International Patient Access
0.1.0 - draft

International Patient Access, published by HL7. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 0.1.0). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/grahamegrieve/ipa-candidate/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

StructureDefinition: IPAProvenance - XML Profile

XML representation of the ipa-provenance Profile.

Narrative view of the profile


<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="ipa-provenance"/>
  <text>
    <status value="generated"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_resource.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-provenance-definitions.html#Provenance">Provenance</a><a name="Provenance"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/provenance.html">Provenance</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-provenance-definitions.html#Provenance.target">target</a><a name="Provenance.target"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..*</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/resource.html">Resource</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">The Resource this Provenance record applies to<br/></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-provenance-definitions.html#Provenance.recorded">recorded</a><a name="Provenance.recorded"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#instant">instant</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck01.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-provenance-definitions.html#Provenance.agent">agent</a><a name="Provenance.agent"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: black; null" title="This element has or is affected by some invariants (ipa-prov-1)">I</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..*</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#BackboneElement">BackboneElement</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-weight:bold">ipa-prov-1: </span>At least one of the agents must be the author<br/></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck000.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_reference.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-provenance-definitions.html#Provenance.agent.who">who</a><a name="Provenance.agent.who"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-practitioner.html">IPA-Practitioner</a> | <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-practitionerrole.html">IPA-PractitionerRole</a> | <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-relatedperson.html">IPA-RelatedPerson</a> | <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-patient.html">IPA-Patient</a> | <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-device.html">IPA-Device</a> | <a href="StructureDefinition-ipa-organization.html">IPA-Organization</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <url value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-provenance"/>
  <version value="0.1.0"/>
  <name value="IPAProvenance"/>
  <title value="IPA-Provenance"/>
  <status value="draft"/>
  <date value="2019-08-26T05:10:00+00:00"/>
  <publisher value="HL7"/>
  <contact>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="http://hl7.org"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description
               value="Minimum expectations for a Provenance resource when accessed via a International Patient Access API"/>
  <fhirVersion value="4.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="workflow"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow"/>
    <name value="Workflow Pattern"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
    <uri value="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov"/>
    <name value="W3C PROV"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/auditevent"/>
    <name value="FHIR AuditEvent Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="Provenance"/>
  <baseDefinition value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Provenance"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="Provenance">
      <path value="Provenance"/>
      <short value="Who, What, When for a set of resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="Provenance of a resource is a record that describes entities and processes involved in producing and delivering or otherwise influencing that resource. Provenance provides a critical foundation for assessing authenticity, enabling trust, and allowing reproducibility. Provenance assertions are a form of contextual metadata and can themselves become important records with their own provenance. Provenance statement indicates clinical significance in terms of confidence in authenticity, reliability, and trustworthiness, integrity, and stage in lifecycle (e.g. Document Completion - has the artifact been legally authenticated), all of which may impact security, privacy, and trust policies."/>
      <comment
               value="Some parties may be duplicated between the target resource and its provenance.  For instance, the prescriber is usually (but not always) the author of the prescription resource. This resource is defined with close consideration for W3C Provenance."/>
      <alias value="History"/>
      <alias value="Event"/>
      <alias value="Activity"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where(((&#39;#&#39;+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = &#39;#&#39;).exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = &#39;#&#39;).exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = &#39;#&#39;).exists()).not()).trace(&#39;unmatched&#39;, id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat(&#39;#&#39;, $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value=&#39;#&#39;])]))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="ControlAct[isNormalAct() and subsumes(CACT, classCode) and moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.id">
      <path value="Provenance.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.meta">
      <path value="Provenance.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.implicitRules">
      <path value="Provenance.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it&#39;s narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it&#39;s meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.language">
      <path value="Provenance.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.text">
      <path value="Provenance.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.contained">
      <path value="Provenance.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.extension">
      <path value="Provenance.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Provenance.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.target">
      <path value="Provenance.target"/>
      <short value="The Resource this Provenance record applies to"/>
      <definition
                  value="The Reference(s) that were generated or updated by  the activity described in this resource. A provenance can point to more than one target if multiple resources were created/updated by the same activity."/>
      <comment
               value="Target references are usually version specific, but might not be, if a version has not been assigned or if the provenance information is part of the set of resources being maintained (i.e. a document). When using the RESTful API, the identity of the resource might not be known (especially not the version specific one); the client may either submit the resource first, and then the provenance, or it may submit both using a single transaction. See the notes on transaction for further discussion."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.target"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./outboundRelationship[isNormalActRelationship() and typeCode=SUBJ]/target  OR  ./participation[isNormalParticipation() and typeCode=SBJ]/role  OR  ./participation[isNormalParticipation() and typeCode=SBJ]/role[isNormalRole()]/player"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.entity.reference"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity Created/Updated"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.occurred[x]">
      <path value="Provenance.occurred[x]"/>
      <short value="When the activity occurred"/>
      <definition value="The period during which the activity occurred."/>
      <comment
               value="The period can be a little arbitrary; where possible, the time should correspond to human assessment of the activity time."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.occurred[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.occurred[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.done[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./effectiveTime[type=IVL_TS]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.startTime &amp; Activity.endTime"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.recorded">
      <path value="Provenance.recorded"/>
      <short value="When the activity was recorded / updated"/>
      <definition
                  value="The instant of time at which the activity was recorded."/>
      <comment
               value="This can be a little different from the time stamp on the resource if there is a delay between recording the event and updating the provenance and target resource."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.recorded"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="instant"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./participation[isNormalParticipation() and typeCode=AUT]/time[type=TS])"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.when"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.policy">
      <path value="Provenance.policy"/>
      <short value="Policy or plan the activity was defined by"/>
      <definition
                  value="Policy or plan the activity was defined by. Typically, a single activity may have multiple applicable policy documents, such as patient consent, guarantor funding, etc."/>
      <comment
               value="For example: Where an OAuth token authorizes, the unique identifier from the OAuth token is placed into the policy element Where a policy engine (e.g. XACML) holds policy logic, the unique policy identifier is placed into the policy element."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.policy"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./inboundRelationship[isNormalActRelationship() and typeCode=&quot;SUBJ&quot;]/source[isNormalAct and subsumes(POLICY, classCode) and moodCode=EVN]/text[typeCode=&#39;ED&#39;/tel"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.agent.policy"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.location">
      <path value="Provenance.location"/>
      <short value="Where the activity occurred, if relevant"/>
      <definition value="Where the activity occurred, if relevant."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.location"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Location"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.location"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.where[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./participation[isNormalParticipation() and typeCode=LOC]/role[isNormalRole() and subsumes(SDLOC, classCode)]/player[isNormalEntity and classCode=&quot;LOC&quot; and determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot;]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.agent.location"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.location"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.reason">
      <path value="Provenance.reason"/>
      <short value="Reason the activity is occurring"/>
      <definition value="The reason that the activity was taking place."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.reason"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ProvenanceReason"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="The reason the activity took place."/>
        <valueSet value="http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v3-PurposeOfUse"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.reasonCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.why[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="unique(./reasonCode)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.Activity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.activity">
      <path value="Provenance.activity"/>
      <short value="Activity that occurred"/>
      <definition
                  value="An activity is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.activity"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ProvenanceActivity"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="The activity that took place."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/provenance-activity-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.why[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.Activity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent">
      <path value="Provenance.agent"/>
      <short value="Actor involved"/>
      <definition
                  value="An actor taking a role in an activity  for which it can be assigned some degree of responsibility for the activity taking place."/>
      <comment
               value="Several agents may be associated (i.e. has some responsibility for an activity) with an activity and vice-versa."/>
      <requirements
                    value="An agent can be a person, an organization, software, device, or other entities that may be ascribed responsibility."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.agent"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ipa-prov-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="At least one of the agents must be the author"/>
        <expression
                    value="select(type.coding.where(system = &#39;http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/provenance-participant-type&#39; and code = &#39;author&#39;).exists()).exists()"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./participation[isNormalParticipation()]  OR  ./outboundRelationship[isNormalActRelationship() and typeCode=&#39;DRIV&#39;]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.agent"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.id">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.extension">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.type">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.type"/>
      <short value="How the agent participated"/>
      <definition
                  value="The participation the agent had with respect to the activity."/>
      <comment value="For example: author, performer, enterer, attester, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.agent.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ProvenanceAgentType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="The type of participation that a provenance agent played with respect to the activity."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/provenance-agent-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer.function"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.agent.type"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Attribution"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.role">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.role"/>
      <short value="What the agents role was"/>
      <definition
                  value="The function of the agent with respect to the activity. The security role enabling the agent with respect to the activity."/>
      <comment value="For example: doctor, nurse, clerk, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.agent.role"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ProvenanceAgentRole"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="The role that a provenance agent played with respect to the activity."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/security-role-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".typecode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.agent.role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.who">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.who"/>
      <short value="Who participated"/>
      <definition
                  value="The individual, device or organization that participated in the event."/>
      <comment
               value="whoIdentity should be used when the agent is not a Resource type."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.agent.who"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-practitionerrole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-relatedperson"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-device"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.onBehalfOf">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.onBehalfOf"/>
      <short value="Who the agent is representing"/>
      <definition
                  value="The individual, device, or organization for whom the change was made."/>
      <comment
               value="onBehalfOfIdentity should be used when the agent is not a Resource type."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.agent.onBehalfOf"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="Person, Practitioner, Organization, Device :* .role [classCode = RoleClassMutualRelationship; role.code and * .scopes[Role](classCode=IDENT) and *.plays [Role.Code]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.entity">
      <path value="Provenance.entity"/>
      <short value="An entity used in this activity"/>
      <definition value="An entity used in this activity."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.entity"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./subjectOf"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.entity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.entity.id">
      <path value="Provenance.entity.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.entity.extension">
      <path value="Provenance.entity.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.entity.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Provenance.entity.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.entity.role">
      <path value="Provenance.entity.role"/>
      <short value="derivation | revision | quotation | source | removal"/>
      <definition value="How the entity was used during the activity."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.entity.role"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ProvenanceEntityRole"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="How an entity was used in an activity."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/provenance-entity-role|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./typeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.entity.what">
      <path value="Provenance.entity.what"/>
      <short value="Identity of entity"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identity of the  Entity used. May be a logical or physical uri and maybe absolute or relative."/>
      <comment
               value="whatIdentity should be used for entities that are not a Resource type."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.entity.what"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./text/reference"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirauditevent"/>
        <map value="AuditEvent.entity.reference"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.Identity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.entity.agent">
      <path value="Provenance.entity.agent"/>
      <short value="Entity is attributed to this agent"/>
      <definition
                  value="The entity is attributed to an agent to express the agent&#39;s responsibility for that entity, possibly along with other agents. This description can be understood as shorthand for saying that the agent was responsible for the activity which generated the entity."/>
      <comment
               value="A usecase where one Provenance.entity.agent is used where the Entity that was used in the creation/updating of the Target, is not in the context of the same custodianship as the Target, and thus the meaning of Provenance.entity.agent is to say that the entity referenced is managed elsewhere and that this Agent provided access to it.  This would be similar to where the Entity being referenced is managed outside FHIR, such as through HL7 v2, v3, or XDS. This might be where the Entity being referenced is managed in another FHIR resource server. Thus it explains the Provenance of that Entity&#39;s use in the context of this Provenance activity."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.entity.agent"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <contentReference value="#Provenance.agent"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./author/role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.signature">
      <path value="Provenance.signature"/>
      <short value="Signature on target"/>
      <definition
                  value="A digital signature on the target Reference(s). The signer should match a Provenance.agent. The purpose of the signature is indicated."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Provenance.signature"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Signature"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./signatureText"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="Provenance">
      <path value="Provenance"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.target">
      <path value="Provenance.target"/>
      <short value="The Resource this Provenance record applies to"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.recorded">
      <path value="Provenance.recorded"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent">
      <path value="Provenance.agent"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ipa-prov-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="At least one of the agents must be the author"/>
        <expression
                    value="select(type.coding.where(system = &#39;http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/provenance-participant-type&#39; and code = &#39;author&#39;).exists()).exists()"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Provenance.agent.who">
      <path value="Provenance.agent.who"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-practitionerrole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-relatedperson"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-device"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ipa/StructureDefinition/ipa-organization"/>
      </type>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>