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Example CodeSystem/observation-statistics (XML)

Orders and Observations Work GroupMaturity Level: N/AStandards Status: Informative

Raw XML (canonical form + also see XML Format Specification)

Definition for Code SystemStatisticsCode

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<CodeSystem xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="observation-statistics"/> 
  <meta> 
    <lastUpdated value="2024-05-14T21:17:27.012+00:00"/> 
    <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/shareablecodesystem"/> 
  </meta> 
  <text> 
    <status value="generated"/> 
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
      <p> This case-sensitive code system 
        <code> http://hl7.org/fhir/observation-statistics</code>  defines the following codes:
      </p> 
      <table class="codes">
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">
            <b> Code</b> 
          </td> 
          <td> 
            <b> Display</b> 
          </td> 
          <td> 
            <b> Definition</b> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">average
            <a name="observation-statistics-average"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Average</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arithmetic_mean">mean</a>  of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">maximum
            <a name="observation-statistics-maximum"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Maximum</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximal_element">maximum</a>  value of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">minimum
            <a name="observation-statistics-minimum"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Minimum</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minimal_element">minimum</a>  value of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">count
            <a name="observation-statistics-count"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Count</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The [number] of valid measurements over the stated period that contributed to the
                 other statistical outputs.</p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">total-count
            <a name="observation-statistics-total-count"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Total Count</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The total [number] of valid measurements over the stated period, including observations
                 that were ignored because they did not contain valid result values.</p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">median
            <a name="observation-statistics-median"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Median</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Median">median</a>  of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">std-dev
            <a name="observation-statistics-std-dev"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Standard Deviation</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_deviation">standard deviation</a>  of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">sum
            <a name="observation-statistics-sum"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Sum</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summation">sum</a>  of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">variance
            <a name="observation-statistics-variance"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Variance</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variance">variance</a>  of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">20-percent
            <a name="observation-statistics-20-percent"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> 20th Percentile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 20th 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percentile">Percentile</a>  of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">80-percent
            <a name="observation-statistics-80-percent"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> 80th Percentile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The 80th 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percentile">Percentile</a>  of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">4-lower
            <a name="observation-statistics-4-lower"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Lower Quartile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The lower 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartile">Quartile</a>  Boundary of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">4-upper
            <a name="observation-statistics-4-upper"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Upper Quartile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The upper 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartile">Quartile</a>  Boundary of N measurements over the stated period.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">4-dev
            <a name="observation-statistics-4-dev"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Quartile Deviation</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The difference between the upper and lower 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartile">Quartiles</a>  is called the Interquartile range. (IQR = Q3-Q1) Quartile deviation or Semi-interquartile
                 range is one-half the difference between the first and the third quartiles.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">5-1
            <a name="observation-statistics-5-1"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> 1st Quintile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The lowest of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
                 of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population.</p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">5-2
            <a name="observation-statistics-5-2"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> 2nd Quintile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The second of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
                 of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population.</p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">5-3
            <a name="observation-statistics-5-3"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> 3rd Quintile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The third of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
                 of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population.</p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">5-4
            <a name="observation-statistics-5-4"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> 4th Quintile</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> The fourth of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
                 of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population.</p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">skew
            <a name="observation-statistics-skew"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Skew</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> Skewness is a measure of the asymmetry of the probability distribution of a real-valued
                 random variable about its mean. The skewness value can be positive or negative,
                 or even undefined.  Source: 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skewness">Wikipedia</a> .
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">kurtosis
            <a name="observation-statistics-kurtosis"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Kurtosis</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> Kurtosis  is a measure of the &quot;tailedness&quot; of the probability distribution
                 of a real-valued random variable.   Source: 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurtosis">Wikipedia</a> .
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
        <tr> 
          <td style="white-space:nowrap">regression
            <a name="observation-statistics-regression"> </a> 
          </td> 
          <td> Regression</td> 
          <td> 
            <div> 
              <p> Linear regression is an approach for modeling two-dimensional sample points with
                 one independent variable and one dependent variable (conventionally, the x and
                 y coordinates in a Cartesian coordinate system) and finds a linear function (a
                 non-vertical straight line) that, as accurately as possible, predicts the dependent
                 variable values as a function of the independent variables. Source: 
                <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simple_linear_regression">Wikipedia</a>   This Statistic code will return both a gradient and an intercept value.
              </p> 

            </div> 
          </td> 
        </tr> 
      </table> 
    </div> 
  </text> 
  <extension url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-wg">
    <valueCode value="oo"/> 
  </extension> 
  <url value="http://hl7.org/fhir/observation-statistics"/> 
  <identifier> 
    <system value="urn:ietf:rfc:3986"/> 
    <value value="urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.4.642.1.1126"/> 
  </identifier> 
  <identifier> 
    <use value="old"/> 
    <system value="urn:ietf:rfc:3986"/> 
    <value value="urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.4.642.1.395"/> 
  </identifier> 
  <version value="6.0.0-cibuild"/> 
  <name value="StatisticsCode"/> 
  <title value="Statistics Code"/> 
  <status value="active"/> 
  <experimental value="false"/> 
  <date value="2022-12-01T09:29:23+11:00"/> 
  <publisher value="HL7 (FHIR Project)"/> 
  <contact> 
    <telecom> 
      <system value="url"/> 
      <value value="http://hl7.org/fhir"/> 
    </telecom> 
    <telecom> 
      <system value="email"/> 
      <value value="fhir@lists.hl7.org"/> 
    </telecom> 
  </contact> 
  <description value="The statistical operation parameter -&quot;statistic&quot; codes."/> 
  <jurisdiction> 
    <coding> 
      <system value="http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm"/> 
      <code value="001"/> 
      <display value="World"/> 
    </coding> 
  </jurisdiction> 
  <caseSensitive value="true"/> 
  <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-statistics"/> 
  <content value="complete"/> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="average"/> 
    <display value="Average"/> 
    <definition value="The [mean](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arithmetic_mean) of N measurements over
     the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="maximum"/> 
    <display value="Maximum"/> 
    <definition value="The [maximum](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximal_element) value of N measurements
     over the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="minimum"/> 
    <display value="Minimum"/> 
    <definition value="The [minimum](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minimal_element) value of N measurements
     over the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="count"/> 
    <display value="Count"/> 
    <definition value="The [number] of valid measurements over the stated period that contributed to the
     other statistical outputs."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="total-count"/> 
    <display value="Total Count"/> 
    <definition value="The total [number] of valid measurements over the stated period, including observations
     that were ignored because they did not contain valid result values."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="median"/> 
    <display value="Median"/> 
    <definition value="The [median](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Median) of N measurements over the stated
     period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="std-dev"/> 
    <display value="Standard Deviation"/> 
    <definition value="The [standard deviation](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_deviation) of N
     measurements over the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="sum"/> 
    <display value="Sum"/> 
    <definition value="The [sum](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summation) of N measurements over the stated
     period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="variance"/> 
    <display value="Variance"/> 
    <definition value="The [variance](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variance) of N measurements over the
     stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="20-percent"/> 
    <display value="20th Percentile"/> 
    <definition value="The 20th [Percentile](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percentile) of N measurements
     over the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="80-percent"/> 
    <display value="80th Percentile"/> 
    <definition value="The 80th [Percentile](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percentile) of N measurements
     over the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="4-lower"/> 
    <display value="Lower Quartile"/> 
    <definition value="The lower [Quartile](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartile) Boundary of N measurements
     over the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="4-upper"/> 
    <display value="Upper Quartile"/> 
    <definition value="The upper [Quartile](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartile) Boundary of N measurements
     over the stated period."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="4-dev"/> 
    <display value="Quartile Deviation"/> 
    <definition value="The difference between the upper and lower [Quartiles](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartile
    ) is called the Interquartile range. (IQR = Q3-Q1) Quartile deviation or Semi-interquartile
     range is one-half the difference between the first and the third quartiles."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="5-1"/> 
    <display value="1st Quintile"/> 
    <definition value="The lowest of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
     of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="5-2"/> 
    <display value="2nd Quintile"/> 
    <definition value="The second of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
     of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="5-3"/> 
    <display value="3rd Quintile"/> 
    <definition value="The third of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
     of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="5-4"/> 
    <display value="4th Quintile"/> 
    <definition value="The fourth of four values that divide the N measurements into a frequency distribution
     of five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="skew"/> 
    <display value="Skew"/> 
    <definition value="Skewness is a measure of the asymmetry of the probability distribution of a real-valued
     random variable about its mean. The skewness value can be positive or negative,
     or even undefined.  Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skewness)."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="kurtosis"/> 
    <display value="Kurtosis"/> 
    <definition value="Kurtosis  is a measure of the &quot;tailedness&quot; of the probability distribution
     of a real-valued random variable.   Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurtosi
    s)."/> 
  </concept> 
  <concept> 
    <code value="regression"/> 
    <display value="Regression"/> 
    <definition value="Linear regression is an approach for modeling two-dimensional sample points with
     one independent variable and one dependent variable (conventionally, the x and
     y coordinates in a Cartesian coordinate system) and finds a linear function (a
     non-vertical straight line) that, as accurately as possible, predicts the dependent
     variable values as a function of the independent variables. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wi
    kipedia.org/wiki/Simple_linear_regression)  This Statistic code will return both
     a gradient and an intercept value."/> 
  </concept> 
</CodeSystem> 

Usage note: every effort has been made to ensure that the examples are correct and useful, but they are not a normative part of the specification.