicalImpression is the equivalent of the "A" (assessment) in the SOAP note format originally described by Lawrence Weed, MD. It is the outcome of the clinical assessment process. The ClinicalImpression may lead to a statement of a Condition about a patient. There is another related clinical concept often called an "assessment": assessment Tools such as Apgar (also known as "Assessment Scales"). This is not what the ClinicalImpression resource is about; assessment tools such as Apgar are represented as Observations, and Questionnaires may be used to help generate these. Clinical Impressions may refer to these assessment tools as one of the investigations that was performed during the assessment process.

An important background to understanding this resource is the FHIR Confluence page for clinical assessment . In particular, the storyboards there drove the design of the resource, and will be the basis for all examples created.

PLANNED CHANGE:

ClinicalImpression is one of the Event resources in the FHIR Workflow specification. As such, it is expected to be adjusted to align with the Event workflow pattern which will involve adding a number of additional data elements and potentially renaming a few elements. Any concerns about performing such alignment are welcome as ballot comments and/or tracker items.

This resource is referenced by itself and Condition.

This resource implements the Event pattern.

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. ClinicalImpression TUDomainResourceA clinical assessment performed when planning treatments and management strategies for a patient
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness identifier
... status ?!Σ1..1codein-progress | completed | entered-in-error
Clinical Impression Status (Required)
... statusReason 0..1CodeableConceptReason for current status
... code Σ0..1CodeableConceptKind of assessment performed
... description Σ0..1stringWhy/how the assessment was performed
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Patient or group assessed
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created
... effective[x] Σ0..1Time of assessment
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... date Σ0..1dateTimeWhen the assessment was documented
... performer Σ0..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole)The clinician performing the assessment
... previous 0..1Reference(ClinicalImpression)Reference to last assessment
... problem Σ0..*Reference(Condition | AllergyIntolerance)Relevant impressions of patient state
... protocol 0..*uriClinical Protocol followed
... summary 0..1stringSummary of the assessment
... finding 0..*BackboneElementPossible or likely findings and diagnoses
.... itemCodeableConcept 0..1CodeableConceptWhat was found
Condition/Problem/Diagnosis Codes (Example)
.... itemReference 0..1Reference(Condition | Observation | DocumentReference)What was found
.... basis 0..1stringWhich investigations support finding
... prognosisCodeableConcept 0..*CodeableConceptEstimate of likely outcome
Clinical Impression Prognosis (Example)
... prognosisReference 0..*Reference(RiskAssessment)RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome
... supportingInfo 0..*Reference(Any)Information supporting the clinical impression
... note 0..*AnnotationComments made about the ClinicalImpression

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

ClinicalImpression (DomainResource)Business identifiers assigned to this clinical impression by the performer or other systems which remain constant as the resource is updated and propagates from server to serveridentifier : Identifier [0..*]Identifies the workflow status of the assessment (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « The workflow state of a clinical impression. (Strength=Required)ClinicalImpressionStatus! »Captures the reason for the current state of the ClinicalImpressionstatusReason : CodeableConcept [0..1]Categorizes the type of clinical assessment performedcode : CodeableConcept [0..1]A summary of the context and/or cause of the assessment - why / where it was performed, and what patient events/status prompted itdescription : string [0..1]The patient or group of individuals assessed as part of this recordsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created or to which the creation of this record is tightly associatedencounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter »The point in time or period over which the subject was assessedeffective[x] : Type [0..1] « dateTime|Period »Indicates when the documentation of the assessment was completedate : dateTime [0..1]The clinician performing the assessmentperformer : Reference [0..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole »A reference to the last assessment that was conducted on this patient. Assessments are often/usually ongoing in nature; a care provider (practitioner or team) will make new assessments on an ongoing basis as new data arises or the patient's conditions changesprevious : Reference [0..1] « ClinicalImpression »A list of the relevant problems/conditions for a patientproblem : Reference [0..*] « Condition|AllergyIntolerance »Reference to a specific published clinical protocol that was followed during this assessment, and/or that provides evidence in support of the diagnosisprotocol : uri [0..*]A text summary of the investigations and the diagnosissummary : string [0..1]Estimate of likely outcomeprognosisCodeableConcept : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Prognosis or outlook findings. (Strength=Example) ClinicalImpressionPrognosis?? »RiskAssessment expressing likely outcomeprognosisReference : Reference [0..*] « RiskAssessment »Information supporting the clinical impression, which can contain investigation resultssupportingInfo : Reference [0..*] « Any »Commentary about the impression, typically recorded after the impression itself was made, though supplemental notes by the original author could also appearnote : Annotation [0..*]FindingSpecific text or code for finding or diagnosis, which may include ruled-out or resolved conditionsitemCodeableConcept : CodeableConcept [0..1] « Identification of the Condition or diagnosis. (Strength=Example) Condition/Problem/DiagnosisCo...?? »Specific reference for finding or diagnosis, which may include ruled-out or resolved conditionsitemReference : Reference [0..1] « Condition|Observation| DocumentReference »Which investigations support finding or diagnosisbasis : string [0..1]Specific findings or diagnoses that were considered likely or relevant to ongoing treatmentfinding[0..*]

XML Template

<ClinicalImpression xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Business identifier --></identifier>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 in-progress | completed | entered-in-error -->
 <statusReason><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Reason for current status --></statusReason>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of assessment performed --></code>
 <description value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Why/how the assessment was performed -->
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Group|Patient) Patient or group assessed --></subject>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created --></encounter>
 <effective[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Period Time of assessment --></effective[x]>
 <date value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 When the assessment was documented -->
 <performer><!-- 0..1 Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole) The clinician performing the assessment --></performer>
 <previous><!-- 0..1 Reference(ClinicalImpression) Reference to last assessment --></previous>
 <problem><!-- 0..* Reference(AllergyIntolerance|Condition) Relevant impressions of patient state --></problem>
 <protocol value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..* Clinical Protocol followed -->
 <summary value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Summary of the assessment -->
 <finding>  <!-- 0..* Possible or likely findings and diagnoses -->
  <itemCodeableConcept><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept What was found --></itemCodeableConcept>
  <itemReference><!-- 0..1 Reference(Condition|DocumentReference|Observation) What was found --></itemReference>
  <basis value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Which investigations support finding -->
 </finding>
 <prognosisCodeableConcept><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Estimate of likely outcome --></prognosisCodeableConcept>
 <prognosisReference><!-- 0..* Reference(RiskAssessment) RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome --></prognosisReference>
 <supportingInfo><!-- 0..* Reference(Any) Information supporting the clinical impression --></supportingInfo>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Comments made about the ClinicalImpression --></note>
</ClinicalImpression>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "ClinicalImpression",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Business identifier
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  in-progress | completed | entered-in-error
  "statusReason" : { CodeableConcept }, // Reason for current status
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Kind of assessment performed
  "description" : "<string>", // Why/how the assessment was performed
  "subject" : { Reference(Group|Patient) }, // R!  Patient or group assessed
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created
  // effective[x]: Time of assessment. One of these 2:
  "effectiveDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "effectivePeriod" : { Period },
  "date" : "<dateTime>", // When the assessment was documented
  "performer" : { Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole) }, // The clinician performing the assessment
  "previous" : { Reference(ClinicalImpression) }, // Reference to last assessment
  "problem" : [{ Reference(AllergyIntolerance|Condition) }], // Relevant impressions of patient state
  "protocol" : ["<uri>"], // Clinical Protocol followed
  "summary" : "<string>", // Summary of the assessment
  "finding" : [{ // Possible or likely findings and diagnoses
    "itemCodeableConcept" : { CodeableConcept }, // What was found
    "itemReference" : { Reference(Condition|DocumentReference|Observation) }, // What was found
    "basis" : "<string>" // Which investigations support finding
  }],
  "prognosisCodeableConcept" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Estimate of likely outcome
  "prognosisReference" : [{ Reference(RiskAssessment) }], // RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome
  "supportingInfo" : [{ Reference(Any) }], // Information supporting the clinical impression
  "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Comments made about the ClinicalImpression
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:ClinicalImpression;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Business identifier
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.status [ code ]; # 1..1 in-progress | completed | entered-in-error
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.statusReason [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Reason for current status
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of assessment performed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.description [ string ]; # 0..1 Why/how the assessment was performed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.subject [ Reference(Group|Patient) ]; # 1..1 Patient or group assessed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created
  # ClinicalImpression.effective[x] : 0..1 Time of assessment. One of these 2
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.effectiveDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.effectivePeriod [ Period ]
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.date [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 When the assessment was documented
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.performer [ Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole) ]; # 0..1 The clinician performing the assessment
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.previous [ Reference(ClinicalImpression) ]; # 0..1 Reference to last assessment
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.problem [ Reference(AllergyIntolerance|Condition) ], ... ; # 0..* Relevant impressions of patient state
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.protocol [ uri ], ... ; # 0..* Clinical Protocol followed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.summary [ string ]; # 0..1 Summary of the assessment
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding [ # 0..* Possible or likely findings and diagnoses
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding.itemCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 What was found
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding.itemReference [ Reference(Condition|DocumentReference|Observation) ]; # 0..1 What was found
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding.basis [ string ]; # 0..1 Which investigations support finding
  ], ...;
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.prognosisCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Estimate of likely outcome
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.prognosisReference [ Reference(RiskAssessment) ], ... ; # 0..* RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.supportingInfo [ Reference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Information supporting the clinical impression
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Comments made about the ClinicalImpression
]

Changes since R3

ClinicalImpression
ClinicalImpression.status
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/clinicalimpression-status|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/clinicalimpression-status|4.1.0
ClinicalImpression.performer
  • Added Element
ClinicalImpression.finding.itemReference
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type DocumentReference
  • Type Reference: Removed Target Type Media
ClinicalImpression.assessor
  • deleted
ClinicalImpression.investigation
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 1 test that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.)

Structure

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. ClinicalImpression TUDomainResourceA clinical assessment performed when planning treatments and management strategies for a patient
Elements defined in Ancestors: id, meta, implicitRules, language, text, contained, extension, modifierExtension
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness identifier
... status ?!Σ1..1codein-progress | completed | entered-in-error
Clinical Impression Status (Required)
... statusReason 0..1CodeableConceptReason for current status
... code Σ0..1CodeableConceptKind of assessment performed
... description Σ0..1stringWhy/how the assessment was performed
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient | Group)Patient or group assessed
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created
... effective[x] Σ0..1Time of assessment
.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... date Σ0..1dateTimeWhen the assessment was documented
... performer Σ0..1Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole)The clinician performing the assessment
... previous 0..1Reference(ClinicalImpression)Reference to last assessment
... problem Σ0..*Reference(Condition | AllergyIntolerance)Relevant impressions of patient state
... protocol 0..*uriClinical Protocol followed
... summary 0..1stringSummary of the assessment
... finding 0..*BackboneElementPossible or likely findings and diagnoses
.... itemCodeableConcept 0..1CodeableConceptWhat was found
Condition/Problem/Diagnosis Codes (Example)
.... itemReference 0..1Reference(Condition | Observation | DocumentReference)What was found
.... basis 0..1stringWhich investigations support finding
... prognosisCodeableConcept 0..*CodeableConceptEstimate of likely outcome
Clinical Impression Prognosis (Example)
... prognosisReference 0..*Reference(RiskAssessment)RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome
... supportingInfo 0..*Reference(Any)Information supporting the clinical impression
... note 0..*AnnotationComments made about the ClinicalImpression

doco Documentation for this format

UML Diagram (Legend)

ClinicalImpression (DomainResource)Business identifiers assigned to this clinical impression by the performer or other systems which remain constant as the resource is updated and propagates from server to serveridentifier : Identifier [0..*]Identifies the workflow status of the assessment (this element modifies the meaning of other elements)status : code [1..1] « The workflow state of a clinical impression. (Strength=Required)ClinicalImpressionStatus! »Captures the reason for the current state of the ClinicalImpressionstatusReason : CodeableConcept [0..1]Categorizes the type of clinical assessment performedcode : CodeableConcept [0..1]A summary of the context and/or cause of the assessment - why / where it was performed, and what patient events/status prompted itdescription : string [0..1]The patient or group of individuals assessed as part of this recordsubject : Reference [1..1] « Patient|Group »The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created or to which the creation of this record is tightly associatedencounter : Reference [0..1] « Encounter »The point in time or period over which the subject was assessedeffective[x] : Type [0..1] « dateTime|Period »Indicates when the documentation of the assessment was completedate : dateTime [0..1]The clinician performing the assessmentperformer : Reference [0..1] « Practitioner|PractitionerRole »A reference to the last assessment that was conducted on this patient. Assessments are often/usually ongoing in nature; a care provider (practitioner or team) will make new assessments on an ongoing basis as new data arises or the patient's conditions changesprevious : Reference [0..1] « ClinicalImpression »A list of the relevant problems/conditions for a patientproblem : Reference [0..*] « Condition|AllergyIntolerance »Reference to a specific published clinical protocol that was followed during this assessment, and/or that provides evidence in support of the diagnosisprotocol : uri [0..*]A text summary of the investigations and the diagnosissummary : string [0..1]Estimate of likely outcomeprognosisCodeableConcept : CodeableConcept [0..*] « Prognosis or outlook findings. (Strength=Example) ClinicalImpressionPrognosis?? »RiskAssessment expressing likely outcomeprognosisReference : Reference [0..*] « RiskAssessment »Information supporting the clinical impression, which can contain investigation resultssupportingInfo : Reference [0..*] « Any »Commentary about the impression, typically recorded after the impression itself was made, though supplemental notes by the original author could also appearnote : Annotation [0..*]FindingSpecific text or code for finding or diagnosis, which may include ruled-out or resolved conditionsitemCodeableConcept : CodeableConcept [0..1] « Identification of the Condition or diagnosis. (Strength=Example) Condition/Problem/DiagnosisCo...?? »Specific reference for finding or diagnosis, which may include ruled-out or resolved conditionsitemReference : Reference [0..1] « Condition|Observation| DocumentReference »Which investigations support finding or diagnosisbasis : string [0..1]Specific findings or diagnoses that were considered likely or relevant to ongoing treatmentfinding[0..*]

XML Template

<ClinicalImpression xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir"> doco
 <!-- from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language -->
 <!-- from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension -->
 <identifier><!-- 0..* Identifier Business identifier --></identifier>
 <status value="[code]"/><!-- 1..1 in-progress | completed | entered-in-error -->
 <statusReason><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Reason for current status --></statusReason>
 <code><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept Kind of assessment performed --></code>
 <description value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Why/how the assessment was performed -->
 <subject><!-- 1..1 Reference(Group|Patient) Patient or group assessed --></subject>
 <encounter><!-- 0..1 Reference(Encounter) The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created --></encounter>
 <effective[x]><!-- 0..1 dateTime|Period Time of assessment --></effective[x]>
 <date value="[dateTime]"/><!-- 0..1 When the assessment was documented -->
 <performer><!-- 0..1 Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole) The clinician performing the assessment --></performer>
 <previous><!-- 0..1 Reference(ClinicalImpression) Reference to last assessment --></previous>
 <problem><!-- 0..* Reference(AllergyIntolerance|Condition) Relevant impressions of patient state --></problem>
 <protocol value="[uri]"/><!-- 0..* Clinical Protocol followed -->
 <summary value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Summary of the assessment -->
 <finding>  <!-- 0..* Possible or likely findings and diagnoses -->
  <itemCodeableConcept><!-- 0..1 CodeableConcept What was found --></itemCodeableConcept>
  <itemReference><!-- 0..1 Reference(Condition|DocumentReference|Observation) What was found --></itemReference>
  <basis value="[string]"/><!-- 0..1 Which investigations support finding -->
 </finding>
 <prognosisCodeableConcept><!-- 0..* CodeableConcept Estimate of likely outcome --></prognosisCodeableConcept>
 <prognosisReference><!-- 0..* Reference(RiskAssessment) RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome --></prognosisReference>
 <supportingInfo><!-- 0..* Reference(Any) Information supporting the clinical impression --></supportingInfo>
 <note><!-- 0..* Annotation Comments made about the ClinicalImpression --></note>
</ClinicalImpression>

JSON Template

{doco
  "resourceType" : "ClinicalImpression",
  // from Resource: id, meta, implicitRules, and language
  // from DomainResource: text, contained, extension, and modifierExtension
  "identifier" : [{ Identifier }], // Business identifier
  "status" : "<code>", // R!  in-progress | completed | entered-in-error
  "statusReason" : { CodeableConcept }, // Reason for current status
  "code" : { CodeableConcept }, // Kind of assessment performed
  "description" : "<string>", // Why/how the assessment was performed
  "subject" : { Reference(Group|Patient) }, // R!  Patient or group assessed
  "encounter" : { Reference(Encounter) }, // The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created
  // effective[x]: Time of assessment. One of these 2:
  "effectiveDateTime" : "<dateTime>",
  "effectivePeriod" : { Period },
  "date" : "<dateTime>", // When the assessment was documented
  "performer" : { Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole) }, // The clinician performing the assessment
  "previous" : { Reference(ClinicalImpression) }, // Reference to last assessment
  "problem" : [{ Reference(AllergyIntolerance|Condition) }], // Relevant impressions of patient state
  "protocol" : ["<uri>"], // Clinical Protocol followed
  "summary" : "<string>", // Summary of the assessment
  "finding" : [{ // Possible or likely findings and diagnoses
    "itemCodeableConcept" : { CodeableConcept }, // What was found
    "itemReference" : { Reference(Condition|DocumentReference|Observation) }, // What was found
    "basis" : "<string>" // Which investigations support finding
  }],
  "prognosisCodeableConcept" : [{ CodeableConcept }], // Estimate of likely outcome
  "prognosisReference" : [{ Reference(RiskAssessment) }], // RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome
  "supportingInfo" : [{ Reference(Any) }], // Information supporting the clinical impression
  "note" : [{ Annotation }] // Comments made about the ClinicalImpression
}

Turtle Template

@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .doco


[ a fhir:ClinicalImpression;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot; # if this is the parser root

  # from Resource: .id, .meta, .implicitRules, and .language
  # from DomainResource: .text, .contained, .extension, and .modifierExtension
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.identifier [ Identifier ], ... ; # 0..* Business identifier
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.status [ code ]; # 1..1 in-progress | completed | entered-in-error
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.statusReason [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Reason for current status
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.code [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 Kind of assessment performed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.description [ string ]; # 0..1 Why/how the assessment was performed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.subject [ Reference(Group|Patient) ]; # 1..1 Patient or group assessed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.encounter [ Reference(Encounter) ]; # 0..1 The Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was created
  # ClinicalImpression.effective[x] : 0..1 Time of assessment. One of these 2
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.effectiveDateTime [ dateTime ]
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.effectivePeriod [ Period ]
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.date [ dateTime ]; # 0..1 When the assessment was documented
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.performer [ Reference(Practitioner|PractitionerRole) ]; # 0..1 The clinician performing the assessment
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.previous [ Reference(ClinicalImpression) ]; # 0..1 Reference to last assessment
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.problem [ Reference(AllergyIntolerance|Condition) ], ... ; # 0..* Relevant impressions of patient state
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.protocol [ uri ], ... ; # 0..* Clinical Protocol followed
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.summary [ string ]; # 0..1 Summary of the assessment
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding [ # 0..* Possible or likely findings and diagnoses
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding.itemCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ]; # 0..1 What was found
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding.itemReference [ Reference(Condition|DocumentReference|Observation) ]; # 0..1 What was found
    fhir:ClinicalImpression.finding.basis [ string ]; # 0..1 Which investigations support finding
  ], ...;
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.prognosisCodeableConcept [ CodeableConcept ], ... ; # 0..* Estimate of likely outcome
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.prognosisReference [ Reference(RiskAssessment) ], ... ; # 0..* RiskAssessment expressing likely outcome
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.supportingInfo [ Reference(Any) ], ... ; # 0..* Information supporting the clinical impression
  fhir:ClinicalImpression.note [ Annotation ], ... ; # 0..* Comments made about the ClinicalImpression
]

Changes since Release 3

ClinicalImpression
ClinicalImpression.status
  • Change value set from http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/clinicalimpression-status|4.0.0 to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/clinicalimpression-status|4.1.0
ClinicalImpression.performer
  • Added Element
ClinicalImpression.finding.itemReference
  • Type Reference: Added Target Type DocumentReference
  • Type Reference: Removed Target Type Media
ClinicalImpression.assessor
  • deleted
ClinicalImpression.investigation
  • deleted

See the Full Difference for further information

This analysis is available as XML or JSON.

See R3 <--> R4 Conversion Maps (status = 1 test that all execute ok. All tests pass round-trip testing and all r3 resources are valid.)

 

See the Profiles & Extensions and the alternate definitions: Master Definition XML + JSON, XML Schema/Schematron + JSON Schema, ShEx (for Turtle) + see the extensions, the spreadsheet version & the dependency analysis a

PathDefinitionTypeReference
ClinicalImpression.status The workflow state of a clinical impression.RequiredClinicalImpressionStatus
ClinicalImpression.statusReason Codes identifying the reason for the current state of a clinical impression.UnknownNo details provided yet
ClinicalImpression.code Identifies categories of clinical impressions. This is a place-holder only. It may be removed.UnknownNo details provided yet
ClinicalImpression.finding.itemCodeableConcept Identification of the Condition or diagnosis.ExampleCondition/Problem/DiagnosisCodes
ClinicalImpression.prognosisCodeableConcept Prognosis or outlook findings.ExampleClinicalImpressionPrognosis

A known issue exists with circular references between Condition and ClinicalImpression, which is due to the low maturity level of ClinicalImpression. The Patient Care work group intends to address this issue when ClinicalImpression is considered substantially complete and ready for implementation.

Search parameters for this resource. The common parameters also apply. See Searching for more information about searching in REST, messaging, and services.

NameTypeDescriptionExpressionIn Common
datedateWhen the assessment was documentedClinicalImpression.date17 Resources
encounterreferenceThe Encounter during which this ClinicalImpression was createdClinicalImpression.encounter
(Encounter)
finding-codetokenWhat was foundClinicalImpression.finding.itemCodeableConcept
finding-refreferenceWhat was foundClinicalImpression.finding.itemReference
(Condition, Observation, DocumentReference)
identifiertokenBusiness identifierClinicalImpression.identifier
patientreferencePatient or group assessedClinicalImpression.subject.where(resolve() is Patient)
(Patient)
33 Resources
performerreferenceThe clinician performing the assessmentClinicalImpression.performer
(Practitioner, PractitionerRole)
previousreferenceReference to last assessmentClinicalImpression.previous
(ClinicalImpression)
problemreferenceRelevant impressions of patient stateClinicalImpression.problem
(Condition, AllergyIntolerance)
statustokenin-progress | completed | entered-in-errorClinicalImpression.status
subjectreferencePatient or group assessedClinicalImpression.subject
(Group, Patient)
supporting-inforeferenceInformation supporting the clinical impressionClinicalImpression.supportingInfo
(Any)