Da Vinci Unsolicited Notifications Implementation Guide CI Build

Da Vinci Unsolicited Notifications, published by HL7 International - Infrastructure and Messaging Work Group. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 0.2.1). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/davinci-alerts/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

XML Format: StructureDefinition-discharge-notification-messageheader

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<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="discharge-notification-messageheader"/>
  <text>
    <status value="generated"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_resource.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-discharge-notification-messageheader-definitions.html#MessageHeader">MessageHeader</a><a name="MessageHeader"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="StructureDefinition-notifications-messageheader.html">NotificationsMessageHeader</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">A resource that describes a message that is exchanged between systems</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-discharge-notification-messageheader-definitions.html#MessageHeader.eventCoding">eventCoding</a><a name="MessageHeader.eventCoding"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Code for the event this message represents or link to event definition</span><br/><span style="font-weight:bold">Binding: </span><a href="ValueSet-notification-discharge-event.html">Da Vinci Notification discharge Event ValueSet</a> (<a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/terminologies.html#extensible" title="To be conformant, the concept in this element SHALL be from the specified value set if any of the codes within the value set can apply to the concept being communicated.  If the value set does not cover the concept (based on human review), alternate codings (or, data type allowing, text) may be included instead.">extensible</a>)</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck03.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Definition" class="hierarchy"/> <a style="font-style: italic" href="StructureDefinition-discharge-notification-messageheader-definitions.html#MessageHeader.focus">focus</a><a name="MessageHeader.focus"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red; font-style: italic" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-style: italic"/><span style="font-style: italic">1</span><span style="font-style: italic">..</span><span style="font-style: italic">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="font-style: italic" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/profiling.html#slicing">(Slice Definition)</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5; font-style: italic">The actual content of the message</span><br style="font-style: italic"/><span style="font-weight:bold; font-style: italic">Slice: </span><span style="font-style: italic">Unordered, Open by profile:$this.resolve()</span><br style="font-style: italic"/></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck024.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice_item.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Item" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-discharge-notification-messageheader-definitions.html#MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification" title="Slice discharge-notification">focus:discharge-notification</a><a name="MessageHeader.focus"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..*</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/STU3.1/StructureDefinition-us-core-encounter.html">US Core Encounter Profile</a>)<a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/valueset-resource-aggregation-mode.html"> {</a><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/valueset-resource-aggregation-mode.html" title="The resource the reference points to will be found in the same bundle as the resource that includes the reference.">b</a><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/valueset-resource-aggregation-mode.html">}</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">The actual content of the message</span><br/></td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <url
       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-alerts/StructureDefinition/discharge-notification-messageheader"/>
  <version value="0.2.1"/>
  <name value="DischargeNotificationMessageHeader"/>
  <title value="Da Vinci Discharge Notification MessageHeader Profile"/>
  <status value="active"/>
  <experimental value="false"/>
  <date value="2019-11-12T08:00:00+00:00"/>
  <publisher value="Health eData Inc"/>
  <description
               value="The Da Vinci Discharge Notification MessageHeader Profile  builds on  the [Da Vinci Notifications MessageHeader Profile] and sets  minimum expectations for the FHIR [MessageHeader] resource to record the necessary context for Da Vinci discharge notification messaging scenario.  The event code is &quot;notification-discharge&quot; and the focus of the event is the [US Core Encounter Profile]."/>
  <jurisdiction>
    <coding>
      <system value="urn:iso:std:iso:3166"/>
      <code value="US"/>
      <display value="United States of America"/>
    </coding>
  </jurisdiction>
  <fhirVersion value="4.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="v2"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v2"/>
    <name value="HL7 v2 Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="MessageHeader"/>
  <baseDefinition
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-alerts/StructureDefinition/notifications-messageheader"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="MessageHeader">
      <path value="MessageHeader"/>
      <short
             value="A resource that describes a message that is exchanged between systems"/>
      <definition
                  value="The header for a message exchange that is either requesting or responding to an action.  The reference(s) that are the subject of the action as well as other information related to the action are typically transmitted in a bundle in which the MessageHeader resource instance is the first resource in the bundle."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where(((&#39;#&#39;+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = &#39;#&#39;).exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = &#39;#&#39;).exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = &#39;#&#39;).exists()).not()).trace(&#39;unmatched&#39;, id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat(&#39;#&#39;, $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value=&#39;#&#39;])]))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSH / MSA / ERR"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Message"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.id">
      <path value="MessageHeader.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.meta">
      <path value="MessageHeader.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.implicitRules">
      <path value="MessageHeader.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it&#39;s narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it&#39;s meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.language">
      <path value="MessageHeader.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.text">
      <path value="MessageHeader.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.contained">
      <path value="MessageHeader.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.extension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.modifierExtension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.event[x]">
      <path value="MessageHeader.event[x]"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="type"/>
          <path value="$this"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="closed"/>
      </slicing>
      <short
             value="Code for the event this message represents or link to event definition"/>
      <definition
                  value="Code that identifies the event this message represents and connects it with its definition. Events defined as part of the FHIR specification have the system value &quot;http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/message-events&quot;.  Alternatively uri to the EventDefinition."/>
      <comment
               value="The time of the event will be found in the focus resource. The time of the message will be found in [Bundle.timestamp](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/bundle-definitions.html#Bundle.timestamp)."/>
      <requirements value="Drives the behavior associated with this message."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.event[x]"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="MessageEvent"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="One of the message events defined as part of this version of FHIR."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/message-events"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSH-9.2"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./payload[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and moodCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/code[isNormalDatatype()]/code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.event[x]:eventCoding">
      <path value="MessageHeader.event[x]"/>
      <sliceName value="eventCoding"/>
      <short
             value="Code for the event this message represents or link to event definition"/>
      <definition
                  value="Code that identifies the event this message represents and connects it with its definition. Events defined as part of the FHIR specification have the system value &quot;http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/message-events&quot;.  Alternatively uri to the EventDefinition."/>
      <comment
               value="The time of the event will be found in the focus resource. The time of the message will be found in [Bundle.timestamp](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/bundle-definitions.html#Bundle.timestamp)."/>
      <requirements value="Drives the behavior associated with this message."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.event[x]"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-alerts/ValueSet/notification-discharge-event"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSH-9.2"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./payload[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and moodCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/code[isNormalDatatype()]/code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-explicit-type-name">
        <valueString value="MessageDestination"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination"/>
      <short value="Message destination application(s)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The destination application which the message is intended for."/>
      <comment
               value="There SHOULD be at least one destination, but in some circumstances, the source system is unaware of any particular destination system."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Indicates where message is to be sent for routing purposes.  Allows verification of &quot;am I the intended recipient&quot;."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.destination"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./communicationFunction[typeCode=&quot;RCV&quot;]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination.id">
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination.extension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination.modifierExtension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination.name">
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination.name"/>
      <short value="Name of system"/>
      <definition value="Human-readable name for the target system."/>
      <requirements
                    value="May be used for routing of response and/or to support audit."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.destination.name"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSH-5"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./entity[determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot; and (classCode=(&quot;DEV&quot;, &quot;PSN&quot;, &quot;ORG&quot;]/name[type=&#39;ST&#39; and isNormalDatatype()])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination.target">
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination.target"/>
      <short value="Particular delivery destination within the destination"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifies the target end system in situations where the initial message transmission is to an intermediary system."/>
      <requirements value="Supports multi-hop routing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.destination.target"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./entity[determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot; and (classCode=(&quot;DEV&quot;, &quot;PSN&quot;, &quot;ORG&quot;]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination.endpoint">
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination.endpoint"/>
      <short value="Actual destination address or id"/>
      <definition value="Indicates where the message should be routed to."/>
      <comment
               value="The id may be a non-resolvable URI for systems that do not use standard network-based addresses."/>
      <requirements value="Identifies where to route the message."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.destination.endpoint"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="url"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSH-25 (or MSH-6)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./telecom"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.destination.receiver">
      <path value="MessageHeader.destination.receiver"/>
      <short value="Intended &quot;real-world&quot; recipient for the data"/>
      <definition
                  value="Allows data conveyed by a message to be addressed to a particular person or department when routing to a specific application isn&#39;t sufficient."/>
      <requirements value="Allows routing beyond just the application level."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.destination.receiver"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PRT-5:PRT-4=&#39;WAYR&#39; / PRT-8:PRT-4=&#39;WAYR&#39;"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="Not directly supported.  Could be shared using attentionLine.value with an appropriate keyWordText"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.sender">
      <path value="MessageHeader.sender"/>
      <short value="Real world sender of the message"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifies the sending system to allow the use of a trust relationship."/>
      <comment
               value="Use case is for where a (trusted) sending system is responsible for multiple organizations, and therefore cannot differentiate based on source endpoint / authentication alone."/>
      <requirements value="Allows routing beyond just the application level."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.sender"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-practitionerrole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-organization"/>
        <aggregation value="bundled"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PRT-5:PRT-4=&#39;WAYR&#39; / PRT-8:PRT-4=&#39;WAYR&#39;"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="Not directly supported.  Could be shared using attentionLine.value with an appropriate keyWordText"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.enterer">
      <path value="MessageHeader.enterer"/>
      <short value="The source of the data entry"/>
      <definition
                  value="The person or device that performed the data entry leading to this message. When there is more than one candidate, pick the most proximal to the message. Can provide other enterers in extensions."/>
      <comment
               value="Usually only for the request but can be used in a response."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know for audit/traceback requirements and possibly for authorization."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.enterer"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.author"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="EVN-5 / ORC-10 / PRT-5:PRT-4=&#39;EP&#39; / ROL where ROL.3 is EP or ORC.10"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/participation[typeCode=&quot;ENT&quot; and isNormalParticipation]/role[classCode=&quot;ASSIGNED&quot; and isNormalRole()]/player[isNormalEntity() and classCode=(&quot;DEV&quot;, &quot;PSN&quot;) and determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot;])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.author">
      <path value="MessageHeader.author"/>
      <short value="The source of the decision"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical author of the message - the person or device that decided the described event should happen. When there is more than one candidate, pick the most proximal to the MessageHeader. Can provide other authors in extensions."/>
      <comment
               value="Usually only for the request but can be used in a response."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know for audit/traceback requirements and possibly for authorization."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.author"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-practitionerrole"/>
        <aggregation value="bundled"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.author"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="ORC-19 / PRT-5:PRT-4=&#39;AUT&#39; / ROL where ROL.3 is IP or ORC.12"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/participation[isHighest(priorityCode) and typeCode=&quot;AUT&quot; and isNormalParticipation]/role[classCode=&quot;ASSIGNED&quot; and isNormalRole()]/player[isNormalEntity() and classCode=(&quot;DEV&quot;, &quot;PSN&quot;) and determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot;])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-explicit-type-name">
        <valueString value="MessageSource"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="MessageHeader.source"/>
      <short value="Message source application"/>
      <definition
                  value="The source application from which this message originated."/>
      <requirements value="Allows replies, supports audit."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.source"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="unique(./communicationFunction[typeCode=&quot;SND&quot;])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.id">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.extension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.modifierExtension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.name">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.name"/>
      <short value="Name of system"/>
      <definition value="Human-readable name for the source system."/>
      <requirements value="May be used to support audit."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.source.name"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSH-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./entity[determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot; and classCode=&quot;DEV&quot;]/name[type=&#39;ST&#39; and isNormalDatatype()])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.software">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.software"/>
      <short value="Name of software running the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="May include configuration or other information useful in debugging."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Supports audit and possibly interface engine behavior."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.source.software"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="SFT-3 ( +SFT-1)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./entity[determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot; and classCode=&quot;DEV&quot;]/softwareName[isNormalDatatype()])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.version">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.version"/>
      <short value="Version of software running"/>
      <definition
                  value="Can convey versions of multiple systems in situations where a message passes through multiple hands."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Supports audit and possibly interface engine behavior."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.source.version"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="SFT-2"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="(Not supported)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.contact">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.contact"/>
      <short value="Human contact for problems"/>
      <definition
                  value="An e-mail, phone, website or other contact point to use to resolve issues with message communications."/>
      <requirements value="Allows escalation of technical issues."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.source.contact"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="ContactPoint"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="(MSH-22?)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./entity[determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot; and classCode=&quot;DEV&quot;]/scopesRole[normalRole() and classCode=&quot;CON&quot; and layer[classCode=&quot;PSN&quot;]/telecom[isNormalDatatype()])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.source.endpoint">
      <path value="MessageHeader.source.endpoint"/>
      <short value="Actual message source address or id"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifies the routing target to send acknowledgements to."/>
      <comment
               value="The id may be a non-resolvable URI for systems that do not use standard network-based addresses."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Identifies where to send responses, may influence security permissions."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.source.endpoint"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="url"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSH-24"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./telecom[isNormalDatatype()]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.responsible">
      <path value="MessageHeader.responsible"/>
      <short value="Final responsibility for event"/>
      <definition
                  value="The person or organization that accepts overall responsibility for the contents of the message. The implication is that the message event happened under the policies of the responsible party."/>
      <comment
               value="Usually only for the request but can be used in a response."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know for audit/traceback requirements and possibly for authorization."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.responsible"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-practitionerrole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-organization"/>
        <aggregation value="bundled"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.witness"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="ORC-12 /  PRT-5:PRT-4=&#39;OP&#39; /  PRT-8:PRT-4=&#39;OP&#39; / ROL where ROL.3 is RO or ORC.11"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/participation[isHighest(priorityCode) and typeCode=&quot;RESP&quot; and isNormalParticipation]/role[classCode=&quot;ASSIGNED&quot; and isNormalRole()]/player[isNormalEntity() and classCode=&quot;PSN&quot; and determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot;] or ./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/participation[isHighest(priorityCode) and typeCode=&quot;RESP&quot; and isNormalParticipation]/role[classCode=&quot;ASSIGNED&quot; and isNormalRole()]/scoper[isNormalEntity() and classCode=&quot;ORG&quot; and determinerCode=&quot;INST&quot;])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.reason">
      <path value="MessageHeader.reason"/>
      <short value="Cause of event"/>
      <definition
                  value="Coded indication of the cause for the event - indicates  a reason for the occurrence of the event that is a focus of this message."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to track why resources are being changed and report in the audit log/history of the resource.  May affect authorization."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.reason"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="EventReason"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Reason for event occurrence."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/message-reason-encounter"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.why[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="EVN.4 / ORC.16 / OBR-31-reason for study / BPO-13-BP indication for use / RXO-20-indication / RXE-27-give indication / RXD-21-indication / RXG-22-indication / RXA-19-indication"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/reasonCode[isNormalDatatype()])"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.response">
      <path value="MessageHeader.response"/>
      <short value="If this is a reply to prior message"/>
      <definition
                  value="Information about the message that this message is a response to.  Only present if this message is a response."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="0"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.response"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSA"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./conveyedAcknowledgement"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.response.id">
      <path value="MessageHeader.response.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.response.extension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.response.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.response.modifierExtension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.response.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element&#39;s descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.response.identifier">
      <path value="MessageHeader.response.identifier"/>
      <short value="Id of original message"/>
      <definition
                  value="The MessageHeader.id of the message to which this message is a response."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows receiver to know what message is being responded to."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.response.identifier"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="id"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSA-2"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./acknowledges.id[isNormalDatatype()]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.response.code">
      <path value="MessageHeader.response.code"/>
      <short value="ok | transient-error | fatal-error"/>
      <definition
                  value="Code that identifies the type of response to the message - whether it was successful or not, and whether it should be resent or not."/>
      <comment
               value="This is a generic response to the request message. Specific data for the response will be found in MessageHeader.focus."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the sender of the acknowledge message to know if the request was successful or if action is needed."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.response.code"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ResponseType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="The kind of response to a message."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/response-code|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="MSA-1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./typeCode[isNormalDatatype()]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.response.details">
      <path value="MessageHeader.response.details"/>
      <short value="Specific list of hints/warnings/errors"/>
      <definition value="Full details of any issues found in the message."/>
      <comment
               value="This SHALL be contained in the bundle. If any of the issues are errors, the response code SHALL be an error."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the sender of the message to determine what the specific issues are."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.response.details"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/OperationOutcome"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="ERR"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="AcknowledgementDetail or Observation[classCode=&quot;ALRT&quot; and moodCode=&quot;EVN&quot;]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="profile"/>
          <path value="$this.resolve()"/>
        </discriminator>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="The actual content of the message"/>
      <definition
                  value="The actual data of the message - a reference to the root/focus class of the event."/>
      <comment
               value="The data is defined where the transaction type is defined. The transaction data is always included in the bundle that is the full message.  Only the root resource is specified.  The resources it references should be contained in the bundle but are not also listed here.  Multiple repetitions are allowed to cater for merges and other situations with multiple focal targets."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Every message event is about actual data, a single resource, that is identified in the definition of the event, and perhaps some or all linked resources."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.focus"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/>
        <aggregation value="bundled"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/participation[typeCode=&quot;SUBJ&quot; and isNormalParticipation]/role or ./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/outboundRelationship[typeCode=&quot;SBJ&quot; and isNormalActRelatoinship]/target)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus.id">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus.extension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus.reference">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.reference"/>
      <short value="Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with &#39;#&#39;) refer to contained resources."/>
      <comment
               value="Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure &quot;/[type]/[id]&quot; then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.reference"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ref-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus.type">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.type"/>
      <short value="Type the reference refers to (e.g. &quot;Patient&quot;)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The expected type of the target of the reference. If both Reference.type and Reference.reference are populated and Reference.reference is a FHIR URL, both SHALL be consistent.

The type is the Canonical URL of Resource Definition that is the type this reference refers to. References are URLs that are relative to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ e.g. &quot;Patient&quot; is a reference to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient. Absolute URLs are only allowed for logical models (and can only be used in references in logical models, not resources)."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is used to indicate the type of  the target of the reference. This may be used which ever of the other elements are populated (or not). In some cases, the type of the target may be determined by inspection of the reference (e.g. a RESTful URL) or by resolving the target of the reference; if both the type and a reference is provided, the reference SHALL resolve to a resource of the same type as that specified."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="FHIRResourceTypeExt"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model)."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus.identifier">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.identifier"/>
      <short value="Logical reference, when literal reference is not known"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the target resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity it represents is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference."/>
      <comment
               value="When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy. 

When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference

Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.

Reference is intended to point to a structure that can potentially be expressed as a FHIR resource, though there is no need for it to exist as an actual FHIR resource instance - except in as much as an application wishes to actual find the target of the reference. The content referred to be the identifier must meet the logical constraints implied by any limitations on what resource types are permitted for the reference.  For example, it would not be legitimate to send the identifier for a drug prescription if the type were Reference(Observation|DiagnosticReport).  One of the use-cases for Reference.identifier is the situation where no FHIR representation exists (where the type is Reference (Any)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".identifier"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.display"/>
      <short value="Text alternative for the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference."/>
      <comment
               value="This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what&#39;s being referenced, not to fully describe it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus"/>
      <sliceName value="discharge-notification"/>
      <short value="The actual content of the message"/>
      <definition
                  value="The actual data of the message - a reference to the root/focus class of the event."/>
      <comment
               value="The data is defined where the transaction type is defined. The transaction data is always included in the bundle that is the full message.  Only the root resource is specified.  The resources it references should be contained in the bundle but are not also listed here.  Multiple repetitions are allowed to cater for merges and other situations with multiple focal targets."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Every message event is about actual data, a single resource, that is identified in the definition of the event, and perhaps some or all linked resources."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.focus"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-encounter"/>
        <aggregation value="bundled"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="unique(./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/participation[typeCode=&quot;SUBJ&quot; and isNormalParticipation]/role or ./controlAct[classCode=&quot;CACT&quot; and classCode=&quot;EVN&quot; and isNormalAct()]/outboundRelationship[typeCode=&quot;SBJ&quot; and isNormalActRelatoinship]/target)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification.id">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification.extension">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification.reference">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.reference"/>
      <short value="Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with &#39;#&#39;) refer to contained resources."/>
      <comment
               value="Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure &quot;/[type]/[id]&quot; then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.reference"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ref-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification.type">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.type"/>
      <short value="Type the reference refers to (e.g. &quot;Patient&quot;)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The expected type of the target of the reference. If both Reference.type and Reference.reference are populated and Reference.reference is a FHIR URL, both SHALL be consistent.

The type is the Canonical URL of Resource Definition that is the type this reference refers to. References are URLs that are relative to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ e.g. &quot;Patient&quot; is a reference to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient. Absolute URLs are only allowed for logical models (and can only be used in references in logical models, not resources)."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is used to indicate the type of  the target of the reference. This may be used which ever of the other elements are populated (or not). In some cases, the type of the target may be determined by inspection of the reference (e.g. a RESTful URL) or by resolving the target of the reference; if both the type and a reference is provided, the reference SHALL resolve to a resource of the same type as that specified."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="FHIRResourceTypeExt"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model)."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification.identifier">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.identifier"/>
      <short value="Logical reference, when literal reference is not known"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the target resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity it represents is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference."/>
      <comment
               value="When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy. 

When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference

Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.

Reference is intended to point to a structure that can potentially be expressed as a FHIR resource, though there is no need for it to exist as an actual FHIR resource instance - except in as much as an application wishes to actual find the target of the reference. The content referred to be the identifier must meet the logical constraints implied by any limitations on what resource types are permitted for the reference.  For example, it would not be legitimate to send the identifier for a drug prescription if the type were Reference(Observation|DiagnosticReport).  One of the use-cases for Reference.identifier is the situation where no FHIR representation exists (where the type is Reference (Any)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".identifier"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus.display"/>
      <short value="Text alternative for the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference."/>
      <comment
               value="This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what&#39;s being referenced, not to fully describe it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.definition">
      <path value="MessageHeader.definition"/>
      <short value="Link to the definition for this message"/>
      <definition
                  value="Permanent link to the MessageDefinition for this message."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows sender to define the expected contents of the message."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="MessageHeader.definition"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="canonical"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/MessageDefinition"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Not directly supported."/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="MessageHeader">
      <path value="MessageHeader"/>
      <mustSupport value="false"/>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.eventCoding">
      <path value="MessageHeader.eventCoding"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/davinci-alerts/ValueSet/notification-discharge-event"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="profile"/>
          <path value="$this.resolve()"/>
        </discriminator>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="MessageHeader.focus:discharge-notification">
      <path value="MessageHeader.focus"/>
      <sliceName value="discharge-notification"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/us/core/StructureDefinition/us-core-encounter"/>
        <aggregation value="bundled"/>
      </type>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>