Australian Base Implementation Guide (AU Base 2)

AU Base Implementation Guide, published by HL7 Australia. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 2.2.0). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/hl7au/au-fhir-base/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

1.0 StructureDefinition-au-sexassignedatbirth

AU Biological Sex Assigned at Birth [FMM Level 1]

This profile provides an observation information structure for a patient’s biological sex[1][2] assigned at birth. Biological sex assigned at birth refers to what was determined by sex characteristics observed at birth or infancy, including genital and chromosome composition. Sex assigned at birth is captured once for a patient and is not expected to change within their lifetime.

NOTE: LOINC 76689-9 - Sex assigned at birth is being considered for removal from this profile. The concept is not equivalent to biological sex assigned at birth as it specifically states sex assigned and recorded on a birth certificate. We are seeking clarification from LOINC Regenstrief Institute on the use of this code in a biological sex assigned at birth observation.

The HL7 International Gender Harmony Project project is ongoing; when outcomes of the project are available they will be considered for applicability to this and other biological sex observations.

Extensions

No extensions are used in this profile.

Boundaries and Relationships

Biological sex assigned at birth should not be used for:

  • the concept of a person’s gender such as gender identity (part of a person’s personal and social identity) or administrative gender (record keeping purposes)
  • birth certificate sex, noting that the values would be expected to align early in a person’s lifetime but that the biological sex recorded on a person’s birth certificate may change over a person’s lifetime and should be denoted by an Observation.code that clearly states that birth certificate sex is what has been captured e.g. LOINC 76689-9 - Sex assigned at birth
  • observations of biological sex that occurred later in life including later clinical findings that are the result of a specific measurement e.g. gonadal, ductal or phenotypic

For more information, see AU Base Patient and the Patient Gender and Sex section in the Patient resource. Work on supporting other biological sex concepts is expected to result in additional profiles published in this implementation guide.

Examples

Sex assigned at birth: Intersex

Sex assigned at birth: Female

Sex assigned at birth: Male

1.0.1 Formal Views of Profile Content

The official URL for this profile is:

http://hl7.org.au/fhir/StructureDefinition/au-sexassignedatbirth

This profile provides an observation information structure for a patient’s biological sex assigned at birth. Biological sex assigned at birth refers to what was determined by sex characteristics observed at birth or infancy, including genital and chromosome composition. Sex assigned at birth is captured once for a patient and is not expected to change within their lifetime.

This profile builds on Observation.

This profile was published on Mon Aug 30 03:13:27 UTC 2021 as a draft by Health Level Seven Australia (Patient Administration WG).

Description of Profiles, Differentials, Snapshots, and how the XML and JSON presentations work.

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation 0..*ObservationBiological sex assigned at birth
... code
.... Slices for coding 1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Slice: Unordered, Open by pattern:$this
..... coding:snomedSexAtBirth 1..1CodingSNOMED Sex Assigned at Birth
Required Pattern: At least the following
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 1515311000168102
..... coding:loincSexAtBirth 0..1CodingLOINC Sex Assigned at Birth
Required Pattern: At least the following
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://loinc.org
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 76689-9
... subject 1..1Reference(Patient)Who and/or what the observation is about
... effective[x] 0..1dateTimeDate, and optionally time, the observation was performed
... performer 0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] 0..1CodeableConceptSex assigned at birth
Binding: https://healthterminologies.gov.au/fhir/ValueSet/biological-sex-1 (extensible)

doco Documentation for this format
NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation I0..*ObservationBiological sex assigned at birth
... id Σ0..1stringLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: CommonLanguages (preferred)
Max Binding: AllLanguages: A human language.

... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationStatement | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

... category 0..*CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... Slices for extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
.... Slices for coding Σ1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Slice: Unordered, Open by pattern:$this
..... coding:snomedSexAtBirth Σ1..1CodingSNOMED Sex Assigned at Birth

Required Pattern: At least the following
...... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
...... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... version0..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 1515311000168102
...... display0..1stringRepresentation defined by the system
...... userSelected0..1booleanIf this coding was chosen directly by the user
..... coding:loincSexAtBirth Σ0..1CodingLOINC Sex Assigned at Birth

Required Pattern: At least the following
...... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
...... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://loinc.org
...... version0..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 76689-9
...... display0..1stringRepresentation defined by the system
...... userSelected0..1booleanIf this coding was chosen directly by the user
.... text Σ0..1stringPlain text representation of the concept
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus Σ0..*Reference(Resource)What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] Σ0..1dateTimeDate, and optionally time, the observation was performed
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] ΣI0..1CodeableConceptSex assigned at birth
Binding: https://healthterminologies.gov.au/fhir/ValueSet/biological-sex-1 (extensible)
... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note 0..*AnnotationComments about the observation
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMEDCTBodyStructures (example): Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.

... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: ObservationMethods (example): Methods for simple observations.

... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)(Measurement) Device
... referenceRange I0..*BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
obs-3: Must have at least a low or a high or text
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... low I0..1SimpleQuantityLow Range, if relevant
.... high I0..1SimpleQuantityHigh Range, if relevant
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptReference range qualifier
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes (preferred): Code for the meaning of a reference range.

.... appliesTo 0..*CodeableConceptReference range population
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes (example): Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to.


.... age 0..1RangeApplicable age range, if relevant
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... derivedFrom Σ0..*Reference(DocumentReference | ImagingStudy | Media | QuestionnaireResponse | Observation | MolecularSequence)Related measurements the observation is made from
... component Σ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
.... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

Differential View

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation 0..*ObservationBiological sex assigned at birth
... code
.... Slices for coding 1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Slice: Unordered, Open by pattern:$this
..... coding:snomedSexAtBirth 1..1CodingSNOMED Sex Assigned at Birth
Required Pattern: At least the following
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 1515311000168102
..... coding:loincSexAtBirth 0..1CodingLOINC Sex Assigned at Birth
Required Pattern: At least the following
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://loinc.org
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 76689-9
... subject 1..1Reference(Patient)Who and/or what the observation is about
... effective[x] 0..1dateTimeDate, and optionally time, the observation was performed
... performer 0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] 0..1CodeableConceptSex assigned at birth
Binding: https://healthterminologies.gov.au/fhir/ValueSet/biological-sex-1 (extensible)

doco Documentation for this format

Snapshot View

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation I0..*ObservationBiological sex assigned at birth
... id Σ0..1stringLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: CommonLanguages (preferred)
Max Binding: AllLanguages: A human language.

... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationStatement | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.

... category 0..*CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... Slices for extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
.... Slices for coding Σ1..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
Slice: Unordered, Open by pattern:$this
..... coding:snomedSexAtBirth Σ1..1CodingSNOMED Sex Assigned at Birth

Required Pattern: At least the following
...... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
...... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
...... version0..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 1515311000168102
...... display0..1stringRepresentation defined by the system
...... userSelected0..1booleanIf this coding was chosen directly by the user
..... coding:loincSexAtBirth Σ0..1CodingLOINC Sex Assigned at Birth

Required Pattern: At least the following
...... id0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
...... extension0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
...... system1..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://loinc.org
...... version0..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
...... code1..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 76689-9
...... display0..1stringRepresentation defined by the system
...... userSelected0..1booleanIf this coding was chosen directly by the user
.... text Σ0..1stringPlain text representation of the concept
... subject Σ1..1Reference(Patient)Who and/or what the observation is about
... focus Σ0..*Reference(Resource)What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] Σ0..1dateTimeDate, and optionally time, the observation was performed
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner | PractitionerRole | Organization | CareTeam | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] ΣI0..1CodeableConceptSex assigned at birth
Binding: https://healthterminologies.gov.au/fhir/ValueSet/biological-sex-1 (extensible)
... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note 0..*AnnotationComments about the observation
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMEDCTBodyStructures (example): Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.

... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: ObservationMethods (example): Methods for simple observations.

... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)(Measurement) Device
... referenceRange I0..*BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
obs-3: Must have at least a low or a high or text
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... low I0..1SimpleQuantityLow Range, if relevant
.... high I0..1SimpleQuantityHigh Range, if relevant
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptReference range qualifier
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes (preferred): Code for the meaning of a reference range.

.... appliesTo 0..*CodeableConceptReference range population
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes (example): Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to.


.... age 0..1RangeApplicable age range, if relevant
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... derivedFrom Σ0..*Reference(DocumentReference | ImagingStudy | Media | QuestionnaireResponse | Observation | MolecularSequence)Related measurements the observation is made from
... component Σ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
.... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

Downloads: StructureDefinition: (XML, JSON), Schema: XML Schematron

 

1.0.2 Quick Start

Below is an overview of the required search and read operations.

Summary of Search Criteria for StructureDefinition-au-sexassignedatbirth

none defined