International Patient Summary Implementation Guide
2.0.0-ballot - ci-build International flag

International Patient Summary Implementation Guide, published by HL7 International / Patient Care. This guide is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 2.0.0-ballot built by the FHIR (HL7® FHIR® Standard) CI Build. This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/fhir-ips/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: MedicationRequestIPS - Detailed Descriptions

Page standards status: Trial-use Maturity Level: 2

Definitions for the MedicationRequest-uv-ips resource profile.

Guidance on how to interpret the contents of this table can be found here

0. MedicationRequest
2. MedicationRequest.status
Comments

In the scope of the IPS the entered-in-error concept is not allowed.

4. MedicationRequest.medication[x]
Definition

Identifies the medication being administered. This is either a link to a resource representing the details of the medication or a simple attribute carrying a code. To improve global interoperability is strongly encouraged that the reference to a medication resource is used, limiting the usage of the medicationCodeableConcept only to the cases in which no other information than a simple code is available.

BindingThe codes SHOULD be taken from Medications - SNOMED CT + Absent/Unknown (IPS)
(preferred to http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/ValueSet/medication-snomed-absent-unknown-uv-ips)

SNOMED CT medications (Pharmaceutical / biologic product) or a code for absent/unknown medication

TypeChoice of: CodeableConcept, Reference(Medication (IPS))
[x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
Must Supporttrue
Must Support TypesNo must-support rules about the choice of types/profiles
6. MedicationRequest.subject
TypeReference(Patient (IPS))
Must Supporttrue
8. MedicationRequest.subject.reference
Control1..?
Must Supporttrue
10. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction
Must Supporttrue
12. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.text
Must Supporttrue
14. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.timing
Must Supporttrue
16. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.route
BindingThe codes SHOULD be taken from Medicine Route of Administration - IPS
(preferred to http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/ValueSet/medicine-route-of-administration)

EDQM Standards Terms

TypeCodeableConcept(Codeable Concept (IPS))
18. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest
20. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod
22. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod.extension:data-absent-reason
Slice Namedata-absent-reason
Definition

Provides a reason why the validityPeriod is missing.

ShortvalidityPeriod absence reason
Control0..1
TypeExtension(Data Absent Reason) (Extension Type: code)

Guidance on how to interpret the contents of this table can be found here

0. MedicationRequest
Definition

An order or request for both supply of the medication and the instructions for administration of the medication to a patient. The resource is called "MedicationRequest" rather than "MedicationPrescription" or "MedicationOrder" to generalize the use across inpatient and outpatient settings, including care plans, etc., and to harmonize with workflow patterns.

ShortOrdering of medication for patient or group
Control0..*
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Alternate NamesPrescription, Order
Invariantsdom-2: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources (contained.contained.empty())
dom-3: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource (contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty())
dom-4: If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated (contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty())
dom-5: If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label (contained.meta.security.empty())
dom-6: A resource should have narrative for robust management (text.`div`.exists())
2. MedicationRequest.implicitRules
Definition

A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.

ShortA set of rules under which this content was created
Comments

Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc.

Control0..1
Typeuri
Is Modifiertrue because This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
4. MedicationRequest.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

ShortExtensions that cannot be ignored
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue because Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them
Summaryfalse
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
6. MedicationRequest.status
Definition

A code specifying the current state of the order. Generally, this will be active or completed state.

Shortactive | on-hold | cancelled | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | draft | unknown
Comments

In the scope of the IPS the entered-in-error concept is not allowed.


This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid.

Control1..1
BindingThe codes SHALL be taken from medicationrequest Statushttp://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-status|4.0.1
(required to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-status|4.0.1)

A coded concept specifying the state of the prescribing event. Describes the lifecycle of the prescription.

Typecode
Is Modifiertrue because This element is labeled as a modifier because it is a status element that contains status entered-in-error which means that the resource should not be treated as valid
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
8. MedicationRequest.intent
Definition

Whether the request is a proposal, plan, or an original order.

Shortproposal | plan | order | original-order | reflex-order | filler-order | instance-order | option
Comments

It is expected that the type of requester will be restricted for different stages of a MedicationRequest. For example, Proposals can be created by a patient, relatedPerson, Practitioner or Device. Plans can be created by Practitioners, Patients, RelatedPersons and Devices. Original orders can be created by a Practitioner only.

An instance-order is an instantiation of a request or order and may be used to populate Medication Administration Record.

This element is labeled as a modifier because the intent alters when and how the resource is actually applicable.

Control1..1
BindingThe codes SHALL be taken from medicationRequest Intenthttp://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-intent|4.0.1
(required to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-intent|4.0.1)

The kind of medication order.

Typecode
Is Modifiertrue because This element changes the interpretation of all descriptive attributes. For example "the time the request is recommended to occur" vs. "the time the request is authorized to occur" or "who is recommended to perform the request" vs. "who is authorized to perform the request
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
10. MedicationRequest.doNotPerform
Definition

If true indicates that the provider is asking for the medication request not to occur.

ShortTrue if request is prohibiting action
Comments

If do not perform is not specified, the request is a positive request e.g. "do perform".

Control0..1
Typeboolean
Is Modifiertrue because This element is labeled as a modifier because this element negates the request to occur (ie, this is a request for the medication not to be ordered or prescribed, etc)
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
12. MedicationRequest.medication[x]
Definition

Identifies the medication being administered. This is either a link to a resource representing the details of the medication or a simple attribute carrying a code. To improve global interoperability is strongly encouraged that the reference to a medication resource is used, limiting the usage of the medicationCodeableConcept only to the cases in which no other information than a simple code is available.


Identifies the medication being requested. This is a link to a resource that represents the medication which may be the details of the medication or simply an attribute carrying a code that identifies the medication from a known list of medications.

ShortMedication to be taken
Comments

If only a code is specified, then it needs to be a code for a specific product. If more information is required, then the use of the Medication resource is recommended. For example, if you require form or lot number or if the medication is compounded or extemporaneously prepared, then you must reference the Medication resource.

Control1..1
BindingThe codes SHOULD be taken from For example codes, see Medications - SNOMED CT + Absent/Unknown (IPS)http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medication-codes
(preferred to http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/ValueSet/medication-snomed-absent-unknown-uv-ips)

SNOMED CT medications (Pharmaceutical / biologic product) or a code for absent/unknown medication


A coded concept identifying substance or product that can be ordered.

TypeChoice of: CodeableConcept, Reference(Medication (IPS), Medication)
[x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
Is Modifierfalse
Must Supporttrue
Must Support TypesNo must-support rules about the choice of types/profiles
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
14. MedicationRequest.subject
Definition

A link to a resource representing the person or set of individuals to whom the medication will be given.

ShortWho or group medication request is for
Comments

The subject on a medication request is mandatory. For the secondary use case where the actual subject is not provided, there still must be an anonymized subject specified.

Control1..1
TypeReference(Patient (IPS), Patient, Group)
Is Modifierfalse
Must Supporttrue
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
16. MedicationRequest.subject.reference
Definition

A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.

ShortLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
Comments

Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries. Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure "/[type]/[id]" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.

Control10..1
This element is affected by the following invariants: ref-1
Typestring
Is Modifierfalse
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Must Supporttrue
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
18. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction
Definition

Indicates how the medication is to be used by the patient.

ShortHow the medication should be taken
Comments

There are examples where a medication request may include the option of an oral dose or an Intravenous or Intramuscular dose. For example, "Ondansetron 8mg orally or IV twice a day as needed for nausea" or "Compazine® (prochlorperazine) 5-10mg PO or 25mg PR bid prn nausea or vomiting". In these cases, two medication requests would be created that could be grouped together. The decision on which dose and route of administration to use is based on the patient's condition at the time the dose is needed.

Control0..*
TypeDosage
Is Modifierfalse
Must Supporttrue
Summaryfalse
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
20. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

ShortExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue because Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them
Summarytrue
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
22. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.text
Definition

Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG.

ShortFree text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
Control0..1
Typestring
Is Modifierfalse
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Must Supporttrue
Summarytrue
Requirements

Free text dosage instructions can be used for cases where the instructions are too complex to code. The content of this attribute does not include the name or description of the medication. When coded instructions are present, the free text instructions may still be present for display to humans taking or administering the medication. It is expected that the text instructions will always be populated. If the dosage.timing attribute is also populated, then the dosage.text should reflect the same information as the timing. Additional information about administration or preparation of the medication should be included as text.

Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
24. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.timing
Definition

When medication should be administered.

ShortWhen medication should be administered
Comments

This attribute might not always be populated while the Dosage.text is expected to be populated. If both are populated, then the Dosage.text should reflect the content of the Dosage.timing.

Control0..1
TypeTiming
Is Modifierfalse
Must Supporttrue
Summarytrue
Requirements

The timing schedule for giving the medication to the patient. This data type allows many different expressions. For example: "Every 8 hours"; "Three times a day"; "1/2 an hour before breakfast for 10 days from 23-Dec 2011:"; "15 Oct 2013, 17 Oct 2013 and 1 Nov 2013". Sometimes, a rate can imply duration when expressed as total volume / duration (e.g. 500mL/2 hours implies a duration of 2 hours). However, when rate doesn't imply duration (e.g. 250mL/hour), then the timing.repeat.duration is needed to convey the infuse over time period.

Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
26. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.route
Definition

A concept that may be defined by a formal reference to a terminology or ontology or may be provided by text.


How drug should enter body.

ShortConcept - reference to a terminology or just textHow drug should enter body
Comments

Not all terminology uses fit this general pattern. In some cases, models should not use CodeableConcept and use Coding directly and provide their own structure for managing text, codings, translations and the relationship between elements and pre- and post-coordination.

Control0..1
This element is affected by the following invariants: ele-1
BindingThe codes SHOULD be taken from For example codes, see Medicine Route of Administration - IPShttp://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/route-codes
(preferred to http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/ValueSet/medicine-route-of-administration)

EDQM Standards Terms


A coded concept describing the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto the body of a subject.

TypeCodeableConcept(Codeable Concept (IPS))
Is Modifierfalse
Requirements

A code specifying the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto a patient's body.

Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))

Guidance on how to interpret the contents of this table can be found here

0. MedicationRequest
Definition

An order or request for both supply of the medication and the instructions for administration of the medication to a patient. The resource is called "MedicationRequest" rather than "MedicationPrescription" or "MedicationOrder" to generalize the use across inpatient and outpatient settings, including care plans, etc., and to harmonize with workflow patterns.

ShortOrdering of medication for patient or group
Control0..*
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Alternate NamesPrescription, Order
Invariantsdom-2: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources (contained.contained.empty())
dom-3: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource (contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty())
dom-4: If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated (contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty())
dom-5: If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label (contained.meta.security.empty())
dom-6: A resource should have narrative for robust management (text.`div`.exists())
2. MedicationRequest.id
Definition

The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.

ShortLogical id of this artifact
Comments

The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.

Control0..1
Typeid
Is Modifierfalse
Summarytrue
4. MedicationRequest.meta
Definition

The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource.

ShortMetadata about the resource
Control0..1
TypeMeta
Is Modifierfalse
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
6. MedicationRequest.implicitRules
Definition

A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.

ShortA set of rules under which this content was created
Comments

Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc.

Control0..1
Typeuri
Is Modifiertrue because This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
8. MedicationRequest.language
Definition

The base language in which the resource is written.

ShortLanguage of the resource content
Comments

Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute).

Control0..1
BindingThe codes SHOULD be taken from CommonLanguages
(preferred to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages)

A human language.

Additional BindingsPurpose
AllLanguagesMax Binding
Typecode
Is Modifierfalse
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summaryfalse
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
10. MedicationRequest.text
Definition

A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it "clinically safe" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.

ShortText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
Comments

Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied). This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a "text blob" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later.

Control0..1
TypeNarrative
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Alternate Namesnarrative, html, xhtml, display
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
12. MedicationRequest.contained
Definition

These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.

ShortContained, inline Resources
Comments

This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels.

Control0..*
TypeResource
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Alternate Namesinline resources, anonymous resources, contained resources
14. MedicationRequest.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
16. MedicationRequest.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

ShortExtensions that cannot be ignored
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue because Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them
Summaryfalse
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
18. MedicationRequest.identifier
Definition

Identifiers associated with this medication request that are defined by business processes and/or used to refer to it when a direct URL reference to the resource itself is not appropriate. They are business identifiers assigned to this resource by the performer or other systems and remain constant as the resource is updated and propagates from server to server.

ShortExternal ids for this request
Comments

This is a business identifier, not a resource identifier.

NoteThis is a business identifier, not a resource identifier (see discussion)
Control0..*
TypeIdentifier
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
20. MedicationRequest.status
Definition

A code specifying the current state of the order. Generally, this will be active or completed state.

Shortactive | on-hold | cancelled | completed | entered-in-error | stopped | draft | unknown
Comments

In the scope of the IPS the entered-in-error concept is not allowed.

Control1..1
BindingThe codes SHALL be taken from medicationrequest Status
(required to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-status|4.0.1)

A coded concept specifying the state of the prescribing event. Describes the lifecycle of the prescription.

Typecode
Is Modifiertrue because This element is labeled as a modifier because it is a status element that contains status entered-in-error which means that the resource should not be treated as valid
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
22. MedicationRequest.statusReason
Definition

Captures the reason for the current state of the MedicationRequest.

ShortReason for current status
Comments

This is generally only used for "exception" statuses such as "suspended" or "cancelled". The reason why the MedicationRequest was created at all is captured in reasonCode, not here.

Control0..1
BindingFor example codes, see medicationRequest Status Reason Codes
(example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-status-reason)

Identifies the reasons for a given status.

TypeCodeableConcept
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
24. MedicationRequest.intent
Definition

Whether the request is a proposal, plan, or an original order.

Shortproposal | plan | order | original-order | reflex-order | filler-order | instance-order | option
Comments

It is expected that the type of requester will be restricted for different stages of a MedicationRequest. For example, Proposals can be created by a patient, relatedPerson, Practitioner or Device. Plans can be created by Practitioners, Patients, RelatedPersons and Devices. Original orders can be created by a Practitioner only.

An instance-order is an instantiation of a request or order and may be used to populate Medication Administration Record.

This element is labeled as a modifier because the intent alters when and how the resource is actually applicable.

Control1..1
BindingThe codes SHALL be taken from medicationRequest Intent
(required to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-intent|4.0.1)

The kind of medication order.

Typecode
Is Modifiertrue because This element changes the interpretation of all descriptive attributes. For example "the time the request is recommended to occur" vs. "the time the request is authorized to occur" or "who is recommended to perform the request" vs. "who is authorized to perform the request
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
26. MedicationRequest.category
Definition

Indicates the type of medication request (for example, where the medication is expected to be consumed or administered (i.e. inpatient or outpatient)).

ShortType of medication usage
Comments

The category can be used to include where the medication is expected to be consumed or other types of requests.

Control0..*
BindingFor example codes, see medicationRequest Category Codes
(example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-category)

A coded concept identifying the category of medication request. For example, where the medication is to be consumed or administered, or the type of medication treatment.

TypeCodeableConcept
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
28. MedicationRequest.priority
Definition

Indicates how quickly the Medication Request should be addressed with respect to other requests.

Shortroutine | urgent | asap | stat
Control0..1
BindingThe codes SHALL be taken from RequestPriority
(required to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/request-priority|4.0.1)

Identifies the level of importance to be assigned to actioning the request.

Typecode
Is Modifierfalse
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
30. MedicationRequest.doNotPerform
Definition

If true indicates that the provider is asking for the medication request not to occur.

ShortTrue if request is prohibiting action
Comments

If do not perform is not specified, the request is a positive request e.g. "do perform".

Control0..1
Typeboolean
Is Modifiertrue because This element is labeled as a modifier because this element negates the request to occur (ie, this is a request for the medication not to be ordered or prescribed, etc)
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
32. MedicationRequest.reported[x]
Definition

Indicates if this record was captured as a secondary 'reported' record rather than as an original primary source-of-truth record. It may also indicate the source of the report.

ShortReported rather than primary record
Control0..1
TypeChoice of: boolean, Reference(Patient, Practitioner, PractitionerRole, RelatedPerson, Organization)
[x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
Is Modifierfalse
Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
34. MedicationRequest.medication[x]
Definition

Identifies the medication being administered. This is either a link to a resource representing the details of the medication or a simple attribute carrying a code. To improve global interoperability is strongly encouraged that the reference to a medication resource is used, limiting the usage of the medicationCodeableConcept only to the cases in which no other information than a simple code is available.

ShortMedication to be taken
Comments

If only a code is specified, then it needs to be a code for a specific product. If more information is required, then the use of the Medication resource is recommended. For example, if you require form or lot number or if the medication is compounded or extemporaneously prepared, then you must reference the Medication resource.

Control1..1
BindingThe codes SHOULD be taken from Medications - SNOMED CT + Absent/Unknown (IPS)
(preferred to http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/ValueSet/medication-snomed-absent-unknown-uv-ips)

SNOMED CT medications (Pharmaceutical / biologic product) or a code for absent/unknown medication

TypeChoice of: CodeableConcept, Reference(Medication (IPS))
[x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
Is Modifierfalse
Must Supporttrue
Must Support TypesNo must-support rules about the choice of types/profiles
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
36. MedicationRequest.subject
Definition

A link to a resource representing the person or set of individuals to whom the medication will be given.

ShortWho or group medication request is for
Comments

The subject on a medication request is mandatory. For the secondary use case where the actual subject is not provided, there still must be an anonymized subject specified.

Control1..1
TypeReference(Patient (IPS))
Is Modifierfalse
Must Supporttrue
Summarytrue
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
38. MedicationRequest.subject.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

ShortUnique id for inter-element referencing
Control0..1
Typestring
Is Modifierfalse
XML FormatIn the XML format, this property is represented as an attribute.
Summaryfalse
40. MedicationRequest.subject.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifierfalse
Summaryfalse
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on MedicationRequest.subject.extension. The slices areUnordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
  • 42. MedicationRequest.subject.reference
    Definition

    A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.

    ShortLiteral reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL
    Comments

    Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries. Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure "/[type]/[id]" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.

    Control1..1
    This element is affected by the following invariants: ref-1
    Typestring
    Is Modifierfalse
    Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
    Must Supporttrue
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    44. MedicationRequest.subject.type
    Definition

    The expected type of the target of the reference. If both Reference.type and Reference.reference are populated and Reference.reference is a FHIR URL, both SHALL be consistent.

    The type is the Canonical URL of Resource Definition that is the type this reference refers to. References are URLs that are relative to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ e.g. "Patient" is a reference to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient. Absolute URLs are only allowed for logical models (and can only be used in references in logical models, not resources).

    ShortType the reference refers to (e.g. "Patient")
    Comments

    This element is used to indicate the type of the target of the reference. This may be used which ever of the other elements are populated (or not). In some cases, the type of the target may be determined by inspection of the reference (e.g. a RESTful URL) or by resolving the target of the reference; if both the type and a reference is provided, the reference SHALL resolve to a resource of the same type as that specified.

    Control0..1
    BindingUnless not suitable, these codes SHALL be taken from ResourceType
    (extensible to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types)

    Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model).

    Typeuri
    Is Modifierfalse
    Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    46. MedicationRequest.subject.identifier
    Definition

    An identifier for the target resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity it represents is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.

    ShortLogical reference, when literal reference is not known
    Comments

    When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.

    When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference

    Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.

    Reference is intended to point to a structure that can potentially be expressed as a FHIR resource, though there is no need for it to exist as an actual FHIR resource instance - except in as much as an application wishes to actual find the target of the reference. The content referred to be the identifier must meet the logical constraints implied by any limitations on what resource types are permitted for the reference. For example, it would not be legitimate to send the identifier for a drug prescription if the type were Reference(Observation|DiagnosticReport). One of the use-cases for Reference.identifier is the situation where no FHIR representation exists (where the type is Reference (Any).

    NoteThis is a business identifier, not a resource identifier (see discussion)
    Control0..1
    TypeIdentifier
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    48. MedicationRequest.subject.display
    Definition

    Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.

    ShortText alternative for the resource
    Comments

    This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource. The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.

    Control0..1
    Typestring
    Is Modifierfalse
    Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    50. MedicationRequest.encounter
    Definition

    The Encounter during which this [x] was created or to which the creation of this record is tightly associated.

    ShortEncounter created as part of encounter/admission/stay
    Comments

    This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some activities may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but still be tied to the context of the encounter." If there is a need to link to episodes of care they will be handled with an extension.

    Control0..1
    TypeReference(Encounter)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    52. MedicationRequest.supportingInformation
    Definition

    Include additional information (for example, patient height and weight) that supports the ordering of the medication.

    ShortInformation to support ordering of the medication
    Control0..*
    TypeReference(Resource)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    54. MedicationRequest.authoredOn
    Definition

    The date (and perhaps time) when the prescription was initially written or authored on.

    ShortWhen request was initially authored
    Control0..1
    TypedateTime
    Is Modifierfalse
    Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    56. MedicationRequest.requester
    Definition

    The individual, organization, or device that initiated the request and has responsibility for its activation.

    ShortWho/What requested the Request
    Control0..1
    TypeReference(Practitioner, PractitionerRole, Organization, Patient, RelatedPerson, Device)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    58. MedicationRequest.performer
    Definition

    The specified desired performer of the medication treatment (e.g. the performer of the medication administration).

    ShortIntended performer of administration
    Control0..1
    TypeReference(Practitioner, PractitionerRole, Organization, Patient, Device, RelatedPerson, CareTeam)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    60. MedicationRequest.performerType
    Definition

    Indicates the type of performer of the administration of the medication.

    ShortDesired kind of performer of the medication administration
    Comments

    If specified without indicating a performer, this indicates that the performer must be of the specified type. If specified with a performer then it indicates the requirements of the performer if the designated performer is not available.

    Control0..1
    BindingFor example codes, see ProcedurePerformerRoleCodes
    (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/performer-role)

    Identifies the type of individual that is desired to administer the medication.

    TypeCodeableConcept
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    62. MedicationRequest.recorder
    Definition

    The person who entered the order on behalf of another individual for example in the case of a verbal or a telephone order.

    ShortPerson who entered the request
    Control0..1
    TypeReference(Practitioner, PractitionerRole)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    64. MedicationRequest.reasonCode
    Definition

    The reason or the indication for ordering or not ordering the medication.

    ShortReason or indication for ordering or not ordering the medication
    Comments

    This could be a diagnosis code. If a full condition record exists or additional detail is needed, use reasonReference.

    Control0..*
    BindingFor example codes, see Condition/Problem/DiagnosisCodes
    (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/condition-code)

    A coded concept indicating why the medication was ordered.

    TypeCodeableConcept
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    66. MedicationRequest.reasonReference
    Definition

    Condition or observation that supports why the medication was ordered.

    ShortCondition or observation that supports why the prescription is being written
    Comments

    This is a reference to a condition or observation that is the reason for the medication order. If only a code exists, use reasonCode.

    Control0..*
    TypeReference(Condition, Observation)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    68. MedicationRequest.instantiatesCanonical
    Definition

    The URL pointing to a protocol, guideline, orderset, or other definition that is adhered to in whole or in part by this MedicationRequest.

    ShortInstantiates FHIR protocol or definition
    Control0..*
    Typecanonical
    Is Modifierfalse
    Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    70. MedicationRequest.instantiatesUri
    Definition

    The URL pointing to an externally maintained protocol, guideline, orderset or other definition that is adhered to in whole or in part by this MedicationRequest.

    ShortInstantiates external protocol or definition
    Control0..*
    Typeuri
    Is Modifierfalse
    Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    72. MedicationRequest.basedOn
    Definition

    A plan or request that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this medication request.

    ShortWhat request fulfills
    Control0..*
    TypeReference(CarePlan, MedicationRequest, ServiceRequest, ImmunizationRecommendation)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summarytrue
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    74. MedicationRequest.groupIdentifier
    Definition

    A shared identifier common to all requests that were authorized more or less simultaneously by a single author, representing the identifier of the requisition or prescription.

    ShortComposite request this is part of
    Control0..1
    TypeIdentifier
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summarytrue
    Requirements

    Requests are linked either by a "basedOn" relationship (i.e. one request is fulfilling another) or by having a common requisition. Requests that are part of the same requisition are generally treated independently from the perspective of changing their state or maintaining them after initial creation.

    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    76. MedicationRequest.courseOfTherapyType
    Definition

    The description of the overall patte3rn of the administration of the medication to the patient.

    ShortOverall pattern of medication administration
    Comments

    This attribute should not be confused with the protocol of the medication.

    Control0..1
    BindingFor example codes, see medicationRequest Course of Therapy Codes
    (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medicationrequest-course-of-therapy)

    Identifies the overall pattern of medication administratio.

    TypeCodeableConcept
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    78. MedicationRequest.insurance
    Definition

    Insurance plans, coverage extensions, pre-authorizations and/or pre-determinations that may be required for delivering the requested service.

    ShortAssociated insurance coverage
    Control0..*
    TypeReference(Coverage, ClaimResponse)
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    80. MedicationRequest.note
    Definition

    Extra information about the prescription that could not be conveyed by the other attributes.

    ShortInformation about the prescription
    Control0..*
    TypeAnnotation
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    82. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction
    Definition

    Indicates how the medication is to be used by the patient.

    ShortHow the medication should be taken
    Comments

    There are examples where a medication request may include the option of an oral dose or an Intravenous or Intramuscular dose. For example, "Ondansetron 8mg orally or IV twice a day as needed for nausea" or "Compazine® (prochlorperazine) 5-10mg PO or 25mg PR bid prn nausea or vomiting". In these cases, two medication requests would be created that could be grouped together. The decision on which dose and route of administration to use is based on the patient's condition at the time the dose is needed.

    Control0..*
    TypeDosage
    Is Modifierfalse
    Must Supporttrue
    Summaryfalse
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    84. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.id
    Definition

    Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

    ShortUnique id for inter-element referencing
    Control0..1
    Typestring
    Is Modifierfalse
    XML FormatIn the XML format, this property is represented as an attribute.
    Summaryfalse
    86. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.extension
    Definition

    May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

    ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
    Comments

    There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

    Control0..*
    TypeExtension
    Is Modifierfalse
    Summaryfalse
    Alternate Namesextensions, user content
    Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
    ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
    SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.extension. The slices areUnordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
    • value @ url
    • 88. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.modifierExtension
      Definition

      May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

      Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

      ShortExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
      Comments

      There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

      Control0..*
      TypeExtension
      Is Modifiertrue because Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them
      Summarytrue
      Requirements

      Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

      Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
      90. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.sequence
      Definition

      Indicates the order in which the dosage instructions should be applied or interpreted.

      ShortThe order of the dosage instructions
      Control0..1
      Typeinteger
      Is Modifierfalse
      Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
      Summarytrue
      Requirements

      If the sequence number of multiple Dosages is the same, then it is implied that the instructions are to be treated as concurrent. If the sequence number is different, then the Dosages are intended to be sequential.

      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      92. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.text
      Definition

      Free text dosage instructions e.g. SIG.

      ShortFree text dosage instructions e.g. SIG
      Control0..1
      Typestring
      Is Modifierfalse
      Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
      Must Supporttrue
      Summarytrue
      Requirements

      Free text dosage instructions can be used for cases where the instructions are too complex to code. The content of this attribute does not include the name or description of the medication. When coded instructions are present, the free text instructions may still be present for display to humans taking or administering the medication. It is expected that the text instructions will always be populated. If the dosage.timing attribute is also populated, then the dosage.text should reflect the same information as the timing. Additional information about administration or preparation of the medication should be included as text.

      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      94. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.additionalInstruction
      Definition

      Supplemental instructions to the patient on how to take the medication (e.g. "with meals" or"take half to one hour before food") or warnings for the patient about the medication (e.g. "may cause drowsiness" or "avoid exposure of skin to direct sunlight or sunlamps").

      ShortSupplemental instruction or warnings to the patient - e.g. "with meals", "may cause drowsiness"
      Comments

      Information about administration or preparation of the medication (e.g. "infuse as rapidly as possibly via intraperitoneal port" or "immediately following drug x") should be populated in dosage.text.

      Control0..*
      BindingFor example codes, see SNOMEDCTAdditionalDosageInstructions
      (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/additional-instruction-codes)

      A coded concept identifying additional instructions such as "take with water" or "avoid operating heavy machinery".

      TypeCodeableConcept
      Is Modifierfalse
      Summarytrue
      Requirements

      Additional instruction is intended to be coded, but where no code exists, the element could include text. For example, "Swallow with plenty of water" which might or might not be coded.

      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      96. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.patientInstruction
      Definition

      Instructions in terms that are understood by the patient or consumer.

      ShortPatient or consumer oriented instructions
      Control0..1
      Typestring
      Is Modifierfalse
      Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
      Summarytrue
      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      98. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.timing
      Definition

      When medication should be administered.

      ShortWhen medication should be administered
      Comments

      This attribute might not always be populated while the Dosage.text is expected to be populated. If both are populated, then the Dosage.text should reflect the content of the Dosage.timing.

      Control0..1
      TypeTiming
      Is Modifierfalse
      Must Supporttrue
      Summarytrue
      Requirements

      The timing schedule for giving the medication to the patient. This data type allows many different expressions. For example: "Every 8 hours"; "Three times a day"; "1/2 an hour before breakfast for 10 days from 23-Dec 2011:"; "15 Oct 2013, 17 Oct 2013 and 1 Nov 2013". Sometimes, a rate can imply duration when expressed as total volume / duration (e.g. 500mL/2 hours implies a duration of 2 hours). However, when rate doesn't imply duration (e.g. 250mL/hour), then the timing.repeat.duration is needed to convey the infuse over time period.

      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      100. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.asNeeded[x]
      Definition

      Indicates whether the Medication is only taken when needed within a specific dosing schedule (Boolean option), or it indicates the precondition for taking the Medication (CodeableConcept).

      ShortTake "as needed" (for x)
      Comments

      Can express "as needed" without a reason by setting the Boolean = True. In this case the CodeableConcept is not populated. Or you can express "as needed" with a reason by including the CodeableConcept. In this case the Boolean is assumed to be True. If you set the Boolean to False, then the dose is given according to the schedule and is not "prn" or "as needed".

      Control0..1
      BindingFor example codes, see SNOMEDCTMedicationAsNeededReasonCodes
      (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/medication-as-needed-reason)

      A coded concept identifying the precondition that should be met or evaluated prior to consuming or administering a medication dose. For example "pain", "30 minutes prior to sexual intercourse", "on flare-up" etc.

      TypeChoice of: boolean, CodeableConcept
      [x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
      Is Modifierfalse
      Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
      Summarytrue
      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      102. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.site
      Definition

      Body site to administer to.

      ShortBody site to administer to
      Comments

      If the use case requires attributes from the BodySite resource (e.g. to identify and track separately) then use the standard extension bodySite. May be a summary code, or a reference to a very precise definition of the location, or both.

      Control0..1
      BindingFor example codes, see SNOMEDCTAnatomicalStructureForAdministrationSiteCodes
      (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/approach-site-codes)

      A coded concept describing the site location the medicine enters into or onto the body.

      TypeCodeableConcept
      Is Modifierfalse
      Summarytrue
      Requirements

      A coded specification of the anatomic site where the medication first enters the body.

      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      104. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.route
      Definition

      A concept that may be defined by a formal reference to a terminology or ontology or may be provided by text.

      ShortConcept - reference to a terminology or just text
      Comments

      Not all terminology uses fit this general pattern. In some cases, models should not use CodeableConcept and use Coding directly and provide their own structure for managing text, codings, translations and the relationship between elements and pre- and post-coordination.

      Control0..1
      This element is affected by the following invariants: ele-1
      BindingThe codes SHOULD be taken from Medicine Route of Administration - IPS
      (preferred to http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/ValueSet/medicine-route-of-administration)

      EDQM Standards Terms

      TypeCodeableConcept(Codeable Concept (IPS))
      Is Modifierfalse
      Requirements

      A code specifying the route or physiological path of administration of a therapeutic agent into or onto a patient's body.

      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      106. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.method
      Definition

      Technique for administering medication.

      ShortTechnique for administering medication
      Comments

      Terminologies used often pre-coordinate this term with the route and or form of administration.

      Control0..1
      BindingFor example codes, see SNOMEDCTAdministrationMethodCodes
      (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/administration-method-codes)

      A coded concept describing the technique by which the medicine is administered.

      TypeCodeableConcept
      Is Modifierfalse
      Summarytrue
      Requirements

      A coded value indicating the method by which the medication is introduced into or onto the body. Most commonly used for injections. For examples, Slow Push; Deep IV.

      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      108. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.doseAndRate
      Definition

      The amount of medication administered.

      ShortAmount of medication administered
      Control0..*
      TypeElement
      Is Modifierfalse
      Summarytrue
      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      110. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.doseAndRate.id
      Definition

      Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

      ShortUnique id for inter-element referencing
      Control0..1
      Typestring
      Is Modifierfalse
      XML FormatIn the XML format, this property is represented as an attribute.
      Summaryfalse
      112. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.doseAndRate.extension
      Definition

      May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

      ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
      Comments

      There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

      Control0..*
      TypeExtension
      Is Modifierfalse
      Summaryfalse
      Alternate Namesextensions, user content
      Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
      ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
      SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.doseAndRate.extension. The slices areUnordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
      • value @ url
      • 114. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.doseAndRate.type
        Definition

        The kind of dose or rate specified, for example, ordered or calculated.

        ShortThe kind of dose or rate specified
        Control0..1
        BindingFor example codes, see DoseAndRateType
        (example to http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/dose-rate-type)

        The kind of dose or rate specified.

        TypeCodeableConcept
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        If the type is not populated, assume to be "ordered".

        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        116. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.doseAndRate.dose[x]
        Definition

        Amount of medication per dose.

        ShortAmount of medication per dose
        Comments

        Note that this specifies the quantity of the specified medication, not the quantity for each active ingredient(s). Each ingredient amount can be communicated in the Medication resource. For example, if one wants to communicate that a tablet was 375 mg, where the dose was one tablet, you can use the Medication resource to document that the tablet was comprised of 375 mg of drug XYZ. Alternatively if the dose was 375 mg, then you may only need to use the Medication resource to indicate this was a tablet. If the example were an IV such as dopamine and you wanted to communicate that 400mg of dopamine was mixed in 500 ml of some IV solution, then this would all be communicated in the Medication resource. If the administration is not intended to be instantaneous (rate is present or timing has a duration), this can be specified to convey the total amount to be administered over the period of time as indicated by the schedule e.g. 500 ml in dose, with timing used to convey that this should be done over 4 hours.

        Control0..1
        TypeChoice of: Range, Quantity(SimpleQuantity)
        [x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        The amount of therapeutic or other substance given at one administration event.

        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        118. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.doseAndRate.rate[x]
        Definition

        Amount of medication per unit of time.

        ShortAmount of medication per unit of time
        Comments

        It is possible to supply both a rate and a doseQuantity to provide full details about how the medication is to be administered and supplied. If the rate is intended to change over time, depending on local rules/regulations, each change should be captured as a new version of the MedicationRequest with an updated rate, or captured with a new MedicationRequest with the new rate.

        It is possible to specify a rate over time (for example, 100 ml/hour) using either the rateRatio and rateQuantity. The rateQuantity approach requires systems to have the capability to parse UCUM grammer where ml/hour is included rather than a specific ratio where the time is specified as the denominator. Where a rate such as 500ml over 2 hours is specified, the use of rateRatio may be more semantically correct than specifying using a rateQuantity of 250 mg/hour.

        Control0..1
        TypeChoice of: Ratio, Range, Quantity(SimpleQuantity)
        [x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        Identifies the speed with which the medication was or will be introduced into the patient. Typically the rate for an infusion e.g. 100 ml per 1 hour or 100 ml/hr. May also be expressed as a rate per unit of time e.g. 500 ml per 2 hours. Other examples: 200 mcg/min or 200 mcg/1 minute; 1 liter/8 hours. Sometimes, a rate can imply duration when expressed as total volume / duration (e.g. 500mL/2 hours implies a duration of 2 hours). However, when rate doesn't imply duration (e.g. 250mL/hour), then the timing.repeat.duration is needed to convey the infuse over time period.

        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        120. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.maxDosePerPeriod
        Definition

        Upper limit on medication per unit of time.

        ShortUpper limit on medication per unit of time
        Comments

        This is intended for use as an adjunct to the dosage when there is an upper cap. For example "2 tablets every 4 hours to a maximum of 8/day".

        Control0..1
        TypeRatio
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        The maximum total quantity of a therapeutic substance that may be administered to a subject over the period of time. For example, 1000mg in 24 hours.

        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        122. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.maxDosePerAdministration
        Definition

        Upper limit on medication per administration.

        ShortUpper limit on medication per administration
        Comments

        This is intended for use as an adjunct to the dosage when there is an upper cap. For example, a body surface area related dose with a maximum amount, such as 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum 2 mg) IV over 5 – 10 minutes would have doseQuantity of 1.5 mg/m2 and maxDosePerAdministration of 2 mg.

        Control0..1
        TypeQuantity(SimpleQuantity)
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        The maximum total quantity of a therapeutic substance that may be administered to a subject per administration.

        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        124. MedicationRequest.dosageInstruction.maxDosePerLifetime
        Definition

        Upper limit on medication per lifetime of the patient.

        ShortUpper limit on medication per lifetime of the patient
        Control0..1
        TypeQuantity(SimpleQuantity)
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        The maximum total quantity of a therapeutic substance that may be administered per lifetime of the subject.

        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        126. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest
        Definition

        Indicates the specific details for the dispense or medication supply part of a medication request (also known as a Medication Prescription or Medication Order). Note that this information is not always sent with the order. There may be in some settings (e.g. hospitals) institutional or system support for completing the dispense details in the pharmacy department.

        ShortMedication supply authorization
        Control0..1
        TypeBackboneElement
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        128. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.id
        Definition

        Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

        ShortUnique id for inter-element referencing
        Control0..1
        Typestring
        Is Modifierfalse
        XML FormatIn the XML format, this property is represented as an attribute.
        Summaryfalse
        130. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.extension
        Definition

        May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

        ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
        Comments

        There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

        Control0..*
        TypeExtension
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Alternate Namesextensions, user content
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
        132. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.modifierExtension
        Definition

        May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

        Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

        ShortExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
        Comments

        There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

        Control0..*
        TypeExtension
        Is Modifiertrue because Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

        Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
        134. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.initialFill
        Definition

        Indicates the quantity or duration for the first dispense of the medication.

        ShortFirst fill details
        Comments

        If populating this element, either the quantity or the duration must be included.

        Control0..1
        TypeBackboneElement
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        136. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.initialFill.id
        Definition

        Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

        ShortUnique id for inter-element referencing
        Control0..1
        Typestring
        Is Modifierfalse
        XML FormatIn the XML format, this property is represented as an attribute.
        Summaryfalse
        138. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.initialFill.extension
        Definition

        May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

        ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
        Comments

        There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

        Control0..*
        TypeExtension
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Alternate Namesextensions, user content
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
        140. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.initialFill.modifierExtension
        Definition

        May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

        Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

        ShortExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
        Comments

        There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

        Control0..*
        TypeExtension
        Is Modifiertrue because Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them
        Summarytrue
        Requirements

        Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

        Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
        142. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.initialFill.quantity
        Definition

        The amount or quantity to provide as part of the first dispense.

        ShortFirst fill quantity
        Control0..1
        TypeQuantity(SimpleQuantity)
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        144. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.initialFill.duration
        Definition

        The length of time that the first dispense is expected to last.

        ShortFirst fill duration
        Control0..1
        TypeDuration
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        146. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.dispenseInterval
        Definition

        The minimum period of time that must occur between dispenses of the medication.

        ShortMinimum period of time between dispenses
        Control0..1
        TypeDuration
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        148. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod
        Definition

        This indicates the validity period of a prescription (stale dating the Prescription).

        ShortTime period supply is authorized for
        Comments

        It reflects the prescribers' perspective for the validity of the prescription. Dispenses must not be made against the prescription outside of this period. The lower-bound of the Dispensing Window signifies the earliest date that the prescription can be filled for the first time. If an upper-bound is not specified then the Prescription is open-ended or will default to a stale-date based on regulations.

        Control0..1
        TypePeriod
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Requirements

        Indicates when the Prescription becomes valid, and when it ceases to be a dispensable Prescription.

        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        150. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod.id
        Definition

        Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

        ShortUnique id for inter-element referencing
        Control0..1
        Typestring
        Is Modifierfalse
        XML FormatIn the XML format, this property is represented as an attribute.
        Summaryfalse
        152. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod.extension
        Definition

        May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

        ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
        Comments

        There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

        Control0..*
        TypeExtension
        Is Modifierfalse
        Summaryfalse
        Alternate Namesextensions, user content
        Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
        ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
        SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod.extension. The slices areUnordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
        • value @ url
        • 154. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod.extension:data-absent-reason
          Slice Namedata-absent-reason
          Definition

          Provides a reason why the validityPeriod is missing.

          ShortvalidityPeriod absence reason
          Control0..1
          TypeExtension(Data Absent Reason) (Extension Type: code)
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
          156. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod.start
          Definition

          The start of the period. The boundary is inclusive.

          ShortStarting time with inclusive boundary
          Comments

          If the low element is missing, the meaning is that the low boundary is not known.

          Control0..1
          This element is affected by the following invariants: per-1
          TypedateTime
          Is Modifierfalse
          Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
          Summarytrue
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          158. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.validityPeriod.end
          Definition

          The end of the period. If the end of the period is missing, it means no end was known or planned at the time the instance was created. The start may be in the past, and the end date in the future, which means that period is expected/planned to end at that time.

          ShortEnd time with inclusive boundary, if not ongoing
          Comments

          The high value includes any matching date/time. i.e. 2012-02-03T10:00:00 is in a period that has an end value of 2012-02-03.

          Control0..1
          This element is affected by the following invariants: per-1
          TypedateTime
          Is Modifierfalse
          Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
          Summarytrue
          Meaning if MissingIf the end of the period is missing, it means that the period is ongoing
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          160. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.numberOfRepeatsAllowed
          Definition

          An integer indicating the number of times, in addition to the original dispense, (aka refills or repeats) that the patient can receive the prescribed medication. Usage Notes: This integer does not include the original order dispense. This means that if an order indicates dispense 30 tablets plus "3 repeats", then the order can be dispensed a total of 4 times and the patient can receive a total of 120 tablets. A prescriber may explicitly say that zero refills are permitted after the initial dispense.

          ShortNumber of refills authorized
          Comments

          If displaying "number of authorized fills", add 1 to this number.

          Control0..1
          TypeunsignedInt
          Is Modifierfalse
          Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          162. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.quantity
          Definition

          The amount that is to be dispensed for one fill.

          ShortAmount of medication to supply per dispense
          Control0..1
          TypeQuantity(SimpleQuantity)
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          164. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.expectedSupplyDuration
          Definition

          Identifies the period time over which the supplied product is expected to be used, or the length of time the dispense is expected to last.

          ShortNumber of days supply per dispense
          Comments

          In some situations, this attribute may be used instead of quantity to identify the amount supplied by how long it is expected to last, rather than the physical quantity issued, e.g. 90 days supply of medication (based on an ordered dosage). When possible, it is always better to specify quantity, as this tends to be more precise. expectedSupplyDuration will always be an estimate that can be influenced by external factors.

          Control0..1
          TypeDuration
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          166. MedicationRequest.dispenseRequest.performer
          Definition

          Indicates the intended dispensing Organization specified by the prescriber.

          ShortIntended dispenser
          Control0..1
          TypeReference(Organization)
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          168. MedicationRequest.substitution
          Definition

          Indicates whether or not substitution can or should be part of the dispense. In some cases, substitution must happen, in other cases substitution must not happen. This block explains the prescriber's intent. If nothing is specified substitution may be done.

          ShortAny restrictions on medication substitution
          Control0..1
          TypeBackboneElement
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          170. MedicationRequest.substitution.id
          Definition

          Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

          ShortUnique id for inter-element referencing
          Control0..1
          Typestring
          Is Modifierfalse
          XML FormatIn the XML format, this property is represented as an attribute.
          Summaryfalse
          172. MedicationRequest.substitution.extension
          Definition

          May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

          ShortAdditional content defined by implementations
          Comments

          There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

          Control0..*
          TypeExtension
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Alternate Namesextensions, user content
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
          174. MedicationRequest.substitution.modifierExtension
          Definition

          May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

          Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

          ShortExtensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized
          Comments

          There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

          Control0..*
          TypeExtension
          Is Modifiertrue because Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them
          Summarytrue
          Requirements

          Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

          Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (extension.exists() != value.exists())
          176. MedicationRequest.substitution.allowed[x]
          Definition

          True if the prescriber allows a different drug to be dispensed from what was prescribed.

          ShortWhether substitution is allowed or not
          Comments

          This element is labeled as a modifier because whether substitution is allow or not, it cannot be ignored.

          Control1..1
          BindingFor example codes, see ActSubstanceAdminSubstitutionCode
          (example to http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v3-ActSubstanceAdminSubstitutionCode)

          Identifies the type of substitution allowed.

          TypeChoice of: boolean, CodeableConcept
          [x] NoteSeeChoice of Data Typesfor further information about how to use [x]
          Is Modifierfalse
          Primitive ValueThis primitive element may be present, or absent, or replaced by an extension
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          178. MedicationRequest.substitution.reason
          Definition

          Indicates the reason for the substitution, or why substitution must or must not be performed.

          ShortWhy should (not) substitution be made
          Control0..1
          BindingFor example codes, see SubstanceAdminSubstitutionReason
          (example to http://terminology.hl7.org/ValueSet/v3-SubstanceAdminSubstitutionReason)

          A coded concept describing the reason that a different medication should (or should not) be substituted from what was prescribed.

          TypeCodeableConcept
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          180. MedicationRequest.priorPrescription
          Definition

          A link to a resource representing an earlier order related order or prescription.

          ShortAn order/prescription that is being replaced
          Control0..1
          TypeReference(MedicationRequest)
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          182. MedicationRequest.detectedIssue
          Definition

          Indicates an actual or potential clinical issue with or between one or more active or proposed clinical actions for a patient; e.g. Drug-drug interaction, duplicate therapy, dosage alert etc.

          ShortClinical Issue with action
          Comments

          This element can include a detected issue that has been identified either by a decision support system or by a clinician and may include information on the steps that were taken to address the issue.

          Control0..*
          TypeReference(DetectedIssue)
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Alternate NamesContraindication, Drug Utilization Review (DUR), Alert
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
          184. MedicationRequest.eventHistory
          Definition

          Links to Provenance records for past versions of this resource or fulfilling request or event resources that identify key state transitions or updates that are likely to be relevant to a user looking at the current version of the resource.

          ShortA list of events of interest in the lifecycle
          Comments

          This might not include provenances for all versions of the request – only those deemed “relevant” or important. This SHALL NOT include the provenance associated with this current version of the resource. (If that provenance is deemed to be a “relevant” change, it will need to be added as part of a later update. Until then, it can be queried directly as the provenance that points to this version using _revinclude All Provenances should have some historical version of this Request as their subject.).

          Control0..*
          TypeReference(Provenance)
          Is Modifierfalse
          Summaryfalse
          Invariantsele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))