Structured Data Capture
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Structured Data Capture, published by HL7 International - FHIR Infrastructure Work Group. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 3.0.0). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/sdc/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Extension: EnableWhenExpressionExtension - JSON Profile

Page standards status: Informative

JSON representation of the sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression extension.

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{
  "resourceType" : "StructureDefinition",
  "id" : "sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression",
  "text" : {
    "status" : "extensions",
    "div" : "<div xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml\"><table border=\"0\" cellpadding=\"0\" cellspacing=\"0\" style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;\"><tr style=\"border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top\"><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table\" title=\"The logical name of the element\">Name</a></th><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table\" title=\"Information about the use of the element\">Flags</a></th><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table\" title=\"Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance\">Card.</a></th><th style=\"width: 100px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table\" title=\"Reference to the type of the element\">Type</a></th><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table\" title=\"Additional information about the element\">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style=\"float: right\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table\" title=\"Legend for this format\"><img src=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png\" alt=\"doco\" style=\"background-color: inherit\"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white\"><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)\" class=\"hierarchy\"><img src=\"tbl_spacer.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"icon_element.gif\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: white; background-color: inherit\" title=\"Element\" class=\"hierarchy\"/> <a href=\"StructureDefinition-sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression-definitions.html#Extension\" title=\"An expression that returns a boolean value for whether to enable the item.\">Extension</a><a name=\"Extension\"> </a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\">0..1</td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#Extension\">Extension</a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\">Expression for when to enable the item</td></tr>\r\n<tr style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7\"><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)\" class=\"hierarchy\"><img src=\"tbl_spacer.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"tbl_vjoin.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"icon_primitive.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit\" title=\"Primitive Data Type\" class=\"hierarchy\"/> <a href=\"StructureDefinition-sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression-definitions.html#Extension.url\">url</a><a name=\"Extension.url\"> </a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">1</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">..</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">1</span></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#uri\">uri</a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><span style=\"color: darkgreen\">&quot;http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression&quot;</span></td></tr>\r\n<tr style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white\"><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck00.png)\" class=\"hierarchy\"><img src=\"tbl_spacer.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"tbl_vjoin_end.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"icon_datatype.gif\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: white; background-color: inherit\" title=\"Data Type\" class=\"hierarchy\"/> <a href=\"StructureDefinition-sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression-definitions.html#Extension.value[x]\">value[x]</a><a name=\"Extension.value_x_\"> </a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a style=\"padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; border: 1px maroon solid; font-weight: bold; color: #301212; background-color: #fdf4f4;\" href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4conformance-rules.html#constraints\" title=\"This element has or is affected by some invariants (inv-1)\">C</a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">0</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">..</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">1</span></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Expression\">Expression</a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">Value of extension</span></td></tr>\r\n<tr><td colspan=\"5\" class=\"hierarchy\"><br/><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table\" title=\"Legend for this format\"><img src=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png\" alt=\"doco\" style=\"background-color: inherit\"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>"
  },
  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression",
  "version" : "3.0.0",
  "name" : "EnableWhenExpressionExtension",
  "title" : "Enable when expression",
  "status" : "draft",
  "experimental" : false,
  "date" : "2022-10-01T05:09:13+00:00",
  "publisher" : "HL7 International - FHIR Infrastructure Work Group",
  "contact" : [
    {
      "telecom" : [
        {
          "system" : "url",
          "value" : "http://hl7.org/Special/committees/fiwg"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "description" : "An expression that returns a boolean value for whether to enable the item. If the expression does not resolve to a boolean, it is considered an error in the design of the Questionnaire.  Form renderer behavior is undefined.  Some tools may attempt to force the value to be a boolean (e.g. is it a non-empty collection, non-null, non-zero - if so, then true).  Systems SHOULD present a warning to the user if a non-boolean valued expression result does not trigger an all-out error.",
  "jurisdiction" : [
    {
      "coding" : [
        {
          "system" : "http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm",
          "code" : "001"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "fhirVersion" : "4.0.1",
  "mapping" : [
    {
      "identity" : "rim",
      "uri" : "http://hl7.org/v3",
      "name" : "RIM Mapping"
    }
  ],
  "kind" : "complex-type",
  "abstract" : false,
  "context" : [
    {
      "type" : "element",
      "expression" : "Questionnaire.item"
    },
    {
      "type" : "element",
      "expression" : "ElementDefinition"
    }
  ],
  "type" : "Extension",
  "baseDefinition" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension",
  "derivation" : "constraint",
  "snapshot" : {
    "element" : [
      {
        "id" : "Extension",
        "path" : "Extension",
        "short" : "Expression for when to enable the item",
        "definition" : "An expression that returns a boolean value for whether to enable the item.",
        "comment" : "This is only permitted when the containing item does NOT have any enableWhen elements.  If the expression involves comparisons between elements that have different precisions but are otherwise equal, FHIRPath will resolve the expression to an empty set, which will in turn evaluate to false (meaning the item won't be enabled).  If this is not the desired behavior, the author should add a `.allTrue()` to the end of the expression, which will result in an indeterminate outcome because of precision differences being handled as 'true' and the item being enabled.  Questionnaires SHOULD be designed to take into account challenges around varying precision to minimize non-deterministic situations by setting constraints around expected precision, etc.  If the expression evaluates to something other than a boolean true or false, the Form Filler SHOULD still display the form, and if it does so, SHOULD treat the element as 'enabled' and display a warning to the user that the questionnaire logic was faulty and it's possible that the item shouldn't be enabled.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "condition" : [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "ele-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression" : "hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath" : "@value|f:*|h:div",
            "source" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"
          },
          {
            "key" : "ext-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression" : "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath" : "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])",
            "source" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : false
      },
      {
        "id" : "Extension.id",
        "path" : "Extension.id",
        "representation" : [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short" : "Unique id for inter-element referencing",
        "definition" : "Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.id",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "extension" : [
              {
                "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type",
                "valueUrl" : "string"
              }
            ],
            "code" : "http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : false,
        "isSummary" : false,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Extension.extension",
        "path" : "Extension.extension",
        "slicing" : {
          "discriminator" : [
            {
              "type" : "value",
              "path" : "url"
            }
          ],
          "description" : "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules" : "open"
        },
        "short" : "Additional content defined by implementations",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "ele-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression" : "hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath" : "@value|f:*|h:div",
            "source" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"
          },
          {
            "key" : "ext-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression" : "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath" : "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), \"value\")])",
            "source" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : false,
        "isSummary" : false,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Extension.url",
        "path" : "Extension.url",
        "representation" : [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short" : "identifies the meaning of the extension",
        "definition" : "Source of the definition for the extension code - a logical name or a URL.",
        "comment" : "The definition may point directly to a computable or human-readable definition of the extensibility codes, or it may be a logical URI as declared in some other specification. The definition SHALL be a URI for the Structure Definition defining the extension.",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Extension.url",
          "min" : 1,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "uri"
          }
        ],
        "fixedUri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression",
        "isModifier" : false,
        "isSummary" : false,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Extension.value[x]",
        "path" : "Extension.value[x]",
        "short" : "Value of extension",
        "definition" : "Value of extension - must be one of a constrained set of the data types (see [Extensibility](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html) for a list).",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Extension.value[x]",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Expression"
          }
        ],
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "ele-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression" : "hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath" : "@value|f:*|h:div",
            "source" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"
          },
          {
            "key" : "inv-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "FHIR query language not allowed.",
            "expression" : "language!='application/x-fhir-query'",
            "xpath" : "not(f:language/@value='application/x-fhir-query')",
            "source" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : false,
        "isSummary" : false,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  },
  "differential" : {
    "element" : [
      {
        "id" : "Extension",
        "path" : "Extension",
        "short" : "Expression for when to enable the item",
        "definition" : "An expression that returns a boolean value for whether to enable the item.",
        "comment" : "This is only permitted when the containing item does NOT have any enableWhen elements.  If the expression involves comparisons between elements that have different precisions but are otherwise equal, FHIRPath will resolve the expression to an empty set, which will in turn evaluate to false (meaning the item won't be enabled).  If this is not the desired behavior, the author should add a `.allTrue()` to the end of the expression, which will result in an indeterminate outcome because of precision differences being handled as 'true' and the item being enabled.  Questionnaires SHOULD be designed to take into account challenges around varying precision to minimize non-deterministic situations by setting constraints around expected precision, etc.  If the expression evaluates to something other than a boolean true or false, the Form Filler SHOULD still display the form, and if it does so, SHOULD treat the element as 'enabled' and display a warning to the user that the questionnaire logic was faulty and it's possible that the item shouldn't be enabled.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      {
        "id" : "Extension.url",
        "path" : "Extension.url",
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "uri"
          }
        ],
        "fixedUri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/sdc/StructureDefinition/sdc-questionnaire-enableWhenExpression"
      },
      {
        "id" : "Extension.value[x]",
        "path" : "Extension.value[x]",
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Expression"
          }
        ],
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "inv-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "FHIR query language not allowed.",
            "expression" : "language!='application/x-fhir-query'",
            "xpath" : "not(f:language/@value='application/x-fhir-query')",
            "source" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}