SMART Health Cards: Vaccination & Testing Implementation Guide
0.6.2 - STU 1 (Ballot Version)

SMART Health Cards: Vaccination & Testing Implementation Guide, published by HL7 International - Public Health Work Group. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 0.6.2). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/fhir-shc-vaccination-ig/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: SHCPatientUnitedStatesDM - XML Profile

XML representation of the shc-patient-us-dm resource profile.

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<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="shc-patient-us-dm"/>
  <text>
    <status value="extensions"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_resource.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-shc-patient-us-dm-definitions.html#Patient">Patient</a><a name="Patient"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="StructureDefinition-shc-patient-general-dm.html">SHCPatientGeneralDM</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Information about an individual receiving an individual receiving a vaccination or infectious disease-related laboratory test</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck00.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <span style="text-decoration:line-through" title="Identifer is not allowed in this IG due to risk of accidental, unnecessary exposure of sensitive identifiers to verifiers.">identifier</span><a name="Patient.identifier"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="text-decoration:line-through"/><span style="text-decoration:line-through">0</span><span style="text-decoration:line-through">..</span><span style="text-decoration:line-through">0</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <extension
             url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-category">
    <valueString value="Base.Individuals"/>
  </extension>
  <extension
             url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-security-category">
    <valueCode value="patient"/>
  </extension>
  <url
       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-us-dm"/>
  <version value="0.6.2"/>
  <name value="SHCPatientUnitedStatesDM"/>
  <title value="Patient Profile - United States - Data Minimization"/>
  <status value="active"/>
  <date value="2021-08-11T19:30:57+00:00"/>
  <publisher value="HL7 International - Public Health Work Group"/>
  <contact>
    <name value="HL7 International - Public Health Work Group"/>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="http://www.hl7.org/Special/committees/pher"/>
    </telecom>
    <telecom>
      <system value="email"/>
      <value value="vci-ig@mitre.org"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description
               value="Only elements necessary for Verifiers can be populated. For use in the United States."/>
  <jurisdiction>
    <coding>
      <system value="http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm"/>
      <code value="001"/>
    </coding>
  </jurisdiction>
  <fhirVersion value="4.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="cda"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3/cda"/>
    <name value="CDA (R2)"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="v2"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v2"/>
    <name value="HL7 v2 Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="loinc"/>
    <uri value="http://loinc.org"/>
    <name value="LOINC code for the element"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="Patient"/>
  <baseDefinition
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-general-dm"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="Patient">
      <path value="Patient"/>
      <short
             value="Information about an individual receiving an individual receiving a vaccination or infectious disease-related laboratory test"/>
      <definition
                  value="Demographics and other administrative information about an individual receiving a vaccination or infectious disease-related laboratory test."/>
      <alias value="SubjectOfCare Client Resident"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where(((&#39;#&#39;+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = &#39;#&#39;).exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = &#39;#&#39;).exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = &#39;#&#39;).exists()).not()).trace(&#39;unmatched&#39;, id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat(&#39;#&#39;, $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value=&#39;#&#39;])]))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Patient[classCode=PAT]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="ClinicalDocument.recordTarget.patientRole"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.id">
      <path value="Patient.id"/>
      <short value="Should not be populated"/>
      <definition
                  value="For [data minimization reasons](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/profiles.html#data-minimization), this element SHOULD NOT be populated when generating a resource conforming to this profile for inclusion in one of the Bundles profiled in this IG."/>
      <comment
               value="Not including `id` may result in FHIR validation errors of resources. These errors can be ignored for the purposes of assessing conformance to this IG."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.meta">
      <path value="Patient.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.implicitRules">
      <path value="Patient.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it&#39;s narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it&#39;s meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.language">
      <path value="Patient.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.text">
      <path value="Patient.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contained">
      <path value="Patient.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.extension">
      <path value="Patient.extension"/>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Patient.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.identifier">
      <path value="Patient.identifier"/>
      <short value="An identifier for this patient"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifer is not allowed in this IG due to risk of accidental, unnecessary exposure of sensitive identifiers to verifiers."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Patients are almost always assigned specific numerical identifiers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.active">
      <path value="Patient.active"/>
      <short value="Whether this patient&#39;s record is in active use"/>
      <definition
                  value="Whether this patient record is in active use. 
Many systems use this property to mark as non-current patients, such as those that have not been seen for a period of time based on an organization&#39;s business rules.

It is often used to filter patient lists to exclude inactive patients

Deceased patients may also be marked as inactive for the same reasons, but may be active for some time after death."/>
      <comment
               value="If a record is inactive, and linked to an active record, then future patient/record updates should occur on the other patient."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to mark a patient record as not to be used because it was created in error."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.active"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <meaningWhenMissing
                          value="This resource is generally assumed to be active if no value is provided for the active element"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labelled as a modifier because it is a status element that can indicate that a record should not be treated as valid"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="statusCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name">
      <path value="Patient.name"/>
      <short value="Official name (i.e., legal name) of patient"/>
      <definition
                  value="Official name (i.e., legal name) of the patient, corresponding to `official` in [this value set](https://www.hl7.org/fhir/valueset-name-use.html). Issuers SHALL provide a single `name` element UNLESS they believe providing multiple `name` elements is critical for verification of the credential. If providing only a single `name` element, Issuers SHALL NOT populate `name.use`, and Verifiers SHALL assume that the provided name is `official`."/>
      <comment
               value="Cardinality for this element is set to `1..*` rather than `1..1` as in rare cases there may be a valid rational for including multiple `name` elements. The Data Minimization version of this profile reflects the rarity of this by setting `name` to `1..1`."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to track the patient by multiple names. Examples are your official name and a partner name."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.name"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="HumanName"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="vc-name-invariant"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="Require one of the key name elements to be filled. Allows for `text` for names that cannot be cleanly categorized into `family` or `given` (https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02761-z)."/>
        <expression
                    value="(family.exists() or given.exists()) xor text.exists()"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-general-ad"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-5, PID-9"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="name"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".patient.name"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.id">
      <path value="Patient.name.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.extension">
      <path value="Patient.name.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Extension"/>
      <definition value="An Extension"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.use">
      <path value="Patient.name.use"/>
      <short
             value="usual | official | temp | nickname | anonymous | old | maiden"/>
      <definition value="Identifies the purpose for this name."/>
      <comment
               value="Applications can assume that a name is current unless it explicitly says that it is temporary or old."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the appropriate name for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of names."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="HumanName.use"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This is labeled as &quot;Is Modifier&quot; because applications should not mistake a temporary or old name etc.for a current/permanent one"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="NameUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="The use of a human name."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/name-use|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XPN.7, but often indicated by which field contains the name"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="unique(./use)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./NamePurpose"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.text">
      <path value="Patient.name.text"/>
      <short
             value="Use instead of `family` and `given` if the patient&#39;s name cannot be easily split these elements"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specifies the entire name as it should be displayed e.g. on an application UI. This may be provided instead of or as well as the specific parts."/>
      <comment
               value="Can provide both a text representation and parts. Applications updating a name SHALL ensure that when both text and parts are present,  no content is included in the text that isn&#39;t found in a part."/>
      <requirements value="A renderable, unencoded form."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="HumanName.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="implied by XPN.11"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./formatted"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.family">
      <path value="Patient.name.family"/>
      <short value="Family name (often called &#39;Surname&#39;)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The part of a name that links to the genealogy. In some cultures (e.g. Eritrea) the family name of a son is the first name of his father."/>
      <comment
               value="Family Name may be decomposed into specific parts using extensions (de, nl, es related cultures)."/>
      <alias value="surname"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="HumanName.family"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XPN.1/FN.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./part[partType = FAM]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./FamilyName"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.given">
      <path value="Patient.name.given"/>
      <short
             value="Given names (not always &#39;first&#39;). Includes middle names"/>
      <definition value="Given name."/>
      <comment
               value="If only initials are recorded, they may be used in place of the full name parts. Initials may be separated into multiple given names but often aren&#39;t due to paractical limitations.  This element is not called &quot;first name&quot; since given names do not always come first."/>
      <alias value="first name"/>
      <alias value="middle name"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="HumanName.given"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <orderMeaning
                    value="Given Names appear in the correct order for presenting the name"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XPN.2 + XPN.3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./part[partType = GIV]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./GivenNames"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.prefix">
      <path value="Patient.name.prefix"/>
      <short value="Parts that come before the name"/>
      <definition
                  value="Part of the name that is acquired as a title due to academic, legal, employment or nobility status, etc. and that appears at the start of the name."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="HumanName.prefix"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <orderMeaning
                    value="Prefixes appear in the correct order for presenting the name"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XPN.5"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./part[partType = PFX]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./TitleCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.suffix">
      <path value="Patient.name.suffix"/>
      <short value="Parts that come after the name"/>
      <definition
                  value="Part of the name that is acquired as a title due to academic, legal, employment or nobility status, etc. and that appears at the end of the name."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="HumanName.suffix"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <orderMeaning
                    value="Suffixes appear in the correct order for presenting the name"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XPN/4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./part[partType = SFX]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.name.period">
      <path value="Patient.name.period"/>
      <short value="Time period when name was/is in use"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates the period of time when this name was valid for the named person."/>
      <requirements value="Allows names to be placed in historical context."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="HumanName.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XPN.13 + XPN.14"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./usablePeriod[type=&quot;IVL&lt;TS&gt;&quot;]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./StartDate and ./EndDate"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom">
      <path value="Patient.telecom"/>
      <short value="A contact detail for the individual"/>
      <definition
                  value="A contact detail (e.g. a telephone number or an email address) by which the individual may be contacted."/>
      <comment
               value="A Patient may have multiple ways to be contacted with different uses or applicable periods.  May need to have options for contacting the person urgently and also to help with identification. The address might not go directly to the individual, but may reach another party that is able to proxy for the patient (i.e. home phone, or pet owner&#39;s phone)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="People have (primary) ways to contact them in some way such as phone, email."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.telecom"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="ContactPoint"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-13, PID-14, PID-40"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="telecom"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".telecom"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom.id">
      <path value="Patient.telecom.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom.extension">
      <path value="Patient.telecom.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom.system">
      <path value="Patient.telecom.system"/>
      <short value="phone | fax | email | pager | url | sms | other"/>
      <definition
                  value="Telecommunications form for contact point - what communications system is required to make use of the contact."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="ContactPoint.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="cpt-2"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ContactPointSystem"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="Telecommunications form for contact point."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/contact-point-system|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XTN.3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./scheme"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./ContactPointType"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom.value">
      <path value="Patient.telecom.value"/>
      <short value="The actual contact point details"/>
      <definition
                  value="The actual contact point details, in a form that is meaningful to the designated communication system (i.e. phone number or email address)."/>
      <comment
               value="For patient privacy reasons, this element SHALL NOT be populated unless the Issuer believes the credential cannot be verified in its absence."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to support legacy numbers that are not in a tightly controlled format."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="ContactPoint.value"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="vc-should-be-omitted-privacy"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="SHOULD be omitted to protect privacy and for data minimization."/>
        <expression value="$this.length() = 0"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-general-ad"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XTN.1 (or XTN.12)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./url"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./Value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom.use">
      <path value="Patient.telecom.use"/>
      <short
             value="home | work | temp | old | mobile - purpose of this contact point"/>
      <definition value="Identifies the purpose for the contact point."/>
      <comment
               value="Applications can assume that a contact is current unless it explicitly says that it is temporary or old."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to track the way a person uses this contact, so a user can choose which is appropriate for their purpose."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="ContactPoint.use"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This is labeled as &quot;Is Modifier&quot; because applications should not mistake a temporary or old contact etc.for a current/permanent one"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ContactPointUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="Use of contact point."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/contact-point-use|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XTN.2 - but often indicated by field"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="unique(./use)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./ContactPointPurpose"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom.rank">
      <path value="Patient.telecom.rank"/>
      <short value="Specify preferred order of use (1 = highest)"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specifies a preferred order in which to use a set of contacts. ContactPoints with lower rank values are more preferred than those with higher rank values."/>
      <comment
               value="Note that rank does not necessarily follow the order in which the contacts are represented in the instance."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="ContactPoint.rank"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="positiveInt"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.telecom.period">
      <path value="Patient.telecom.period"/>
      <short value="Time period when the contact point was/is in use"/>
      <definition value="Time period when the contact point was/is in use."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="ContactPoint.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./usablePeriod[type=&quot;IVL&lt;TS&gt;&quot;]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./StartDate and ./EndDate"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.gender">
      <path value="Patient.gender"/>
      <short value="SHALL not be included"/>
      <definition
                  value="Administrative Gender - the gender that the patient is considered to have for administration and record keeping purposes."/>
      <comment
               value="Self-identified gender may change over time, and it may not be possible to re-issue a credential updating the value of this element. Including this element could therefore create a situation where the gender element in the credential does not match that in another form of identification, or does not match the Holder&#39;s self-identified gender at the time they present their credential to a Verifier.

Because gender is a common field in administrative data, it is possible Issuers will include it without considering the potential harms to Holders as described above. We have therefore disallowed this element in both the allowable and data minimization profiles."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Needed for identification of the individual, in combination with (at least) name and birth date."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.gender"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AdministrativeGender"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="The gender of a person used for administrative purposes."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/administrative-gender|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/administrativeGender"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".patient.administrativeGenderCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.birthDate">
      <path value="Patient.birthDate"/>
      <short value="The date of birth for the individual"/>
      <definition value="The date of birth for the individual."/>
      <comment
               value="If exact date of birth is partially or completely unknown, Issuers SHALL populate this element with the date of birth information listed on the patient&#39;s government-issued identification. This MAY include a partial date of birth like `1999` or `1999-01`, or &quot;filler&quot; for unknown portions. (E.g., if a patient was born in 1950 but does not know the month or day, their government-issued identification may fill the month and day with `-01-01`. In this case, it is acceptable to populate this element with `1950-01-01` even if it is known the patient was not actually born on January 1.) If date of birth is completely unknown and no government-issued identification is available, Issuers MAY omit this element."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Age of the individual drives many clinical processes."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.birthDate"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="date"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/birthTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".patient.birthTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="loinc"/>
        <map value="21112-8"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.deceased[x]">
      <path value="Patient.deceased[x]"/>
      <short value="Indicates if the individual is deceased or not"/>
      <definition value="Indicates if the individual is deceased or not."/>
      <comment
               value="If there&#39;s no value in the instance, it means there is no statement on whether or not the individual is deceased. Most systems will interpret the absence of a value as a sign of the person being alive."/>
      <requirements
                    value="The fact that a patient is deceased influences the clinical process. Also, in human communication and relation management it is necessary to know whether the person is alive."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.deceased[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because once a patient is marked as deceased, the actions that are appropriate to perform on the patient may be significantly different."/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-30  (bool) and PID-29 (datetime)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/deceasedInd, player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/deceasedTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address">
      <path value="Patient.address"/>
      <short value="An address for the individual"/>
      <definition value="An address for the individual."/>
      <comment
               value="Patient may have multiple addresses with different uses or applicable periods."/>
      <requirements
                    value="May need to keep track of patient addresses for contacting, billing or reporting requirements and also to help with identification."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.address"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Address"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-11"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="addr"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".addr"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.id">
      <path value="Patient.address.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.extension">
      <path value="Patient.address.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.use">
      <path value="Patient.address.use"/>
      <short
             value="home | work | temp | old | billing - purpose of this address"/>
      <definition value="The purpose of this address."/>
      <comment
               value="Applications can assume that an address is current unless it explicitly says that it is temporary or old."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows an appropriate address to be chosen from a list of many."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.use"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueCode value="home"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This is labeled as &quot;Is Modifier&quot; because applications should not mistake a temporary or old address etc.for a current/permanent one"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AddressUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="The use of an address."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/address-use|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="unique(./use)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./AddressPurpose"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.type">
      <path value="Patient.address.type"/>
      <short value="postal | physical | both"/>
      <definition
                  value="Distinguishes between physical addresses (those you can visit) and mailing addresses (e.g. PO Boxes and care-of addresses). Most addresses are both."/>
      <comment
               value="The definition of Address states that &quot;address is intended to describe postal addresses, not physical locations&quot;. However, many applications track whether an address has a dual purpose of being a location that can be visited as well as being a valid delivery destination, and Postal addresses are often used as proxies for physical locations (also see the [Location](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/location.html#) resource)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueCode value="both"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AddressType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="The type of an address (physical / postal)."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/address-type|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.18"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="unique(./use)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="vcard"/>
        <map value="address type parameter"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.text">
      <path value="Patient.address.text"/>
      <short value="SHALL not be included"/>
      <definition
                  value="Full physical address SHALL not be included because of patient privacy concerns."/>
      <comment
               value="There are scenarios where a Holder of a credential may wish to present their credential without revealing their full physical address."/>
      <requirements value="A renderable, unencoded form."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="137 Nowhere Street, Erewhon 9132"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.1 + XAD.2 + XAD.3 + XAD.4 + XAD.5 + XAD.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./formatted"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="vcard"/>
        <map value="address label parameter"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.line">
      <path value="Patient.address.line"/>
      <short value="SHALL not be included"/>
      <definition
                  value="Full physical address SHALL not be included because of patient privacy concerns."/>
      <comment
               value="There are scenarios where a Holder of a credential may wish to present their credential without revealing their full physical address."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.line"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <orderMeaning
                    value="The order in which lines should appear in an address label"/>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="137 Nowhere Street"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="XAD.1 + XAD.2 (note: XAD.1 and XAD.2 have different meanings for a company address than for a person address)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="AD.part[parttype = AL]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="vcard"/>
        <map value="street"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./StreetAddress (newline delimitted)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.city">
      <path value="Patient.address.city"/>
      <short value="Name of city, town etc."/>
      <definition
                  value="The name of the city, town, suburb, village or other community or delivery center."/>
      <comment
               value="For patient privacy reasons, this element SHALL NOT be populated unless the Issuer believes the credential cannot be verified in its absence."/>
      <alias value="Municpality"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.city"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="Erewhon"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="vc-should-be-omitted-privacy"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="SHOULD be omitted to protect privacy and for data minimization."/>
        <expression value="$this.length() = 0"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-general-ad"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="AD.part[parttype = CTY]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="vcard"/>
        <map value="locality"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./Jurisdiction"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.district">
      <path value="Patient.address.district"/>
      <short value="District name (aka county)"/>
      <definition value="The name of the administrative area (county)."/>
      <comment
               value="For patient privacy reasons, this element SHALL NOT be populated unless the Issuer believes the credential cannot be verified in its absence."/>
      <alias value="County"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.district"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="Madison"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="vc-should-be-omitted-privacy"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="SHOULD be omitted to protect privacy and for data minimization."/>
        <expression value="$this.length() = 0"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-general-ad"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.9"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="AD.part[parttype = CNT | CPA]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.state">
      <path value="Patient.address.state"/>
      <short value="Sub-unit of country (abbreviations ok)"/>
      <definition
                  value="Sub-unit of a country with limited sovereignty in a federally organized country. A code may be used if codes are in common use (e.g. US 2 letter state codes)."/>
      <comment
               value="For patient privacy reasons, this element SHALL NOT be populated unless the Issuer believes the credential cannot be verified in its absence."/>
      <alias value="Province"/>
      <alias value="Territory"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.state"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="vc-should-be-omitted-privacy"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="SHOULD be omitted to protect privacy and for data minimization."/>
        <expression value="$this.length() = 0"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-general-ad"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="AD.part[parttype = STA]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="vcard"/>
        <map value="region"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./Region"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.postalCode">
      <path value="Patient.address.postalCode"/>
      <short value="Postal code for area"/>
      <definition
                  value="A postal code designating a region defined by the postal service."/>
      <comment
               value="For patient privacy reasons, this element SHALL NOT be populated unless the Issuer believes the credential cannot be verified in its absence."/>
      <alias value="Zip"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.postalCode"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="9132"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="vc-should-be-omitted-privacy"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="SHOULD be omitted to protect privacy and for data minimization."/>
        <expression value="$this.length() = 0"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/shc-vaccination/StructureDefinition/shc-patient-general-ad"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.5"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="AD.part[parttype = ZIP]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="vcard"/>
        <map value="code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./PostalIdentificationCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.country">
      <path value="Patient.address.country"/>
      <short value="Country (e.g. can be ISO 3166 2 or 3 letter code)"/>
      <definition
                  value="Country - a nation as commonly understood or generally accepted."/>
      <comment
               value="ISO 3166 3 letter codes can be used in place of a human readable country name."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.country"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="AD.part[parttype = CNT]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="vcard"/>
        <map value="country"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./Country"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.address.period">
      <path value="Patient.address.period"/>
      <short value="Time period when address was/is in use"/>
      <definition value="Time period when address was/is in use."/>
      <requirements value="Allows addresses to be placed in historical context."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Address.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valuePeriod>
          <start value="2010-03-23"/>
          <end value="2010-07-01"/>
        </valuePeriod>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="XAD.12 / XAD.13 + XAD.14"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./usablePeriod[type=&quot;IVL&lt;TS&gt;&quot;]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./StartDate and ./EndDate"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.maritalStatus">
      <path value="Patient.maritalStatus"/>
      <short value="Marital (civil) status of a patient"/>
      <definition
                  value="This field contains a patient&#39;s most recent marital (civil) status."/>
      <requirements value="Most, if not all systems capture it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.maritalStatus"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="MaritalStatus"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="The domestic partnership status of a person."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/marital-status"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-16"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="player[classCode=PSN]/maritalStatusCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".patient.maritalStatusCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.multipleBirth[x]">
      <path value="Patient.multipleBirth[x]"/>
      <short value="Whether patient is part of a multiple birth"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates whether the patient is part of a multiple (boolean) or indicates the actual birth order (integer)."/>
      <comment
               value="Where the valueInteger is provided, the number is the birth number in the sequence. E.g. The middle birth in triplets would be valueInteger=2 and the third born would have valueInteger=3 If a boolean value was provided for this triplets example, then all 3 patient records would have valueBoolean=true (the ordering is not indicated)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For disambiguation of multiple-birth children, especially relevant where the care provider doesn&#39;t meet the patient, such as labs."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.multipleBirth[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="integer"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-24 (bool), PID-25 (integer)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/multipleBirthInd,  player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/multipleBirthOrderNumber"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.photo">
      <path value="Patient.photo"/>
      <short value="Image of the patient"/>
      <definition value="Image of the patient."/>
      <comment value="Attachments are not allowed due to data size constraints."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Many EHR systems have the capability to capture an image of the patient. Fits with newer social media usage too."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.photo"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Attachment"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-5 - needs a profile"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/desc"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-explicit-type-name">
        <valueString value="Contact"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Patient.contact"/>
      <short
             value="A contact party (e.g. guardian, partner, friend) for the patient"/>
      <definition
                  value="A contact party (e.g. guardian, partner, friend) for the patient."/>
      <comment
               value="Contact covers all kinds of contact parties: family members, business contacts, guardians, caregivers. Not applicable to register pedigree and family ties beyond use of having contact."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to track people you can contact about the patient."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="pat-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="SHALL at least contain a contact&#39;s details or a reference to an organization"/>
        <expression
                    value="name.exists() or telecom.exists() or address.exists() or organization.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:name) or exists(f:telecom) or exists(f:address) or exists(f:organization)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/scopedRole[classCode=CON]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.id">
      <path value="Patient.contact.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.extension">
      <path value="Patient.contact.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Patient.contact.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.relationship">
      <path value="Patient.contact.relationship"/>
      <short value="The kind of relationship"/>
      <definition
                  value="The nature of the relationship between the patient and the contact person."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Used to determine which contact person is the most relevant to approach, depending on circumstances."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact.relationship"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ContactRelationship"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="The nature of the relationship between a patient and a contact person for that patient."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/patient-contactrelationship"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="NK1-7, NK1-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.name">
      <path value="Patient.contact.name"/>
      <short value="A name associated with the contact person"/>
      <definition value="A name associated with the contact person."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Contact persons need to be identified by name, but it is uncommon to need details about multiple other names for that contact person."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact.name"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="HumanName"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="NK1-2"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="name"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.telecom">
      <path value="Patient.contact.telecom"/>
      <short value="A contact detail for the person"/>
      <definition
                  value="A contact detail for the person, e.g. a telephone number or an email address."/>
      <comment
               value="Contact may have multiple ways to be contacted with different uses or applicable periods.  May need to have options for contacting the person urgently, and also to help with identification."/>
      <requirements
                    value="People have (primary) ways to contact them in some way such as phone, email."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact.telecom"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="ContactPoint"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="NK1-5, NK1-6, NK1-40"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="telecom"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.address">
      <path value="Patient.contact.address"/>
      <short value="Address for the contact person"/>
      <definition value="Address for the contact person."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to keep track where the contact person can be contacted per postal mail or visited."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact.address"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Address"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="NK1-4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="addr"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.gender">
      <path value="Patient.contact.gender"/>
      <short value="male | female | other | unknown"/>
      <definition
                  value="Administrative Gender - the gender that the contact person is considered to have for administration and record keeping purposes."/>
      <requirements value="Needed to address the person correctly."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact.gender"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AdministrativeGender"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="The gender of a person used for administrative purposes."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/administrative-gender|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="NK1-15"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/administrativeGender"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.organization">
      <path value="Patient.contact.organization"/>
      <short value="Organization that is associated with the contact"/>
      <definition
                  value="Organization on behalf of which the contact is acting or for which the contact is working."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For guardians or business related contacts, the organization is relevant."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact.organization"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="pat-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="NK1-13, NK1-30, NK1-31, NK1-32, NK1-41"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="scoper"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.contact.period">
      <path value="Patient.contact.period"/>
      <short
             value="The period during which this contact person or organization is valid to be contacted relating to this patient"/>
      <definition
                  value="The period during which this contact person or organization is valid to be contacted relating to this patient."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.contact.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="effectiveTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.communication">
      <path value="Patient.communication"/>
      <short
             value="A language which may be used to communicate with the patient about his or her health"/>
      <definition
                  value="A language which may be used to communicate with the patient about his or her health."/>
      <comment
               value="If no language is specified, this *implies* that the default local language is spoken.  If you need to convey proficiency for multiple modes, then you need multiple Patient.Communication associations.   For animals, language is not a relevant field, and should be absent from the instance. If the Patient does not speak the default local language, then the Interpreter Required Standard can be used to explicitly declare that an interpreter is required."/>
      <requirements
                    value="If a patient does not speak the local language, interpreters may be required, so languages spoken and proficiency are important things to keep track of both for patient and other persons of interest."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.communication"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="LanguageCommunication"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="patient.languageCommunication"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.communication.id">
      <path value="Patient.communication.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.communication.extension">
      <path value="Patient.communication.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.communication.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Patient.communication.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.communication.language">
      <path value="Patient.communication.language"/>
      <short
             value="The language which can be used to communicate with the patient about his or her health"/>
      <definition
                  value="The ISO-639-1 alpha 2 code in lower case for the language, optionally followed by a hyphen and the ISO-3166-1 alpha 2 code for the region in upper case; e.g. &quot;en&quot; for English, or &quot;en-US&quot; for American English versus &quot;en-EN&quot; for England English."/>
      <comment
               value="The structure aa-BB with this exact casing is one the most widely used notations for locale. However not all systems actually code this but instead have it as free text. Hence CodeableConcept instead of code as the data type."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Most systems in multilingual countries will want to convey language. Not all systems actually need the regional dialect."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.communication.language"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-15, LAN-2"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="player[classCode=PSN|ANM and determinerCode=INSTANCE]/languageCommunication/code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".languageCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.communication.preferred">
      <path value="Patient.communication.preferred"/>
      <short value="Language preference indicator"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates whether or not the patient prefers this language (over other languages he masters up a certain level)."/>
      <comment
               value="This language is specifically identified for communicating healthcare information."/>
      <requirements
                    value="People that master multiple languages up to certain level may prefer one or more, i.e. feel more confident in communicating in a particular language making other languages sort of a fall back method."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.communication.preferred"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-15"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="preferenceInd"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".preferenceInd"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.generalPractitioner">
      <path value="Patient.generalPractitioner"/>
      <short value="Patient&#39;s nominated primary care provider"/>
      <definition value="Patient&#39;s nominated care provider."/>
      <comment
               value="This may be the primary care provider (in a GP context), or it may be a patient nominated care manager in a community/disability setting, or even organization that will provide people to perform the care provider roles.  It is not to be used to record Care Teams, these should be in a CareTeam resource that may be linked to the CarePlan or EpisodeOfCare resources.
Multiple GPs may be recorded against the patient for various reasons, such as a student that has his home GP listed along with the GP at university during the school semesters, or a &quot;fly-in/fly-out&quot; worker that has the onsite GP also included with his home GP to remain aware of medical issues.

Jurisdictions may decide that they can profile this down to 1 if desired, or 1 per type."/>
      <alias value="careProvider"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.generalPractitioner"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PD1-4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="subjectOf.CareEvent.performer.AssignedEntity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.managingOrganization">
      <path value="Patient.managingOrganization"/>
      <short value="Organization that is the custodian of the patient record"/>
      <definition
                  value="Organization that is the custodian of the patient record."/>
      <comment
               value="There is only one managing organization for a specific patient record. Other organizations will have their own Patient record, and may use the Link property to join the records together (or a Person resource which can include confidence ratings for the association)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know who recognizes this patient record, manages and updates it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.managingOrganization"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="scoper"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value=".providerOrganization"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.link">
      <path value="Patient.link"/>
      <short
             value="Link to another patient resource that concerns the same actual person"/>
      <definition
                  value="Link to another patient resource that concerns the same actual patient."/>
      <comment
               value="There is no assumption that linked patient records have mutual links."/>
      <requirements
                    value="There are multiple use cases:   

* Duplicate patient records due to the clerical errors associated with the difficulties of identifying humans consistently, and 
* Distribution of patient information across multiple servers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.link"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because it might not be the main Patient resource, and the referenced patient should be used instead of this Patient record. This is when the link.type value is &#39;replaced-by&#39;"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outboundLink"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.link.id">
      <path value="Patient.link.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.link.extension">
      <path value="Patient.link.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.link.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Patient.link.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.link.other">
      <path value="Patient.link.other"/>
      <short
             value="The other patient or related person resource that the link refers to"/>
      <definition value="The other patient resource that the link refers to."/>
      <comment
               value="Referencing a RelatedPerson here removes the need to use a Person record to associate a Patient and RelatedPerson as the same individual."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.link.other"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-hierarchy">
          <valueBoolean value="false"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-3, MRG-1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.link.type">
      <path value="Patient.link.type"/>
      <short value="replaced-by | replaces | refer | seealso"/>
      <definition
                  value="The type of link between this patient resource and another patient resource."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Patient.link.type"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="LinkType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="The type of link between this patient resource and another patient resource."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/link-type|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="typeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="cda"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="Patient">
      <path value="Patient"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Patient.identifier">
      <path value="Patient.identifier"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifer is not allowed in this IG due to risk of accidental, unnecessary exposure of sensitive identifiers to verifiers."/>
      <max value="0"/>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>