Clinical Practice Guidelines
2.0.0-draft - draft International flag

Clinical Practice Guidelines, published by HL7 International / Clinical Decision Support. This guide is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 2.0.0-draft built by the FHIR (HL7® FHIR® Standard) CI Build. This version is based on the current content of and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Levels of Representation by Tiers of Functionality

A basic approach that may help with addressing appropriate separations of concerns is to consider where certain knowledge engineering artifacts may be situated when considering both tiers of functionality and levels of representation as shown in the table below.

FIG. 58. Levels of Representation by Tiers of Functionality with Examples (Rhodes,B, Database Consulting Group, 2019). Levels by Tiers

Across the top are the knowledge levels, from narrative text (Level 1) on the left through successively more structured representations that end with running, executable software at the right (Level 4). At the bottom of the diagram, the data tier (T1) represents the concepts and data elements involved in the guideline. Above that, the logic tier (T2) represents the business and process rules of the guideline, and at the top, the forms or user-interface tier (T3) represents the user interactions with the guideline content Refer to Tiers of Functionality and Levels of Representation.

Note that the levels of knowledge representation are a continuum, with discrete categories introduced in the methodology to help inform discussions and communicate the concepts involved. Typically, the initial guideline content is published in narrative form (L1), but guidelines will often contain diagrams, charts, and other depictions that lean towards semi-structured (L2) representation.