CH ATC (R4)
3.3.0-ballot - ballot Switzerland flag

CH ATC (R4), published by eHealth Suisse. This guide is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 3.3.0-ballot built by the FHIR (HL7® FHIR® Standard) CI Build. This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/ehealthsuisse/ch-atc/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: AccessAuditTrailEvent - XML Profile

Active as of 2018-05-28

XML representation of the AccessAuditTrailEvent resource profile.

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<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="AccessAuditTrailEvent"/>
  <text>
    <status value="additional"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">StructureDefinition for the AccessAuditTrailEvent.</div>
  </text>
  <url
       value="http://fhir.ch/ig/ch-atc/StructureDefinition/AccessAuditTrailEvent"/>
  <version value="3.3.0-ballot"/>
  <name value="AccessAuditTrailEvent"/>
  <title value="AccessAuditTrailEvent"/>
  <status value="active"/>
  <experimental value="false"/>
  <date value="2018-05-28"/>
  <publisher value="eHealth Suisse"/>
  <contact>
    <name value="eHealth Suisse"/>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="https://www.e-health-suisse.ch/"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <contact>
    <name value="Oliver Egger"/>
    <telecom>
      <system value="email"/>
      <value value="oliver.egger@ahdis.ch"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description
               value="This profile defines the content of the access audit trail event which a community has to provide for a patients audit trail."/>
  <jurisdiction>
    <coding>
      <system value="urn:iso:std:iso:3166"/>
      <code value="CH"/>
    </coding>
  </jurisdiction>
  <copyright value="CC0-1.0"/>
  <fhirVersion value="4.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="ch-atc"/>
    <uri value="https://www.bag.admin.ch/bag/en/home.html"/>
    <name value="CH ATC"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="workflow"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow"/>
    <name value="Workflow Pattern"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="dicom"/>
    <uri value="http://nema.org/dicom"/>
    <name value="DICOM Tag Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
    <uri value="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov"/>
    <name value="W3C PROV"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/provenance"/>
    <name value="FHIR Provenance Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="AuditEvent"/>
  <baseDefinition
                  value="http://fhir.ch/ig/ch-epr-fhir/StructureDefinition/ch-epr-fhir-auditevent"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="AuditEvent">
      <path value="AuditEvent"/>
      <short value="Access Audit Trail Event Content Profile"/>
      <definition
                  value="A record of an event made for purposes of maintaining a security log. Typical uses include detection of intrusion attempts and monitoring for inappropriate usage."/>
      <comment value="Based on IHE-ATNA."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value='#'])]))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ch-atc-aae-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="subtype needs to be fixed to ATC_LOG_READ"/>
        <expression
                    value="subtype.exists() and subtype.count()=1 and subtype.first().code='ATC_LOG_READ'"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="ControlAct[moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="Message"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.meta">
      <path value="AuditEvent.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.implicitRules">
      <path value="AuditEvent.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.language">
      <path value="AuditEvent.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition
                  value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.text">
      <path value="AuditEvent.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.contained">
      <path value="AuditEvent.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.type"/>
      <short value="Type/identifier of event"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifier for a family of the event.  For example, a menu item, program, rule, policy, function code, application name or URL. It identifies the performed function."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This identifies the performed function. For &quot;Execute&quot; Event Action Code audit records, this identifies the application function performed."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.type"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="Type of event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".code (type, subtype and action are pre-coordinated or sent as translations)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="EventId"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.subtype">
      <path value="AuditEvent.subtype"/>
      <short value="More specific type/id for the event"/>
      <definition value="Identifier for the category of event."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This field enables queries of messages by implementation-defined event categories."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.subtype"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ConditionKind"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="Audit Trail Event Type"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://fhir.ch/ig/ch-atc/ValueSet/AccessAuditTrailEventType"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".code (type, subtype and action are pre-coordinated or sent as translations)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="EventTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="Event Type"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.action">
      <path value="AuditEvent.action"/>
      <short value="Type of action performed during the event"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicator for type of action performed during the event that generated the audit."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This broadly indicates what kind of action was done on the AuditEvent.entity by the AuditEvent.agent."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.action"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventAction"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="Indicator for type of action performed during the event that generated the event."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-action|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".code (type, subtype and action are pre-coordinated or sent as translations)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="EventActionCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.period">
      <path value="AuditEvent.period"/>
      <short value="When the activity occurred"/>
      <definition value="The period during which the activity occurred."/>
      <comment
               value="The period can be a little arbitrary; where possible, the time should correspond to human assessment of the activity time."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.occurred[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.done[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./effectiveTime[type=IVL_TS]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="EventDateTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.startTime &amp; Activity.endTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.occurred[x]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.recorded">
      <path value="AuditEvent.recorded"/>
      <short value="Time when the event was recorded"/>
      <definition value="The time when the event was recorded."/>
      <comment
               value="In a distributed system, some sort of common time base (e.g. an NTP [RFC1305] server) is a good implementation tactic."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This ties an event to a specific date and time. Security audits typically require a consistent time base (e.g. UTC), to eliminate time-zone issues arising from geographical distribution."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.recorded"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="instant"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".effectiveTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.when"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="Event Date and Time"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.outcome">
      <path value="AuditEvent.outcome"/>
      <short value="Whether the event succeeded or failed"/>
      <definition value="Indicates whether the event succeeded or failed."/>
      <comment
               value="In some cases a &quot;success&quot; may be partial, for example, an incomplete or interrupted transfer of a radiological study. For the purpose of establishing accountability, these distinctions are not relevant."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.outcome"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventOutcome"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="Indicates whether the event succeeded or failed."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-event-outcome|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".actionNegationInd"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="EventOutcomeIndicator"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.outcomeDesc">
      <path value="AuditEvent.outcomeDesc"/>
      <short value="Description of the event outcome"/>
      <definition
                  value="A free text description of the outcome of the event."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.outcomeDesc"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=OUT].target.text"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="EventOutcomeDescription"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent">
      <path value="AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent"/>
      <short value="The purposeOfUse of the event"/>
      <definition
                  value="The purposeOfUse (reason) that was used during the event being recorded."/>
      <comment
               value="Use AuditEvent.agent.purposeOfUse when you know that it is specific to the agent, otherwise use AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent. For example, during a machine-to-machine transfer it might not be obvious to the audit system who caused the event, but it does know why."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditPurposeOfUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="The reason the activity took place."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v3-PurposeOfUse"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.reasonCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.why[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="* .reasonCode [ControlActReason when Act.class = CACT Control Act]
*.outboundRelationship[typeCode=RSON].target"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="EventPurposeOfUse"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.Activity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.reason, Provenance.activity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent"/>
      <short value="Patient, repeated if representative"/>
      <definition
                  value="An actor taking an active role in the event or activity that is logged."/>
      <comment
               value="Several agents may be associated (i.e. have some responsibility for an activity) with an event or activity.

For example, an activity may be initiated by one user for other users or involve more than one user. However, only one user may be the initiator/requestor for the activity."/>
      <requirements
                    value="An agent can be a person, an organization, software, device, or other actors that may be ascribed responsibility."/>
      <alias value="ActiveParticipant"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".participation"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ActiveParticipant"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.agent"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="Participants"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.type"/>
      <short value="How agent participated"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specification of the participation type the user plays when performing the event."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditAgentType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="The Participation type of the agent to the event."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/participation-role-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer.function"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".typeCode and/or .functionCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="RoleIdCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Attribution"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.agent.type"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.role">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.role"/>
      <short value="Agent role in the event"/>
      <definition
                  value="The security role that the user was acting under, that come from local codes defined by the access control security system (e.g. RBAC, ABAC) used in the local context."/>
      <comment
               value="Should be roles relevant to the event. Should  not be an exhaustive list of roles."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This value ties an audited event to a user's role(s). It is an optional value that might be used to group events for analysis by user functional role categories."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.role"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ConditionKind"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="EPR Participant"/>
        <valueSet value="http://fhir.ch/ig/ch-atc/ValueSet/EprParticipant"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="RoleIdCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Attribution"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.agent.role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="role (PAT, REP)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.who">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who"/>
      <short value="Identifier of who"/>
      <definition
                  value="Reference to who this agent is that was involved in the event."/>
      <comment
               value="Where a User ID is available it will go into who.identifier."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This field ties an audit event to a specific resource or identifier."/>
      <alias value="userId"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="UserId"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Identity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.agent.who"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.who.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.who.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.who.reference">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who.reference"/>
      <short value="Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources."/>
      <comment
               value="Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure &quot;/[type]/[id]&quot; then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.reference"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ref-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.who.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who.type"/>
      <short value="Type the reference refers to (e.g. &quot;Patient&quot;)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The expected type of the target of the reference. If both Reference.type and Reference.reference are populated and Reference.reference is a FHIR URL, both SHALL be consistent.

The type is the Canonical URL of Resource Definition that is the type this reference refers to. References are URLs that are relative to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ e.g. &quot;Patient&quot; is a reference to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient. Absolute URLs are only allowed for logical models (and can only be used in references in logical models, not resources)."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is used to indicate the type of  the target of the reference. This may be used which ever of the other elements are populated (or not). In some cases, the type of the target may be determined by inspection of the reference (e.g. a RESTful URL) or by resolving the target of the reference; if both the type and a reference is provided, the reference SHALL resolve to a resource of the same type as that specified."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="FHIRResourceTypeExt"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model)."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.who.identifier">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who.identifier"/>
      <short value="Logical reference, when literal reference is not known"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the target resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity it represents is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference."/>
      <comment
               value="When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy. 

When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference

Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.

Reference is intended to point to a structure that can potentially be expressed as a FHIR resource, though there is no need for it to exist as an actual FHIR resource instance - except in as much as an application wishes to actual find the target of the reference. The content referred to be the identifier must meet the logical constraints implied by any limitations on what resource types are permitted for the reference.  For example, it would not be legitimate to send the identifier for a drug prescription if the type were Reference(Observation|DiagnosticReport).  One of the use-cases for Reference.identifier is the situation where no FHIR representation exists (where the type is Reference (Any)."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="Identifier if applicable"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.who.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.who.display"/>
      <short value="Text alternative for the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference."/>
      <comment
               value="This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.altId">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.altId"/>
      <short value="Alternative User identity"/>
      <definition
                  value="Alternative agent Identifier. For a human, this should be a user identifier text string from authentication system. This identifier would be one known to a common authentication system (e.g. single sign-on), if available."/>
      <requirements
                    value="In some situations, a human user may authenticate with one identity but, to access a specific application system, may use a synonymous identify. For example, some &quot;single sign on&quot; implementations will do this. The alternative identifier would then be the original identify  used for authentication, and the User ID is the one known to and used by the application."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.altId"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id (distinguish id type by root)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="AlternativeUserId"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Identity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.name">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.name"/>
      <short value="Human friendly name for the agent"/>
      <definition
                  value="AttributeStatement/Attribute[@Name='urn:oasis:names:tc:xspa:1.0:subject:subject- id']/AttributeValue"/>
      <requirements
                    value="The User ID and Authorization User ID may be internal or otherwise obscure values. This field assists the auditor in identifying the actual user."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.name"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".name"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="UserName"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Identity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="Name"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.requestor">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.requestor"/>
      <short value="Whether user is initiator"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicator that the user is or is not the requestor, or initiator, for the event being audited."/>
      <comment
               value="There can only be one initiator. If the initiator is not clear, then do not choose any one agent as the initiator."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This value is used to distinguish between requestor-users and recipient-users. For example, one person may initiate a report-output to be sent to another user."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.requestor"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.who"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="If participation.typeCode was author, then true"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="UserIsRequestor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="if participant is Initiator"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.location">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.location"/>
      <short value="Where"/>
      <definition value="Where the event occurred."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.location"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Location"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.location"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.where[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="* Role.Class =SDLOC
*Role.Code = ServiceDeliveryLocationRoleType
 *Entity.Code  = PlaceEntityType = df.Types of places for  Entity.Class = PLC
*EntityClass = PLC = df.A physical place or site with its containing structure. May be natural or man-made. The geographic position of a place might or might not be constant."/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Activity.location"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.location"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.policy">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.policy"/>
      <short value="Policy that authorized event"/>
      <definition
                  value="The policy or plan that authorized the activity being recorded. Typically, a single activity may have multiple applicable policies, such as patient consent, guarantor funding, etc. The policy would also indicate the security token used."/>
      <comment
               value="For example: Where an OAuth token authorizes, the unique identifier from the OAuth token is placed into the policy element Where a policy engine (e.g. XACML) holds policy logic, the unique policy identifier is placed into the policy element."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This value is used retrospectively to determine the authorization policies."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.policy"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.why[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="ActPolicyType"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantRoleIDCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.policy"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.media">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.media"/>
      <short value="Type of media"/>
      <definition
                  value="Type of media involved. Used when the event is about exporting/importing onto media."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Usually, this is used instead of specifying a network address. This field is not used for Media Id (i.e. the serial number of a CD)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.media"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="DICOMMediaType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Used when the event is about exporting/importing onto media."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/dicm-405-mediatype"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.where[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".player.description.mediaType"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="MediaType"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.network">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network"/>
      <short value="Logical network location for application activity"/>
      <definition
                  value="Logical network location for application activity, if the activity has a network location."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.where[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".player.description.reference"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.network.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.network.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.network.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.network.address">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network.address"/>
      <short
             value="Identifier for the network access point of the user device"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the network access point of the user device for the audit event."/>
      <comment
               value="This could be a device id, IP address or some other identifier associated with a device."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This datum identifies the user's network access point, which may be distinct from the server that performed the action. It is an optional value that may be used to group events recorded on separate servers for analysis of a specific network access point's data access across all servers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network.address"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.where[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="pre-coordinated into URL"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="NetworkAccessPointID"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Location"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.network.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network.type"/>
      <short value="The type of network access point"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the type of network access point that originated the audit event."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This datum identifies the type of network access point identifier of the user device for the audit event. It is an optional value that may be used to group events recorded on separate servers for analysis of access according to a network access point's type."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.network.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventAgentNetworkType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="The type of network access point of this agent in the audit event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/network-type|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.where[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="pre-coordinated into URL"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="NetworkAccessPointTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.agent.purposeOfUse">
      <path value="AuditEvent.agent.purposeOfUse"/>
      <short value="Reason given for this user"/>
      <definition
                  value="The reason (purpose of use), specific to this agent, that was used during the event being recorded."/>
      <comment
               value="Use AuditEvent.agent.purposeOfUse when you know that is specific to the agent, otherwise use AuditEvent.purposeOfEvent. For example, during a machine-to-machine transfer it might not be obvious to the audit system who caused the event, but it does know why."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.agent.purposeOfUse"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditPurposeOfUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="The reason the activity took place."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v3-PurposeOfUse"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.why[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="*.reasonCode [ActHealthInformationPurposeOfUseReason codes/v:PurposeOfUse
(2.16.840.1.113883.1.11.20448)
* .outboundRelationship[typeCode=RSON or SUBJ].target"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Agent.Activity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.source">
      <path value="AuditEvent.source"/>
      <short value="Audit Event Reporter"/>
      <definition value="The system that is reporting the event."/>
      <comment
               value="Since multi-tier, distributed, or composite applications make source identification ambiguous, this collection of fields may repeat for each application or process actively involved in the event. For example, multiple value-sets can identify participating web servers, application processes, and database server threads in an n-tier distributed application. Passive event participants (e.g. low-level network transports) need not be identified."/>
      <requirements value="The event is reported by one source."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.source"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.witness"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".participation[typeCode=INF].role[classCode=ASSIGN].player[classCode=DEV, determinerCode=INSTANCE]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="AuditSourceIdentification"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.source.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.source.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.source.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.source.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.source.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.source.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.source.site">
      <path value="AuditEvent.source.site"/>
      <short value="Logical source location within the enterprise"/>
      <definition
                  value="Logical source location within the healthcare enterprise network.  For example, a hospital or other provider location within a multi-entity provider group."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This value differentiates among the sites in a multi-site enterprise health information system."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.source.site"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.witness"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".scopedRole[classCode=LOCE].player.desc"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="AuditEnterpriseSiteId"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.source.observer">
      <path value="AuditEvent.source.observer"/>
      <short value="The identity of source detecting the event"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifier of the source where the event was detected."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This field ties the event to a specific source system. It may be used to group events for analysis according to where the event was detected."/>
      <alias value="SourceId"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.source.observer"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.witness"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="AuditSourceId"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.source.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.source.type"/>
      <short value="The type of source where event originated"/>
      <definition
                  value="Code specifying the type of source where event originated."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This field indicates which type of source is identified by the Audit Source ID. It is an optional value that may be used to group events for analysis according to the type of source where the event occurred."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.source.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventSourceType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Code specifying the type of system that detected and recorded the event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-source-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.witness"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="AuditSourceTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="type.code"/>
        </discriminator>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="role.code"/>
        </discriminator>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Data or objects used"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specific instances of data or objects that have been accessed."/>
      <comment
               value="Required unless the values for event identification, agent identification, and audit source identification are sufficient to document the entire auditable event. Because events may have more than one entity, this group can be a repeating set of values."/>
      <requirements value="The event may have other entities involved."/>
      <alias value="ParticipantObject"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="sev-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Either a name or a query (NOT both)"/>
        <expression value="name.empty() or query.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:name)) or not(exists(f:query))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/AuditEvent"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target  or  .participation[typeCode=SBJ].role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectIdentification"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.target, Provenance.entity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.what">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what"/>
      <short value="Specific instance of resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifies a specific instance of the entity. The reference should be version specific."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectID and ParticipantObjectIDTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.target, Provenance.entity.what"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type"/>
      <short value="Type of entity involved"/>
      <definition
                  value="The type of the object that was involved in this audit event."/>
      <comment
               value="This value is distinct from the user's role or any user relationship to the entity."/>
      <requirements
                    value="To describe the object being acted upon. In addition to queries on the subject of the action in an auditable event, it is also important to be able to query on the object type for the action."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventEntityType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Code for the entity type involved in the audit event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-entity-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="[self::Act].code or role.player.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.type"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.entity.type"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.role">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role"/>
      <short value="What role the entity played"/>
      <definition
                  value="Code representing the role the entity played in the event being audited."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some detailed audit analysis it may be necessary to indicate a more granular type of entity, based on the application role it serves."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventEntityRole"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Code representing the role the entity played in the audit event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/object-role"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="role.code (not sure what this would mean for an Act)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectTypeCodeRole"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle"/>
      <short value="Life-cycle stage for the entity"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifier for the data life-cycle stage for the entity."/>
      <comment
               value="This can be used to provide an audit trail for data, over time, as it passes through the system."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Institutional policies for privacy and security may optionally fall under different accountability rules based on data life cycle. This provides a differentiating value for those cases."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventEntityLifecycle"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Identifier for the data life-cycle stage for the entity."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/object-lifecycle-events"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="target of ObservationEvent[code=&quot;lifecycle&quot;].value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDataLifeCycle"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.entity.role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel"/>
      <short value="Security labels on the entity"/>
      <definition value="Security labels for the identified entity."/>
      <comment value="Copied from entity meta security tags."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This field identifies the security labels for a specific instance of an object, such as a patient, to detect/track privacy and security issues."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="SecurityLabels"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Security Labels from the Healthcare Privacy and Security Classification System."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/security-labels"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".confidentialityCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectSensitivity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.name">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.name"/>
      <short value="Descriptor for entity"/>
      <definition value="A name of the entity in the audit event."/>
      <comment
               value="This field may be used in a query/report to identify audit events for a specific person.  For example, where multiple synonymous entity identifiers (patient number, medical record number, encounter number, etc.) have been used."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Use only where entity can't be identified with an identifier."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.name"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="sev-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".title"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectName"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.Label"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.description">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.description"/>
      <short value="Descriptive text"/>
      <definition value="Text that describes the entity in more detail."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Use only where entity can't be identified with an identifier."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.description"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".text"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDescription"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.query">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.query"/>
      <short value="Query parameters"/>
      <definition value="The query parameters for a query-type entities."/>
      <comment
               value="The meaning and secondary-encoding of the content of base64 encoded blob is specific to the AuditEvent.type, AuditEvent.subtype, AuditEvent.entity.type, and AuditEvent.entity.role.  The base64 is a general-use and safe container for event specific data blobs regardless of the encoding used by the transaction being recorded.  An AuditEvent consuming application must understand the event it is consuming and the formats used by the event. For example, if auditing an Oracle network database access, the Oracle formats must be understood as they will be simply encoded in the base64binary blob."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For query events, it may be necessary to capture the actual query input to the query process in order to identify the specific event. Because of differences among query implementations and data encoding for them, this is a base 64 encoded data blob. It may be subsequently decoded or interpreted by downstream audit analysis processing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.query"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="base64Binary"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="sev-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="No mapping"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectQuery"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.detail">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail"/>
      <short value="Additional Information about the entity"/>
      <definition
                  value="Tagged value pairs for conveying additional information about the entity."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Implementation-defined data about specific details of the object accessed or used."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".inboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDetail"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.detail.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.detail.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.detail.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.detail.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.type"/>
      <short value="Name of the property"/>
      <definition value="The type of extra detail provided in the value."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.type"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDetail.type"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x]">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x]"/>
      <short value="Property value"/>
      <definition value="The  value of the extra detail."/>
      <comment
               value="The value can be string when known to be a string, else base64 encoding should be used to protect binary or undefined content.  The meaning and secondary-encoding of the content of base64 encoded blob is specific to the AuditEvent.type, AuditEvent.subtype, AuditEvent.entity.type, and AuditEvent.entity.role.  The base64 is a general-use and safe container for event specific data blobs regardless of the encoding used by the transaction being recorded.  An AuditEvent consuming application must understand the event it is consuming and the formats used by the event. For example if auditing an Oracle network database access, the Oracle formats must be understood as they will be simply encoded in the base64binary blob."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Should not duplicate the entity value unless absolutely necessary."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x]"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="base64Binary"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDetail.value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity"/>
      <sliceName value="Patient"/>
      <short value="Patient"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specific instances of data or objects that have been accessed."/>
      <comment
               value="Required unless the values for event identification, agent identification, and audit source identification are sufficient to document the entire auditable event. Because events may have more than one entity, this group can be a repeating set of values."/>
      <requirements value="The event may have other entities involved."/>
      <alias value="ParticipantObject"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="sev-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Either a name or a query (NOT both)"/>
        <expression value="name.empty() or query.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:name)) or not(exists(f:query))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/AuditEvent"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target  or  .participation[typeCode=SBJ].role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectIdentification"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.target, Provenance.entity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="Patient"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what"/>
      <short value="Specific instance of resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifies a specific instance of the entity. The reference should be version specific."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectID and ParticipantObjectIDTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.target, Provenance.entity.what"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.reference">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.reference"/>
      <short value="Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources."/>
      <comment
               value="Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure &quot;/[type]/[id]&quot; then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.reference"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ref-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.type"/>
      <short value="Type the reference refers to (e.g. &quot;Patient&quot;)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The expected type of the target of the reference. If both Reference.type and Reference.reference are populated and Reference.reference is a FHIR URL, both SHALL be consistent.

The type is the Canonical URL of Resource Definition that is the type this reference refers to. References are URLs that are relative to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ e.g. &quot;Patient&quot; is a reference to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient. Absolute URLs are only allowed for logical models (and can only be used in references in logical models, not resources)."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is used to indicate the type of  the target of the reference. This may be used which ever of the other elements are populated (or not). In some cases, the type of the target may be determined by inspection of the reference (e.g. a RESTful URL) or by resolving the target of the reference; if both the type and a reference is provided, the reference SHALL resolve to a resource of the same type as that specified."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="FHIRResourceTypeExt"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model)."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier"/>
      <short value="Patient Id (EPR-SPID)"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the target resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity it represents is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference."/>
      <comment
               value="When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy. 

When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference

Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.

Reference is intended to point to a structure that can potentially be expressed as a FHIR resource, though there is no need for it to exist as an actual FHIR resource instance - except in as much as an application wishes to actual find the target of the reference. The content referred to be the identifier must meet the logical constraints implied by any limitations on what resource types are permitted for the reference.  For example, it would not be legitimate to send the identifier for a drug prescription if the type were Reference(Observation|DiagnosticReport).  One of the use-cases for Reference.identifier is the situation where no FHIR representation exists (where the type is Reference (Any)."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="ch-atc"/>
        <map value="EPR-SPID"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.use">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.use"/>
      <short value="usual | official | temp | secondary | old (If known)"/>
      <definition value="The purpose of this identifier."/>
      <comment
               value="Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the appropriate identifier for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of identifiers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.use"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This is labeled as &quot;Is Modifier&quot; because applications should not mistake a temporary id for a permanent one."/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="IdentifierUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="Identifies the purpose for this identifier, if known ."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-use|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.code or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.type"/>
      <short value="Description of identifier"/>
      <definition
                  value="A coded type for the identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose."/>
      <comment
               value="This element deals only with general categories of identifiers.  It SHOULD not be used for codes that correspond 1..1 with the Identifier.system. Some identifiers may fall into multiple categories due to common usage.   Where the system is known, a type is unnecessary because the type is always part of the system definition. However systems often need to handle identifiers where the system is not known. There is not a 1:1 relationship between type and system, since many different systems have the same type."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows users to make use of identifiers when the identifier system is not known."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="IdentifierType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="A coded type for an identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.5"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.code or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.system">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.system"/>
      <short value="The namespace for the identifier value"/>
      <definition
                  value="Establishes the namespace for the value - that is, a URL that describes a set values that are unique."/>
      <comment value="Identifier.system is always case sensitive."/>
      <requirements
                    value="There are many sets  of identifiers.  To perform matching of two identifiers, we need to know what set we're dealing with. The system identifies a particular set of unique identifiers."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <fixedUri value="urn:oid:2.16.756.5.30.1.127.3.10.3"/>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueUri value="http://www.acme.com/identifiers/patient"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.4 / EI-2-4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="II.root or Role.id.root"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./IdentifierType"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.value">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.value"/>
      <short value="The value that is unique"/>
      <definition
                  value="The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system."/>
      <comment
               value="If the value is a full URI, then the system SHALL be urn:ietf:rfc:3986.  The value's primary purpose is computational mapping.  As a result, it may be normalized for comparison purposes (e.g. removing non-significant whitespace, dashes, etc.)  A value formatted for human display can be conveyed using the [Rendered Value extension](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extension-rendered-value.html). Identifier.value is to be treated as case sensitive unless knowledge of the Identifier.system allows the processer to be confident that non-case-sensitive processing is safe."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.value"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="123456"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.1 / EI.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="II.extension or II.root if system indicates OID or GUID (Or Role.id.extension or root)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./Value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.period">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.period"/>
      <short value="Time period when id is/was valid for use"/>
      <definition
                  value="Time period during which identifier is/was valid for use."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.7 + CX.8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.effectiveTime or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./StartDate and ./EndDate"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.identifier.assigner">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.assigner"/>
      <short value="Organization that issued id (may be just text)"/>
      <definition value="Organization that issued/manages the identifier."/>
      <comment
               value="The Identifier.assigner may omit the .reference element and only contain a .display element reflecting the name or other textual information about the assigning organization."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.assigner"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.4 / (CX.4,CX.9,CX.10)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="II.assigningAuthorityName but note that this is an improper use by the definition of the field.  Also Role.scoper"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./IdentifierIssuingAuthority"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.what.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.display"/>
      <short value="Text alternative for the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference."/>
      <comment
               value="This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type"/>
      <short value="Type of entity involved"/>
      <definition
                  value="The type of the object that was involved in this audit event."/>
      <comment
               value="This value is distinct from the user's role or any user relationship to the entity."/>
      <requirements
                    value="To describe the object being acted upon. In addition to queries on the subject of the action in an auditable event, it is also important to be able to query on the object type for the action."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventEntityType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Code for the entity type involved in the audit event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-entity-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="[self::Act].code or role.player.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.type"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.entity.type"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type.system">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.system"/>
      <short value="Identity of the terminology system"/>
      <definition
                  value="The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code."/>
      <comment
               value="The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should reference to some definition that establishes the system clearly and unambiguously."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type.version">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.version"/>
      <short value="Version of the system - if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured, and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged."/>
      <comment
               value="Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.version"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type.code">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.code"/>
      <short value="Symbol in syntax defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to refer to a particular code in the system."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.code"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <fixedCode value="1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.display"/>
      <short value="Representation defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CV.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.type.userSelected">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.userSelected"/>
      <short value="If this coding was chosen directly by the user"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - e.g. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays)."/>
      <comment
               value="Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.userSelected"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Sometimes implied by being first"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CD.codingRationale"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\#true a [     fhir:source &quot;true&quot;;     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\#O   ]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role"/>
      <short value="What role the entity played"/>
      <definition
                  value="Code representing the role the entity played in the event being audited."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some detailed audit analysis it may be necessary to indicate a more granular type of entity, based on the application role it serves."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventEntityRole"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Code representing the role the entity played in the audit event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/object-role"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="role.code (not sure what this would mean for an Act)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectTypeCodeRole"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role.system">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role.system"/>
      <short value="Identity of the terminology system"/>
      <definition
                  value="The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code."/>
      <comment
               value="The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should reference to some definition that establishes the system clearly and unambiguously."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role.version">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role.version"/>
      <short value="Version of the system - if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured, and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged."/>
      <comment
               value="Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.version"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role.code">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role.code"/>
      <short value="Symbol in syntax defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to refer to a particular code in the system."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.code"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <fixedCode value="1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role.display"/>
      <short value="Representation defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CV.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.role.userSelected">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.role.userSelected"/>
      <short value="If this coding was chosen directly by the user"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - e.g. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays)."/>
      <comment
               value="Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.userSelected"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Sometimes implied by being first"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CD.codingRationale"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\#true a [     fhir:source &quot;true&quot;;     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\#O   ]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.lifecycle">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle"/>
      <short value="Life-cycle stage for the entity"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifier for the data life-cycle stage for the entity."/>
      <comment
               value="This can be used to provide an audit trail for data, over time, as it passes through the system."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Institutional policies for privacy and security may optionally fall under different accountability rules based on data life cycle. This provides a differentiating value for those cases."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.lifecycle"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventEntityLifecycle"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Identifier for the data life-cycle stage for the entity."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/object-lifecycle-events"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="target of ObservationEvent[code=&quot;lifecycle&quot;].value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDataLifeCycle"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.entity.role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.securityLabel">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel"/>
      <short value="Security labels on the entity"/>
      <definition value="Security labels for the identified entity."/>
      <comment value="Copied from entity meta security tags."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This field identifies the security labels for a specific instance of an object, such as a patient, to detect/track privacy and security issues."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.securityLabel"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="SecurityLabels"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Security Labels from the Healthcare Privacy and Security Classification System."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/security-labels"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".confidentialityCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectSensitivity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.name">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.name"/>
      <short value="Descriptor for entity"/>
      <definition value="A name of the entity in the audit event."/>
      <comment
               value="This field may be used in a query/report to identify audit events for a specific person.  For example, where multiple synonymous entity identifiers (patient number, medical record number, encounter number, etc.) have been used."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Use only where entity can't be identified with an identifier."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.name"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="sev-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".title"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectName"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.Label"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.description">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.description"/>
      <short value="Descriptive text"/>
      <definition value="Text that describes the entity in more detail."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Use only where entity can't be identified with an identifier."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.description"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".text"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDescription"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.query">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.query"/>
      <short value="Query parameters"/>
      <definition value="The query parameters for a query-type entities."/>
      <comment
               value="The meaning and secondary-encoding of the content of base64 encoded blob is specific to the AuditEvent.type, AuditEvent.subtype, AuditEvent.entity.type, and AuditEvent.entity.role.  The base64 is a general-use and safe container for event specific data blobs regardless of the encoding used by the transaction being recorded.  An AuditEvent consuming application must understand the event it is consuming and the formats used by the event. For example, if auditing an Oracle network database access, the Oracle formats must be understood as they will be simply encoded in the base64binary blob."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For query events, it may be necessary to capture the actual query input to the query process in order to identify the specific event. Because of differences among query implementations and data encoding for them, this is a base 64 encoded data blob. It may be subsequently decoded or interpreted by downstream audit analysis processing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.query"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="base64Binary"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="sev-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="No mapping"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectQuery"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.detail">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail"/>
      <short value="Additional Information about the entity"/>
      <definition
                  value="Tagged value pairs for conveying additional information about the entity."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Implementation-defined data about specific details of the object accessed or used."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".inboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDetail"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.detail.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.detail.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.detail.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.detail.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.type"/>
      <short value="Name of the property"/>
      <definition value="The type of extra detail provided in the value."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.type"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDetail.type"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:Patient.detail.value[x]">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x]"/>
      <short value="Property value"/>
      <definition value="The  value of the extra detail."/>
      <comment
               value="The value can be string when known to be a string, else base64 encoding should be used to protect binary or undefined content.  The meaning and secondary-encoding of the content of base64 encoded blob is specific to the AuditEvent.type, AuditEvent.subtype, AuditEvent.entity.type, and AuditEvent.entity.role.  The base64 is a general-use and safe container for event specific data blobs regardless of the encoding used by the transaction being recorded.  An AuditEvent consuming application must understand the event it is consuming and the formats used by the event. For example if auditing an Oracle network database access, the Oracle formats must be understood as they will be simply encoded in the base64binary blob."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Should not duplicate the entity value unless absolutely necessary."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.detail.value[x]"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="base64Binary"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectDetail.value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity"/>
      <sliceName value="TraceContext"/>
      <short value="Trace Context"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specific instances of data or objects that have been accessed."/>
      <comment
               value="Required unless the values for event identification, agent identification, and audit source identification are sufficient to document the entire auditable event. Because events may have more than one entity, this group can be a repeating set of values."/>
      <requirements value="The event may have other entities involved."/>
      <alias value="ParticipantObject"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="sev-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Either a name or a query (NOT both)"/>
        <expression value="name.empty() or query.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:name)) or not(exists(f:query))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/AuditEvent"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target  or  .participation[typeCode=SBJ].role"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectIdentification"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.target, Provenance.entity"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.modifierExtension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what"/>
      <short value="Specific instance of resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifies a specific instance of the entity. The reference should be version specific."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectID and ParticipantObjectIDTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.target, Provenance.entity.what"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.reference">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.reference"/>
      <short value="Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources."/>
      <comment
               value="Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure &quot;/[type]/[id]&quot; then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.reference"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ref-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.type"/>
      <short value="Type the reference refers to (e.g. &quot;Patient&quot;)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The expected type of the target of the reference. If both Reference.type and Reference.reference are populated and Reference.reference is a FHIR URL, both SHALL be consistent.

The type is the Canonical URL of Resource Definition that is the type this reference refers to. References are URLs that are relative to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ e.g. &quot;Patient&quot; is a reference to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient. Absolute URLs are only allowed for logical models (and can only be used in references in logical models, not resources)."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is used to indicate the type of  the target of the reference. This may be used which ever of the other elements are populated (or not). In some cases, the type of the target may be determined by inspection of the reference (e.g. a RESTful URL) or by resolving the target of the reference; if both the type and a reference is provided, the reference SHALL resolve to a resource of the same type as that specified."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="FHIRResourceTypeExt"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model)."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier"/>
      <short value="Logical reference, when literal reference is not known"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the target resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity it represents is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference."/>
      <comment
               value="When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy. 

When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference

Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.

Reference is intended to point to a structure that can potentially be expressed as a FHIR resource, though there is no need for it to exist as an actual FHIR resource instance - except in as much as an application wishes to actual find the target of the reference. The content referred to be the identifier must meet the logical constraints implied by any limitations on what resource types are permitted for the reference.  For example, it would not be legitimate to send the identifier for a drug prescription if the type were Reference(Observation|DiagnosticReport).  One of the use-cases for Reference.identifier is the situation where no FHIR representation exists (where the type is Reference (Any)."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".identifier"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.use">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.use"/>
      <short value="usual | official | temp | secondary | old (If known)"/>
      <definition value="The purpose of this identifier."/>
      <comment
               value="Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the appropriate identifier for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of identifiers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.use"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This is labeled as &quot;Is Modifier&quot; because applications should not mistake a temporary id for a permanent one."/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="IdentifierUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="Identifies the purpose for this identifier, if known ."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-use|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.code or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.type"/>
      <short value="Description of identifier"/>
      <definition
                  value="A coded type for the identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose."/>
      <comment
               value="This element deals only with general categories of identifiers.  It SHOULD not be used for codes that correspond 1..1 with the Identifier.system. Some identifiers may fall into multiple categories due to common usage.   Where the system is known, a type is unnecessary because the type is always part of the system definition. However systems often need to handle identifiers where the system is not known. There is not a 1:1 relationship between type and system, since many different systems have the same type."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows users to make use of identifiers when the identifier system is not known."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="IdentifierType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="A coded type for an identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.5"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.code or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.system">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.system"/>
      <short value="The namespace for the identifier value"/>
      <definition
                  value="Establishes the namespace for the value - that is, a URL that describes a set values that are unique."/>
      <comment value="Identifier.system is always case sensitive."/>
      <requirements
                    value="There are many sets  of identifiers.  To perform matching of two identifiers, we need to know what set we're dealing with. The system identifies a particular set of unique identifiers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueUri value="http://www.acme.com/identifiers/patient"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.4 / EI-2-4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="II.root or Role.id.root"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./IdentifierType"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.value">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.value"/>
      <short value="The value that is unique"/>
      <definition
                  value="The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system."/>
      <comment
               value="If the value is a full URI, then the system SHALL be urn:ietf:rfc:3986.  The value's primary purpose is computational mapping.  As a result, it may be normalized for comparison purposes (e.g. removing non-significant whitespace, dashes, etc.)  A value formatted for human display can be conveyed using the [Rendered Value extension](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extension-rendered-value.html). Identifier.value is to be treated as case sensitive unless knowledge of the Identifier.system allows the processer to be confident that non-case-sensitive processing is safe."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.value"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="123456"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.1 / EI.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="II.extension or II.root if system indicates OID or GUID (Or Role.id.extension or root)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./Value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.period">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.period"/>
      <short value="Time period when id is/was valid for use"/>
      <definition
                  value="Time period during which identifier is/was valid for use."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.7 + CX.8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.effectiveTime or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./StartDate and ./EndDate"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.identifier.assigner">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.identifier.assigner"/>
      <short value="Organization that issued id (may be just text)"/>
      <definition value="Organization that issued/manages the identifier."/>
      <comment
               value="The Identifier.assigner may omit the .reference element and only contain a .display element reflecting the name or other textual information about the assigning organization."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.assigner"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.4 / (CX.4,CX.9,CX.10)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="II.assigningAuthorityName but note that this is an improper use by the definition of the field.  Also Role.scoper"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./IdentifierIssuingAuthority"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.what.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.what.display"/>
      <short value="Text alternative for the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference."/>
      <comment
               value="This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.type">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type"/>
      <short value="Type of entity involved"/>
      <definition
                  value="The type of the object that was involved in this audit event."/>
      <comment
               value="This value is distinct from the user's role or any user relationship to the entity."/>
      <requirements
                    value="To describe the object being acted upon. In addition to queries on the subject of the action in an auditable event, it is also important to be able to query on the object type for the action."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AuditEventEntityType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Code for the entity type involved in the audit event."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/audit-entity-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="[self::Act].code or role.player.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="dicom"/>
        <map value="ParticipantObjectTypeCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w3c.prov"/>
        <map value="Entity.type"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="fhirprovenance"/>
        <map value="Provenance.entity.type"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.type.id">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.type.extension">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="AuditEvent.entity:TraceContext.type.system">
      <path value="AuditEvent.entity.type.system"/>
      <short value="Identity of the terminology system"/>
      <definition
                  value="The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code."/>
      <comment
               value="The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should reference to some definition that establishes the system clearly and unambiguously."/>
      <