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Example PlanDefinition/opioidcds-07 (JSON)

Clinical Decision Support Work GroupMaturity Level: N/AStandards Status: InformativeCompartments: Not linked to any defined compartments

Raw JSON (canonical form + also see JSON Format Specification)

Opioid CDS Recommendation 7 ECA Rule

{
  "resourceType" : "PlanDefinition",
  "id" : "opioidcds-07",
  "text" : {
    "status" : "generated",
    "div" : "<div xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml\"><p><b>Generated Narrative: PlanDefinition</b><a name=\"opioidcds-07\"> </a></p><div style=\"display: inline-block; background-color: #d9e0e7; padding: 6px; margin: 4px; border: 1px solid #8da1b4; border-radius: 5px; line-height: 60%\"><p style=\"margin-bottom: 0px\">Resource PlanDefinition &quot;opioidcds-07&quot; </p></div><p><b>url</b>: <code>http://hl7.org/fhir/ig/opioid-cds/PlanDefinition/opioidcds-07</code></p><p><b>identifier</b>: id: urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.4.642.11.6, id: cdc-opioid-guidance (use: OFFICIAL)</p><p><b>version</b>: 0.1.0</p><p><b>name</b>: cdc-opioid-07</p><p><b>title</b>: CDC Opioid Prescribing Guideline Recommendation #7</p><p><b>type</b>: ECA Rule <span style=\"background: LightGoldenRodYellow; margin: 4px; border: 1px solid khaki\"> (<a href=\"http://terminology.hl7.org/4.0.0/CodeSystem-plan-definition-type.html\">PlanDefinitionType</a>#eca-rule)</span></p><p><b>status</b>: draft</p><p><b>date</b>: 2018-03-19</p><p><b>publisher</b>: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)</p><p><b>description</b>: Clinicians should evaluate benefits and harms with patients within 1 to 4 weeks of starting opioid therapy for chronic pain or of dose escalation. Clinicians should evaluate benefits and harms of continued therapy with patients every 3 months or more frequently.</p><h3>UseContexts</h3><table class=\"grid\"><tr><td>-</td><td><b>Code</b></td><td><b>Value[x]</b></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>Clinical Focus (Details: http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/usage-context-type code focus = 'Clinical Focus', stated as 'Clinical Focus')</td><td>Medication requested (situation) <span style=\"background: LightGoldenRodYellow; margin: 4px; border: 1px solid khaki\"> (<a href=\"https://browser.ihtsdotools.org/\">SNOMED CT</a>#182888003)</span></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>Clinical Focus (Details: http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/usage-context-type code focus = 'Clinical Focus', stated as 'Clinical Focus')</td><td>Chronic pain (finding) <span style=\"background: LightGoldenRodYellow; margin: 4px; border: 1px solid khaki\"> (<a href=\"https://browser.ihtsdotools.org/\">SNOMED CT</a>#82423001)</span></td></tr></table><p><b>jurisdiction</b>: United States of America <span style=\"background: LightGoldenRodYellow; margin: 4px; border: 1px solid khaki\"> (<a href=\"http://terminology.hl7.org/4.0.0/CodeSystem-ISO3166Part1.html\">ISO 3166-1 Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country code</a>#US)</span></p><p><b>purpose</b>: CDC’s Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain is intended to improve communication between providers and patients about the risks and benefits of opioid therapy for chronic pain, improve the safety and effectiveness of pain treatment, and reduce the risks associated with long-term opioid therapy, including opioid use disorder and overdose. The Guideline is not intended for patients who are in active cancer treatment, palliative care, or end-of-life care.</p><p><b>usage</b>: If benefits do not outweigh harms of continued opioid therapy, clinicians should optimize other therapies and work with patients to taper opioids to lower dosages or to taper and discontinue opioids.</p><p><b>copyright</b>: © CDC 2016+.</p><p><b>topic</b>: Opioid Prescribing <span style=\"background: LightGoldenRodYellow; margin: 4px; border: 1px solid khaki\"> ()</span></p><p><b>author</b>: Kensaku Kawamoto, MD, PhD, MHS: , Bryn Rhodes: , Floyd Eisenberg, MD, MPH: , Robert McClure, MD, MPH: </p><blockquote><p><b>relatedArtifact</b></p><p><b>type</b>: documentation</p><p><b>display</b>: CDC guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain</p></blockquote><blockquote><p><b>relatedArtifact</b></p><p><b>type</b>: documentation</p><p><b>display</b>: MME Conversion Tables</p></blockquote><p><b>library</b>: <a href=\"http://example.org/fhir/Library/opioidcds-recommendation-07\">http://example.org/fhir/Library/opioidcds-recommendation-07</a></p><blockquote><p><b>action</b></p><p><b>title</b>: <span title=\"  non-dynamic card summary  \">Existing patient should be evaluated for risk of continued opioid therapy.</span></p><p><b>description</b>: Checking if the trigger prescription meets the inclusion criteria for recommendation #7 workflow.</p><blockquote><p><b>documentation</b></p><p><b>type</b>: documentation</p></blockquote><h3>Triggers</h3><table class=\"grid\"><tr><td>-</td><td><b>Type</b></td><td><b>Name</b></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>named-event</td><td>medication-prescribe</td></tr></table><blockquote><p><b>condition</b></p><p><b>kind</b>: applicability</p><h3>Expressions</h3><table class=\"grid\"><tr><td>-</td><td><b>Description</b></td><td><b>Language</b></td><td><b>Expression</b></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>Check whether the existing patient, without an end of life condition or risk assessment in the past 90 days, has taken an opioid-with-abuse-potential for 7 of the past 10 days or 63 of the past 90 days.</td><td>text/cql</td><td>Inclusion Criteria</td></tr></table></blockquote><p><b>groupingBehavior</b>: visual-group</p><p><b>selectionBehavior</b>: exactly-one</p><blockquote><p><b>dynamicValue</b></p><p><b>path</b>: action.title</p><h3>Expressions</h3><table class=\"grid\"><tr><td>-</td><td><b>Language</b></td><td><b>Expression</b></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>text/cql</td><td>Get Summary</td></tr></table></blockquote><blockquote><p><b>dynamicValue</b></p><p><b>path</b>: action.description</p><h3>Expressions</h3><table class=\"grid\"><tr><td>-</td><td><b>Language</b></td><td><b>Expression</b></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>text/cql</td><td>Get Detail</td></tr></table></blockquote><blockquote><p><b>dynamicValue</b></p><p><b>path</b>: action.extension</p><h3>Expressions</h3><table class=\"grid\"><tr><td>-</td><td><b>Language</b></td><td><b>Expression</b></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>text/cql</td><td>Get Indicator</td></tr></table></blockquote><h3>Actions</h3><table class=\"grid\"><tr><td>-</td><td><b>Description</b></td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>Will schedule assessment of risk for opioid use for the patient</td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>Risk of overdose carefully considered and outweighed by benefit; snooze 3 mo</td></tr><tr><td>*</td><td>N/A - see comment; snooze 3 mo</td></tr></table></blockquote></div>"
  },
  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ig/opioid-cds/PlanDefinition/opioidcds-07",
  "identifier" : [{
    "system" : "urn:ietf:rfc:3986",
    "value" : "urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.4.642.11.6"
  },
  {
    "use" : "official",
    "value" : "cdc-opioid-guidance"
  }],
  "version" : "0.1.0",
  "name" : "cdc-opioid-07",
  "title" : "CDC Opioid Prescribing Guideline Recommendation #7",
  "type" : {
    "coding" : [{
      "system" : "http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/plan-definition-type",
      "code" : "eca-rule",
      "display" : "ECA Rule"
    }]
  },
  "status" : "draft",
  "date" : "2018-03-19",
  "publisher" : "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)",
  "description" : "Clinicians should evaluate benefits and harms with patients within 1 to 4 weeks of starting opioid therapy for chronic pain or of dose escalation. Clinicians should evaluate benefits and harms of continued therapy with patients every 3 months or more frequently.",
  "useContext" : [{
    "code" : {
      "system" : "http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/usage-context-type",
      "code" : "focus",
      "display" : "Clinical Focus"
    },
    "valueCodeableConcept" : {
      "coding" : [{
        "system" : "http://snomed.info/sct",
        "code" : "182888003",
        "display" : "Medication requested (situation)"
      }]
    }
  },
  {
    "code" : {
      "system" : "http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/usage-context-type",
      "code" : "focus",
      "display" : "Clinical Focus"
    },
    "valueCodeableConcept" : {
      "coding" : [{
        "system" : "http://snomed.info/sct",
        "code" : "82423001",
        "display" : "Chronic pain (finding)"
      }]
    }
  }],
  "jurisdiction" : [{
    "coding" : [{
      "system" : "urn:iso:std:iso:3166",
      "code" : "US",
      "display" : "United States of America"
    }]
  }],
  "purpose" : "CDC’s Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain is intended to improve communication between providers and patients about the risks and benefits of opioid therapy for chronic pain, improve the safety and effectiveness of pain treatment, and reduce the risks associated with long-term opioid therapy, including opioid use disorder and overdose. The Guideline is not intended for patients who are in active cancer treatment, palliative care, or end-of-life care.",
  "usage" : "If benefits do not outweigh harms of continued opioid therapy, clinicians should optimize other therapies and work with patients to taper opioids to lower dosages or to taper and discontinue opioids.",
  "copyright" : "© CDC 2016+.",
  "topic" : [{
    "text" : "Opioid Prescribing"
  }],
  "author" : [{
    "name" : "Kensaku Kawamoto, MD, PhD, MHS"
  },
  {
    "name" : "Bryn Rhodes"
  },
  {
    "name" : "Floyd Eisenberg, MD, MPH"
  },
  {
    "name" : "Robert McClure, MD, MPH"
  }],
  "relatedArtifact" : [{
    "type" : "documentation",
    "display" : "CDC guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain",
    "document" : {
      "url" : "https://guidelines.gov/summaries/summary/50153/cdc-guideline-for-prescribing-opioids-for-chronic-pain---united-states-2016#420"
    }
  },
  {
    "type" : "documentation",
    "display" : "MME Conversion Tables",
    "document" : {
      "url" : "https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/calculating_total_daily_dose-a.pdf"
    }
  }],
  "library" : ["http://example.org/fhir/Library/opioidcds-recommendation-07"],
  "action" : [{
    "title" : "Existing patient should be evaluated for risk of continued opioid therapy.",
    "description" : "Checking if the trigger prescription meets the inclusion criteria for recommendation #7 workflow.",
    "documentation" : [{
      "type" : "documentation",
      "document" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/cqf-strengthOfRecommendation",
          "valueCodeableConcept" : {
            "coding" : [{
              "system" : "http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/recommendation-strength",
              "code" : "strong",
              "display" : "Strong"
            }]
          }
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/cqf-qualityOfEvidence",
          "valueCodeableConcept" : {
            "coding" : [{
              "system" : "http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/evidence-quality",
              "code" : "low",
              "display" : "Low quality"
            }]
          }
        }]
      }
    }],
    "trigger" : [{
      "type" : "named-event",
      "name" : "medication-prescribe"
    }],
    "condition" : [{
      "kind" : "applicability",
      "expression" : {
        "description" : "Check whether the existing patient, without an end of life condition or risk assessment in the past 90 days, has taken an opioid-with-abuse-potential for 7 of the past 10 days or 63 of the past 90 days.",
        "language" : "text/cql",
        "expression" : "Inclusion Criteria"
      }
    }],
    "groupingBehavior" : "visual-group",
    "selectionBehavior" : "exactly-one",
    "dynamicValue" : [{
      "path" : "action.title",
      "expression" : {
        "language" : "text/cql",
        "expression" : "Get Summary"
      }
    },
    {
      "path" : "action.description",
      "expression" : {
        "language" : "text/cql",
        "expression" : "Get Detail"
      }
    },
    {
      "path" : "action.extension",
      "expression" : {
        "language" : "text/cql",
        "expression" : "Get Indicator"
      }
    }],
    "action" : [{
      "description" : "Will schedule assessment of risk for opioid use for the patient"
    },
    {
      "description" : "Risk of overdose carefully considered and outweighed by benefit; snooze 3 mo"
    },
    {
      "description" : "N/A - see comment; snooze 3 mo"
    }]
  }]
}

Usage note: every effort has been made to ensure that the examples are correct and useful, but they are not a normative part of the specification.