Clinical Practice Guidelines
2.0.0-draft - draft International flag

Clinical Practice Guidelines, published by HL7 International / Clinical Decision Support. This guide is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 2.0.0-draft built by the FHIR (HL7® FHIR® Standard) CI Build. This version is based on the current content of and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Evidence-Based Care Planning

HL7 Patient Care Work Group has developed and continue to improve on Care Plan and Care Coordination standards that can be used in evidence-based care planning and delivery of evidence-based care.

The HL7 standards include Care Plan Domain Analysis Model, Care Coordination Functional Model, and a number of FHIR resources such as Care Plan, Goals, Care Team.

Within the Care Plan standards, there are four cornerstone building blocks that are essential for evidence-based care planning and care delivery:

  • Health Concern (which incorporates health risks, concerns and problems) - this building block supports the identification of an individual’s health risks, concerns and/or problems based on clinical/health evidences. The gravity and/or prioritization of the risks, concerns/problems are determined by clinical/health evidences and also balancing patient and provider perspectives
  • Goals - it is designed to identify the health goals and their associated incremental milestones that are to be attained within the context of the individual’s health concern. It is determined by the individual and the provider in accordance to targets set in accordance with best practice clinical/health evidence, taking into consideration an individual’s constraints
  • Intervention - this key building block supports the identification of evidence-based care activities that can be optimized according to patient’s constraints and preferences to best address the health concerns and attain the health goals/milestone targets. The intervention building block includes recommendations to the patient, family and other healthcare providers who are part of and/or outside the patient’s care team. It also includes orders and orderset that are derived from or based on best practice guidelines (e.g. diabetes guideline, asthma management guidelines, etc.).
  • Outcome - this key building block is designed to capture evaluation findings, which are used to determine whether the agreed/set health goals and associated milestone have been met.

Using Goals

A goal is a defined outcome or condition to be achieved in the process of patient care. Goals include patient-defined over-arching goals (e.g., alleviation of health concerns, desired/intended positive outcomes from interventions, longevity, function, symptom management, comfort) and health concern-specific or intervention-specific goals to achieve desired outcomes.

Using Recommendations

Recommendations informs what can or should be done in specific situations to achieve the best health outcomes possible, individually or collectively. It offers a choice among different interventions or measures having an anticipated positive impact on health and implications for the use of resources.

Recommendations assist in informing decisions on whether to undertake specific interventions, clinical tests or public health measures, and on where and when to do so. Recommendations also help in the selection and prioritization across a range of potential interventions.

Using Order Sets

Order set - a standardized set of evidence-based orders for a certain medical condition. Well-designed standardized order sets assist in communicating best practices by integrating and coordinating care and services across levels of care and through multiple disciplines. Order sets provide evidence-based care and reduce variations and un-intentional oversight by enhancing workflow. They reduce human error and improve patient outcomes through adherence to evidence-based guidelines.