International Patient Summary Implementation Guide
1.1.0 - CI Build International flag

International Patient Summary Implementation Guide, published by HL7 International / Patient Care. This guide is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 1.1.0 built by the FHIR (HL7® FHIR® Standard) CI Build. This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/fhir-ips/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: Observation Results (IPS)

Official URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/Observation-results-uv-ips Version: 1.1.0
Standards status: Trial-use Maturity Level: 2 Computable Name: ObservationResultsUvIps

This profile constrains the Observation resource to represent various types of results and associated observations in a patient summary. This is the base profile from which the other results profiles are derived.

This profile constrains the Observation resource to represent various types of results and associated observations in a patient summary.

Usage:

Formal Views of Profile Content

Description of Profiles, Differentials, Snapshots and how the different presentations work.

This structure is derived from Observation

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation 0..*ObservationMeasurements and simple assertions
... status 1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Fixed Value: final
... category 0..*CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
... code S1..1CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
.... reference S1..1stringLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
... effective[x] S1..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effective[x]:All Types Content/Rules for all Types
..... data-absent-reason S0..1codeeffective[x] absence reason
URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/data-absent-reason
Binding: DataAbsentReason (required): Used to specify why the normally expected content of the data element is missing.

.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... performer 0..*Reference(Practitioner (IPS) | PractitionerRole (IPS) | Organization (IPS) | CareTeam | Patient (IPS) | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] S0..1Quantity, CodeableConcept, string, boolean, integer, Range, Ratio, SampledData, time, dateTime, PeriodActual result
... hasMember 0..*Reference(Observation Results (IPS) | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... component S0..*BackboneElementComponent results

doco Documentation for this format
NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*ObservationMeasurements and simple assertions
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.


Fixed Value: final
... code S1..1CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

... subject SΣ1..1Reference(Patient (IPS) | Group | Device | Location)Who and/or what the observation is about
.... reference SΣC1..1stringLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
... effective[x] SΣ1..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effective[x]:All Types Content/Rules for all Types
..... data-absent-reason S0..1codeeffective[x] absence reason
URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/data-absent-reason
Binding: DataAbsentReason (required): Used to specify why the normally expected content of the data element is missing.


.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner (IPS) | PractitionerRole (IPS) | Organization (IPS) | CareTeam | Patient (IPS) | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] SΣC0..1Actual result
.... valueQuantityQuantity
.... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
.... valueStringstring
.... valueBooleanboolean
.... valueIntegerinteger
.... valueRangeRange
.... valueRatioRatio
.... valueSampledDataSampledData
.... valueTimetime
.... valueDateTimedateTime
.... valuePeriodPeriod
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation Results (IPS) | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... component SΣ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.


doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.statusrequiredFixed Value: final
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.component.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)

Constraints

IdGradePath(s)DetailsRequirements
dom-2errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources
: contained.contained.empty()
dom-3errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource
: contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()
dom-4errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated
: contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()
dom-5errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label
: contained.meta.security.empty()
dom-6best practiceObservationA resource should have narrative for robust management
: text.`div`.exists()
ele-1error**ALL** elementsAll FHIR elements must have a @value or children
: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
ext-1error**ALL** extensionsMust have either extensions or value[x], not both
: extension.exists() != value.exists()
obs-6errorObservationdataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present
: dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()
obs-7errorObservationIf Observation.code is the same as an Observation.component.code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present
: value.empty() or component.code.where(coding.intersect(%resource.code.coding).exists()).empty()
NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*ObservationMeasurements and simple assertions
... id Σ0..1idLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: CommonLanguages (preferred): A human language.

Additional BindingsPurpose
AllLanguagesMax Binding
... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationStatement | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.


Fixed Value: final
... category 0..*CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


... code S1..1CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

... subject SΣ1..1Reference(Patient (IPS) | Group | Device | Location)Who and/or what the observation is about
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
.... reference SΣC1..1stringLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
.... type Σ0..1uriType the reference refers to (e.g. "Patient")
Binding: ResourceType (extensible): Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model).

.... identifier Σ0..1IdentifierLogical reference, when literal reference is not known
.... display Σ0..1stringText alternative for the resource
... focus Σ0..*Reference(Resource)What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] SΣ1..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effective[x]:All Types Content/Rules for all Types
..... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
..... Slices for extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
..... data-absent-reason S0..1codeeffective[x] absence reason
URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/data-absent-reason
Binding: DataAbsentReason (required): Used to specify why the normally expected content of the data element is missing.


.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner (IPS) | PractitionerRole (IPS) | Organization (IPS) | CareTeam | Patient (IPS) | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] SΣC0..1Actual result
.... valueQuantityQuantity
.... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
.... valueStringstring
.... valueBooleanboolean
.... valueIntegerinteger
.... valueRangeRange
.... valueRatioRatio
.... valueSampledDataSampledData
.... valueTimetime
.... valueDateTimedateTime
.... valuePeriodPeriod
... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note 0..*AnnotationComments about the observation
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMEDCTBodyStructures (example): Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.

... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: ObservationMethods (example): Methods for simple observations.

... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)(Measurement) Device
... referenceRange C0..*BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... low C0..1SimpleQuantityLow Range, if relevant
.... high C0..1SimpleQuantityHigh Range, if relevant
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptReference range qualifier
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes (preferred): Code for the meaning of a reference range.

.... appliesTo 0..*CodeableConceptReference range population
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes (example): Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to.


.... age 0..1RangeApplicable age range, if relevant
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation Results (IPS) | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... derivedFrom Σ0..*Reference(DocumentReference | ImagingStudy | Media | QuestionnaireResponse | Observation | MolecularSequence)Related measurements the observation is made from
... component SΣ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
.... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.languagepreferredCommonLanguages
Additional Bindings Purpose
AllLanguages Max Binding
Observation.statusrequiredFixed Value: final
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.subject.typeextensibleResourceType
Observation.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes
Observation.bodySiteexampleSNOMEDCTBodyStructures
Observation.methodexampleObservationMethods
Observation.referenceRange.typepreferredObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes
Observation.referenceRange.appliesToexampleObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes
Observation.component.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.component.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.component.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes

Constraints

IdGradePath(s)DetailsRequirements
dom-2errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources
: contained.contained.empty()
dom-3errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource
: contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()
dom-4errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated
: contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()
dom-5errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label
: contained.meta.security.empty()
dom-6best practiceObservationA resource should have narrative for robust management
: text.`div`.exists()
ele-1error**ALL** elementsAll FHIR elements must have a @value or children
: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
ext-1error**ALL** extensionsMust have either extensions or value[x], not both
: extension.exists() != value.exists()
obs-3errorObservation.referenceRangeMust have at least a low or a high or text
: low.exists() or high.exists() or text.exists()
obs-6errorObservationdataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present
: dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()
obs-7errorObservationIf Observation.code is the same as an Observation.component.code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present
: value.empty() or component.code.where(coding.intersect(%resource.code.coding).exists()).empty()

Differential View

This structure is derived from Observation

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation 0..*ObservationMeasurements and simple assertions
... status 1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Fixed Value: final
... category 0..*CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
... code S1..1CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
.... reference S1..1stringLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
... effective[x] S1..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effective[x]:All Types Content/Rules for all Types
..... data-absent-reason S0..1codeeffective[x] absence reason
URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/data-absent-reason
Binding: DataAbsentReason (required): Used to specify why the normally expected content of the data element is missing.

.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... performer 0..*Reference(Practitioner (IPS) | PractitionerRole (IPS) | Organization (IPS) | CareTeam | Patient (IPS) | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] S0..1Quantity, CodeableConcept, string, boolean, integer, Range, Ratio, SampledData, time, dateTime, PeriodActual result
... hasMember 0..*Reference(Observation Results (IPS) | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... component S0..*BackboneElementComponent results

doco Documentation for this format

Key Elements View

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*ObservationMeasurements and simple assertions
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.


Fixed Value: final
... code S1..1CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

... subject SΣ1..1Reference(Patient (IPS) | Group | Device | Location)Who and/or what the observation is about
.... reference SΣC1..1stringLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
... effective[x] SΣ1..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effective[x]:All Types Content/Rules for all Types
..... data-absent-reason S0..1codeeffective[x] absence reason
URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/data-absent-reason
Binding: DataAbsentReason (required): Used to specify why the normally expected content of the data element is missing.


.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner (IPS) | PractitionerRole (IPS) | Organization (IPS) | CareTeam | Patient (IPS) | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] SΣC0..1Actual result
.... valueQuantityQuantity
.... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
.... valueStringstring
.... valueBooleanboolean
.... valueIntegerinteger
.... valueRangeRange
.... valueRatioRatio
.... valueSampledDataSampledData
.... valueTimetime
.... valueDateTimedateTime
.... valuePeriodPeriod
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation Results (IPS) | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... component SΣ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.


doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.statusrequiredFixed Value: final
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.component.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)

Constraints

IdGradePath(s)DetailsRequirements
dom-2errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources
: contained.contained.empty()
dom-3errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource
: contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()
dom-4errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated
: contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()
dom-5errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label
: contained.meta.security.empty()
dom-6best practiceObservationA resource should have narrative for robust management
: text.`div`.exists()
ele-1error**ALL** elementsAll FHIR elements must have a @value or children
: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
ext-1error**ALL** extensionsMust have either extensions or value[x], not both
: extension.exists() != value.exists()
obs-6errorObservationdataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present
: dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()
obs-7errorObservationIf Observation.code is the same as an Observation.component.code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present
: value.empty() or component.code.where(coding.intersect(%resource.code.coding).exists()).empty()

Snapshot View

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation C0..*ObservationMeasurements and simple assertions
... id Σ0..1idLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: CommonLanguages (preferred): A human language.

Additional BindingsPurpose
AllLanguagesMax Binding
... text 0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ServiceRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... partOf Σ0..*Reference(MedicationAdministration | MedicationDispense | MedicationStatement | Procedure | Immunization | ImagingStudy)Part of referenced event
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required): Codes providing the status of an observation.


Fixed Value: final
... category 0..*CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
Binding: ObservationCategoryCodes (preferred): Codes for high level observation categories.


... code S1..1CodeableConceptIPSConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

... subject SΣ1..1Reference(Patient (IPS) | Group | Device | Location)Who and/or what the observation is about
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
.... reference SΣC1..1stringLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
.... type Σ0..1uriType the reference refers to (e.g. "Patient")
Binding: ResourceType (extensible): Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model).

.... identifier Σ0..1IdentifierLogical reference, when literal reference is not known
.... display Σ0..1stringText alternative for the resource
... focus Σ0..*Reference(Resource)What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record
... encounter Σ0..1Reference(Encounter)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] SΣ1..1Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation
.... effective[x]:All Types Content/Rules for all Types
..... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
..... Slices for extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
..... data-absent-reason S0..1codeeffective[x] absence reason
URL: http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/data-absent-reason
Binding: DataAbsentReason (required): Used to specify why the normally expected content of the data element is missing.


.... effectiveDateTimedateTime
.... effectivePeriodPeriod
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this version was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner (IPS) | PractitionerRole (IPS) | Organization (IPS) | CareTeam | Patient (IPS) | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] SΣC0..1Actual result
.... valueQuantityQuantity
.... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
.... valueStringstring
.... valueBooleanboolean
.... valueIntegerinteger
.... valueRangeRange
.... valueRatioRatio
.... valueSampledDataSampledData
.... valueTimetime
.... valueDateTimedateTime
.... valuePeriodPeriod
... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


... note 0..*AnnotationComments about the observation
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMEDCTBodyStructures (example): Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.

... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: ObservationMethods (example): Methods for simple observations.

... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)(Measurement) Device
... referenceRange C0..*BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... low C0..1SimpleQuantityLow Range, if relevant
.... high C0..1SimpleQuantityHigh Range, if relevant
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptReference range qualifier
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes (preferred): Code for the meaning of a reference range.

.... appliesTo 0..*CodeableConceptReference range population
Binding: ObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes (example): Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to.


.... age 0..1RangeApplicable age range, if relevant
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... hasMember Σ0..*Reference(Observation Results (IPS) | QuestionnaireResponse | MolecularSequence)Related resource that belongs to the Observation group
... derivedFrom Σ0..*Reference(DocumentReference | ImagingStudy | Media | QuestionnaireResponse | Observation | MolecularSequence)Related measurements the observation is made from
... component SΣ0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1stringUnique id for inter-element referencing
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINCCodes (example): Codes identifying names of simple observations.

.... value[x] Σ0..1Actual component result
..... valueQuantityQuantity
..... valueCodeableConceptCodeableConcept
..... valueStringstring
..... valueBooleanboolean
..... valueIntegerinteger
..... valueRangeRange
..... valueRatioRatio
..... valueSampledDataSampledData
..... valueTimetime
..... valueDateTimedateTime
..... valuePeriodPeriod
.... dataAbsentReason C0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: DataAbsentReason (extensible): Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.

.... interpretation 0..*CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: ObservationInterpretationCodes (extensible): Codes identifying interpretations of observations.


.... referenceRange 0..*See referenceRange (Observation)Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet / Code
Observation.languagepreferredCommonLanguages
Additional Bindings Purpose
AllLanguages Max Binding
Observation.statusrequiredFixed Value: final
Observation.categorypreferredObservationCategoryCodes
Observation.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.subject.typeextensibleResourceType
Observation.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes
Observation.bodySiteexampleSNOMEDCTBodyStructures
Observation.methodexampleObservationMethods
Observation.referenceRange.typepreferredObservationReferenceRangeMeaningCodes
Observation.referenceRange.appliesToexampleObservationReferenceRangeAppliesToCodes
Observation.component.codeexampleLOINCCodes (a valid code from LOINC)
Observation.component.dataAbsentReasonextensibleDataAbsentReason
Observation.component.interpretationextensibleObservationInterpretationCodes

Constraints

IdGradePath(s)DetailsRequirements
dom-2errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources
: contained.contained.empty()
dom-3errorObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource
: contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()
dom-4errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated
: contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()
dom-5errorObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label
: contained.meta.security.empty()
dom-6best practiceObservationA resource should have narrative for robust management
: text.`div`.exists()
ele-1error**ALL** elementsAll FHIR elements must have a @value or children
: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
ext-1error**ALL** extensionsMust have either extensions or value[x], not both
: extension.exists() != value.exists()
obs-3errorObservation.referenceRangeMust have at least a low or a high or text
: low.exists() or high.exists() or text.exists()
obs-6errorObservationdataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present
: dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()
obs-7errorObservationIf Observation.code is the same as an Observation.component.code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present
: value.empty() or component.code.where(coding.intersect(%resource.code.coding).exists()).empty()

 

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