Da Vinci Clinical Data Exchange (CDex)
2.1.0-preview - CI Build United States of America flag

Da Vinci Clinical Data Exchange (CDex), published by HL7 International / Payer/Provider Information Exchange Work Group. This guide is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 2.1.0-preview built by the FHIR (HL7® FHIR® Standard) CI Build. This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/davinci-ecdx/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: CDEXSDCQuestionnaireResponse - XML Profile

Page standards status: Trial-use Maturity Level: 2

XML representation of the cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse resource profile.

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<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse"/>
  <text>
    <status value="extensions"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><p class="res-header-id"><b>Generated Narrative: StructureDefinition cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse</b></p><a name="cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse"> </a><a name="hccdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse"> </a><a name="hccdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse-en-US"> </a><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Legend for this format"><img src="data:image/png;base64,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" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_resource.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse-definitions.html#QuestionnaireResponse">QuestionnaireResponse</a><a name="QuestionnaireResponse"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/STU6.1/StructureDefinition-us-core-questionnaireresponse.html">USCoreQuestionnaireResponseProfile</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">US Core Profile based on SDC QuestionnaireResponse</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck13.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Definition" class="hierarchy"/> Slices for extension<a name="QuestionnaireResponse.extension"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">Content/Rules for all slices</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck125.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice_item.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Item" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse-definitions.html#QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature" title="Slice signature">extension:signature</a><a name="QuestionnaireResponse.extension.2"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/extensions/5.1.0/StructureDefinition-questionnaireresponse-signature.html" title="Extension">QRSignature(5.1.0)</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">A signature attesting to the content</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1240.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse-definitions.html#QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature.value[x]">value[x]</a><a name="QuestionnaireResponse.extension.value_x_"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-signature.html" title="Signature">CDexSignature</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">JWS Digital Signature</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck01.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse-definitions.html#QuestionnaireResponse.item">item</a><a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#BackboneElement">BackboneElement</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">(USCDI) Groups and questions</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck003.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Definition" class="hierarchy"/> Slices for extension<a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">Content/Rules for all slices</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck0025.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice_item.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Item" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse-definitions.html#QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature" title="Slice ItemSignature">extension:ItemSignature</a><a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension.2"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/extensions/5.1.0/StructureDefinition-questionnaireresponse-signature.html" title="Extension">QRSignature(5.1.0)</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">A signature attesting to the content</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck00240.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse-definitions.html#QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature.value[x]">value[x]</a><a name="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension.value_x_"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="StructureDefinition-cdex-signature.html" title="Signature">CDexSignature</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">JWS Digital Signature</span></td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Legend for this format"><img src="data:image/png;base64,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" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <extension
             url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-wg">
    <valueCode value="claims"/>
  </extension>
  <extension
             url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fmm">
    <valueInteger value="2">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-conformance-derivedFrom">
        <valueCanonical
                        value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-cdex/ImplementationGuide/hl7.fhir.us.davinci-cdex"/>
      </extension>
    </valueInteger>
  </extension>
  <extension
             url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-standards-status">
    <valueCode value="trial-use">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-conformance-derivedFrom">
        <valueCanonical
                        value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-cdex/ImplementationGuide/hl7.fhir.us.davinci-cdex"/>
      </extension>
    </valueCode>
  </extension>
  <url
       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-cdex/StructureDefinition/cdex-sdc-questionnaireresponse"/>
  <identifier>
    <system value="urn:ietf:rfc:3986"/>
    <value value="urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.4.642.40.21.42.4"/>
  </identifier>
  <version value="2.1.0-preview"/>
  <name value="CDEXSDCQuestionnaireResponse"/>
  <title value="CDex SDC QuestionnaireResponse Profile"/>
  <status value="active"/>
  <date value="2023-01-15"/>
  <publisher
             value="HL7 International / Payer/Provider Information Exchange Work Group"/>
  <contact>
    <name
          value="HL7 International / Payer/Provider Information Exchange Work Group"/>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="http://www.hl7.org/Special/committees/claims"/>
    </telecom>
    <telecom>
      <system value="email"/>
      <value value="pie@lists.hl7.org"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description
               value="This extension is derived from the [US Core QuestionnaireResponse Profile](https://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/STU6.1/StructureDefinition-us-core-questionnaireresponse.html) profile and enforces the various elements of signature documented in the CDex guide to represent an enveloped signature. It adds the following constraints:
- The signature extensions use the CDex Signature Profile"/>
  <jurisdiction>
    <coding>
      <system value="urn:iso:std:iso:3166"/>
      <code value="US"/>
    </coding>
  </jurisdiction>
  <copyright
             value="Used by permission of HL7 International all rights reserved Creative Commons License"/>
  <fhirVersion value="4.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="workflow"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow"/>
    <name value="Workflow Pattern"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="QuestionnaireResponse"/>
  <baseDefinition
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-questionnaireresponse"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse"/>
      <short value="US Core Profile based on SDC QuestionnaireResponse"/>
      <definition value="\-"/>
      <comment value="\-"/>
      <alias value="Form"/>
      <alias value="QuestionnaireAnswers"/>
      <alias value="Form Data"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value='#'])]))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <key value="sdcqr-1"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="Subject SHOULD be present (searching is difficult without subject).  Almost all QuestionnaireResponses should be with respect to some sort of subject."/>
        <expression value="subject.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:subject)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaireresponse"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <key value="sdcqr-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="When repeats=true for a group, it'll be represented with multiple items with the same linkId in the QuestionnaireResponse.  For a question, it'll be represented by a single item with that linkId with multiple answers."/>
        <expression
                    value="(QuestionnaireResponse|repeat(answer|item)).select(item.where(answer.value.exists()).linkId.isDistinct()).allTrue()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $item in descendant::f:item[f:answer] return $item/preceding-sibling::f:item[f:linkId/@value=$item/f:linkId/@value]))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaireresponse"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Observation[moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.meta">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.implicitRules">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.language">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition
                  value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.text">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.contained">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="signature"/>
      <short value="A signature attesting to the content"/>
      <definition
                  value="Represents a wet or electronic signature for either the form overall or for the question or item it's associated with."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/questionnaireresponse-signature"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature.url">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension.url"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="identifies the meaning of the extension"/>
      <definition
                  value="Source of the definition for the extension code - a logical name or a URL."/>
      <comment
               value="The definition may point directly to a computable or human-readable definition of the extensibility codes, or it may be a logical URI as declared in some other specification. The definition SHALL be a URI for the Structure Definition defining the extension."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Extension.url"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="uri"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <fixedUri
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/questionnaireresponse-signature"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature.value[x]">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension.value[x]"/>
      <short value="JWS Digital Signature"/>
      <definition
                  value="A JWS digital signature along with supporting context."/>
      <comment
               value="The elements of the Signature Resource are for ease of access of these elements. For digital signatures (Xml DigSig, JWS), the non-repudiation proof comes from the Signature  validation, which includes validation of the referenced objects (e.g. Resources) (a.k.a., Content) in the XML-Signature Detached form."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Extension.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Signature"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-cdex/StructureDefinition/cdex-signature"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="cdex-13"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="The signature element must have either reference to the signer or the signer's identifier and name."/>
        <expression
                    value="who.reference.exists() or (who.identifier.exists() and who.display.exists())"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-questionnaireresponse"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:completionMode">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="completionMode"/>
      <short value="E.g. Verbal, written, electronic"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates how the individual completing the QuestionnaireResponse provided their responses."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/questionnaireresponse-completionMode"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.modifierExtension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier"/>
      <short value="Unique id for this set of answers"/>
      <definition
                  value="A business identifier assigned to a particular completed (or partially completed) questionnaire."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Used for tracking, registration and other business purposes."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn"/>
      <short value="Request fulfilled by this QuestionnaireResponse"/>
      <definition
                  value="The order, proposal or plan that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this QuestionnaireResponse.  For example, a ServiceRequest seeking an intake assessment or a decision support recommendation to assess for post-partum depression."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Supports traceability of responsibility for the action and allows linkage of an action to the recommendations acted upon."/>
      <alias value="order"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CarePlan"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ServiceRequest"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.basedOn"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf"/>
      <short value="Part of this action"/>
      <definition
                  value="A procedure or observation that this questionnaire was performed as part of the execution of.  For example, the surgery a checklist was executed as part of."/>
      <comment
               value="Composition of questionnaire responses will be handled by the parent questionnaire having answers that reference the child questionnaire.  For relationships to referrals, and other types of requests, use basedOn."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.partOf"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Procedure"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.partOf"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire"/>
      <short value="(USCDI) Form being answered"/>
      <definition
                  value="The Questionnaire that defines and organizes the questions for which answers are being provided."/>
      <comment
               value="For SDC, this SHALL be the version-specific URL of the form as hosted on the Form Manager."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Needed to allow editing of the questionnaire response in a manner that enforces the constraints of the original form."/>
      <alias value="Form"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="canonical"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaire"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.instantiates"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./outboundRelationship[typeCode=INST]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)"/>
      <definition
                  value="unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references)"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element
             id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension:questionnaireDisplay">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="questionnaireDisplay"/>
      <short value="Display name for canonical reference"/>
      <definition
                  value="The title or other name to display when referencing a resource by canonical URL."/>
      <comment
               value="This SHALL be the title of the Questionnaire at the time the QuestionnaireResponse was originally authored."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/display"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension:url">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="url"/>
      <short
             value="(USCDI) The location where a non-FHIR questionnaire/survey form can be found."/>
      <definition
                  value="This extension is used when the survey,form, or questionnaire which is being anwered is not a FHIR [Questionnaire](https://www.hl7.org/fhir/questionnaire.html), otherwise the [canonical url](https://www.hl7.org/fhir/questionnaire.html#canonical) for the FHIR Questionnaire is used."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-extension-questionnaire-uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.value">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.value"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Primitive value for canonical"/>
      <definition value="Primitive value for canonical"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="uri.value"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/regex">
          <valueString value="\S*"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.status">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.status"/>
      <short
             value="(USCDI) in-progress | completed | amended | entered-in-error | stopped"/>
      <definition
                  value="The position of the questionnaire response within its overall lifecycle."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid."/>
      <requirements
                    value="The information on Questionnaire resources  may possibly be gathered during multiple sessions and altered after considered being finished."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.status"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labelled as a modifier because it is a status element that contains status entered-in-error which means that the resource should not be treated as valid"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="QuestionnaireResponseStatus"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="Lifecycle status of the questionnaire response."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers-status|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".statusCode (also whether there's a revisionControlAct - and possibly mood to distinguish &quot;in-progress&quot; from &quot;published)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.subject">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.subject"/>
      <short value="(USCDI) The subject of the questions"/>
      <definition
                  value="The subject of the questionnaire response.  This could be a patient, organization, practitioner, device, etc.  This is who/what the answers apply to, but is not necessarily the source of information."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows linking the answers to the individual the answers describe.  May also affect access control."/>
      <alias value="Patient"/>
      <alias value="Focus"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.subject"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-patient"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.subject"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter"/>
      <short value="Encounter created as part of"/>
      <definition
                  value="The Encounter during which this questionnaire response was created or to which the creation of this record is tightly associated."/>
      <comment
               value="This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some activities may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but still be tied to the context of the encounter. A questionnaire that was initiated during an encounter but not fully completed during the encounter would still generally be associated with the encounter."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Provides context for the information that was captured.  May also affect access control."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.encounter"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Encounter"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.encounter"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".inboundRelationship(typeCode=COMP].source[classCode&lt;=PCPR, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.authored">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.authored"/>
      <short value="(USCDI) Date the answers were gathered"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifies when this version of the answer set was created.  Changes whenever the answers are updated."/>
      <comment
               value="May be different from the lastUpdateTime of the resource itself, because that reflects when the data was known to the server, not when the data was captured.

This element is optional to allow for systems that might not know the value, however it SHOULD be populated if possible."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Clinicians need to be able to check the date that the information in the questionnaire was collected, to derive the context of the answers."/>
      <alias value="Date Created"/>
      <alias value="Date published"/>
      <alias value="Date Issued"/>
      <alias value="Date updated"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.authored"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.occurrence[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=AUT].time"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.author">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.author"/>
      <short value="(USCDI) Person who received and recorded the answers"/>
      <definition
                  value="Person who received the answers to the questions in the QuestionnaireResponse and recorded them in the system."/>
      <comment
               value="Mapping a subject's answers to multiple choice options and determining what to put in the textual answer is a matter of interpretation.  Authoring by device would indicate that some portion of the questionnaire had been auto-populated."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know who interpreted the subject's answers to the questions in the questionnaire, and selected the appropriate options for answers."/>
      <alias value="Laboratory"/>
      <alias value="Service"/>
      <alias value="Practitioner"/>
      <alias value="Department"/>
      <alias value="Company"/>
      <alias value="Performer"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.author"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-practitioner">🔗 
          <extension
                     url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
            <valueBoolean value="true"/>
          </extension>
        </targetProfile>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-organization">🔗 
          <extension
                     url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
            <valueBoolean value="false"/>
          </extension>
        </targetProfile>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-patient">🔗 
          <extension
                     url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
            <valueBoolean value="false"/>
          </extension>
        </targetProfile>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole">🔗 
          <extension
                     url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
            <valueBoolean value="false"/>
          </extension>
        </targetProfile>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device">🔗 
          <extension
                     url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
            <valueBoolean value="false"/>
          </extension>
        </targetProfile>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-relatedperson">🔗 
          <extension
                     url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
            <valueBoolean value="false"/>
          </extension>
        </targetProfile>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.author"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=AUT].role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.source">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.source"/>
      <short value="The person who answered the questions"/>
      <definition
                  value="The person who answered the questions about the subject."/>
      <comment
               value="If not specified, no inference can be made about who provided the data."/>
      <requirements
                    value="When answering questions about a subject that is minor, incapable of answering or an animal, another human source may answer the questions."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.source"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.source"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=INF].role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item"/>
      <short value="(USCDI) Groups and questions"/>
      <definition
                  value="A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided."/>
      <comment
               value="Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="qrs-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer"/>
        <expression value="(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:itemMedia">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="itemMedia"/>
      <short value="Media to display"/>
      <definition
                  value="Media to render/make available as an accompaniment to the question being asked"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaire-itemMedia"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="ItemSignature"/>
      <short value="A signature attesting to the content"/>
      <definition
                  value="Represents a wet or electronic signature for either the form overall or for the question or item it's associated with."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/questionnaireresponse-signature"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element
             id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature.url">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension.url"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="identifies the meaning of the extension"/>
      <definition
                  value="Source of the definition for the extension code - a logical name or a URL."/>
      <comment
               value="The definition may point directly to a computable or human-readable definition of the extensibility codes, or it may be a logical URI as declared in some other specification. The definition SHALL be a URI for the Structure Definition defining the extension."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Extension.url"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="uri"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <fixedUri
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/questionnaireresponse-signature"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element
             id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature.value[x]">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension.value[x]"/>
      <short value="JWS Digital Signature"/>
      <definition
                  value="A JWS digital signature along with supporting context."/>
      <comment
               value="The elements of the Signature Resource are for ease of access of these elements. For digital signatures (Xml DigSig, JWS), the non-repudiation proof comes from the Signature  validation, which includes validation of the referenced objects (e.g. Resources) (a.k.a., Content) in the XML-Signature Detached form."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Extension.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Signature"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-cdex/StructureDefinition/cdex-signature"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="cdex-13"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="The signature element must have either reference to the signer or the signer's identifier and name."/>
        <expression
                    value="who.reference.exists() or (who.identifier.exists() and who.display.exists())"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-questionnaireresponse"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId"/>
      <short value="(USCDI) Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire"/>
      <definition
                  value="The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position might not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition"/>
      <short value="ElementDefinition - details for the item"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to an [ElementDefinition](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item."/>
      <comment
               value="The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/structuredefinition.html#), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].

There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed."/>
      <requirements
                    value="A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text"/>
      <short value="Name for group or question text"/>
      <definition
                  value="Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".text"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer"/>
      <short value="The response(s) to the question"/>
      <definition value="The respondent's answer(s) to the question."/>
      <comment
               value="The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".value[type=LIST_ANY]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element
             id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension:itemAnswerMedia">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="itemAnswerMedia"/>
      <short value="Answer Media to display"/>
      <definition
                  value="Media to render/make available as an accompaniment to a specific answer option"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaire-itemAnswerMedia"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension:ordinalValue">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="ordinalValue"/>
      <short value="Assigned Ordinal Value"/>
      <definition
                  value="A numeric value that allows the comparison (less than, greater than) or other numerical 
manipulation of a concept (e.g. Adding up components of a score). Scores are usually a whole number, but occasionally decimals are encountered in scores."/>
      <comment
               value="Scores are commonly encountered in various clinical assessment scales. Assigning a value to a concept should generally be done in a formal code system that defines the value, or in an applicable value set for the concept, but some concepts do not have a formal definition (or are not even represented as a concept formally, especially in [Questionnaires](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/questionnaire.html), 
so this extension is allowed to appear ouside those preferred contexts.  Scores may even be assigned arbitrarily during use (hence, on Coding). The value may be constrained to an integer in some contexts of use. Todo: Scoring algorithms may also be defined directly, but how this is done is not yet defined."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ordinalValue"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/uscdi-requirement">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]"/>
      <short value="(USCDI) Single-valued answer to the question"/>
      <definition
                  value="The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question."/>
      <comment
               value="More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions. Must match the datatype specified by Questionnaire.item.type in the corresponding Questionnaire."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="date"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="time"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="decimal"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="integer"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-type-must-support">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Attachment"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="QuestionnaireAnswer"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Code indicating the response provided for a question."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".item"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item"/>
      <short value="Nested groups and questions"/>
      <definition
                  value="Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer."/>
      <requirements
                    value="It is useful to have &quot;sub-questions&quot;, questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <contentReference
                        value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse#QuestionnaireResponse.item"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item"/>
      <short value="Nested questionnaire response items"/>
      <definition
                  value="Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group."/>
      <requirements value="Reports can consist of complex nested groups."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.item"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <contentReference
                        value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse#QuestionnaireResponse.item"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="signature"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.extension:signature.value[x]">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.extension.value[x]"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Signature"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-cdex/StructureDefinition/cdex-signature"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item"/>
    </element>
    <element id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension"/>
      <sliceName value="ItemSignature"/>
    </element>
    <element
             id="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension:ItemSignature.value[x]">
      <path value="QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension.value[x]"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Signature"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-cdex/StructureDefinition/cdex-signature"/>
      </type>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>