HL7 FHIR® Validated Healthcare Directory Implementation Guide STU 1

Validated Healthcare Directory, published by HL7 International - Patient Admistration Working Group. This is not an authorized publication; it is the continuous build for version 0.2.0). This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/HL7/VhDir/ and changes regularly. See the Directory of published versions

Property Definitions: StructureDefinition-vhdir-practitioner

1. Practitioner
Definition

A person who is directly or indirectly involved in the provisioning of healthcare.

Control0..*
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
dom-2: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources (: contained.contained.empty())
dom-3: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource (: contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty())
dom-4: If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated (: contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty())
dom-5: If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label (: contained.meta.security.empty())
dom-6: A resource should have narrative for robust management (: text.`div`.exists())
2. Practitioner.id
Definition

The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.

Control0..1
Typestring
Comments

The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.

3. Practitioner.meta
Definition

The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource.

Control0..1
TypeMeta
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
4. Practitioner.implicitRules
Definition

A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.

Control0..1
Typeuri
Is Modifiertrue
Comments

Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
5. Practitioner.language
Definition

The base language in which the resource is written.

Control0..1
BindingA human language.
The codes SHOULD be taken from CommonLanguages
Max Binding: AllLanguages
Typecode
Comments

Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute).

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
6. Practitioner.text
Definition

A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it "clinically safe" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.

Control0..1
TypeNarrative
Alternate Namesnarrative, html, xhtml, display
Comments

Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied). This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a "text blob" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
7. Practitioner.contained
Definition

These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.

Control0..*
TypeResource
Alternate Namesinline resources, anonymous resources, contained resources
Comments

This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels.

8. Practitioner.extension
Definition

An Extension

Control0..*
TypeExtension
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
9. Practitioner.extension:restriction
SliceNamerestriction
Definition

Identifies and conveys information about restrictions on the use or release of exchanged information, e.g. information that can only be shared under particular condition, such as a signed data use agreement between parties

Control0..* This element is affected by the following invariants: ele-1
TypeExtension(UsageRestriction) (Extension Type: Reference(VhdirRestriction))
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
10. Practitioner.extension:endpoint
SliceNameendpoint
Definition

An Extension

Control0..* This element is affected by the following invariants: ele-1
TypeExtension(EndpointReference) (Extension Type: Reference(VhdirEndpoint))
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
11. Practitioner.extension:accessibility
SliceNameaccessibility
Definition

An extension to describe accessibility options offered by the practitioner (e.g. cultural competence)

Control0..* This element is affected by the following invariants: ele-1
TypeExtension(Accessibility) (Extension Type: CodeableConcept)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
12. Practitioner.extension:digitalcertificate
SliceNamedigitalcertificate
Definition

An extension to describe digital certificates

Control0..* This element is affected by the following invariants: ele-1
TypeExtension(DigitalCertificate) (Extension Type: Choice of: base64Binary, boolean, canonical, code, date, dateTime, decimal, id, instant, integer, markdown, oid, positiveInt, string, time, unsignedInt, uri, url, uuid, Address, Age, Annotation, Attachment, CodeableConcept, Coding, ContactPoint, Count, Distance, Duration, HumanName, Identifier, Money, Period, Quantity, Range, Ratio, Reference, SampledData, Signature, Timing, ContactDetail, Contributor, DataRequirement, Expression, ParameterDefinition, RelatedArtifact, TriggerDefinition, UsageContext, Dosage, Meta)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
13. Practitioner.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
14. Practitioner.identifier
Definition

An identifier that applies to this person in this role.

NoteThis is a business identifier, not a resource identifier (see discussion)
Control0..*
TypeIdentifier
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Often, specific identities are assigned for the agent.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
15. Practitioner.identifier.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
16. Practitioner.identifier.extension
Definition

An Extension

Control0..*
TypeExtension
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.identifier.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
17. Practitioner.identifier.extension:status
SliceNamestatus
Definition

Describes the status of an identifier

Control1..1
TypeExtension(IdentifierStatus) (Extension Type: code)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
18. Practitioner.identifier.use
Definition

The purpose of this identifier.

Control0..1
BindingIdentifies the purpose for this identifier, if known .
The codes SHALL be taken from IdentifierUse
Typecode
Is Modifiertrue
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows the appropriate identifier for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of identifiers.

Comments

Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
19. Practitioner.identifier.type
Definition

A coded type for the identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.

Control0..1
BindingA coded type for an identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.
The codes SHALL be taken from VhDir Identifier Type Value Set; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
TypeCodeableConcept
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows users to make use of identifiers when the identifier system is not known.

Comments

This element deals only with general categories of identifiers. It SHOULD not be used for codes that correspond 1..1 with the Identifier.system. Some identifiers may fall into multiple categories due to common usage. Where the system is known, a type is unnecessary because the type is always part of the system definition. However systems often need to handle identifiers where the system is not known. There is not a 1:1 relationship between type and system, since many different systems have the same type.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
20. Practitioner.identifier.system
Definition

Establishes the namespace for the value - that is, a URL that describes a set values that are unique.

Control0..1
Typeuri
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

There are many sets of identifiers. To perform matching of two identifiers, we need to know what set we're dealing with. The system identifies a particular set of unique identifiers.

Comments

Identifier.system is always case sensitive.

Example
General:http://www.acme.com/identifiers/patient
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
21. Practitioner.identifier.value
Definition

The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Comments

If the value is a full URI, then the system SHALL be urn:ietf:rfc:3986. The value's primary purpose is computational mapping. As a result, it may be normalized for comparison purposes (e.g. removing non-significant whitespace, dashes, etc.) A value formatted for human display can be conveyed using the Rendered Value extension. Identifier.value is to be treated as case sensitive unless knowledge of the Identifier.system allows the processer to be confident that non-case-sensitive processing is safe.

Example
General:123456
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
22. Practitioner.identifier.period
Definition

Time period during which identifier is/was valid for use.

Control0..1
TypePeriod
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
23. Practitioner.identifier.assigner
Definition

Organization that issued/manages the identifier.

Control0..1
TypeReference(VhdirOrganization)
Must Supporttrue
Comments

The Identifier.assigner may omit the .reference element and only contain a .display element reflecting the name or other textual information about the assigning organization.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
24. Practitioner.active
Definition

Whether this practitioner's record is in active use.

Control1..1
Typeboolean
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Need to be able to mark a practitioner record as not to be used because it was created in error.

Comments

If the practitioner is not in use by one organization, then it should mark the period on the PractitonerRole with an end date (even if they are active) as they may be active in another role.

Meaning if MissingThis resource is generally assumed to be active if no value is provided for the active element
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
25. Practitioner.name
Definition

The name(s) associated with the practitioner.

Control1..*
TypeHumanName
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

The name(s) that a Practitioner is known by. Where there are multiple, the name that the practitioner is usually known as should be used in the display.

Comments

The selection of the use property should ensure that there is a single usual name specified, and others use the nickname (alias), old, or other values as appropriate.

In general, select the value to be used in the ResourceReference.display based on this:

  1. There is more than 1 name
  2. Use = usual
  3. Period is current to the date of the usage
  4. Use = official
  5. Other order as decided by internal business rules.
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
26. Practitioner.name.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
27. Practitioner.name.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.name.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
28. Practitioner.name.use
Definition

Identifies the purpose for this name.

Control0..1
BindingThe use of a human name.
The codes SHALL be taken from NameUse
Typecode
Is Modifiertrue
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows the appropriate name for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of names.

Comments

Applications can assume that a name is current unless it explicitly says that it is temporary or old.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
29. Practitioner.name.text
Definition

Specifies the entire name as it should be displayed e.g. on an application UI. This may be provided instead of or as well as the specific parts.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

A renderable, unencoded form.

Comments

Can provide both a text representation and parts. Applications updating a name SHALL ensure that when both text and parts are present, no content is included in the text that isn't found in a part.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
30. Practitioner.name.family
Definition

The part of a name that links to the genealogy. In some cultures (e.g. Eritrea) the family name of a son is the first name of his father.

Control1..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Alternate Namessurname
Comments

Family Name may be decomposed into specific parts using extensions (de, nl, es related cultures).

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
31. Practitioner.name.given
Definition

Given name.

Control1..*
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Alternate Namesfirst name, middle name
Comments

If only initials are recorded, they may be used in place of the full name parts. Initials may be separated into multiple given names but often aren't due to paractical limitations. This element is not called "first name" since given names do not always come first.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
32. Practitioner.name.prefix
Definition

Part of the name that is acquired as a title due to academic, legal, employment or nobility status, etc. and that appears at the start of the name.

Control0..*
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
33. Practitioner.name.suffix
Definition

Part of the name that is acquired as a title due to academic, legal, employment or nobility status, etc. and that appears at the end of the name.

Control0..*
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
34. Practitioner.name.period
Definition

Indicates the period of time when this name was valid for the named person.

Control0..1
TypePeriod
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows names to be placed in historical context.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
35. Practitioner.telecom
Definition

A contact detail for the practitioner, e.g. a telephone number or an email address.

Control0..*
TypeContactPoint
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Need to know how to reach a practitioner independent to any roles the practitioner may have.

Comments

Person may have multiple ways to be contacted with different uses or applicable periods. May need to have options for contacting the person urgently and to help with identification. These typically will have home numbers, or mobile numbers that are not role specific.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
36. Practitioner.telecom.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
37. Practitioner.telecom.extension
Definition

An Extension

Control0..*
TypeExtension
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.telecom.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
38. Practitioner.telecom.extension:viaintermediary
SliceNameviaintermediary
Definition

Represents an external point of contact responsible for handling communications with this entity

Control0..1
TypeExtension(ContactPointViaIntermediary) (Extension Type: Reference(VhdirPractitionerRole | VhdirOrganization | VhdirOrganizationAffiliation | VhdirLocation))
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
39. Practitioner.telecom.extension:availabletime
SliceNameavailabletime
Definition

Time period when the contact point is to be used

Control0..*
TypeExtension(ContactPointAvailableTime) (Extension Type: Choice of: base64Binary, boolean, canonical, code, date, dateTime, decimal, id, instant, integer, markdown, oid, positiveInt, string, time, unsignedInt, uri, url, uuid, Address, Age, Annotation, Attachment, CodeableConcept, Coding, ContactPoint, Count, Distance, Duration, HumanName, Identifier, Money, Period, Quantity, Range, Ratio, Reference, SampledData, Signature, Timing, ContactDetail, Contributor, DataRequirement, Expression, ParameterDefinition, RelatedArtifact, TriggerDefinition, UsageContext, Dosage, Meta)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
40. Practitioner.telecom.system
Definition

Telecommunications form for contact point - what communications system is required to make use of the contact.

Control1..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: cpt-2
BindingTelecommunications form for contact point.
The codes SHALL be taken from ContactPointSystem
Typecode
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
41. Practitioner.telecom.value
Definition

The actual contact point details, in a form that is meaningful to the designated communication system (i.e. phone number or email address).

Control1..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Need to support legacy numbers that are not in a tightly controlled format.

Comments

Additional text data such as phone extension numbers, or notes about use of the contact are sometimes included in the value.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
42. Practitioner.telecom.use
Definition

Identifies the purpose for the contact point.

Control0..1
BindingUse of contact point.
The codes SHALL be taken from ContactPointUse
Typecode
Is Modifiertrue
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Need to track the way a person uses this contact, so a user can choose which is appropriate for their purpose.

Comments

Applications can assume that a contact is current unless it explicitly says that it is temporary or old.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
43. Practitioner.telecom.rank
Definition

Specifies a preferred order in which to use a set of contacts. ContactPoints with lower rank values are more preferred than those with higher rank values.

Control0..1
TypepositiveInt
Must Supporttrue
Comments

Note that rank does not necessarily follow the order in which the contacts are represented in the instance.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
44. Practitioner.telecom.period
Definition

Time period when the contact point was/is in use.

Control0..1
TypePeriod
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
45. Practitioner.address
Definition

Address(es) of the practitioner that are not role specific (typically home address). Work addresses are not typically entered in this property as they are usually role dependent.

Control0..*
TypeAddress
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

The home/mailing address of the practitioner is often required for employee administration purposes, and also for some rostering services where the start point (practitioners home) can be used in calculations.

Comments

The PractitionerRole does not have an address value on it, as it is expected that the location property be used for this purpose (which has an address).

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
46. Practitioner.address.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
47. Practitioner.address.extension
Definition

An Extension

Control0..*
TypeExtension
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.address.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
48. Practitioner.address.extension:position
SliceNameposition
Definition

The absolute geographic location of the Location, expressed using the WGS84 datum (This is the same co-ordinate system used in KML).

Control0..1
TypeExtension(Geolocation) (Extension Type: Choice of: base64Binary, boolean, canonical, code, date, dateTime, decimal, id, instant, integer, markdown, oid, positiveInt, string, time, unsignedInt, uri, url, uuid, Address, Age, Annotation, Attachment, CodeableConcept, Coding, ContactPoint, Count, Distance, Duration, HumanName, Identifier, Money, Period, Quantity, Range, Ratio, Reference, SampledData, Signature, Timing, ContactDetail, Contributor, DataRequirement, Expression, ParameterDefinition, RelatedArtifact, TriggerDefinition, UsageContext, Dosage, Meta)
Must Supporttrue
Comments

The extension can be further extended to include unique geolocation identifiers, confidence, altitude, etc.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
49. Practitioner.address.use
Definition

The purpose of this address.

Control0..1
BindingThe use of an address.
The codes SHALL be taken from AddressUse
Typecode
Is Modifiertrue
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows an appropriate address to be chosen from a list of many.

Comments

Applications can assume that an address is current unless it explicitly says that it is temporary or old.

Example
General:home
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
50. Practitioner.address.type
Definition

Distinguishes between physical addresses (those you can visit) and mailing addresses (e.g. PO Boxes and care-of addresses). Most addresses are both.

Control0..1
BindingThe type of an address (physical / postal).
The codes SHALL be taken from AddressType
Typecode
Must Supporttrue
Comments

The definition of Address states that "address is intended to describe postal addresses, not physical locations". However, many applications track whether an address has a dual purpose of being a location that can be visited as well as being a valid delivery destination, and Postal addresses are often used as proxies for physical locations (also see the Location resource).

Example
General:both
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
51. Practitioner.address.text
Definition

Specifies the entire address as it should be displayed e.g. on a postal label. This may be provided instead of or as well as the specific parts.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

A renderable, unencoded form.

Comments

Can provide both a text representation and parts. Applications updating an address SHALL ensure that when both text and parts are present, no content is included in the text that isn't found in a part.

Example
General:137 Nowhere Street, Erewhon 9132
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
52. Practitioner.address.line
Definition

This component contains the house number, apartment number, street name, street direction, P.O. Box number, delivery hints, and similar address information.

Control0..*
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Example
General:137 Nowhere Street
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
53. Practitioner.address.city
Definition

The name of the city, town, suburb, village or other community or delivery center.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Alternate NamesMunicpality
Example
General:Erewhon
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
54. Practitioner.address.district
Definition

The name of the administrative area (county).

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Alternate NamesCounty
Comments

District is sometimes known as county, but in some regions 'county' is used in place of city (municipality), so county name should be conveyed in city instead.

Example
General:Madison
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
55. Practitioner.address.state
Definition

Sub-unit of a country with limited sovereignty in a federally organized country. A code may be used if codes are in common use (e.g. US 2 letter state codes).

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Alternate NamesProvince, Territory
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
56. Practitioner.address.postalCode
Definition

A postal code designating a region defined by the postal service.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Alternate NamesZip
Example
General:9132
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
57. Practitioner.address.country
Definition

Country - a nation as commonly understood or generally accepted.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Comments

ISO 3166 3 letter codes can be used in place of a human readable country name.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
58. Practitioner.address.period
Definition

Time period when address was/is in use.

Control0..1
TypePeriod
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows addresses to be placed in historical context.

Example
General:<valuePeriod xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <start value="2010-03-23T00:00:00+00:00"/>
  <end value="2010-07-01T00:00:00+00:00"/>
</valuePeriod>
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
59. Practitioner.gender
Definition

Administrative Gender - the gender that the person is considered to have for administration and record keeping purposes.

Control0..1
BindingThe gender of a person used for administrative purposes.
The codes SHALL be taken from AdministrativeGender
Typecode
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Needed to address the person correctly.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
60. Practitioner.birthDate
Definition

The date of birth for the practitioner.

Control0..1
Typedate
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Needed for identification.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
61. Practitioner.photo
Definition

Image of the person.

Control0..1
TypeAttachment
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Many EHR systems have the capability to capture an image of patients and personnel. Fits with newer social media usage too.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
62. Practitioner.qualification
Definition

The official certifications, training, and licenses that authorize or otherwise pertain to the provision of care by the practitioner. For example, a medical license issued by a medical board authorizing the practitioner to practice medicine within a certian locality.

Control0..*
TypeBackboneElement
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
63. Practitioner.qualification.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
64. Practitioner.qualification.extension
Definition

An Extension

Control0..*
TypeExtension
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.qualification.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
65. Practitioner.qualification.extension:practitioner-qualification
SliceNamepractitioner-qualification
Definition

Extension to practitioner.qualification adding the status of the qualification, where it is valid, and the history of the qualification

Control0..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: ele-1
TypeExtension(PractitionerQualification) (Extension Type: Choice of: base64Binary, boolean, canonical, code, date, dateTime, decimal, id, instant, integer, markdown, oid, positiveInt, string, time, unsignedInt, uri, url, uuid, Address, Age, Annotation, Attachment, CodeableConcept, Coding, ContactPoint, Count, Distance, Duration, HumanName, Identifier, Money, Period, Quantity, Range, Ratio, Reference, SampledData, Signature, Timing, ContactDetail, Contributor, DataRequirement, Expression, ParameterDefinition, RelatedArtifact, TriggerDefinition, UsageContext, Dosage, Meta)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
66. Practitioner.qualification.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
67. Practitioner.qualification.identifier
Definition

An identifier that applies to this person's qualification in this role.

NoteThis is a business identifier, not a resource identifier (see discussion)
Control0..*
TypeIdentifier
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Often, specific identities are assigned for the qualification.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
68. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
69. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.extension
Definition

An Extension

Control0..*
TypeExtension
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.qualification.identifier.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
70. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.extension:status
SliceNamestatus
Definition

Describes the status of an identifier

Control1..1
TypeExtension(IdentifierStatus) (Extension Type: code)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
71. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.use
Definition

The purpose of this identifier.

Control0..1
BindingIdentifies the purpose for this identifier, if known .
The codes SHALL be taken from IdentifierUse
Typecode
Is Modifiertrue
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows the appropriate identifier for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of identifiers.

Comments

Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
72. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.type
Definition

A coded type for the identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.

Control0..1
BindingA coded type for an identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.
The codes SHALL be taken from VhDir Identifier Type Value Set; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
TypeCodeableConcept
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows users to make use of identifiers when the identifier system is not known.

Comments

This element deals only with general categories of identifiers. It SHOULD not be used for codes that correspond 1..1 with the Identifier.system. Some identifiers may fall into multiple categories due to common usage. Where the system is known, a type is unnecessary because the type is always part of the system definition. However systems often need to handle identifiers where the system is not known. There is not a 1:1 relationship between type and system, since many different systems have the same type.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
73. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.system
Definition

Establishes the namespace for the value - that is, a URL that describes a set values that are unique.

Control0..1
Typeuri
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

There are many sets of identifiers. To perform matching of two identifiers, we need to know what set we're dealing with. The system identifies a particular set of unique identifiers.

Comments

Identifier.system is always case sensitive.

Example
General:http://www.acme.com/identifiers/patient
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
74. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.value
Definition

The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Comments

If the value is a full URI, then the system SHALL be urn:ietf:rfc:3986. The value's primary purpose is computational mapping. As a result, it may be normalized for comparison purposes (e.g. removing non-significant whitespace, dashes, etc.) A value formatted for human display can be conveyed using the Rendered Value extension. Identifier.value is to be treated as case sensitive unless knowledge of the Identifier.system allows the processer to be confident that non-case-sensitive processing is safe.

Example
General:123456
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
75. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.period
Definition

Time period during which identifier is/was valid for use.

Control0..1
TypePeriod
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
76. Practitioner.qualification.identifier.assigner
Definition

Organization that issued/manages the identifier.

Control0..1
TypeReference(VhdirOrganization)
Must Supporttrue
Comments

The Identifier.assigner may omit the .reference element and only contain a .display element reflecting the name or other textual information about the assigning organization.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
77. Practitioner.qualification.code
Definition

Coded representation of the qualification.

Control1..1
BindingSpecific qualification the practitioner has to provide a service.
For example codes, see v2 table 0360, Version 2.7
TypeCodeableConcept
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
78. Practitioner.qualification.period
Definition

Period during which the qualification is valid.

Control0..1
TypePeriod
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Qualifications are often for a limited period of time, and can be revoked.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
79. Practitioner.qualification.issuer
Definition

Organization that regulates and issues the qualification.

Control1..1
TypeReference(VhdirOrganization)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
80. Practitioner.communication
Definition

A language the practitioner can use in patient communication.

Control0..*
BindingA human language.
The codes SHOULD be taken from CommonLanguages
Max Binding: AllLanguages
TypeCodeableConcept
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Knowing which language a practitioner speaks can help in facilitating communication with patients.

Comments

The structure aa-BB with this exact casing is one the most widely used notations for locale. However not all systems code this but instead have it as free text. Hence CodeableConcept instead of code as the data type.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
81. Practitioner.communication.id
Definition

Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
82. Practitioner.communication.extension
Definition

An Extension

Control0..*
TypeExtension
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
SlicingThis element introduces a set of slices on Practitioner.communication.extension. The slices are unordered and Open, and can be differentiated using the following discriminators:
  • value @ url
83. Practitioner.communication.extension:proficiency
SliceNameproficiency
Definition

An extension to express a practitioner’s spoken proficiency with a language

Control0..*
TypeExtension(CommunicationProficiency) (Extension Type: CodeableConcept)
Must Supporttrue
InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
ext-1: Must have either extensions or value[x], not both (: extension.exists() != value.exists())
84. Practitioner.communication.coding
Definition

A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.

Control0..*
TypeCoding
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

Allows for alternative encodings within a code system, and translations to other code systems.

Comments

Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information. Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))
85. Practitioner.communication.text
Definition

A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user.

Control0..1
Typestring
Must Supporttrue
Requirements

The codes from the terminologies do not always capture the correct meaning with all the nuances of the human using them, or sometimes there is no appropriate code at all. In these cases, the text is used to capture the full meaning of the source.

Comments

Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count()))

Terminology Bindings

PathConformanceValueSet
Practitioner.languagepreferredCommonLanguages
Max Binding: AllLanguages
Practitioner.identifier.userequiredIdentifierUse
Practitioner.identifier.typeextensibleVhDirIdentifierType
Practitioner.name.userequiredNameUse
Practitioner.telecom.systemrequiredContactPointSystem
Practitioner.telecom.userequiredContactPointUse
Practitioner.address.userequiredAddressUse
Practitioner.address.typerequiredAddressType
Practitioner.genderrequiredAdministrativeGender
Practitioner.qualification.identifier.userequiredIdentifierUse
Practitioner.qualification.identifier.typeextensibleVhDirIdentifierType
Practitioner.qualification.codeexamplev2.0360.2.7
Practitioner.communicationpreferredCommonLanguages
Max Binding: AllLanguages