Order Catalog Implementation Guide
current - CI Build

Order Catalog Implementation Guide, published by HL7 International - Orders and Observations Work Group. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version current). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/fhir-order-catalog/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: LabSpecimenDefinition - XML Profile

XML representation of the LabSpecimenDefinition resource profile.

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<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="LabSpecimenDefinition"/>
  <text>
    <status value="extensions"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://build.fhir.org/formats.html#table" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://build.fhir.org/formats.html#table" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://build.fhir.org/formats.html#table" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://build.fhir.org/formats.html#table" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://build.fhir.org/formats.html#table" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="http://build.fhir.org/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://build.fhir.org/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_resource.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-LabSpecimenDefinition-definitions.html#SpecimenDefinition">SpecimenDefinition</a><a name="SpecimenDefinition"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://build.fhir.org/specimendefinition.html">SpecimenDefinition</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Kind of specimen</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck01.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-LabSpecimenDefinition-definitions.html#SpecimenDefinition.typeTested">typeTested</a><a name="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://build.fhir.org/types.html#BackboneElement">BackboneElement</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Specimen in container intended for testing by lab</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck000.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-LabSpecimenDefinition-definitions.html#SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.type">type</a><a name="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.type"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://build.fhir.org/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Type of intended specimen</span></td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="http://build.fhir.org/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://build.fhir.org/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <url
       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/order-catalog/StructureDefinition/LabSpecimenDefinition"/>
  <version value="current"/>
  <name value="LabSpecimenDefinition"/>
  <title value="Laboratory IVD Specimen Definition"/>
  <status value="draft"/>
  <date value="2022-05-06T15:37:23+00:00"/>
  <publisher value="HL7 International - Orders and Observations Work Group"/>
  <contact>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="http://hl7.org/Special/committees/orders"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description
               value="The LabSpecimenDefinition profile constrains the SpecimenDefinition resource to represent definitions of IVD specimens attached to laboratory procedures described in catalogs of laboratory services using these procedures and specimens."/>
  <jurisdiction>
    <coding>
      <system value="http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm"/>
      <code value="001"/>
    </coding>
  </jurisdiction>
  <purpose
           value="This profile only sets MustSupport on the minimal data of a SpecimenDefinition used in a laboratory compendium."/>
  <fhirVersion value="5.0.0-snapshot1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="v2"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v2"/>
    <name value="HL7 v2 Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="SpecimenDefinition"/>
  <baseDefinition
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SpecimenDefinition"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition"/>
      <short value="Kind of specimen"/>
      <definition
                  value="A kind of specimen with associated set of requirements."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value='#'])]))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role[classCode=SPEC]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="clinical.diagnostics"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.id">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="Typically, the resource has an id except for cases like the create operation, conditional updates."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.meta">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.implicitRules">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.language">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="IETF language tag"/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.text">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have a narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.contained">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.extension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.modifierExtension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://build.fhir.org/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.url">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.url"/>
      <short
             value="Logical canonical URL to reference this SpecimenDefinition (globally unique)"/>
      <definition
                  value="An absolute URL that is used to identify this SpecimenDefinition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance. This SHALL be a URL, SHOULD be globally unique, and SHOULD be an address at which this SpecimenDefinition is (or will be) published. The URL SHOULD include the major version of the SpecimenDefinition. For more information see Technical and Business Versions."/>
      <comment
               value="Can be a urn:uuid: or a urn:oid:, but real http: addresses are preferred. This is the URI that will be used when making canonical references to this resource."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the SpecimenDefinition to be referenced by a single globally unique identifier."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.url"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.identifier">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.identifier"/>
      <short value="Business identifier"/>
      <definition
                  value="A business identifier assigned to this SpecimenDefinition."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.version">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.version"/>
      <short value="Business version of the SpecimenDefinition"/>
      <definition
                  value="The identifier that is used to identify this version of the SpecimenDefinition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the SpecimenDefinition author and is not expected to be globally unique."/>
      <comment
               value="There may be multiple different instances of a SpecimenDefinition that have the same identifier but different versions."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.version"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.title">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.title"/>
      <short value="Name for this SpecimenDefinition (Human friendly)"/>
      <definition
                  value="A short, descriptive, user-friendly title for the SpecimenDefinition."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.title"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.derivedFromCanonical">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.derivedFromCanonical"/>
      <short value="Based on FHIR definition of another SpecimenDefinition"/>
      <definition
                  value="The canonical URL pointing to another FHIR-defined SpecimenDefinition that is adhered to in whole or in part by this definition."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.derivedFromCanonical"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="canonical"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SpecimenDefinition"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.derivedFromUri">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.derivedFromUri"/>
      <short value="Based on external definition"/>
      <definition
                  value="The URL pointing to an externally-defined type of specimen, guideline or other definition that is adhered to in whole or in part by this definition."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Specimen definitions may be refinements of other definitions."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.derivedFromUri"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.status">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.status"/>
      <short value="draft | active | retired | unknown"/>
      <definition value="The current state of theSpecimenDefinition."/>
      <comment
               value="A nominal state-transition diagram can be found in the [[definition.html#statemachine | Definition pattern]] documentation
Unknown does not represent &quot;other&quot; - one of the defined statuses must apply. Unknown is used when the authoring system is not sure what the current status is."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.status"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason value="Not known why this is labelled a modifier"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="PublicationStatus"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes identifying the status of a SpecimenDefinition resource."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/publication-status|5.0.0-snapshot1"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.experimental">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.experimental"/>
      <short value="If this SpecimenDefinition is not for real usage"/>
      <definition
                  value="A flag to indicate that this SpecimenDefinition is not authored for  genuine usage."/>
      <comment
               value="Allows filtering of SpecimenDefinition that are appropriate for use vs. not."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.experimental"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason value="Not known why this is labelled a modifier"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.subject[x]">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.subject[x]"/>
      <short value="Type of subject for specimen collection"/>
      <definition
                  value="A code or group definition that describes the intended subject  from which this kind of specimen is to be collected."/>
      <comment value="Examples: person, animal, device, water …."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.subject[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Group"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.date">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.date"/>
      <short value="Date status first applied"/>
      <definition
                  value="For draft definitions, indicates the date of initial creation. For active definitions, represents the date of activation. For withdrawn definitions, indicates the date of withdrawal."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.date"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.publisher">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.publisher"/>
      <short
             value="The name of the individual or organization that published the SpecimenDefinition"/>
      <definition
                  value="Helps establish the &quot;authority/credibility&quot; of the SpecimenDefinition. May also allow for contact."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Usually an organization, but may be an individual. The publisher (or steward) of the SpecimenDefinition is the organization or individual primarily responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the SpecimenDefinition. This is not necessarily the same individual or organization that developed and initially authored the content. The publisher is the primary point of contact for questions or issues with the SpecimenDefinition. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.publisher"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.contact">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.contact"/>
      <short value="Contact details for the publisher"/>
      <definition
                  value="Contact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publisher."/>
      <comment
               value="May be a web site, an email address, a telephone number, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.contact"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="ContactDetail"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.description">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.description"/>
      <short value="Natural language description of the SpecimenDefinition"/>
      <definition
                  value="A free text natural language description of the SpecimenDefinition from the consumer's perspective."/>
      <comment
               value="This description can be used to capture details such as why the SpecimenDefinition was built, comments about misuse, instructions for clinical use and interpretation, literature references, examples from the paper world, etc. It is not a rendering of the module as conveyed in the text field of the resource itself. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.description"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="markdown"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.useContext">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.useContext"/>
      <short value="Content intends to support these contexts"/>
      <definition
                  value="The content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These terms may be used to assist with indexing and searching of specimen definitions."/>
      <comment
               value="When multiple usageContexts are specified, there is no expectation for whether all or any of the contexts apply."/>
      <requirements value="Assist in searching for appropriate content."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.useContext"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="UsageContext"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.jurisdiction">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.jurisdiction"/>
      <short
             value="Intended jurisdiction for this SpecimenDefinition (if applicable)"/>
      <definition
                  value="A jurisdiction in which the SpecimenDefinition is intended to be used."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.jurisdiction"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Jurisdiction"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes for country, country subdivision and region for indicating where a resource is intended to be used."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/jurisdiction"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.purpose">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.purpose"/>
      <short value="Why this SpecimenDefinition is defined"/>
      <definition
                  value="Explains why this SpecimeDefinition is needed and why it has been designed as it has."/>
      <comment
               value="This element does not describe the usage of the SpecimenDefinition. Rather it is for traceability of ''why'' the resource is either needed or ''why'' it is defined as it is. This may be used to point to source materials or specifications that drove the structure of this SpecimenDefinition."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.purpose"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="markdown"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.copyright">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.copyright"/>
      <short value="Use and/or publishing restrictions"/>
      <definition
                  value="Copyright statement relating to the SpecimenDefinition and/or its contents. Copyright statements are generally legal restrictions on the use and publishing of the SpecimenDefinition."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Consumers of the SpecimenDefinition must be able to determine any legal restrictions on the use of the artifact and/or its content."/>
      <alias value="License"/>
      <alias value="Restrictions"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.copyright"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="markdown"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.approvalDate">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.approvalDate"/>
      <short value="When SpecimenDefinition was approved by publisher"/>
      <definition
                  value="The date on which the asset content was approved by the publisher. Approval happens once when the content is officially approved for usage."/>
      <comment
               value="The date may be more recent than the approval date because of minor changes / editorial corrections."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.approvalDate"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="date"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.lastReviewDate">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.lastReviewDate"/>
      <short value="The date on which the asset content was last reviewed"/>
      <definition
                  value="The date on which the asset content was last reviewed. Review happens periodically after that, but doesn't change the original approval date."/>
      <comment value="If specified, this is usually after the approval date."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.lastReviewDate"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="date"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.effectivePeriod">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.effectivePeriod"/>
      <short value="The effective date range for the SpecimenDefinition"/>
      <definition
                  value="The period during which the SpecimenDefinition content was or is planned to be effective."/>
      <comment
               value="The effective period for a SpecimenDefinition determines when the content is applicable for usage and is independent of publication and review dates."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.effectivePeriod"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeCollected">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeCollected"/>
      <short value="Kind of material to collect"/>
      <definition value="The kind of material to be collected."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeCollected"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="CollectedSpecimenType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="The type of the specimen to be collected."/>
        <valueSet value="http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v2-0487"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-6"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.patientPreparation">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.patientPreparation"/>
      <short value="Patient preparation for collection"/>
      <definition value="Preparation of the patient for specimen collection."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.patientPreparation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="PreparePatient"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="SCT descendants of 703763000 |Precondition value (qualifier value)|"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/prepare-patient-prior-specimen-collection"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM1-37"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.timeAspect">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.timeAspect"/>
      <short value="Time aspect for collection"/>
      <definition
                  value="Time aspect of specimen collection (duration or offset)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.timeAspect"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="24 hour, 20' post charge"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM1-43, OM1-44"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.collection">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.collection"/>
      <short value="Specimen collection procedure"/>
      <definition
                  value="The action to be performed for collecting the specimen."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.collection"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="SpecimenCollection"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="SCT actions and procedures for specimen collection"/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/specimen-collection"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested"/>
      <short value="Specimen in container intended for testing by lab"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specimen conditioned in a container as expected by the testing laboratory."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.id">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.extension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.modifierExtension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://build.fhir.org/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.isDerived">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.isDerived"/>
      <short value="Primary or secondary specimen"/>
      <definition value="Primary of secondary specimen."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.isDerived"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueBoolean value="false"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-2"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.type">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.type"/>
      <short value="Type of intended specimen"/>
      <definition
                  value="The kind of specimen conditioned for testing expected by lab."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="IntendedSpecimenType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="The type of specimen conditioned in a container for lab testing."/>
        <valueSet value="http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v2-0487"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.preference">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.preference"/>
      <short value="preferred | alternate"/>
      <definition value="The preference for this type of conditioned specimen."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.preference"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueCode value="preferred, alternate"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="SpecimenContainedPreference"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="Degree of preference of a type of conditioned specimen."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/specimen-contained-preference|5.0.0-snapshot1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-16"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container"/>
      <short value="The specimen's container"/>
      <definition value="The specimen's container."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.id">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.extension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.modifierExtension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://build.fhir.org/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.material">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.material"/>
      <short value="The material type used for the container"/>
      <definition value="The type of material of the container."/>
      <comment value="Examples: glass, plastic, metal."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.material"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ContainerMaterial"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="SCT 32039001 |Glass|, 61088005 |Plastic|, 425620007 |Metal|"/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/container-material"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.type">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.type"/>
      <short value="Kind of container associated with the kind of specimen"/>
      <definition
                  value="The type of container used to contain this kind of specimen."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ContainerType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="SCT descendants of 706041008 |Device for body fluid and tissue collection/transfer/processing (physical object)|"/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/specimen-container-type"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.cap">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.cap"/>
      <short value="Color of container cap"/>
      <definition value="Color of container cap."/>
      <requirements
                    value="From ISO 6710-2017 Table F.1 Recommended colour codes."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.cap"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ContainerCap"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Color of the container cap."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/container-cap"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.description">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.description"/>
      <short value="The description of the kind of container"/>
      <definition value="The textual description of the kind of container."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.description"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="Blue top tube with citrate"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-3"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.capacity">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.capacity"/>
      <short value="The capacity of this kind of container"/>
      <definition
                  value="The capacity (volume or other measure) of this kind of container."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.capacity"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
        <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-4, OM4-5"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.minimumVolume[x]">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.minimumVolume[x]"/>
      <short value="Minimum volume"/>
      <definition value="The minimum volume to be conditioned in the container."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.minimumVolume[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
        <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-11"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive"/>
      <short value="Additive associated with container"/>
      <definition
                  value="Substance introduced in the kind of container to preserve, maintain or enhance the specimen. Examples: Formalin, Citrate, EDTA."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-7"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.id">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.extension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element
             id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.modifierExtension">
      <path
            value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://build.fhir.org/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.additive[x]">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.additive[x]"/>
      <short value="Additive associated with container"/>
      <definition
                  value="Substance introduced in the kind of container to preserve, maintain or enhance the specimen. Examples: Formalin, Citrate, EDTA."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path
              value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.additive.additive[x]"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SubstanceDefinition"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ContainerAdditive"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Substance added to specimen container."/>
        <valueSet value="http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v2-0371"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-7"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.preparation">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.preparation"/>
      <short
             value="Special processing applied to the container for this specimen type"/>
      <definition
                  value="Special processing that should be applied to the container for this kind of specimen."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.container.preparation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-8"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.requirement">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.requirement"/>
      <short value="Requirements for specimen delivery and special handling"/>
      <definition
                  value="Requirements for delivery and special handling of this kind of conditioned specimen."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.requirement"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-12"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.retentionTime">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.retentionTime"/>
      <short value="The usual time for retaining this kind of specimen"/>
      <definition
                  value="The usual time that a specimen of this kind is retained after the ordered tests are completed, for the purpose of additional testing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.retentionTime"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Duration"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-14"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.singleUse">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.singleUse"/>
      <short value="Specimen for single use only"/>
      <definition
                  value="Specimen can be used by only one test or panel if the value is &quot;true&quot;."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.singleUse"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.rejectionCriterion">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.rejectionCriterion"/>
      <short value="Criterion specified for specimen rejection"/>
      <definition
                  value="Criterion for rejection of the specimen in its container by the laboratory."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.rejectionCriterion"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="RejectionCriterion"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Criterion for rejection of the specimen by laboratory."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/rejection-criteria"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM1-39"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling"/>
      <short value="Specimen handling before testing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Set of instructions for preservation/transport of the specimen at a defined temperature interval, prior the testing process."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.id">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.extension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.modifierExtension">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://build.fhir.org/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.temperatureQualifier">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.temperatureQualifier"/>
      <short value="Qualifies the interval of temperature"/>
      <definition
                  value="It qualifies the interval of temperature, which characterizes an occurrence of handling. Conditions that are not related to temperature may be handled in the instruction element."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path
              value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.temperatureQualifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="HandlingConditionSet"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Set of handling instructions prior testing of the specimen."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/handling-condition"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OM4-15"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.temperatureRange">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.temperatureRange"/>
      <short value="Temperature range for these handling instructions"/>
      <definition
                  value="The temperature interval for this set of handling instructions."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.temperatureRange"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Range"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.maxDuration">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.maxDuration"/>
      <short value="Maximum preservation time"/>
      <definition
                  value="The maximum time interval of preservation of the specimen with these conditions."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.maxDuration"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Duration"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.instruction">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.instruction"/>
      <short value="Preservation instruction"/>
      <definition
                  value="Additional textual instructions for the preservation or transport of the specimen. For instance, 'Protect from light exposure'."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.handling.instruction"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="freeze within 4 hours"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.testingDestination">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.testingDestination"/>
      <short value="Where the specimen will be tested"/>
      <definition
                  value="Where the specimen will be tested: e.g., lab, sector, device or any combination of these."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.testingDestination"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="TestingDestination"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Codes specifying where the specimen will be tested."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/diagnostic-service-sections"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested"/>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.type">
      <path value="SpecimenDefinition.typeTested.type"/>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>